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[PMID]:29377964
[Au] Autor:Stefan M; Holzmeister F; Müllauer A; Kirchler M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Banking and Finance, Leopold-Franzens Universität, Universitätsstraße 15, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria.
[Ti] Título:Ethnical discrimination in Europe: Field evidence from the finance industry.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191959, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The integration of ethnical minorities has been a hotly discussed topic in the political, societal, and economic debate. Persistent discrimination of ethnical minorities can hinder successful integration. Given that unequal access to investment and financing opportunities can cause social and economic disparities due to inferior economic prospects, we conducted a field experiment on ethnical discrimination in the finance sector with 1,218 banks in seven European countries. We contacted banks via e-mail, either with domestic or Arabic sounding names, asking for contact details only. We find pronounced discrimination in terms of a substantially lower response rate to e-mails from Arabic senders. Remarkably, the observed discrimination effect is robust for loan- and investment-related requests, across rural and urban locations of banks, and across countries.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Economia
Grupos Étnicos
Indústrias
Preconceito
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Europa (Continente)
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191959


  2 / 23429 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29190836
[Au] Autor:Rakatansky H
[Ad] Endereço:Clinical Professor of Medicine Emeritus,The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.
[Ti] Título:Addressing patient biases toward physicians.
[So] Source:R I Med J (2013);100(12):11-12, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2327-2228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:[Full article available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2017-12.asp].
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Médico-Paciente
Médicos/psicologia
Preconceito
Discriminação Social
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estresse Ocupacional/etnologia
Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia
Relações Médico-Paciente/ética
Preconceito/ética
Preconceito/etnologia
Preconceito/psicologia
Discriminação Social/ética
Discriminação Social/etnologia
Discriminação Social/psicologia
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/ética
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/etnologia
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 23429 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29341568
[Au] Autor:Kostic M; Kocic B; Tiodorovic B
[Ti] Título:Stigmatization and discrimination of patients with chronic hepatitis C.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(12):1116-24, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background/Aim: Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) is often associated with injectable drug users and human immunodeficiency virus coinfection for which there is stigmatization in society. The aim of this study was to identify the presence of stigma and discrimination of patients with CHC, as well as the influence of sociodemographic factors on the occurrence of stigmatization. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed. Patients with CHC and conducted antiviral therapy completed an anonymous structured questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic questions and Hepatitis C stigma scale. Results: Out of 154 patients 61.7% were male and 72.1% from the city; 59.7% have completed secondary school; 61.7% were employed before the disease while 31.8% after the disease; 45.5% were unsatisfactory with financial situation; 54.5% were married; 37.7% lived with a spouse and children; 86.4% in their own house/apartment; 5.2% of the patients were abandoned by their partners, while 35.7% consumed drugs. A statistical significance of the stigma score was found in those who lived in the city (p = 0.018), unmarried (p = 0.005), abandoned by the partners after the diagnosis of CHC (p < 0.001), drug users (p = 0.002) and those living with parents (p = 0.034). Univariate regression analysis singled out as significant: residence (p = 0.018), living with their parents (p = 0.046), abandonment by a partner (p < 0.001) and drug use (p = 0.002). A multivariate regression model of independent variables singled out abandonment by partners (Beta = 5.158, p = 0.007). Men disagree significantly with the two elements inside stigma [not the same as the others (p = 0.035)] and hurt by the reaction of others (p = 0.047)). Conclusion: The presence of stigma in patients with CHC was proven. The results indicate the need to strengthen anti-stigma programs that will reduce their psychological and social problems and reduce stigmatization in society.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hepatite C Crônica/psicologia
Preconceito
Opinião Pública
Estigma Social
Estereotipagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado
Estudos Transversais
Usuários de Drogas/psicologia
Feminino
Hepatite C Crônica/diagnóstico
Hepatite C Crônica/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Masculino
Estado Civil
Meia-Idade
Análise Multivariada
Sérvia/epidemiologia
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia
Saúde da População Urbana
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP150511135K


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[PMID]:29248009
[Au] Autor:Johnstone MJ
[Ti] Título:THE HARMS OF HATE SPEECH.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(4):25, 2016 10.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 2009, Andrew Bolt, an Australian journalist and right wing columnist, published two articles in the Herald-Sun in which he impugned the identity and authenticity of 'fair skinned' Aboriginal people. His articles conveyed the offensive messages that fair-skinned Aboriginal people 'were not genuinely Aboriginal and were pretending to be Aboriginal so they could access benefits that are available to Aboriginal people' (http://www.austlii.edu.au/cgibin/sinodisp/au/cases/cth/FCA/2011/1103.html).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ética em Enfermagem
Ódio
Grupo com Ancestrais Oceânicos
Preconceito
Fala
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29253855
[Au] Autor:Ben J; Cormack D; Harris R; Paradies Y
[Ad] Endereço:Alfred Deakin Institute for Citizenship and Globalization, Faculty of Arts and Education, Deakin University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Racism and health service utilisation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189900, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although racism has been posited as driver of racial/ethnic inequities in healthcare, the relationship between racism and health service use and experience has yet to be systematically reviewed or meta-analysed. This paper presents a systematic review and meta-analysis of quantitative empirical studies that report associations between self-reported racism and various measures of healthcare service utilisation. Data were reviewed and extracted from 83 papers reporting 70 studies. Studies included 250,850 participants and were conducted predominately in the U.S. The meta-analysis included 59 papers reporting 52 studies, which were analysed using random effects models and mean weighted effect sizes. Racism was associated with more negative patient experiences of health services (HSU-E) (OR = 0.351 (95% CI [0.236,0.521], k = 19), including lower levels of healthcare-related trust, satisfaction, and communication. Racism was not associated with health service use (HSU-U) as an outcome group, and was not associated with most individual HSU-U outcomes, including having had examinations, health service visits and admissions to health professionals and services. Racism was associated with health service use outcomes such as delaying/not getting healthcare, and lack of adherence to treatment uptake, although these effects may be influenced by a small sample of studies, and publication bias, respectively. Limitations to the literature reviewed in terms of study designs, sampling methods and measurements are discussed along with suggested future directions in the field.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde/utilização
Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde
Preconceito
Racismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Comunicação
Grupos Étnicos
Feminino
Pessoal de Saúde
Serviços de Saúde/utilização
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Razão de Chances
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
Cooperação do Paciente
Satisfação do Paciente
Resultado do Tratamento
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180112
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180112
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189900


  6 / 23429 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29211415
[Au] Autor:Ehrenfeld J; Gridley S
[Ti] Título:Education Creates Welcoming Environment for Transgender Patients.
[So] Source:ED Manag;28(8):90-3, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1044-9167
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The ED often is the access point of choice for transgender patients who may be reluctant to interact with providers. Experts say there is a need for training and education of how to present a gender-affirming healthcare environment. Recommended steps include a review of policies, along with corresponding changes to electronic and paper intake forms to ensure that the language used is inclusive of all genders. While blanket discrimination may be declining, experts note that some providers are uncertain about how to interact with a transgender patient. It's always best to ask patients for their preferred name and pronoun and to repeat this exercise every three to six months for return patients, as gender identify can be fluid. To ease anxiety for transgender patients, consider developing a navigator program that will pair any transgender patient who requests the service with a trained advocate who can support and guide the patient through the system.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde para Pessoas Transgênero/organização & administração
Apoio Social
Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Capacitação em Serviço
Masculino
Preconceito/psicologia
Discriminação Social/psicologia
Estigma Social
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 23429 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29210258
[Au] Autor:de Paor A
[Ti] Título:Genetic Discrimination: A Case for a European Legislative Response?
[So] Source:Eur J Health Law;24(2):135-59, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0929-0273
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:With rapid scientific and technological advances, a new genetic era is emerging. However, these advances raise ethical and legal issues, particularly genetic discrimination, that may threaten advancing science in the absence of appropriate regulation. There is currently no concrete legislative position in this area at EU level, but rather a patchwork of diverging legislative approaches amongst Member States. Genetic discrimination has been singled out as an area of reform in Europe as evidenced, for example in EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, Article 21.1 prohibiting discrimination based on 'genetic features.' The United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities also informs this debate and may spur legislative action. From a transatlantic perspective, the United States' federal legislation (Genetic Information Non Discrimination Act) is noteworthy. Considering scientific and technological developments, the rights at stake and the various regulatory benchmarks, this paper explores the regulation of genetic information in the EU.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Privacidade Genética/legislação & jurisprudência
Preconceito/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Europa (Continente)
Testes Genéticos/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 23429 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28892482
[Au] Autor:Chiu K; Grundy Q; Bero L
[Ad] Endereço:Charles Perkins Centre, Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
[Ti] Título:'Spin' in published biomedical literature: A methodological systematic review.
[So] Source:PLoS Biol;15(9):e2002173, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1545-7885
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the scientific literature, spin refers to reporting practices that distort the interpretation of results and mislead readers so that results are viewed in a more favourable light. The presence of spin in biomedical research can negatively impact the development of further studies, clinical practice, and health policies. This systematic review aims to explore the nature and prevalence of spin in the biomedical literature. We searched MEDLINE, PreMEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and hand searched reference lists for all reports that included the measurement of spin in the biomedical literature for at least 1 outcome. Two independent coders extracted data on the characteristics of reports and their included studies and all spin-related outcomes. Results were grouped inductively into themes by spin-related outcome and are presented as a narrative synthesis. We used meta-analyses to analyse the association of spin with industry sponsorship of research. We included 35 reports, which investigated spin in clinical trials, observational studies, diagnostic accuracy studies, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses. The nature of spin varied according to study design. The highest (but also greatest) variability in the prevalence of spin was present in trials. Some of the common practices used to spin results included detracting from statistically nonsignificant results and inappropriately using causal language. Source of funding was hypothesised by a few authors to be a factor associated with spin; however, results were inconclusive, possibly due to the heterogeneity of the included papers. Further research is needed to assess the impact of spin on readers' decision-making. Editors and peer reviewers should be familiar with the prevalence and manifestations of spin in their area of research in order to ensure accurate interpretation and dissemination of research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Propaganda
Editoração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Biomédica
Conflito de Interesses
Preconceito
Relações Públicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170912
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pbio.2002173


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[PMID]:28759421
[Au] Autor:Klein JD; Alden ER
[Ad] Endereço:NCD Child, Elk Grove Village, Illinois; and jklein60068@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Children, Gender, Education, and Health.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;140(1), 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Identidade de Gênero
Preconceito
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170801
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 23429 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28736424
[Au] Autor:Garland-Thomson R
[Ti] Título:Disability Bioethics: From Theory to Practice.
[So] Source:Kennedy Inst Ethics J;27(2):323-339, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1054-6863
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bioética
Competência Cultural
Pessoas com Deficiência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comportamento de Escolha
Direitos Humanos
Seres Humanos
Preconceito
Justiça Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170725
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1353/ken.2017.0020



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