Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F01.145.813.629 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 688 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 69 ir para página                         

  1 / 688 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29194680
[Au] Autor:Jenkins S; Ives J; Avery S; Draper H
[Ti] Título:Who gets the gametes? An argument for a points system for fertility patients.
[So] Source:Bioethics;32(1):16-26, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1467-8519
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper argues that the convention of allocating donated gametes on a 'first come, first served' basis should be replaced with an allocation system that takes into account more morally relevant criteria than waiting time. This conclusion was developed using an empirical bioethics methodology, which involved a study of the views of 18 staff members from seven U.K. fertility clinics, and 20 academics, policy-makers, representatives of patient groups, and other relevant professionals, on the allocation of donated sperm and eggs. Against these views, we consider some nuanced ways of including criteria in a points allocation system. We argue that such a system is more ethically robust than 'first come, first served', but we acknowledge that our results suggest that a points system will meet with resistance from those working in the field. We conclude that criteria such as a patient's age, potentially damaging substance use, and parental status should be used to allocate points and determine which patients receive treatment and in what order. These and other factors should be applied according to how they bear on considerations like child welfare, patient welfare, and the effectiveness of the proposed treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Temas Bioéticos
Doação Dirigida de Tecido/ética
Células Germinativas
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/ética
Infertilidade
Reprodução/ética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Bioética
Dissidências e Disputas
Feminino
Fertilidade
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pais
Discriminação Social
Participação dos Interessados
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/bioe.12411


  2 / 688 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29190836
[Au] Autor:Rakatansky H
[Ad] Endereço:Clinical Professor of Medicine Emeritus,The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University.
[Ti] Título:Addressing patient biases toward physicians.
[So] Source:R I Med J (2013);100(12):11-12, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2327-2228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:[Full article available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2017-12.asp].
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Médico-Paciente
Médicos/psicologia
Preconceito
Discriminação Social
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Estresse Ocupacional/etnologia
Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia
Relações Médico-Paciente/ética
Preconceito/ética
Preconceito/etnologia
Preconceito/psicologia
Discriminação Social/ética
Discriminação Social/etnologia
Discriminação Social/psicologia
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/ética
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/etnologia
Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 688 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29226442
[Au] Autor:Sharfstein JM
[Ti] Título:Common Ground on Responsibility for Health.
[So] Source:Milbank Q;95(4):718-721, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1468-0009
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planejamento de Cidades
Desastres/economia
Política de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
Socorro em Desastres/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tempestades Ciclônicas/economia
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/economia
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Prática de Saúde Pública
Socorro em Desastres/legislação & jurisprudência
Discriminação Social
Responsabilidade Social
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-0009.12295


  4 / 688 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo SciELO Colômbia
Texto completo SciELO Saúde Pública
[PMID]:28453142
[Au] Autor:Cardozo-Cruz M; Ramírez-Pereira M
[Ad] Endereço:Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS), Colombia.
[Ti] Título:[The dark rooms and the men who have sex with men: making the invisiblevisible].
[Ti] Título:Los cuartos oscuros y los hombres que tienen sexo con hombres: haciendo visible lo invisible..
[So] Source:Rev Salud Publica (Bogota);17(6):886-898, 2015 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0124-0064
[Cp] País de publicação:Colombia
[La] Idioma:spa
[Ab] Resumo:Objective To design an explanatory model of social representations of men who have sex with men in the dark rooms of the city of Santiago de Chile during the second half of 2012. METHODOLOGY: Exploratory and explanatory qualitative research. The theoretical and methodological approach chosen was based on the founded theory. Data collection was conducted using in-depth interviews. RESULTS: During the first phase of the research open coding was carried out. Codes and related categories were identified: conception of the dark room, biosecurity, reasons for entering a dark room, valuation of the dark room, sex practices, sexual orientation and roles and ways of relating. CONCLUSIONS: The development of a public health policy that includes social determinants of health is an imperative. Three key points are identified to intervene positively in their health: discrimination and social rejection, the absence or reduction of risk perception against dark rooms and places for sexual encounters and the need for inspection, monitoring and control of such sites.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia
Sexo sem Proteção/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Chile
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Teoria Psicológica
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
Discriminação Social/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 688 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29211415
[Au] Autor:Ehrenfeld J; Gridley S
[Ti] Título:Education Creates Welcoming Environment for Transgender Patients.
[So] Source:ED Manag;28(8):90-3, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1044-9167
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The ED often is the access point of choice for transgender patients who may be reluctant to interact with providers. Experts say there is a need for training and education of how to present a gender-affirming healthcare environment. Recommended steps include a review of policies, along with corresponding changes to electronic and paper intake forms to ensure that the language used is inclusive of all genders. While blanket discrimination may be declining, experts note that some providers are uncertain about how to interact with a transgender patient. It's always best to ask patients for their preferred name and pronoun and to repeat this exercise every three to six months for return patients, as gender identify can be fluid. To ease anxiety for transgender patients, consider developing a navigator program that will pair any transgender patient who requests the service with a trained advocate who can support and guide the patient through the system.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde para Pessoas Transgênero/organização & administração
Apoio Social
Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Capacitação em Serviço
Masculino
Preconceito/psicologia
Discriminação Social/psicologia
Estigma Social
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 688 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28938047
[Au] Autor:Aberg JA; Blankson J; Marrazzo J; Adimora AA
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York.
[Ti] Título:Diversity in the US Infectious Diseases Workforce: Challenges for Women and Underrepresented Minorities.
[So] Source:J Infect Dis;216(suppl_5):S606-S610, 2017 Sep 15.
[Is] ISSN:1537-6613
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Research documents significant gender-based salary inequities among physicians and ongoing inadequacies in recruitment and promotion of physicians from underrepresented minority groups. Given the complexity of the social forces that promote these disparities, their elimination will likely require quantitative and qualitative research to understand the pathways that lead to them and to develop effective solutions. Interventions to combat implicit bias will be required, and structural interventions that hold medical school leadership accountable are needed to achieve and maintain salary equity and racial and gender diversity at all levels.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infectologia/recursos humanos
Infectologia/estatística & dados numéricos
Grupos Minoritários/estatística & dados numéricos
Discriminação Social/estatística & dados numéricos
Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171005
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171005
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170923
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/infdis/jix332


  7 / 688 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28926598
[Au] Autor:Banks LM; Kelly SA; Kyegombe N; Kuper H; Devries K
[Ad] Endereço:International Centre for Evidence in Disability, Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:"If he could speak, he would be able to point out who does those things to him": Experiences of violence and access to child protection among children with disabilities in Uganda and Malawi.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0183736, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: There is growing evidence that children with disabilities face an increased risk of violence globally. While child protection mechanisms to prevent and respond to violence-including formal government systems and more informal programmes and activities run by local communities or NGOs-are slowly becoming operationalised in low- and- middle-income countries, little is known about whether existing mechanisms are disability-inclusive. The aim of this study is to provide a better understanding of children with disabilities' experiences of violence and their access to available child protection mechanisms in low resource settings. METHODS: This study was conducted in Kasungu and Mulanje districts in Malawi and Kamuli district in Uganda between October-December 2015. In-depth, semi-structured interviews were conducted with approximately 20 purposively selected child/caregiver pairs in each country (43 pairs total). Interviews with key informants involved in the provision of child protection and disability support were also conducted. All interviews were recorded, transcribed and coded in NVivo. Thematic Analysis, complemented by constant comparison as described in Grounded Theory, was used to analyse the data. RESULTS: Almost all children with disabilities reported experiencing violence, with verbal abuse and bullying the most common forms. Very few of these children sought recourse through available child protection mechanisms. Some of the key factors impeding access to child protection for children with disabilities included: lack of local government disability-inclusive planning and budgeting; centralization of limited disability and social protection services; financial barriers to seeking and receiving care; and stigma and negative attitudes toward disabilities. CONCLUSION: Children with disabilities face both high levels of violence and high barriers to accessing available child protection mechanisms. There is an urgent need to ensure that all efforts to prevent and respond to violence against children are more disability-inclusive. In addition, it may be appropriate to target child protection mechanisms specifically toward children with disabilities because of the different and intersecting vulnerabilities that they face.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cuidadores/psicologia
Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde
Violência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Bullying
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Malaui
Masculino
Discriminação Social
Estigma Social
Apoio Social
Uganda
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170920
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183736


  8 / 688 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28924060
[Au] Autor:Rousseau C; Ellis BH; Lantos JD
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:The Dilemma of Predicting Violent Radicalization.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;140(4), 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Parents, educators, law enforcement officials, and health professionals are all concerned about the violent radicalization of adolescents. Health professionals may be called on to assess teenagers regarding the risk that they will become dangerous. We present a case in which a psychiatrist is asked to do a forensic evaluation of a young adolescent who said troubling things and had some concerning posts on his Facebook page. The evaluation reveals things about both the young boy and his community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Psiquiatria Legal
Islamismo/psicologia
Discriminação Social/psicologia
Terrorismo/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh/etnologia
Canadá
Criança
Características Culturais
Medo/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Instituições Acadêmicas
Discriminação Social/etnologia
Terrorismo/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170920
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 688 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28910612
[Au] Autor:Gliksberg M; Levkowitz G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Smells Familiar: Pheromone-Induced Neurotransmitter Switching Mediates Social Discrimination.
[So] Source:Neuron;95(6):1229-1231, 2017 Sep 13.
[Is] ISSN:1097-4199
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Social discrimination is regulated by a variety of sensory inputs. In this issue of Neuron, Dulcis et al. (2017) show that chemosensory-mediated kin preference in Xenopus is determined by changes in neurotransmitter composition, which are regulated by specific microRNAs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Feromônios
Olfato
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Neurotransmissores
Discriminação Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Neurotransmitter Agents); 0 (Pheromones)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170915
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 688 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28732485
[Au] Autor:de Almeida Crispim J; da Silva LMC; Yamamura M; Popolin MP; Ramos ACV; Arroyo LH; de Queiroz AAR; de Souza Belchior A; Dos Santos DT; Pieri FM; Rodrigues LBB; Protti ST; Pinto IC; Palha PF; Arcêncio RA
[Ad] Endereço:Maternal-Infant and Public Health Nursing Department, College of Nursing of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Av dos Bandeirantes 3900, Vila Monte Alegre 14040-902 Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil. julianecrisp@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Validity and reliability of the tuberculosis-related stigma scale version for Brazilian Portuguese.
[So] Source:BMC Infect Dis;17(1):510, 2017 Jul 21.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2334
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Stigma associated with tuberculosis (TB) has been an object of interest in several regions of the world. The behaviour presented by patients as a result of social discrimination has contributed to delays in diagnosis and the abandonment of treatment, leading to an increase in the cases of TB and drug resistance. The identification of populations affected by stigma and its measurement can be assessed with the use of valid and reliable instruments developed or adapted to the target culture. This aim of this study was to analyse the initial psychometric properties of the Tuberculosis-Related Stigma scale in Brazil, for TB patients. METHODS: The Tuberculosis-Related Stigma scale is a specific scale for measuring stigma associated with TB, originally validated in Thailand. It presents two dimensions to be assessed, namely Community perspectives toward tuberculosis and Patient perspectives toward tuberculosis. The first has 11 items regarding the behaviour of the community in relation to TB, and the second is made up of 12 items related to feelings such as fear, guilt and sorrow in coping with the disease. A pilot test was conducted with 83 TB patients, in order to obtain the initial psychometric properties of the scale in the Brazilian Portuguese version, enabling simulation of the field study. RESULTS: As regards its psychometric properties, the scale presented acceptable internal consistency for its dimensions, with values ≥0.70, the absence of floor and ceiling effects, which is favourable for the property of scale responsiveness, satisfactory converging validity for both dimensions, with values over 0.30 for initial studies, and diverging validity, with adjustment values different from 100%. CONCLUSION: The results found show that the Tuberculosis-Related Stigma scale can be a valid and reliable instrument for the Brazilian context.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psicometria/métodos
Discriminação Social/psicologia
Tuberculose/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/psicologia
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Brasil/etnologia
Estudos Transversais
Emoções
Grupos Étnicos
Medo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Tuberculose Pulmonar/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170723
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12879-017-2615-2



página 1 de 69 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde