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[PMID]:29252209
[Au] Autor:Schumacker RE; Hoi CKW
[Ad] Endereço:Randall Schumacker, Educational Research Hall, University of Alabama, 316 Carmichael, Box 807231, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487-0231, USA, rschumacker@ua.edu.
[Ti] Título:Social Desirability Amongst Chinese Teachers.
[So] Source:J Appl Meas;18(4):408-419, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1529-7713
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Research has suggested that self-reported responses on surveys can be affected by a participant's tendency toward social desirability, which would prevent them from revealing their true feelings or behaviors. Researchers should provide evidence that their results have not been affected by socially desirable responses using the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MC-SDS). Past research has used the 33-item original form and 13-item short form of the MC-SDS, although a few researchers have found questionable validation of the 13 item MC-SDS in several populations. Traditional factor analysis failed to converge on a factor structure. Therefore, the current research was conducted using a Rasch dichotomous model analysis on the original 33-item MC-SDS, a 20-item MC-SDS, and the 13-item MC-SDS. Findings indicated that the 33-item MC-SDS had several overlapping items, the 20-item MC-SDS provided a somewhat meaningful measure of social desirability, and the 13-item MC-SDS did not provide sufficient item distribution or separation to produce a meaningful measure. A researcher should check on the factor structure of the MC-SDS when using it in their research, especially with different cultural populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Interpretação Estatística de Dados
Modelos Estatísticos
Psicometria/métodos
Professores Escolares/classificação
Professores Escolares/estatística & dados numéricos
Desejabilidade Social
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Algoritmos
China
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27774585
[Au] Autor:Del Brutto OH; Mera RM; Atahualpa Project Investigators
[Ad] Endereço:School of Medicine, Universidad Espíritu Santo - Ecuador, Guayaquil, Ecuador.
[Ti] Título:The importance of people compliance (social desirability bias) in the assessment of epilepsy prevalence in rural areas of developing countries. Results of the Atahualpa Project.
[So] Source:Epilepsia;57(12):e221-e224, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1528-1167
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Epilepsy is a major health issue in rural areas of developing countries. However, heterogeneity of epilepsy prevalence in different studies precludes assessment of the magnitude of the problem. Using similar protocols, two population-based surveys were conducted 12 years apart (2003 and 2015) in a rural Ecuadorian village (Atahualpa). The only difference was a higher people compliance with interviewers during the second survey. Epilepsy prevalence in the 2003 survey was 13.5 per 1,000 (18/1,332) in villagers aged ≥20 years. This rate increased to 26.8 per 1,000 (41/1,530) in the 2015 survey. Thirty-three persons with epilepsy detected during the second survey lived in the village in 2003; six of them had seizures starting after 2003. Of the remaining 27 cases, 13 (48%) denied their problem during the first survey. Further interview revealed that denial was related to lack of confidence with unacquainted field personnel. Social Desirability Scale-17 scores were lower in those who admitted having epilepsy than in those who denied their condition (p = 0.048). Lack of confidence with interviewers and a social desirability bias account for a sizable proportion of epilepsy denial in the study population, and may explain heterogeneity of epilepsy prevalence reported in studies conducted in poor rural settings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Epilepsia/epidemiologia
Epilepsia/psicologia
Cooperação do Paciente
População Rural
Desejabilidade Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Planejamento em Saúde Comunitária
Estudos Transversais
Países em Desenvolvimento
Equador/epidemiologia
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Prevalência
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/epi.13594


  3 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28902906
[Au] Autor:Zhang X; Han DD; Yang R; Zhang Z
[Ad] Endereço:Shanghai Key Laboratory of Multi-dimensional Information Processing, School of Information Science and Technology, East China Normal University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Users' participation and social influence during information spreading on Twitter.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0183290, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Online Social Networks generate a prodigious wealth of real-time information at an incessant rate. In this paper we study the empirical data that crawled from Twitter to describe the topology and information spreading dynamics of Online Social Networks. We propose a measurement with three measures to state the efforts of users on Twitter to get their information spreading, based on the unique mechanisms for information retransmission on Twitter. It is noticed that small fraction of users with special performance on participation can gain great influence, while most other users play a role as middleware during the information propagation. Thus a community analysis is performed and four categories of users are found with different kinds of participation that cause the information dissemination dynamics. These suggest that exiting topological measures alone may reflect little about the influence of individuals and provide new insights for information spreading.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Participação da Comunidade
Disseminação de Informação/métodos
Internet
Mudança Social
Mídias Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Participação da Comunidade/métodos
Participação da Comunidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Modelos Estatísticos
Desejabilidade Social
Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos
Rede Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170914
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183290


  4 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28677549
[Au] Autor:The Lancet
[Ti] Título:Cosmetic procedures: a cause for concern.
[So] Source:Lancet;390(10089):2, 2017 07 01.
[Is] ISSN:1474-547X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Mídias Sociais/utilização
Cirurgia Plástica/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regulamentação Governamental
Seres Humanos
Segurança do Paciente
Desejabilidade Social
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170706
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28561634
[Au] Autor:Perczel-Forintos D; Kresznerits S
[Ad] Endereço:Klinikai Pszichológia Tanszék, Semmelweis Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Budapest, Tömo u. 25-29., 1083.
[Ti] Título:[Social anxiety and self-esteem: Hungarian validation of the "Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale - Straightforward Items"].
[Ti] Título:Szociális szorongás és önértékelés: a "Félelem a negatív megítéléstol" (FÉLNE) kérdoív hazai adaptációja..
[So] Source:Orv Hetil;158(22):843-850, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0030-6002
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:hun
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Although social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the third most frequent emotional disorder with 13-15% prevalence rate, it remains unrecognized very often. Social phobia is associated with low self-esteem, high self-criticism and fear of negative evaluation by others. It shows high comorbidity with depression, alcoholism, drug addiction and eating disorders. AIM: To adapt the widely used "Fear of Negative Evaluation" (FNE) social phobia questionnaire. METHOD: Anxiety and mood disorder patients (n = 255) completed the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (30, 12 and 8 item-versions) as well as social cognition, anxiety and self-esteem questionnaires. RESULTS: All the three versions of the FNE have strong internal validity (α>0.83) and moderate significant correlation with low self-esteem, negative social cognitions and anxiety. The short 8-item BFNE-S has the strongest disciminative value in differentiating patients with social phobia and with other emotional disorders. CONCLUSIONS: The Hungarian version of the BFNE-S is an effective tool for the quick recognition of social phobia. Orv Hetil. 2017; 158(22): 843-850.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Transtornos Fóbicos/diagnóstico
Autoimagem
Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Hungria
Controle Interno-Externo
Linguagem
Masculino
Transtornos Fóbicos/psicologia
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Desejabilidade Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1556/650.2017.30755


  6 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28288495
[Au] Autor:Schmidt R; Haiduk M; Grocholewski A
[Ad] Endereço:Abtl. Klinische Psychologie, Psychotherapie und Diagnostik, Institut für Psychologie, Technische Universität Braunschweig.
[Ti] Título:[If People Can't Stand Their Own Smell].
[Ti] Título:Wenn man sich selbst einfach nicht "riechen" kann..
[So] Source:Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol;67(2):57-65, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1439-1058
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:Olfactory Reference Disorder is a little explored and widely unknown phenomenon, even research has shown more interest in it during the last years. This review summarizes the existing literature and illustrates its findings with a case history. The databases PubMed, PsychNet, PsychPub, Hogrefe EContent and the Cochrane Library (CENTRAL) were searched for keywords. The identified literature shows that there is a big lack of well-designed studies concerning ORS, in all areas of its nosology. The suffering of persons with ORS, however, is really incriminating.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Delusões/psicologia
Odorantes
Fobia Social/psicologia
Autoimagem
Olfato
Desejabilidade Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comorbidade
Delusões/diagnóstico
Delusões/terapia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Determinação da Personalidade
Fobia Social/diagnóstico
Fobia Social/terapia
Psicoterapia
Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico
Vergonha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Psychotropic Drugs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170314
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0042-122146


  7 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28221054
[Au] Autor:Alves H; Koch A; Unkelbach C
[Ad] Endereço:Social Cognition Center Cologne, University of Cologne.
[Ti] Título:The "common good" phenomenon: Why similarities are positive and differences are negative.
[So] Source:J Exp Psychol Gen;146(4):512-528, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1939-2222
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Positive attributes are more prevalent than negative attributes in the social environment. From this basic assumption, 2 implications that have been overlooked thus far: Positive compared with negative attributes are more likely to be shared by individuals, and people's shared attributes (similarities) are more positive than their unshared attributes (differences). Consequently, similarity-based comparisons should lead to more positive evaluations than difference-based comparisons. We formalized our probabilistic reasoning in a model and tested its predictions in a simulation and 8 experiments (N = 1,181). When participants generated traits about 2 target persons, positive compared with negative traits were more likely to be shared by the targets (Experiment 1a) and by other participants' targets (Experiment 1b). Conversely, searching for targets' shared traits resulted in more positive traits than searching for unshared traits (Experiments 2, 4a, and 4b). In addition, positive traits were more accessible than negative traits among shared traits but not among unshared traits (Experiment 3). Finally, shared traits were only more positive when positive traits were indeed prevalent (Experiments 5 and 6). The current framework has a number of implications for comparison processes and provides a new interpretation of well-known evaluative asymmetries such as intergroup bias and self-superiority effects. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Caráter
Relações Interpessoais
Conformidade Social
Meio Social
Justiça Social
Percepção Social
Fatores Sociológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Simulação por Computador
Feminino
Generalização (Psicologia)
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Psicológicos
Desejabilidade Social
Valores Sociais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/xge0000276


  8 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27940497
[Au] Autor:Maguire E; Spurr A
[Ad] Endereço:1 Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Implementation of Ultraviolet Radiation Safety Measures for Outdoor Workers.
[So] Source:J Cutan Med Surg;21(2):117-124, 2017 Mar/Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1615-7109
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ultraviolet radiation (UVR) poses a major risk for outdoor workers, putting them at greater risk for skin cancer. In the general population, the incidence of both melanoma and nonmelanoma skin cancers is increasing. It is estimated that 90% of skin cancers in Canada are directly attributable to UVR exposure, making this cancer largely preventable with the appropriate precautions. A scoping review was conducted on the barriers and facilitators to UVR safety in outdoor workers to elucidate why these precautions are not in use currently. We discuss these results according to the Hierarchy of Controls as a means to outline effective and feasible prevention strategies for outdoor workers. In doing so, this review may be used to inform the design of future workplace interventions for UVR safety in outdoor workers to decrease the risk of skin cancer in this vulnerable population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle
Saúde do Trabalhador
Neoplasias Cutâneas/prevenção & controle
Raios Ultravioleta/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cultura
Educação em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Política Organizacional
Roupa de Proteção
Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia
Desejabilidade Social
Protetores Solares
Local de Trabalho/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Sunscreening Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1203475416683389


  9 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27580016
[Au] Autor:Rambaran JA; Hopmeyer A; Schwartz D; Steglich C; Badaly D; Veenstra R
[Ad] Endereço:University of Groningen.
[Ti] Título:Academic Functioning and Peer Influences: A Short-Term Longitudinal Study of Network-Behavior Dynamics in Middle Adolescence.
[So] Source:Child Dev;88(2):523-543, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1467-8624
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this study, the associations between peer effects and academic functioning in middle adolescence (N = 342; 14-15 years old; 48% male) were investigated longitudinally. Similarity in achievement (grade point averages) and unexplained absences (truancy) was explained by both peer selection and peer influence, net of acceptance, and connectedness. Friendships were formed and maintained when adolescents had low levels of achievement or high levels of truancy. Friends influenced one another to increase rather than decrease in achievement and truancy. Moreover, friends' popularity moderated peer influences in truancy in reciprocal friendships but not in unilateral friendships, whereas friends' acceptance moderated peer influences in achievement in both unilateral and reciprocal friendships. The findings illustrate the dynamic interplay between peer effects and academic functioning.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Logro
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia
Amigos/psicologia
Infuência dos Pares
Desejabilidade Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160901
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/cdev.12611


  10 / 4043 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27457234
[Au] Autor:Tobia V; Riva P; Caprin C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Piazza dell'Ateneo Nuovo 1, 20126, Milan, Italy. valentina.tobia@unimib.it.
[Ti] Título:Who Are the Children Most Vulnerable to Social Exclusion? The Moderating Role of Self-Esteem, Popularity, and Nonverbal Intelligence on Cognitive Performance Following Social Exclusion.
[So] Source:J Abnorm Child Psychol;45(4):789-801, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2835
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Social exclusion has a profound emotional impact on children. However, there is still limited and partly conflicting experimental evidence for the possible effect of social exclusion on children's cognitive performance. In the present study, we tested the possibility that some children are more vulnerable than others to the negative effects of social exclusion on cognitive performance. We selected 4 potential candidates that could moderate the effects of social exclusion: relational self-esteem, peer ratings of popularity, rejection sensitivity and nonverbal intelligence. Individual differences in these 4 potential moderating factors were first assessed in a sample of 318 children (45.6 % females; mean age = 9.92 years). Then, in a subsequent experimental session, the participants were either socially included or excluded using a typical manipulation (i.e., the Cyberball paradigm). Following the manipulation, the children's cognitive performance was assessed using a logical reasoning test. The results showed that the children with lower scores for relational self-esteem (the bottom 37.46 % of the sample), lower popularity (43.49 %) or weaker nonverbal intelligence (37.80 %) performed worse on the logical reasoning test following social exclusion. Moreover, children with combined low self-esteem, popularity and nonverbal intelligence were the most affected by social exclusion. This study identified factors that make some children more vulnerable to the negative effects of social exclusion. Overall, the present work underscores the value of considering basic cognitive and relational individual differences when developing interventions aimed at preventing the negative effects of social exclusion among children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inteligência/fisiologia
Autoimagem
Desejabilidade Social
Distância Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Grupo Associado
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160727
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10802-016-0191-3



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