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[PMID]:28682213
[Au] Autor:Hebebrand J
[Ad] Endereço:1 Klinik für Psychiatrie, Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie des Kindes- und Jugendalters, LVR Klinikum Essen, Universitätsklinik Essen, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Essen.
[Ti] Título:[The March for Science ­ challenges for education in natural sciences and research].
[Ti] Título:Der "March for Science" ­ Herausforderungen für den naturwissenschaftlichen Unterricht und die Forschung..
[So] Source:Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother;45(4):261-263, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1422-4917
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Dissidências e Disputas
Comportamento de Massa
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais/educação
Disciplinas das Ciências Naturais/tendências
Opinião Pública
Pesquisa/educação
Pesquisa/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Cultura
Currículo/tendências
Previsões
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Cooperação Internacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170707
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1024/1422-4917/a000531


  2 / 587 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28331081
[Au] Autor:Cobbin JCA; Alfelali M; Barasheed O; Taylor J; Dwyer DE; Kok J; Booy R; Holmes EC; Rashid H; Hajj Research Team
[Ad] Endereço:Marie Bashir Institute for Infectious Diseases and Biosecurity, Charles Perkins Centre, School of Life and Environmental Sciences and Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Multiple Sources of Genetic Diversity of Influenza A Viruses during the Hajj.
[So] Source:J Virol;91(11), 2017 06 01.
[Is] ISSN:1098-5514
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Outbreaks of respiratory virus infection at mass gatherings pose significant health risks to attendees, host communities, and ultimately the global population if they help facilitate viral emergence. However, little is known about the genetic diversity, evolution, and patterns of viral transmission during mass gatherings, particularly how much diversity is generated by transmission compared to that imported from other locations. Here, we describe the genome-scale evolution of influenza A viruses sampled from the Hajj pilgrimages at Makkah during 2013 to 2015. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the diversity of influenza viruses at the Hajj pilgrimages was shaped by multiple introduction events, comprising multiple cocirculating lineages in each year, including those that have circulated in the Middle East and those whose origins likely lie on different continents. At the scale of individual hosts, the majority of minor variants resulted from mutation, with only limited evidence of minor variant transmission or minor variants circulating at subconsensus level despite the likely identification of multiple transmission clusters. Together, these data highlight the complexity of influenza virus infection at the Hajj pilgrimages, reflecting a mix of global genetic diversity drawn from multiple sources combined with local transmission, and reemphasize the need for vigilant surveillance at mass gatherings. Large population sizes and densities at mass gatherings such as the Hajj (Makkah, Saudi Arabia) can contribute to outbreaks of respiratory virus infection by providing local hot spots for transmission followed by spread to other localities. Using a genome-scale analysis, we show that the genetic diversity of influenza A viruses at the Hajj gatherings during 2013 to 2015 was largely shaped by the introduction of multiple viruses from diverse geographic regions, including the Middle East, with only little evidence of interhost virus transmission at the Hajj and seemingly limited spread of subconsensus mutational variants. The diversity of viruses at the Hajj pilgrimages highlights the potential for lineage cocirculation during mass gatherings, in turn fuelling segment reassortment and the emergence of novel variants, such that the continued surveillance of respiratory pathogens at mass gatherings should be a public health priority.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Variação Genética
Vírus da Influenza A/genética
Influenza Humana/epidemiologia
Influenza Humana/virologia
Islamismo
Infecções Respiratórias/virologia
Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Surtos de Doenças
Evolução Molecular
Seres Humanos
Influenza Humana/transmissão
Comportamento de Massa
Oriente Médio/epidemiologia
Mutação
Filogenia
Saúde Pública
Infecções Respiratórias/epidemiologia
Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171112
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171112
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28277522
[Au] Autor:Spinney L
[Ti] Título:How Facebook, fake news and friends are warping your memory.
[So] Source:Nature;543(7644):168-170, 2017 03 07.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Decepção
Amigos/psicologia
Comportamento de Massa
Rememoração Mental/fisiologia
Infuência dos Pares
Mídias Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Política
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Incerteza
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/543168a


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[PMID]:28222846
[Au] Autor:Halse M
[Ti] Título:Planning for the Leicester City Football Club victory parade.
[So] Source:J Bus Contin Emer Plan;10(3):217-229, 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1749-9216
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper details the multiagency planning for and delivery of the Leicester City Football Club victory parade at the end of the 2015/16 football season to celebrate the team winning the Barclays Premier League. This is compared and contrasted with the planning and delivery of the reinterment of the mortal remains of King Richard III, which took place in Leicester a little more than 12 months prior. Both events were unprecedentedly high-profile for a comparatively small city and the routes involved had much in common. However, the amount of time to plan each event differed greatly: approximately 18 months for the reinterment and just five weeks for the victory parade. The events were largely un-ticketed but with very different crowd profiles. This paper describes the background to both events; their context and setting; the structure of the planning groups; contingency planning considerations and implementation; pre-event exercises; command, control and coordination arrangements; business continuity issues; communications and lessons learned.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração
Comportamento de Massa
Futebol
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
Inglaterra
Seres Humanos
Técnicas de Planejamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170223
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28154046
[Au] Autor:Bohannon J
[Ti] Título:The pulse of the people.
[So] Source:Science;355(6324):470-472, 2017 Feb 03.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internet
Comportamento de Massa
Opinião Pública
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Previsões
Seres Humanos
Política
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170204
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.355.6324.470


  6 / 587 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27640116
[Au] Autor:Alaska YA; Aldawas AD; Aljerian NA; Memish ZA; Suner S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Emergency Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: yalaska@ksu.edu.sa.
[Ti] Título:The impact of crowd control measures on the occurrence of stampedes during Mass Gatherings: The Hajj experience.
[So] Source:Travel Med Infect Dis;15:67-70, 2017 Jan - Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0442
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Mass gatherings present enormous challenges for emergency preparedness. Planners must anticipate and prepare for communicable and non-communicable disease outbreaks, illnesses, and injuries to participants, crowd control, and disaster responses to unforeseen natural or man-made threats. The Hajj, the largest annually recurring mass gathering event on earth. It attracts about 3 million pilgrims from over 180 countries who assemble in Mecca over a 1-week period. METHODS: A literature review was conducted using Medline and OVID, while searching for published data concerning human stampedes and crowd control measures implemented to prevent human stampedes. The review was further extended to include media reports and published numbers and reports about Hajj from the Saudi Arabian government, in both the English and Arabic languages. RESULTS: Because millions of pilgrims undertake their religious ritual within strict constraints in term of space and time; this rigour and strictness have led to a series of large crowd disasters over several years, thus putting pressure on the authorities. In the past few years, the government of Saudi Arabia have put an enormous effort to solve this difficulty using state of the art innovative scientific means. The use of crowd simulation models, assessment of the best ways of grouping and scheduling pilgrims, crowd management and control engineering technologies, luggage management, video monitoring, and changes in the construction of the transport system for the event. CONCLUSIONS: A large gathering such as the Hajj still holds an increasing risk for future disasters. International collaboration and continued vigilance in planning efforts remains an integral part of these annual preparations. The development of educational campaigns for pilgrims regarding the possible dangers is also crucial. Lessons gleaned from experiences at the Hajj may influence planning for mass gatherings of any kind, worldwide.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aglomeração
Islamismo
Comportamento de Massa
Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Serviços Médicos de Emergência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Incidentes com Feridos em Massa/prevenção & controle
Saúde Pública
Arábia Saudita
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170510
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170510
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160919
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27663284
[Au] Autor:Ahmed QA; Memish ZA
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Pulmonary Disease and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Winthrop University Hospital, State University of New York (SUNY) at Stony Brook, New York, USA. Electronic address: qanta.ahmed@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Hajj 2016: Required vaccinations, crowd control, novel wearable tech and the Zika threat.
[So] Source:Travel Med Infect Dis;14(5):429-432, 2016 Sep - Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0442
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eletrônica/instrumentação
Islamismo
Viagem
Vacinação
Infecção pelo Zika virus/prevenção & controle
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aglomeração
Seres Humanos
Comportamento de Massa
Registros Médicos
Zika virus
Infecção pelo Zika virus/transmissão
Infecção pelo Zika virus/virologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160925
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27646490
[Au] Autor:Turris SA; Camporese M; Gutman SJ; Lund A
[Ad] Endereço:1Department of Emergency Medicine,University of British Columbia,Vancouver,British Columbia,Canada.
[Ti] Título:Mass-gathering Medicine: Risks and Patient Presentations at a 2-day Electronic Dance Music Event - Year Two.
[So] Source:Prehosp Disaster Med;31(6):687-688, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1945-1938
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Turris SA , Camporese M , Gutman SJ , Lund A . Mass-gathering medicine: risks and patient presentations at a 2-day electronic dance music event - year two. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(6):687-688.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
Dança
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/utilização
Comportamento de Massa
Música
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Canadá
Criança
Medicina de Emergência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170414
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170414
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160921
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27536770
[Au] Autor:Rainey JJ; Phelps T; Shi J
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Global Migration and Quarantine, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Mass Gatherings and Respiratory Disease Outbreaks in the United States - Should We Be Worried? Results from a Systematic Literature Review and Analysis of the National Outbreak Reporting System.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(8):e0160378, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Because mass gatherings create environments conducive for infectious disease transmission, public health officials may recommend postponing or canceling large gatherings during a moderate or severe pandemic. Despite these recommendations, limited empirical information exists on the frequency and characteristics of mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks occurring in the United States. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review to identify articles about mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks occurring in the United States from 2005 to 2014. A standard form was used to abstract information from relevant articles identified from six medical, behavioral and social science literature databases. We also analyzed data from the National Outbreaks Reporting System (NORS), maintained by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention since 2009, to estimate the frequency of mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks reported to the system. RESULTS: We identified 21 published articles describing 72 mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks. Of these 72, 40 (56%) were associated with agriculture fairs and Influenza A H3N2v following probable swine exposure, and 25 (35%) with youth summer camps and pandemic Influenza A H1N1. Outbreaks of measles (n = 1) and mumps (n = 2) were linked to the international importation of disease. Between 2009 and 2013, 1,114 outbreaks were reported to NORS, including 96 respiratory disease outbreaks due to Legionella. None of these legionellosis outbreaks was linked to a mass gathering according to available data. CONCLUSION: Mass gathering-related respiratory disease outbreaks may be uncommon in the United States, but have been reported from fairs (zoonotic transmission) as well as at camps where participants have close social contact in communal housing. International importation can also be a contributing factor. NORS collects information on certain respiratory diseases and could serve as a platform to monitor mass gathering-related respiratory outbreaks in the future.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento de Massa
Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Vigilância da População
Doenças Respiratórias/etiologia
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160819
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0160378


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[PMID]:27499102
[Au] Autor:Gogaert S; Vande Veegaete A; Scholliers A; Vandekerckhove P
[Ad] Endereço:1Belgian Red Cross-Flanders,Mechelen,Belgium.
[Ti] Título:"MedTRIS" (Medical Triage and Registration Informatics System): A Web-based Client Server System for the Registration of Patients Being Treated in First Aid Posts at Public Events and Mass Gatherings.
[So] Source:Prehosp Disaster Med;31(5):557-62, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1945-1938
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:First aid (FA) services are provisioned on-site as a preventive measure at most public events. In Flanders, Belgium, the Belgian Red Cross-Flanders (BRCF) is the major provider of these FA services with volunteers being deployed at approximately 10,000 public events annually. The BRCF has systematically registered information on the patients being treated in FA posts at major events and mass gatherings during the last 10 years. This information has been collected in a web-based client server system called "MedTRIS" (Medical Triage and Registration Informatics System). MedTRIS contains data on more than 200,000 patients at 335 mass events. This report describes the MedTRIS architecture, the data collected, and how the system operates in the field. This database consolidates different types of information with regards to FA interventions in a standardized way for a variety of public events. MedTRIS allows close monitoring in "real time" of the situation at mass gatherings and immediate intervention, when necessary; allows more accurate prediction of resources needed; allows to validate conceptual and predictive models for medical resources at (mass) public events; and can contribute to the definition of a standardized minimum data set (MDS) for mass-gathering health research and evaluation. Gogaert S , Vande veegaete A , Scholliers A , Vandekerckhove P . "MedTRIS" (Medical Triage and Registration Informatics System): a web-based client server system for the registration of patients being treated in first aid posts at public events and mass gatherings. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(5):557-562.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviços Médicos de Emergência
Primeiros Socorros
Informática
Internet
Comportamento de Massa
Sistema de Registros
Triagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bélgica
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170414
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170414
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160809
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S1049023X16000728



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