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Pesquisa : F01.145.813.199 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 268 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29368459
[Au] Autor:Guerrini A
[Ti] Título:The Hermphrodite of Charing Cross.
[So] Source:Clio Med;95:28-51, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0045-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/história
Experimentação Humana/história
Medicina nas Artes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminilidade
História do Século XVIII
Seres Humanos
Masculinidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 268 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29023451
[Au] Autor:Walker M; Wänke M
[Ad] Endereço:University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Caring or daring? Exploring the impact of facial masculinity/femininity and gender category information on first impressions.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0181306, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In two studies we disentangled and systematically investigated the impact of subtle facial cues to masculinity/femininity and gender category information on first impressions. Participants judged the same unambiguously male and female target persons-either with masculine or feminine facial features slightly enhanced-regarding stereotypically masculine (i.e., competence) and feminine (i.e., warmth) personality traits. Results of both studies showed a strong effect of facial masculinity/femininity: Masculine-looking persons were seen as colder and more competent than feminine-looking persons. This effect of facial masculinity/femininity was not only found for typical (i.e., masculine-looking men and feminine-looking women) and atypical (i.e., masculine-looking women and feminine-looking men) category members; it was even found to be more pronounced for atypical than for typical category members. This finding reveals that comparing atypical members to the group prototype results in pronounced effects of facial masculinity/femininity. These contrast effects for atypical members predominate assimilation effects for typical members. Intriguingly, very subtle facial cues to masculinity/femininity strongly guide first impressions and may have more impact than the gender category.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face
Feminilidade
Identidade de Gênero
Identificação (Psicologia)
Masculinidade
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Personalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171013
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181306


  3 / 268 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28594843
[Au] Autor:McIntosh TL; Lee AJ; Sidari MJ; Stower RE; Sherlock JM; Dixson BJW
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Microbes and masculinity: Does exposure to pathogenic cues alter women's preferences for male facial masculinity and beardedness?
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0178206, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Women's preferences for men's androgen dependent secondary sexual traits are proposed to be phenotypically plastic in response to exposure to pathogens and pathogen disgust. While previous studies report that masculinity in facial shape is more attractive to women who have recently been exposed to pathogenic cues and who are high in self-reported pathogen disgust, facial hair may reduce male attractiveness under conditions of high pathogens as beards are a possible breeding ground for disease carrying ectoparasites. In the present study, we test whether women's preferences for beardedness and facial masculinity vary due to exposure to different pathogenic cues. Participants (N = 688, mean age + 1SD = 31.94 years, SD = 6.69, range = 18-67) rated the attractiveness of facial composite stimuli of men when they were clean-shaven or fully bearded. These stimuli were also manipulated in order to vary sexual dimorphism by ±50%. Ratings were conducted before and after exposure to one of four experimental treatments in which participants were primed to either high pathogens (e.g. infected cuts), ectoparasites (e.g. body lice), a mixture of pathogens and ectoparasites, or a control condition (e.g. innocuous liquids). Participants then completed the three-domain disgust scale measuring attitudes to moral, sexual and pathogen disgust. We predicted that women would prefer facial masculinity following exposure to pathogenic cues, but would show reduced preferences for facial hair following exposure to ectoparasites. Women preferred full beards over clean-shaven faces and masculinised over feminised faces. However, none of the experimental treatments influenced the direction of preferences for facial masculinity or beardedness. We also found no association between women's self-reported pathogen disgust and their preferences for facial masculinity. However, there was a weak positive association between moral disgust scores and preferences for facial masculinity, which might reflect conservatism and preferences for gender typicality in faces. Women's preferences for beards were positively associated with their pathogen disgust, which runs contrary to our predictions and may reflect preferences for high quality individuals who can withstand any costs of beardedness, although further replications are necessary before firm conclusions can be made. We conclude that there is little support for pathogenic exposure being a mechanism that underpins women's directional preferences for masculine traits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face
Cabelo
Masculinidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Análise de Variância
Comportamento de Escolha/fisiologia
Intervalos de Confiança
Sinais (Psicologia)
Ectoparasitoses
Feminino
Feminilidade
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Caracteres Sexuais
Comportamento Sexual/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178206


  4 / 268 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28261795
[Au] Autor:Semenyna SW; VanderLaan DP; Vasey PL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Birth order and recalled childhood gender nonconformity in Samoan men and fa'afafine.
[So] Source:Dev Psychobiol;59(3):338-347, 2017 04.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2302
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Having a greater than average number of older biological brothers is a robust correlate of male androphilia (i.e., sexual attraction and arousal to adult males). Previous investigations have sought to understand whether this fraternal birth order (FBO) effect is also systematically related to recalled indicators of childhood gender nonconformity (CGN). However, these investigations have relied on data from low-fertility Western populations in which expressions of femininity in male children are routinely stigmatized and consequently, suppressed. The present study examined the FBO effect (among other sibship characteristics) and recalled indicators of CGN in Samoa, a high-fertility population, whose members are relatively tolerant of male femininity. Indeed, Samoans identify feminine androphilic males as belonging to an alternative gender category, known locally as fa'afafine. The present study compared the sibship characteristics of 231 fa'afafine and 231 opposite-sex attracted men from Samoa, as well as how these characteristics related to recalled CGN. Results replicated the well-established FBO effect for predicting male sexual orientation, with each older brother increasing the odds of being androphilic by 21%. However, no relationship was found between the number of older brothers (or other siblings) a participant had and their recalled CGN. Although fa'afafine reported significantly more CGN than Samoan men, CGN did not mediate the FBO effect, nor did the FBO effect and CGN interact to predict male sexual orientation. These findings are consistent with previous studies suggesting that the FBO effect is associated with male sexual orientation, but not childhood female-typical gender expression among androphilic males.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ordem de Nascimento
Feminilidade
Homossexualidade Masculina/etnologia
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero
Irmãos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Samoa/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171122
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171122
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170307
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/dev.21498


  5 / 268 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28235081
[Au] Autor:Costa M; Lio G; Gomez A; Sirigu A
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Cognitive Science Marc Jeannerod, UMR5229, CNRS, UCBL, Lyon 1, Bron, France.
[Ti] Título:How components of facial width to height ratio differently contribute to the perception of social traits.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0172739, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Facial width to height ratio (fWHR) is a morphological cue that correlates with sexual dimorphism and social traits. Currently, it is unclear how vertical and horizontal components of fWHR, distinctly capture faces' social information. Using a new methodology, we orthogonally manipulated the upper facial height and the bizygomatic width to test their selective effect in the formation of impressions. Subjects (n = 90) saw pair of faces and had to select the face expressing better different social traits (trustworthiness, aggressiveness and femininity). We further investigated how sex and fWHR components interact in the formation of these judgements. Across experiments, changes along the vertical component better predicted participants' ratings rather than the horizontal component. Faces with smaller height were perceived as less trustworthy, less feminine and more aggressive. By dissociating fWHR and testing the contribution of its components independently, we obtained a powerful and discriminative measure of how facial morphology guides social judgements.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Face/anatomia & histologia
Percepção Social
Fatores Sociológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Agressão/fisiologia
Face/fisiologia
Feminino
Feminilidade
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Masculinidade
Caracteres Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0172739


  6 / 268 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27808525
[Au] Autor:Motro D; Ellis AP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Management and Organizations.
[Ti] Título:Boys, don't cry: Gender and reactions to negative performance feedback.
[So] Source:J Appl Psychol;102(2):227-235, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1854
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Our experiment is aimed at understanding how employee reactions to negative feedback are received by the feedback provider and how employee gender may play a role in the process. We focus specifically on the act of crying and, based on role congruity theory, argue that a male employee crying in response to negative performance feedback will be seen as atypical behavior by the feedback provider, which will bias evaluations of the employee on a number of different outcome variables, including performance evaluations, assessments of leadership capability, and written recommendations. That is, we expect an interactive effect between gender and crying on our outcomes, an effect that will be mediated by perceived typicality. We find support for our moderated mediation model in a sample of 169 adults, indicating that men who cry in response to negative performance feedback will experience biased evaluations from the feedback provider. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Choro/psicologia
Emprego/psicologia
Retroalimentação Psicológica
Feminilidade
Masculinidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170605
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170605
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/apl0000175


  7 / 268 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27752965
[Au] Autor:Mogilski JK; Welling LL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Oakland University, Rochester, MI, 48309, USA. jkmogils@oakland.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Relative Importance of Sexual Dimorphism, Fluctuating Asymmetry, and Color Cues to Health during Evaluation of Potential Partners' Facial Photographs : A Conjoint Analysis Study.
[So] Source:Hum Nat;28(1):53-75, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1936-4776
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sexual dimorphism, symmetry, and coloration in human faces putatively signal information relevant to mate selection and reproduction. Although the independent contributions of these characteristics to judgments of attractiveness are well established, relatively few studies have examined whether individuals prioritize certain features over others. Here, participants (N = 542, 315 female) ranked six sets of facial photographs (3 male, 3 female) by their preference for starting long- and short-term romantic relationships with each person depicted. Composite-based digital transformations were applied such that each image set contained 11 different versions of the same identity. Each photograph in each image set had a unique combination of three traits: sexual dimorphism, symmetry, and color cues to health. Using conjoint analysis to evaluate participants' ranking decisions, we found that participants prioritized cues to sexual dimorphism over symmetry and color cues to health. Sexual dimorphism was also found to be relatively more important for the evaluation of male faces than for female faces, whereas symmetry and color cues to health were relatively more important for the evaluation of female faces than for male faces. Symmetry and color cues to health were more important for long-term versus short-term evaluations for female faces, but not male faces. Analyses of utility estimates reveal that our data are consistent with research showing that preferences for facial masculinity and femininity in male and female faces vary according to relationship context. These findings are interpreted in the context of previous work examining the influence of these facial attributes on romantic partner perception.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sinais (Psicologia)
Face
Julgamento
Caracteres Sexuais
Parceiros Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Cor
Feminino
Feminilidade
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Masculinidade
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161019
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s12110-016-9277-4


  8 / 268 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27715903
[Au] Autor:Berwick S; Humble Á
[Ad] Endereço:a Capital District Health Authority , Nova Scotia , Canada.
[Ti] Título:Older women's negative psychological and physical experiences with injectable cosmetic treatments to the face.
[So] Source:J Women Aging;29(1):51-62, 2017 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1540-7322
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Seven women (43 to 64 years old) who had negative or mixed emotions about having Botox and/or facial filler injections to the face to reduce signs of aging were interviewed about the impact of the procedures. Impacts ranged from disappointment to all-encompassing, lingering physical and psychological effects, and some women felt abandoned by the medical industrial complex when they turned to it for help with their symptoms. A feminist phenomenological analysis focused on corporeal, temporal, and relational existential modes of being. We describe their bodily experiences as (a) commodified, (b) fractured,
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/psicologia
Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Técnicas Cosméticas/psicologia
Preenchedores Dérmicos/administração & dosagem
Emoções
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Inibidores da Liberação da Acetilcolina/administração & dosagem
Adulto
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/administração & dosagem
Técnicas Cosméticas/efeitos adversos
Preenchedores Dérmicos/efeitos adversos
Face
Feminino
Feminilidade
Hermenêutica
Seres Humanos
Injeções/métodos
Injeções/psicologia
Meia-Idade
Fármacos Neuromusculares/administração & dosagem
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Recusa do Médico a Tratar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Acetylcholine Release Inhibitors); 0 (Dermal Fillers); 0 (Neuromuscular Agents); E211KPY694 (onabotulinumtoxinA); EC 3.4.24.69 (Botulinum Toxins, Type A)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161008
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/08952841.2015.1063954


  9 / 268 MEDLINE  
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Spritzer, Poli Mara
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[PMID]:27146028
[Au] Autor:Schwarz K; Fontanari AM; Mueller A; Costa AB; Soll B; da Silva DC; Cielo CA; Kuhl G; Spritzer PM; Schneider MA; Dorfmann ME; Lobato MI
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate Program in Medical Sciences: Psychiatry, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil; Gender Identity Disorder Program, Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre (HCPA), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic addres
[Ti] Título:Transsexual Voice Questionnaire for Male-to-female Brazilian Transsexual People.
[So] Source:J Voice;31(1):120.e15-120.e20, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4588
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to verify the answers to the transsexual voice questionnaire for male-to-female transsexual (TVQ ) people given to individuals who participated in the Gender Identity Program (PROTIG) at the Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, in relation to some of their demographic characteristics, visual-perceptual evaluations of the face, laryngeal prominence, and auditoryperceptual judgments of voice. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 47 transsexual women aged between 18 and 50 responded to the (TVQ ). The demographic data and perceptual ratings were selected from the PROTIG database. RESULTS: Among all participants, 55.32% had completed secondary education, and 72.34% had not undergone a sex reassignment surgery; 4.2% of subjects did not use hormones, 23.40% had undergone speech therapy, the average number of years of experience in the female role was 13.98 years, and the participants had been definitively cross-dressing for 5-34 years. Most of the participants had low scores on the (TVQ ), and significant differences in the total score were observed in accordance with age (higher scores were observed among those <30 years and ≥40 years old) and visual-perceptual evaluations of the face (higher scores were observed in the individual evaluated with masculine face). There were no significant correlations between the total score obtained by the participants and the other demographic variables. CONCLUSIONS: Although most of the participants had low scores on the (TVQ ), some individuals were still experiencing distress due to being perceived as being of the opposite sex or were dissatisfied with their voices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Percepção Auditiva
Disforia de Gênero/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia
Transexualismo/psicologia
Qualidade da Voz
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Brasil
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Feminilidade
Disforia de Gênero/diagnóstico
Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/uso terapêutico
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Masculinidade
Meia-Idade
Satisfação do Paciente
Autoimagem
Procedimentos de Readequação Sexual
Transexualismo/diagnóstico
Transexualismo/fisiopatologia
Transexualismo/terapia
Resultado do Tratamento
Percepção Visual
Qualidade da Voz/efeitos dos fármacos
Treinamento da Voz
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Gonadal Steroid Hormones)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170619
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170619
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160506
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 268 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26836230
[Au] Autor:Harris EA; Thai M; Barlow FK
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Psychology , University of Queensland.
[Ti] Título:Fifty Shades Flipped: Effects of Reading Erotica Depicting a Sexually Dominant Woman Compared to a Sexually Dominant Man.
[So] Source:J Sex Res;54(3):386-397, 2017 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1559-8519
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study examined the effects of reading submission- and dominance-themed erotica on attitudes toward women and rape, ideal partner preferences, and subjective sexual arousal. Heterosexual male (n = 241) and female (n = 240) participants read one of three erotic stories depicting male dominance, female dominance, or no dominance, or a fourth nonerotic control story. First, we found that after reading about a sexually dominant man, women reported increased benevolent sexism compared to men, and men reported increased rape myth acceptance compared to women. Second, men and women showed a similar level of preference for partner dominance after reading about a sexually dominant woman. This was in contrast to the typical pattern revealed in all other conditions, whereby women were more likely to favor dominant partners relative to men. Finally, we found no evidence to support the hypothesis that the story describing male dominance would be the most arousing. Rather, all three erotic stories were equally sexually arousing compared to the control condition, and men and women did not differ in the extent to which the erotic stories aroused them. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Literatura Erótica/psicologia
Feminilidade
Masculinidade
Estupro/psicologia
Sexismo/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00224499.2015.1131227



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