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Pesquisa : F01.145.813.550.249 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29323646
[Au] Autor:Lloyd-Sherlock P; McKee M; Ebrahim S
[Ad] Endereço:School of International Development, University of East Anglia, Norfolk NR4 7JT, UK. Electronic address: p.lloyd-sherlock@uea.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:WHO washes its hands of older people.
[So] Source:Lancet;391(10115):25-26, 2018 01 06.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Idoso
Saúde Global
Política de Saúde
Organização Mundial da Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ageismo
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 316 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28674559
[Au] Autor:Rakotovao-Ravahatra ZD; Randriatsarafara FM; Rasoanandrasana S; Raverohanta L; Rakotovao AL
[Ad] Endereço:Unité Laboratoire du CHU-HJRB d'Antananarivo, Madagascar.
[Ti] Título:[Resistant phenotypes of Escherichia coli strains responsible for urinary tract infection in the laboratory of the University Hospital Joseph Raseta Befelatanana, Antananarivo].
[Ti] Título:Phénotypes de résistance des souches d' responsables d'infection urinaire au laboratoire du Centre Hospitalo-Universitaire de Befelatanana Antananarivo..
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;26:166, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection caused by Escherichia coli frequently occurs in the hospital environment. This study aims to describe resistant phenotypes of Escherichia coli strains to monitor their occurrence. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive retrospective study of 102 Escherchia coli strains responsible for urinary tract infection in the laboratory of the University Hospital Joseph Raseta Befelatanana, Antananarivo from January 2014 to October 2016. RESULTS: Beta-lactam antibiotic resistance screening identified high-level penicillinases 50% (n=51), Escherichia coli producing extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) 22.5% (n=23), high-level cephalosporinases 14.7% (n=15), penicillinases low level 5.9% (n=6), wild type strains 5.9% (n=6) and a strain ofEscherichia coli emerging strain high-level resistance. Aminoglycosides resistance was identified in 58 (56.9%) wild type phenotype, 29 (28.4%) strains sensitive to amikacin and 15 (14.7%) resistant to all aminoglycosides. Fluoroquinolones resistance was identified in 52 (51%) wild type strains, 9 (8.8%) strains sensitive to ciprofloxacin and 41 (40.2%) resistant to all fluoroquinolones. Women (25, 7%) (p= 0.25, NS), patients more than 60 years (38.7%) (p=0.02), patients hospitalized in the Department of Nephrology (53.8%) (p=0.04), with urinary disorder and kidney disease (29, 7%) (p= 0.2, NS) were the most affected by E-ESBL. CONCLUSION: Based on high multidrug resistance in Escherichia coli strains guidelines for the empirical treatment of urinary tract infections need to be revised.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Infecções por Escherichia coli/epidemiologia
Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos
Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Ageismo
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla
Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação
Infecções por Escherichia coli/tratamento farmacológico
Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia
Feminino
Hospitalização
Hospitais Universitários
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Madagáscar/epidemiologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fenótipo
Estudos Retrospectivos
Distribuição por Sexo
Infecções Urinárias/tratamento farmacológico
Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170717
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170717
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170705
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2017.26.166.11828


  3 / 316 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28426748
[Au] Autor:Doyle JR; Bottomley PA; Angell R
[Ad] Endereço:Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Tails of the Travelling Gaussian model and the relative age effect: Tales of age discrimination and wasted talent.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0176206, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Relative Age Effect (RAE) documents the inherent disadvantages of being younger rather than older in an age-banded cohort, typically a school- or competition-year, to the detriment of career-progression, earnings and wellbeing into adulthood. We develop the Tails of the Travelling Gaussian (TTG) to model the mechanisms behind RAE. TTG has notable advantages over existing approaches, which have been largely descriptive, potentially confounded, and non-comparable across contexts. In Study 1, using data from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, we investigate the different levels of RAE bias across school-level academic subjects and "personality" traits. Study 2 concerns biased admissions to elite English Premier League soccer academies, and shows the model can still be used with minimal data. We also develop two practical metrics: the discrimination index (ID), to quantify the disadvantages facing cohort-younger children; and the wastage metric (W), to quantify the loss through untapped potential. TTG is sufficiently well-specified to simulate the consequences of ID and W for policy change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ageismo
Modelos Teóricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desempenho Atlético
Criança
Estudos de Coortes
Currículo
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170907
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170907
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0176206


  4 / 316 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28378448
[Au] Autor:Gandhi J; Davidson C; Hall C; Pearson J; Eglinton T; Wakeman C; Frizelle F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Surgery, Christchurch Hospital and University of Otago, 1 Riccarton Avenue, 9013, Christchurch, New Zealand.
[Ti] Título:Population-based study demonstrating an increase in colorectal cancer in young patients.
[So] Source:Br J Surg;104(8):1063-1068, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2168
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: New Zealand has among the highest rates of colorectal cancer in the world and is an unscreened population. The aim of this study was to determine the trends in incidence and tumour location in the New Zealand population before the introduction of national colorectal cancer screening. METHODS: Data were obtained from the national cancer registry and linked to population data from 1995 to 2012. Incidence rates for colorectal cancer by sex, age (less than 50 years, 50-79 years, 80 years or more) and location (proximal colon, distal colon and rectum) were assessed by linear regression. RESULTS: Among patients aged under 50 years, the incidence of distal colonic cancer in men increased by 14 per cent per decade (incidence rate ratio (IRR 1·14), 95 per cent c.i. 1·00 to 1·30; P = 0·042); the incidence of rectal cancer in men increased by 18 per cent (IRR 1·18, 1·06 to 1·32; P = 0·002) and that in women by 13 per cent (IRR 1·13, 1·02 to 1·26; P = 0·023). In those aged 50-79 years, there was a reduction in incidence per decade of proximal, distal and rectal cancers in both sexes. In the group aged 80 years and over, proximal cancer incidence per decade increased by 19 per cent in women (IRR 1·19, 1·13 to 1·26; P < 0·001) and by 25 per cent in men (IRR 1·25, 1·18 to 1·32; P < 0·001); among women, the incidence of distal colonic cancer decreased by 8 per cent (IRR 0·92, 0·86 to 0·98); P = 0·012), as did that of rectal cancer (IRR 0·92, 0·86 to 0·97; P = 0·005). CONCLUSION: The increasing incidence of rectal cancer among younger patients needs to be considered when implementing screening strategies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia
Neoplasias Retais/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Ageismo
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia
Sistema de Registros
Distribuição por Sexo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170406
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/bjs.10518


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[PMID]:28358235
[Au] Autor:Gonzales E; Marchiondo LA; Tan J; Wang Y; Chen H
[Ad] Endereço:a Boston University School of Social Work , Boston , Massachusetts , USA.
[Ti] Título:The Aging Semantic Differential in Mandarin Chinese: Measuring Attitudes toward Older Adults in China.
[So] Source:J Gerontol Soc Work;60(3):245-254, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1540-4048
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Aging Semantic Differential (ASD) is the most widely used instrument to measure young people's attitudes towards older adults. This study translated the ASD to Mandarin and examined its psychometric properties. The Mandarin-ASD contains three latent factors (Personality and Mental Health, Societal Participation, and Physical) that have high internal reliability and reasonable discriminate validity. Social work researchers, practitioners and allied professionals may utilize the ASD-Mandarin instrument to measure young people's attitudes towards older adults in China. We issue a call for a universal-ASD that can be applied across different cultural contexts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ageismo/psicologia
Atitude Frente à Saúde/etnologia
Psicometria/instrumentação
Tradução
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Ageismo/etnologia
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia
China/etnologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicometria/métodos
Psicometria/normas
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Diferencial Semântico
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170331
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/01634372.2017.1295122


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[PMID]:28329835
[Au] Autor:Oscar N; Fox PA; Croucher R; Wernick R; Keune J; Hooker K
[Ad] Endereço:School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis.
[Ti] Título:Machine Learning, Sentiment Analysis, and Tweets: An Examination of Alzheimer's Disease Stigma on Twitter.
[So] Source:J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci;72(5):742-751, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1758-5368
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives: Social scientists need practical methods for harnessing large, publicly available datasets that inform the social context of aging. We describe our development of a semi-automated text coding method and use a content analysis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia portrayal on Twitter to demonstrate its use. The approach improves feasibility of examining large publicly available datasets. Method: Machine learning techniques modeled stigmatization expressed in 31,150 AD-related tweets collected via Twitter's search API based on 9 AD-related keywords. Two researchers manually coded 311 random tweets on 6 dimensions. This input from 1% of the dataset was used to train a classifier against the tweet text and code the remaining 99% of the dataset. Results: Our automated process identified that 21.13% of the AD-related tweets used AD-related keywords to perpetuate public stigma, which could impact stereotypes and negative expectations for individuals with the disease and increase "excess disability". Discussion: This technique could be applied to questions in social gerontology related to how social media outlets reflect and shape attitudes bearing on other developmental outcomes. Recommendations for the collection and analysis of large Twitter datasets are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ageismo/psicologia
Algoritmos
Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia
Aprendizado de Máquina
Opinião Pública
Mídias Sociais
Estigma Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Mineração de Dados
Avaliação da Deficiência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170825
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170825
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170323
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/geronb/gbx014


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[PMID]:28263366
[Au] Autor:McGarvey C; Coughlan T; O'Neill D
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Ageing, Neuroscience and the Humanities, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
[Ti] Título:Ageism in Studies on the Management of Osteoporosis.
[So] Source:J Am Geriatr Soc;65(7):1566-1568, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1532-5415
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To review the literature to assess whether the fact that osteoporosis is chiefly considered a disease of the older population was reflected in research in the area of the management of osteoporosis and to determine the extent of ageism in studies on the management of osteoporosis. DESIGN: Review. SETTING: All randomized control trials on the management of osteoporosis entered in the Cochrane Library Database that reported mean age were included. Exclusion criteria were also examined. Of 284 randomized control trials identified, 102 were eligible for inclusion. PARTICIPANTS: Older adult trail participants. MEASUREMENTS: Mean age of participants and exclusion criteria used were analyzed. RESULTS: The mean age of all participants was 64.0, despite the fact that the average age at hip fracture is 83 for women and 84 for men. Overall, the mean age of those presenting with hip fractures is 84.8. Twenty-four (23%) of the 102 trials used older age as an exclusion factor. Other exclusion factors were long time since menopause, impaired cardiac or pulmonary function, dependent in ambulation, any severe comorbidity, dementia or any cognitive impairment, recent history of peptic ulcer disease or erosive gastric disease, uncontrolled hypertension, and psychiatric illness. CONCLUSION: These data show a distinct difference between the mean age of participants in studies of the management of osteoporosis and the mean age of those presenting with hip fractures. Given that osteoporosis is the leading cause of hip fractures, this finding could have a significant effect on future studies in this area. It would follow that future research should include a cohort of an age that is more reflective of those most likely to experience the adverse effects of osteoporosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ageismo
Gerenciamento Clínico
Osteoporose
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Densidade Óssea
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico
Fraturas Ósseas/induzido quimicamente
Seres Humanos
Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Bone Density Conservation Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170807
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170807
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170307
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jgs.14840


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[PMID]:28215752
[Au] Autor:Gatling M; Mills J; Lindsay D
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Nursing and Midwifery Research, James Cook University, 14-88 McGregor Road, Smithfield, Cairns 4878, Australia. Electronic address: Margaret.gatling@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Sex after 60? You've got to be joking! Senior sexuality in comedy film.
[So] Source:J Aging Stud;40:23-28, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1879-193X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Representations of the sexuality of older people have been largely absent in mainstream films until recent times. Cinema as an art form has historically denied or ignored the fact that humans are sexual beings their whole lives. In this paper critical discourse analysis is used to examine four comedy films released between 1993 and 2012 that tackle the subject of 'senior sexuality'. All four films are explicit in representing older people as sexual beings but, unlike films about young people's sexual activity, the details of sexual encounters are left to viewers' imaginations. Two of the films challenge the notion of a heteronormative old age.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ageismo
Envelhecimento
Filmes Cinematográficos
Sexualidade
Estereotipagem
Senso de Humor e Humor como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Comportamento Sexual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170221
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28087498
[Au] Autor:Oliver D
[Ad] Endereço:Berkshire.
[Ti] Título:David Oliver: Older doctors revisited.
[So] Source:BMJ;356:j17, 2017 Jan 13.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Idoso/psicologia
Médicos/psicologia
Aposentadoria
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ageismo
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170115
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j17


  10 / 316 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28073332
[Au] Autor:Barber SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, San Francisco State University.
[Ti] Título:An Examination of Age-Based Stereotype Threat About Cognitive Decline.
[So] Source:Perspect Psychol Sci;12(1):62-90, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1745-6924
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:"Stereotype threat" is often thought of as a singular construct, with moderators and mechanisms that are stable across groups and domains. However, this is not always true. To illustrate this, the current review focuses on the stereotype threat that older adults face about their cognitive abilities. Drawing upon the multithreat framework, I first provide evidence that this is a self-concept threat and not a group-reputation threat. Because this differs from the forms of stereotype threat experienced by other groups (e.g., the threat that minority students face about their intellectual abilities), the moderators of stereotype threat observed in other groups (i.e., group identification) do not always generalize to age-based stereotype threat about cognitive decline. Looking beyond the forms of stereotype threat elicited, this review also provides evidence that the mechanisms underlying stereotype-threat effects may vary across the adult life span. Because of age-related improvements in emotion-regulation abilities, stereotype threat does not seem to reduce older adults' executive-control resources. Overall, this review highlights the need to approach the concept of stereotype threat with more granularity, allowing researchers to design more effective stereotype-threat interventions. It will also shed light on why certain stereotype threat effects "fail to replicate" across domains or groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ageismo/psicologia
Envelhecimento Cognitivo/psicologia
Estereotipagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1745691616656345



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