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Pesquisa : F01.145.813.817 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28523970
[Au] Autor:Wiebels K; Fegert J; Kölch M; Schepker R
[Ti] Título:Stellungnahme ..
[So] Source:Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother;45(3):247-250, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1422-4917
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psiquiatria do Adolescente
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Psiquiatria Infantil
Promoção da Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Serviços de Saúde Mental/legislação & jurisprudência
Medicina Psicossomática
Psicoterapia
Política Pública/legislação & jurisprudência
Sociedades Médicas
Populações Vulneráveis/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Crianças com Deficiência/legislação & jurisprudência
Alemanha
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Distância Social
Marginalização Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170520
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1024/1422-4917/a000524


  2 / 260 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28362064
[Au] Autor:Perez-Brumer AG; Reisner SL; McLean SA; Silva-Santisteban A; Huerta L; Mayer KH; Sanchez J; Clark JL; Mimiaga MJ; Lama JR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociomedical Sciences, Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health, New York, NY, USA.
[Ti] Título:Leveraging social capital: multilevel stigma, associated HIV vulnerabilities, and social resilience strategies among transgender women in Lima, Peru.
[So] Source:J Int AIDS Soc;20(1):21462, 2017 02 28.
[Is] ISSN:1758-2652
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: In Peru, transgender women (TW) experience unique vulnerabilities for HIV infection due to factors that limit access to, and quality of, HIV prevention, treatment and care services. Yet, despite recent advances in understanding factors associated with HIV vulnerability among TW globally, limited scholarship has examined how Peruvian TW cope with this reality and how existing community-level resilience strategies are enacted despite pervasive social and economic exclusion facing the community. Addressing this need, our study applies the understanding of social capital as a social determinant of health and examines its relationship to HIV vulnerabilities to TW in Peru. METHODS: Using qualitative methodology to provide an in-depth portrait, we assessed (1) intersections between social marginalization, social capital and HIV vulnerabilities; and (2) community-level resilience strategies employed by TW to buffer against social marginalization and to link to needed HIV-related services in Peru. Between January and February 2015, 48 TW participated (mean age = 29, range = 18-44) in this study that included focus group discussions and demographic surveys. Analyses were guided by an immersion crystallization approach and all coding was conducted using Dedoose Version 6.1.18. RESULTS: Themes associated with HIV vulnerability included experiences of multilevel stigma and limited occupational opportunities that placed TW at risk for, and limited their engagement with, existing HIV services. Emergent resiliency-based strategies included peer-to-peer and intergenerational knowledge sharing, supportive clinical services (e.g. group-based clinic attendance) and emotional support through social cohesion (i.e. feeling part of a community). CONCLUSION: This study highlights the importance of TW communities as support structures that create and deploy social resiliency-based strategies aimed at deterring and mitigating the impact of social vulnerabilities to discrimination, marginalization and HIV risk for individual TW in Peru. Public health strategies seeking to provide HIV prevention, treatment and care for this population will benefit from recognizing existing social capital within TW communities and incorporating its strengths within HIV prevention interventions. At the intersection of HIV vulnerabilities and collective agency, dimensions of bridging and bonding social capital emerged as resiliency strategies used by TW to access needed healthcare services in Peru. Fostering TW solidarity and peer support are key components to ensure acceptability and sustainability of HIV prevention and promotion efforts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por HIV
Capital Social
Estigma Social
Pessoas Transgênero
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Grupos Focais
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico
Infecções por HIV/terapia
Seres Humanos
Peru
Marginalização Social
Pessoas Transgênero/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171114
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171114
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; X
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170401
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7448/IAS.20.1.21462


  3 / 260 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28324806
[Au] Autor:Nolan S; Hendricks J; Ferguson S; Towell A
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Health University of Canberra University Dr, Bruce ACT 2617, Australia. Electronic address: u3164519@uni.canberra.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Social networking site (SNS) use by adolescent mothers: Can social support and social capital be enhanced by online social networks? - A structured review of the literature.
[So] Source:Midwifery;48:24-31, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1532-3099
[Cp] País de publicação:Scotland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: to critically appraise the available literature and summarise the evidence relating to adolescent mothers' use of social networking sites in terms of any social support and social capital they may provide and to identify areas for future exploration. BACKGROUND: social networking sites have been demonstrated to provide social support to marginalised individuals and provide psycho-social benefits to members of such groups. Adolescent mothers are at risk of; social marginalisation; anxiety disorders and depressive symptoms; and poorer health and educational outcomes for their children. Social support has been shown to benefit adolescent mothers thus online mechanisms require consideration. DESIGN: a review of original research articles METHOD: key terms and Boolean operators identified research reports across a 20-year timeframe pertaining to the area of enquiry in: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Medline, Scopus, ERIC, ProQuest, PsychINFO, Web of Science, Health Collection (Informit) and Google Scholar databases. Eight original research articles met the inclusion criteria for this review. FINDINGS: studies demonstrate that adolescent mothers actively search for health information using the Internet and social networking sites, and that social support and social capital can be attributed to their use of specifically created online groups from within targeted health interventions. Use of a message board forum for pregnant and parenting adolescents also demonstrates elements of social support. There are no studies to date pertaining to adolescent mothers' use of globally accessible social networking sites in terms of social support provision and related outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: further investigation is warranted to explore the potential benefits of adolescent mothers' use of globally accessible social networking sites in terms of any social support provision and social capital they may provide.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gravidez na Adolescência/psicologia
Marginalização Social
Rede Social
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Serviços de Saúde do Adolescente
Feminino
Saúde Global
Seres Humanos
Serviços de Saúde Materna
Tocologia
Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 260 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28320251
[Au] Autor:Fegert JM; Harsch D; Plener PL
[Ad] Endereço:1 Klinik für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinik Ulm.
[Ti] Título:[Reducing barriers for participation of children with disability].
[Ti] Título:Teilhabebeeinträchtigungen von Kindern mit Behinderung reduzieren..
[So] Source:Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother;45(2):95-97, 2017 03.
[Is] ISSN:1422-4917
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Crianças com Deficiência/psicologia
Crianças com Deficiência/reabilitação
Marginalização Social/psicologia
Participação Social/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Psiquiatria do Adolescente
Criança
Psiquiatria Infantil
Crianças com Deficiência/legislação & jurisprudência
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Identificação Social
Sociedades Médicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1024/1422-4917/a000514


  5 / 260 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28240210
[Au] Autor:Monnais L
[Ad] Endereço:Département d'histoire, Centre d'études de l'Asie de l'est (CETASE) ; Chaire de recherche du Canada sur le pluralisme en santé, Université de Montréal, CP 6128, Succursale Centre-ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.
[Ti] Título:[Alternative medicine, from North America to East Asia: between persistent exclusion and embodied pluralism].
[Ti] Título:Médecines alternatives, du continent nord-américain à l'Asie orientale - Entre exclusion réitérée et pluralisme incorporé..
[So] Source:Med Sci (Paris);33(2):183-187, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1958-5381
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:At a time of growing interest in integrative approaches to health and care, this article examines, from a historical perspective, the factors underlying the global popularity of so-called complementary and alternative medicines (CAM). Focusing on the multiple and changing meanings of the concepts used with reference to CAM since the nineteenth century, it emphasizes the agency of CAM practitioners' and calls into question a linear progression from outright exclusion to gradual inclusion into mainstream health care systems. This analysis concludes that biomedicine and "other" medical systems have mutually defined each other in a process of co-production that has had a significant impact on the medicalization of contemporary societies from North America to East Asia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terapias Complementares
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acupuntura
Terapias Complementares/história
Terapias Complementares/psicologia
Terapias Complementares/utilização
Diversidade Cultural
Extremo Oriente
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
América do Norte
Segurança do Paciente
Fatores de Risco
Distância Social
Marginalização Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1051/medsci/20173302014


  6 / 260 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28087797
[Au] Autor:Fredriksen-Goldsen KI; Kim HJ; Bryan AE; Shiu C; Emlet CA
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle. fredrikk@uw.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Cascading Effects of Marginalization and Pathways of Resilience in Attaining Good Health Among LGBT Older Adults.
[So] Source:Gerontologist;57(suppl 1):S72-S83, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1758-5341
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) older adults comprise a diverse and growing health disparate population. In the present study, using the Health Equity Promotion Model, we investigated pathways by which LGBT older adults experience resilience, risk, and marginalization and their relationship to attaining positive health outcomes. DESIGN AND METHODS: Aging with Pride: National Health, Aging, and Sexuality/Gender Study (NHAS) is the first longitudinal research project designed to examine the health, aging, and well-being of LGBT adults aged 50 and older. Using data from 2014 (N = 2,415), we tested a structural equation model linking lifetime marginalization, identity affirmation and management, social and psychological resources, and health behaviors to positive health outcomes. RESULTS: Identity affirmation positively predicted social resources and mental health, and social resources positively predicted mental health. Marginalization was associated with fewer social resources for LGBT older adults with an open identity management style, lower identity affirmation for LGBT older adults who strategically concealed their sexual identity, and poorer mental health. Mental health was associated with better health behaviors, which in turn predicted positive physical health outcomes. IMPLICATIONS: Although a health disparate population, good health among LGBT older adults appears to be attained via multiple resilience and risk pathways. Providers must remain aware of the historical contexts in which LGBT older adults lived and the strengths they developed in order to understand their health and to develop tailored and targeted prevention and intervention services.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Nível de Saúde
Saúde Mental
Resiliência Psicológica
Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero
Identificação Social
Marginalização Social
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170115
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/geront/gnw170


  7 / 260 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27926648
[Au] Autor:Premkumar A; Nseyo O; Jackson AV
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.
[Ti] Título:Connecting Police Violence With Reproductive Health.
[So] Source:Obstet Gynecol;129(1):153-156, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-233X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Since the police-involved deaths of Michael Brown and Freddie Gray, activists have argued for connecting police violence with reproductive justice. We argue that systematic violence, including police violence, should be evaluated in relation to reproductive health outcomes of individual patients and communities. Beyond emphasizing the relationship between violence and health outcomes, both qualitative and epidemiologic data can be used by activists and caregivers to effectively care for individuals from socially marginalized communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos
Hispano-Americanos
Grupos Minoritários
Polícia
Saúde Reprodutiva
Violência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde
Seres Humanos
Aplicação da Lei/métodos
Racismo
Justiça Social
Marginalização Social
Estados Unidos
Violência/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170614
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170614
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/AOG.0000000000001731


  8 / 260 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27892831
[Au] Autor:Tanimoto C
[Ad] Endereço:a Graduate School of Languages and Cultures , Nagoya University , Nagoya , Japan.
[Ti] Título:Who's Afraid of the Beast in the Jamesian Closet?
[So] Source:J Homosex;64(12):1700-1712, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Building on the Foucauldian insight that sexuality is a discourse and thereby refusing to be chained to the Freudian repressive hypothesis, this article aims to ascertain how the closet is made and how the homosexual comes to be seen in the act of reading the literary text "The Beast in the Jungle," written by Henry James. It will examine the power relationships between the characters and between the narrator and the reader, surrounding the protagonist's sexual secret, which is linked to fear.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homossexualidade
Literatura
Autorrevelação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Confidencialidade
Medo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Marginalização Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2016.1265354


  9 / 260 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27643510
[Au] Autor:Gicas KM; Giesbrecht CJ; Panenka WJ; Lang DJ; Smith GN; Vila-Rodriguez F; Leonova O; Jones AA; Barr AM; Procyshyn RM; Buchanan T; MacEwan GW; Su W; Vertinsky AT; Rauscher A; Honer WG; Thornton AE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Simon Fraser University.
[Ti] Título:Structural brain markers are differentially associated with neurocognitive profiles in socially marginalized people with multimorbid illness.
[So] Source:Neuropsychology;31(1):28-43, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1931-1559
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The authors examined associations between complementary fronto-temporal structural brain measures (gyrification, cortical thickness) and neurocognitive profiles in a multimorbid, socially marginalized sample. METHOD: Participants were recruited from single-room occupancy hotels and a downtown community courthouse (N = 299) and grouped on multiple neurocognitive domains using cluster analysis. Subsequently, the authors evaluated whether the fronto-temporal brain indices, and proxy measures of neurodevelopment and acquired brain insult/risk exposure differentiated members of the 3 distinct neurocognitive clusters. RESULTS: Greater frontal and temporal gyrification and more proxies of aberrant neurodevelopment were associated with the lowest functioning neurocognitive cluster (Cluster 3). Further, for older participants (50+ years), increased cortical thickness in frontal regions was associated with the higher functioning neurocognitive cluster (Cluster 1). Finally, the greatest acquired brain insult/risk exposure was associated with the cluster characterized by selective decision-making impairment (Cluster 2). CONCLUSIONS: Fronto-temporal structural brain indices, and proxies of neurodevelopment and acquired brain insult/risk exposure were differentially associated with neurocognitive profiles in socially marginalized persons. These findings highlight the unique pathways to neurocognitive impairment in a heterogeneous population and help to clarify the vulnerabilities confronted by different subgroups. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo/fisiopatologia
Comorbidade
Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia
Pessoas em Situação de Rua/psicologia
Inibição (Psicologia)
Memória/fisiologia
Testes Neuropsicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Marginalização Social/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Mapeamento Encefálico
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Psicometria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; WEBCASTS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160920
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/neu0000304


  10 / 260 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27632813
[Au] Autor:Gupta K
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies , Wake Forest University , Winston-Salem , North Carolina , USA.
[Ti] Título:"And Now I'm Just Different, but There's Nothing Actually Wrong With Me": Asexual Marginalization and Resistance.
[So] Source:J Homosex;64(8):991-1013, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article explores the relationship between contemporary asexual lives and compulsory sexuality, or the privileging of sexuality and the marginalizing of nonsexuality. Drawing on 30 in-depth interviews, I identify four ways the asexually identified individuals in this study saw themselves as affected by compulsory sexuality: pathologization, isolation, unwanted sex and relationship conflict, and the denial of epistemic authority. I also identify five ways these asexually identified individuals disrupted compulsory sexuality: adopting a language of difference and a capacity to describe asexuality; deemphasizing the importance of sexuality in human life; developing new types of nonsexual relationships; constituting asexuality as a sexual orientation or identity; and engaging in community building and outreach. I argue that some of these practices offer only a limited disruption of compulsory sexuality, but some of these practices pose a radical challenge to sexual norms by calling into question the widespread assumption that sexuality is a necessary part of human flourishing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Sexual
Sexualidade
Marginalização Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Masculino
Abstinência Sexual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170512
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170512
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160917
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2016.1236590



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