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  1 / 967 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29450515
[Au] Autor:Aakhus E; Mitra N; Lautenbach E; Joffe S
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Hematology-Oncology, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia.
[Ti] Título:Gender and Byline Placement of Co-first Authors in Clinical and Basic Science Journals With High Impact Factors.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(6):610-611, 2018 02 13.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Autoria
Bibliometria
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Biomédica
Medicina Clínica
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Análise de Regressão
Ciência
Fatores Sexuais
Sexismo
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.18672


  2 / 967 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431969
[Ti] Título:Study: Gender Pay Gap Evident in Health IT Industry.
[So] Source:J AHIMA;87(10):100, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1060-5487
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gestão da Informação em Saúde/economia
Salários e Benefícios/estatística & dados numéricos
Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29315326
[Au] Autor:Verniers C; Vala J
[Ad] Endereço:Paris Descartes University, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France.
[Ti] Título:Justifying gender discrimination in the workplace: The mediating role of motherhood myths.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190657, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The issue of gender equality in employment has given rise to numerous policies in advanced industrial countries, all aimed at tackling gender discrimination regarding recruitment, salary and promotion. Yet gender inequalities in the workplace persist. The purpose of this research is to document the psychosocial process involved in the persistence of gender discrimination against working women. Drawing on the literature on the justification of discrimination, we hypothesized that the myths according to which women's work threatens children and family life mediates the relationship between sexism and opposition to a mother's career. We tested this hypothesis using the Family and Changing Gender Roles module of the International Social Survey Programme. The dataset contained data collected in 1994 and 2012 from 51632 respondents from 18 countries. Structural equation modellings confirmed the hypothesised mediation. Overall, the findings shed light on how motherhood myths justify the gender structure in countries promoting gender equality.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mães
Sexismo
Mulheres Trabalhadoras
Local de Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise Fatorial
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Análise de Regressão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190657


  4 / 967 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29351305
[Au] Autor:Islam KMM; Asadullah MN
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:Gender stereotypes and education: A comparative content analysis of Malaysian, Indonesian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi school textbooks.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190807, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Using government secondary school English language textbooks from Malaysia, Indonesia, Pakistan and Bangladesh, we conducted a quantitative content analysis in order to identify gender stereotypes in school education. In total, 21 categories of exclusion and quality of representation were used to study gender stereotypes. Our analysis confirms a pro-male bias in textbooks: the aggregate female share is 40.4% in textual and pictorial indicators combined. Female occupations are mostly traditional and less prestigious while the characters are predominantly introverted and passive in terms of personality traits. Women are also shown to be mostly involved in domestic and in-door activities while men have a higher presence in professional roles. Systematic underrepresentation of females is evident regardless of whether we look at the text or pictures. A cross-country analysis shows that the female share in picture content is only 35.2% in Malaysia and Bangladesh. Overall, the proportion of female to male characters (text and pictures combined) is balanced in Malaysia and Indonesia (44.4% and 44.1% respectively) while this share is only 24.4% and 37.3% in Pakistani and Bangladeshi textbooks respectively. The finding of underrepresentation of women in Pakistani textbooks, in terms of quality and quantity, is robust to the selection of province-, grade- and subject-specific textbooks, as well as the range and type of categories used.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Instituições Acadêmicas
Sexismo
Livros de Texto como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh
Currículo
Educação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Indonésia
Islamismo
Malásia
Masculino
Paquistão
Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos
Mudança Social
Classe Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190807


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[PMID]:29305975
[Au] Autor:Qiu W; Zhu Y; Wu Y; Yuan C; Chen K; Li M
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Freshwater Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Agriculture Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China; Key Laboratory of Exploration and Utilization of Aquatic Genetic Resources, Ministry of Education, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China; National Demonstrat
[Ti] Título:Identification and expression analysis of microRNAs in medaka gonads.
[So] Source:Gene;646:210-216, 2018 Mar 10.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0038
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Gonad development is a highly regulated, coordinated biological process and increasing evidences have indicated that microRNA (miRNA) may be involved in this dynamic program. Medaka (Oryzias latipes) is a good model for reproductive research as it has distinct sex determining genes, however, research in gonadal miRNAs is lacked. In this study, two small RNA libraries from the ovaries and testes were constructed and sequenced. A total of 285 conserved and 388 novel miRNAs were obtained, among which 142 mature miRNAs were significantly (> two-fold change) up or down regulated in the testis compared to the ovary. Quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis showed that miR-430c, miR-26a and miR-202-5p were expressed in a gonad-specific or sex-biased pattern. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) indicated that miR-202-5p was present throughout spermatogenesis and was only detected at the early stages of oogenesis, this sex biased expression pattern suggested that miR-202-5p might be a crucial candidate in male differentiation and development. Our study provides the repertoire, a comprehensive annotation of miRNAs from gonads and a reference for functional studies of miRNAs in medaka.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos
Gônadas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
MicroRNAs/genética
Oryzias/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento
Biblioteca Gênica
Gônadas/química
Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente
Masculino
Oogênese
Especificidade de Órgãos
Oryzias/genética
Sexismo
Espermatogênese
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (MicroRNAs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180107
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29261762
[Au] Autor:Bennis I; Belaid L; De Brouwere V; Filali H; Sahibi H; Boelaert M
[Ad] Endereço:National School of Public Health-Ministry of Health, Rabat, Morocco.
[Ti] Título:"The mosquitoes that destroy your face". Social impact of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in South-eastern Morocco, A qualitative study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189906, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To document the psychosocial burden of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) in rural communities in Southeastern Morocco. METHOD: Between March and April 2015, we conducted qualitative research in communities exposed to Leishmania major or L. tropica in Errachidia and Tinghir provinces. Twenty-eight focus groups discussions (FGDs) were realized, with a stratification by gender and tradition of medicine (users of folk versus professional medicine). Data were analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: This rural population most exposed to CL in Morocco lacks access to health care in general and clearly points out there are other major public health issues that need to be resolved. Nonetheless, respondents consider the impact of CL lesions and scars as important and similar to that of burn scar tissue. Young women with CL scars in the face are stigmatized and will often be rejected for marriage in these communities. People usually try a long list of folk remedies on the active lesions, but none was felt adequate. There was a clear demand for better treatment as well as for treatment of the scars. CONCLUSIONS: The psycho-social impact of CL due to L.major and L.tropica is substantial, especially for young single women with facial scars. These generate social and self-stigma and diminish their marriage prospects. CL is well known, but not considered as a major health priority by these poor rural communities in South-eastern Morocco where gender discrimination is still an issue and access to basic health care is as neglected as CL. Early CL diagnosis and new treatment options with better skin outcomes are urgently needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Culicidae/fisiologia
Leishmaniose Cutânea/epidemiologia
Leishmaniose Cutânea/psicologia
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Animais
Cicatriz/patologia
Feminino
Geografia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Marrocos/epidemiologia
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
Percepção
Sexismo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189906


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[PMID]:29226450
[Au] Autor:Gonzales G; Henning-Smith C
[Ad] Endereço:Vanderbilt University School of Medicine.
[Ti] Título:Barriers to Care Among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults.
[So] Source:Milbank Q;95(4):726-748, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1468-0009
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Policy Points: Transgender and gender nonconforming (GNC) adults may experience barriers to care for a variety of reasons, including discrimination and lack of awareness by providers in health care settings. In our analysis of a large, population-based sample, we found transgender and GNC adults were more likely to be uninsured and have unmet health care needs, and were less likely to have routine care, compared to cisgender (nontransgender) women. Our findings varied by gender identity. More research is needed on transgender and GNC populations, including on how public policy and provider awareness affects health care access and health outcomes differentially by gender identity. CONTEXT: Very little population-based research has examined health and access to care among transgender populations. This study compared barriers to care between cisgender, transgender, and gender nonconforming (GNC) adults using data from a large, multistate sample. METHODS: We used data from the 2014-2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System to estimate the prevalence of having no health insurance, unmet medical care needs due to cost, no routine checkup, and no usual source of care for cisgender women (n = 183,370), cisgender men (n = 131,080), transgender women (n = 724), transgender men (n = 449), and GNC adults (n = 270). Logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for each barrier to care while adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics. FINDINGS: Transgender and GNC adults were more likely to be nonwhite, sexual minority, and socioeconomically disadvantaged compared to cisgender adults. After controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, transgender women were more likely to have no health insurance (OR = 1.60; 95% CI = 1.07-2.40) compared to cisgender women; transgender men were more likely to have no health insurance (OR = 2.02; 95% CI = 1.25-3.25) and no usual source of care (OR = 1.84; 95% CI = 1.18-2.88); and GNC adults were more likely to have unmet medical care needs due to cost (OR = 1.93; 95% CI = 1.02-3.67) and no routine checkup in the prior year (OR = 2.41; 95% CI = 1.41-4.12). CONCLUSIONS: Transgender and GNC adults face barriers to health care that may be due to a variety of reasons, including discrimination in health care, health insurance policies, employment, and public policy or lack of awareness among health care providers on transgender-related health issues.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Serviços de Saúde para Pessoas Transgênero/organização & administração
Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos
Pessoas Transgênero/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-0009.12297


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[PMID]:28470377
[Au] Autor:Page AE
[Ad] Endereço:Musculoskeletal Health Care Solutions, 3750 Convoy Street, Suite 116, La Jolla, CA, 92111, USA. alexe.page@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Gendered Innovations in Orthopaedic Science: Standing on the Shoulders of iGIANTs.
[So] Source:Clin Orthop Relat Res;475(7):1786-1788, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1528-1132
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Procedimentos Ortopédicos
Cirugiões Ortopédicos
Ortopedia
Médicas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Difusão de Inovações
Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor
Feminino
Identidade de Gênero
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Marketing de Serviços de Saúde
Cirugiões Ortopédicos/psicologia
Relações Médico-Paciente
Médicas/psicologia
Fatores Sexuais
Sexismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11999-017-5373-y


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[PMID]:29078918
[Au] Autor:Greenberg CC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Surgery, Wisconsin Surgical Outcomes Research Program, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin. Electronic address: greenberg@surgery.wisc.edu.
[Ti] Título:Association for Academic Surgery presidential address: sticky floors and glass ceilings.
[So] Source:J Surg Res;219:ix-xviii, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8673
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This 2017 Presidential Address for the Association for Academic Surgery was delivered on February 8, 2017. It addresses the difficult topic of gender disparities in surgery. Mixing empirical data with personal anecdotes, Dr. Caprice Greenberg provides an insightful overview of this difficult challenge facing the surgical discipline and practical advice on how we can begin to address it.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mobilidade Ocupacional
Médicas
Sexismo
Especialidades Cirúrgicas
Cirurgiões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Docentes de Medicina/ética
Docentes de Medicina/organização & administração
Docentes de Medicina/psicologia
Docentes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Identidade de Gênero
Seres Humanos
Liderança
Masculino
Papel do Médico
Médicas/ética
Médicas/organização & administração
Médicas/psicologia
Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Salários e Benefícios/estatística & dados numéricos
Sexismo/ética
Sexismo/prevenção & controle
Sexismo/psicologia
Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos
Sociedades Médicas/ética
Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração
Sociedades Médicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Especialidades Cirúrgicas/ética
Especialidades Cirúrgicas/organização & administração
Especialidades Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos
Cirurgiões/ética
Cirurgiões/organização & administração
Cirurgiões/psicologia
Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos
Direitos da Mulher/ética
Direitos da Mulher/organização & administração
Direitos da Mulher/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ADDRESSES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171029
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29065029
[Au] Autor:Zaidi Z; Vyas R; Verstegen D; Morahan P; Dornan T
[Ad] Endereço:Z. Zaidi is associate professor, Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida; ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4328-5766. R. Vyas is assistant vice president, Foundation for Advancement of International Medical Education and Research (FAIMER Education), FAIMER, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. D. Verstegen is assistant professor, Department of Educational Research and Development, Maastricht University, Maastricht, the Netherlands. P. Morahan is professor emerita, Drexel University College of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. T. Dornan is professor, Queen's University, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
[Ti] Título:Medical Education to Enhance Critical Consciousness: Facilitators' Experiences.
[So] Source:Acad Med;92(11S Association of American Medical Colleges Learn Serve Lead: Proceedings of the 56th Annual Research in Medical Education Sessions):S93-S99, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1938-808X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To analyze educators' experiences of facilitating cultural discussions in two global health professions education programs and what these experiences had taught them about critical consciousness. METHOD: A multicultural research team conducted in-depth interviews with 16 faculty who had extensive experience facilitating cultural discussions. They analyzed transcripts of the interviews thematically, drawing sensitizing insights from Gramsci's theory of cultural hegemony. Collaboration and conversation helped the team self-consciously examine their positions toward the data set and be critically reflexive. RESULTS: Participant faculty used their prior experience facilitating cultural discussions to create a "safe space" in which learners could develop critical consciousness. During multicultural interactions they recognized and explicitly addressed issues related to power differentials, racism, implicit bias, and gender bias. They noted the need to be "facile in attending to pain" as learners brought up traumatic experiences and other sensitive issues including racism and the impact of power dynamics. They built relationships with learners by juxtaposing and exploring the sometimes-conflicting norms of different cultures. Participants were reflective about their own understanding and tendency to be biased. They aimed to break free of such biases while role modeling how to have the courage to speak up. CONCLUSIONS: Experience had given facilitators in multicultural programs an understanding of their responsibility to promote critical consciousness and social justice. How faculty without prior experience or expertise could develop those values and skills is a topic for future research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Competência Cultural
Diversidade Cultural
Docentes de Medicina
Poder (Psicologia)
Pensamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estado de Consciência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Racismo
Sexismo
Justiça Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000001907



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