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Pesquisa : F01.145.813.376 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29368459
[Au] Autor:Guerrini A
[Ti] Título:The Hermphrodite of Charing Cross.
[So] Source:Clio Med;95:28-51, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0045-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/história
Experimentação Humana/história
Medicina nas Artes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminilidade
História do Século XVIII
Seres Humanos
Masculinidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29240326
[Au] Autor:Hooper GL; Quallich SA
[Ti] Título:Health Seeking in Men: A Concept Analysis.
[So] Source:Urol Nurs;36(4):163-72, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1053-816X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article describes the analysis of the concept of health seeking in men. Men have shorter life expectancies and utilize health services less often than women, leading to poor health outcomes, but a gendered basis for health seeking remains poorly defined. Walker and Avant's framework was used to guide this concept analysis. Literature published in English from 1990-2015 was reviewed. Thematic analysis identified attributes, antecedents, and consequences of the concept. Based on the analysis, a contemporary definition for health seeking in men was constructed, rooted in the concept of health. The definition is based on the concept analysis and the defining attributes that were identified. This analysis provides a definition specifically for health seeking in American men, making it more specific and gender-based than the parent concept of "health." This concept analysis provides conceptual clarity that can guide development of a conceptual framework that may be uniquely relevant to providers in urology. Further exploration will uncover specific cultural, social, sexual, and geographic perspectives.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Masculinidade
Saúde do Homem
Enfermagem em Nefrologia
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
Normas Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281140
[Au] Autor:Tapscott R
[Ad] Endereço:Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Albert Hirschman Centre on Democracy, The Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Policing men: militarised masculinity, youth livelihoods, and security in conflict-affected northern Uganda.
[So] Source:Disasters;42 Suppl 1:S119-S139, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1467-7717
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Relations between militaries and masculinities-and hegemonic masculinity and the state-are well-established in the literature on gender and development. However, there is less research on how militarised masculinities relate to state governance strategies. This paper, based on qualitative research conducted in northern Uganda between 2014 and 2017, offers a gender analysis of youths participating in informal security arrangements. Civilian male youths accept poorly paid or unpaid work in the informal security sector in the hope of gaining access to livelihoods that will enable them to fulfil masculine ideal-types. However, this arrangement denies them the resources necessary to achieve the ideal-type of civilian masculinity, as well as the state's military masculinity, which produces young men as subjects of the ruling regime. To reconfigure this relationship between civilian and militarised masculinities, one should understand informal security organisations in the context of alternative livelihood arrangements and take a long-term approach to the demilitarisation of the Ugandan state.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Masculinidade
Militares/psicologia
Guerra
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Militares/estatística & dados numéricos
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Medidas de Segurança
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Uganda
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/disa.12274


  4 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29023451
[Au] Autor:Walker M; Wänke M
[Ad] Endereço:University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Caring or daring? Exploring the impact of facial masculinity/femininity and gender category information on first impressions.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0181306, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In two studies we disentangled and systematically investigated the impact of subtle facial cues to masculinity/femininity and gender category information on first impressions. Participants judged the same unambiguously male and female target persons-either with masculine or feminine facial features slightly enhanced-regarding stereotypically masculine (i.e., competence) and feminine (i.e., warmth) personality traits. Results of both studies showed a strong effect of facial masculinity/femininity: Masculine-looking persons were seen as colder and more competent than feminine-looking persons. This effect of facial masculinity/femininity was not only found for typical (i.e., masculine-looking men and feminine-looking women) and atypical (i.e., masculine-looking women and feminine-looking men) category members; it was even found to be more pronounced for atypical than for typical category members. This finding reveals that comparing atypical members to the group prototype results in pronounced effects of facial masculinity/femininity. These contrast effects for atypical members predominate assimilation effects for typical members. Intriguingly, very subtle facial cues to masculinity/femininity strongly guide first impressions and may have more impact than the gender category.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face
Feminilidade
Identidade de Gênero
Identificação (Psicologia)
Masculinidade
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Personalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171013
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181306


  5 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28678822
[Au] Autor:Boothroyd LG; Cross CP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Father absence and gendered traits in sons and daughters.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0179954, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Research has previously found a number of apparently contradictory patterns in the relationship between 'father absence' (having a non-resident father during childhood) and the expression of gender roles, as well as other sexually dimorphic traits such as aggression. In the current study we measured a battery of sexually differentiated traits in relation to family background. 133 men and 558 women from the United States and Australia completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory, the Barrett Impulsivity Scale, the Fear Survey Schedule and the Buss & Perry Aggression Questionnaire. Principal components analysis found two main axes of variation in these traits. Firstly, a general 'reactivity' factor, on which aggression, impulsivity, and fear all loaded positively, was weakly associated with father absence in women. Secondly, 'masculinity' (consisting of high scores on masculine traits, low fear, and physical and verbal aggression) was not associated with father absence. Participants (except American males) reporting a poor childhood relationship with their parents also had high 'reactivity' but not higher 'masculinity'. We found some evidence of a link between father absence and earlier age of first coitus in American females (although not in Australia), but there was no link with age of menarche in either country. Overall, the current results suggest that previous findings linking gender development with father absence in girls may have arisen from a tendency towards greater externalising and reactive behaviour rather than a change in gender development per se.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Masculinidade
Privação Paterna
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Agressão
Pai
Medo
Feminino
Identidade de Gênero
Seres Humanos
Comportamento Impulsivo
Masculino
Poder Familiar
Reprodução
Comportamento Sexual
Classe Social
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170706
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179954


  6 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28594843
[Au] Autor:McIntosh TL; Lee AJ; Sidari MJ; Stower RE; Sherlock JM; Dixson BJW
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Microbes and masculinity: Does exposure to pathogenic cues alter women's preferences for male facial masculinity and beardedness?
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0178206, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Women's preferences for men's androgen dependent secondary sexual traits are proposed to be phenotypically plastic in response to exposure to pathogens and pathogen disgust. While previous studies report that masculinity in facial shape is more attractive to women who have recently been exposed to pathogenic cues and who are high in self-reported pathogen disgust, facial hair may reduce male attractiveness under conditions of high pathogens as beards are a possible breeding ground for disease carrying ectoparasites. In the present study, we test whether women's preferences for beardedness and facial masculinity vary due to exposure to different pathogenic cues. Participants (N = 688, mean age + 1SD = 31.94 years, SD = 6.69, range = 18-67) rated the attractiveness of facial composite stimuli of men when they were clean-shaven or fully bearded. These stimuli were also manipulated in order to vary sexual dimorphism by ±50%. Ratings were conducted before and after exposure to one of four experimental treatments in which participants were primed to either high pathogens (e.g. infected cuts), ectoparasites (e.g. body lice), a mixture of pathogens and ectoparasites, or a control condition (e.g. innocuous liquids). Participants then completed the three-domain disgust scale measuring attitudes to moral, sexual and pathogen disgust. We predicted that women would prefer facial masculinity following exposure to pathogenic cues, but would show reduced preferences for facial hair following exposure to ectoparasites. Women preferred full beards over clean-shaven faces and masculinised over feminised faces. However, none of the experimental treatments influenced the direction of preferences for facial masculinity or beardedness. We also found no association between women's self-reported pathogen disgust and their preferences for facial masculinity. However, there was a weak positive association between moral disgust scores and preferences for facial masculinity, which might reflect conservatism and preferences for gender typicality in faces. Women's preferences for beards were positively associated with their pathogen disgust, which runs contrary to our predictions and may reflect preferences for high quality individuals who can withstand any costs of beardedness, although further replications are necessary before firm conclusions can be made. We conclude that there is little support for pathogenic exposure being a mechanism that underpins women's directional preferences for masculine traits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face
Cabelo
Masculinidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Análise de Variância
Comportamento de Escolha/fisiologia
Intervalos de Confiança
Sinais (Psicologia)
Ectoparasitoses
Feminino
Feminilidade
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Caracteres Sexuais
Comportamento Sexual/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178206


  7 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28285304
[Au] Autor:Krumm S; Checchia C; Koesters M; Kilian R; Becker T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry II, Ulm University at Bezirkskrankenhaus Guenzburg, Guenzburg, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Men's Views on Depression: A Systematic Review and Metasynthesis of Qualitative Research.
[So] Source:Psychopathology;50(2):107-124, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1423-033X
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: According to the concept of "male depression," depression among men might be underdiagnosed and undertreated because of gender differences in symptoms and coping. There is evidence that men experience atypical depressive symptoms including irritability, aggression, substance abuse, and increased risk behavior. To date, a substantial number of qualitative studies on men's views on depression has been conducted in the last few decades. METHODS: Based on a systematic review and metasynthesis of qualitative studies on men's subjective perspectives on depression, we aim at a comprehensive understanding of men's subjective views on depression with a specific focus on masculinity constructions. RESULTS: Based on 34 studies assessed as appropriate for the study, 2 overarching subthemes could be identified: normative expectations regarding masculinity ideals and men's subjective perspectives of depression as "weakness." Men's strategies include denial of "weakness" and "closing up." Further themes include suicide, masculinity ideals as a healthy resource, and alternative masculinities. DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS: Traditional masculinity values might serve as barriers but also as facilitators to adaptive coping strategies in depressed men. More research is needed to study the dimensions and role of alternative masculinities in the context of depression.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Depressão/psicologia
Relações Interpessoais
Masculinidade
Saúde do Homem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Agressão
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170313
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1159/000455256


  8 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28235081
[Au] Autor:Costa M; Lio G; Gomez A; Sirigu A
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Cognitive Science Marc Jeannerod, UMR5229, CNRS, UCBL, Lyon 1, Bron, France.
[Ti] Título:How components of facial width to height ratio differently contribute to the perception of social traits.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0172739, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Facial width to height ratio (fWHR) is a morphological cue that correlates with sexual dimorphism and social traits. Currently, it is unclear how vertical and horizontal components of fWHR, distinctly capture faces' social information. Using a new methodology, we orthogonally manipulated the upper facial height and the bizygomatic width to test their selective effect in the formation of impressions. Subjects (n = 90) saw pair of faces and had to select the face expressing better different social traits (trustworthiness, aggressiveness and femininity). We further investigated how sex and fWHR components interact in the formation of these judgements. Across experiments, changes along the vertical component better predicted participants' ratings rather than the horizontal component. Faces with smaller height were perceived as less trustworthy, less feminine and more aggressive. By dissociating fWHR and testing the contribution of its components independently, we obtained a powerful and discriminative measure of how facial morphology guides social judgements.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Face/anatomia & histologia
Percepção Social
Fatores Sociológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Agressão/fisiologia
Face/fisiologia
Feminino
Feminilidade
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Masculinidade
Caracteres Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0172739


  9 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28215753
[Au] Autor:Tolhurst E; Weicht B
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Work, Allied and Public Health, Staffordshire University, Blackheath Lane, Stafford ST18 0AD, United Kingdom. Electronic address: e.tolhurst@staffs.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Preserving personhood: The strategies of men negotiating the experience of dementia.
[So] Source:J Aging Stud;40:29-35, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1879-193X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An understanding of dementia requires sensitivity to the complex breadth of factors that comprise the person's experiential and social context. This is necessary to ensure that academic and public perspectives on dementia are not subsumed under homogenising discourses that prioritise the neurodegenerative basis of the condition. Gender is one such factor of this 'social location' that must be acknowledged. Cultural standards of masculinity have particular impacts upon men with the condition, thus generating distinctive challenges. This article draws upon qualitative research that included joint interviews with 14 men with dementia and their carers. The analytical focus is on the perspectives of the men with dementia and the strategies with which they respond to the condition. These perspectives are organised via four themes: remaining unmoved, fighting back, emphasising social contributions, and redefining services. This enables exploration of how men adopt particular strategies to preserve their own personhood, which include equable resilience, but also more agential measures to counter the influence of the condition. It is concluded that an approach to dementia research that is more sensitive to masculine-gendered experience is required so that the experience of men with the condition can be conveyed more cogently.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Demência
Masculinidade
Homens
Pessoalidade
Resiliência Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170322
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170322
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170221
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 907 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28199564
[Au] Autor:Carrito ML; Santos IM; Alho L; Ferreira J; Soares SC; Bem-Haja P; Silva CF; Perrett DI
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Education and Psychology, Centre for Health Technology and Services Research (CINTESIS), University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Do Masculine Men Smell Better? An Association Between Skin Color Masculinity and Female Preferences for Body Odor.
[So] Source:Chem Senses;42(3):269-275, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1464-3553
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A recent study claimed face skin color as a sexually dimorphic variable that influences attractiveness preferences in mate choice. Thereby, skin color may assume the role of a mate quality signal influencing attractiveness preferences. As body odor is linked to attractiveness, this study aimed to explore whether the odors of men with more masculine facial skin color would be evaluated more positively than odors from less masculine men. Female raters were presented with body odors of 18 men and were asked to rate them in various characteristics. Multilevel modeling revealed that the odors of the donors with more masculine color were rated not only as more attractive, more pleasant, and sexier, but also healthier. This indicates that odor associated with men with more masculine skin color is attractive, just as other sexually dimorphic traits. Furthermore, we found a negative relation between skin color masculinity and perceived odor maleness. Regarding this last finding, a new discussion is introduced with respect to the influence of cognitive stereotypes in odor judgments. Altogether, the study supports the possibility that chemosensory signals may be communicating signs of mate quality associated with masculinity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face/fisiologia
Masculinidade
Pigmentação da Pele/fisiologia
Olfato
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Caracteres Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170426
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170426
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/chemse/bjx004



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