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[PMID]:27776563
[Au] Autor:Rikandi E; Pamilo S; Mäntylä T; Suvisaari J; Kieseppä T; Hari R; Seppä M; Raij TT
[Ad] Endereço:Mental Health Unit,National Institute for Health and Welfare,Helsinki,Finland.
[Ti] Título:Precuneus functioning differentiates first-episode psychosis patients during the fantasy movie Alice in Wonderland.
[So] Source:Psychol Med;47(3):495-506, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1469-8978
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: While group-level functional alterations have been identified in many brain regions of psychotic patients, multivariate machine-learning methods provide a tool to test whether some of such alterations could be used to differentiate an individual patient. Earlier machine-learning studies have focused on data collected from chronic patients during rest or simple tasks. We set out to unravel brain activation patterns during naturalistic stimulation in first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHOD: We recorded brain activity from 46 FEP patients and 32 control subjects viewing scenes from the fantasy film Alice in Wonderland. Scenes with varying degrees of fantasy were selected based on the distortion of the 'sense of reality' in psychosis. After cleaning the data with a novel maxCorr method, we used machine learning to classify patients and healthy control subjects on the basis of voxel- and time-point patterns. RESULTS: Most (136/194) of the voxels that best classified the groups were clustered in a bilateral region of the precuneus. Classification accuracies were up to 79.5% (p = 5.69 × 10-8), and correct classification was more likely the higher the patient's positive-symptom score. Precuneus functioning was related to the fantasy content of the movie, and the relationship was stronger in control subjects than patients. CONCLUSIONS: These findings are the first to show abnormalities in precuneus functioning during naturalistic information processing in FEP patients. Correlational findings suggest that these alterations are associated with positive psychotic symptoms and processing of fantasy. The results may provide new insights into the neuronal basis of reality distortion in psychosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fantasia
Neuroimagem Funcional/métodos
Aprendizado de Máquina
Lobo Parietal/fisiopatologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Filmes Cinematográficos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0033291716002609


  2 / 3961 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28598955
[Au] Autor:Somer E; Soffer-Dudek N; Ross CA
[Ad] Endereço:*School of Social Work, University of Haifa, Haifa; †Department of Psychology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel; and ‡The Colin A. Ross Institute, Richardson, Texas.
[Ti] Título:The Comorbidity of Daydreaming Disorder (Maladaptive Daydreaming).
[So] Source:J Nerv Ment Dis;205(7):525-530, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1539-736X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To determine the comorbidity profile of individuals meeting criteria for a proposed new disorder, daydreaming disorder (more commonly known as maladaptive daydreaming [MD]), the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders were administered to 39 participants who met criteria for MD on a structured interview. We determined high rates of comorbidity: 74.4% met criteria for more than three additional disorders, and 41.1% met criteria for more than four. The most frequent comorbid disorder was attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (76.9%); 71.8% met criteria for an anxiety disorder, 66.7% for a depressive disorder, and 53.9% for an obsessive-compulsive or related disorder. Notably, 28.2% have attempted suicide. Individuals meeting criteria for MD have complex psychiatric problems spanning a range of DSM-5 disorders. This finding provides evidence that MD is different than normal daydreaming and that these individuals experience considerable distress and impairment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Adaptação
Transtornos Dissociativos
Fantasia
Transtornos Mentais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtornos de Adaptação/classificação
Transtornos de Adaptação/epidemiologia
Transtornos de Adaptação/fisiopatologia
Adolescente
Adulto
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/epidemiologia
Comorbidade
Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia
Transtornos Dissociativos/classificação
Transtornos Dissociativos/epidemiologia
Transtornos Dissociativos/fisiopatologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Meia-Idade
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/epidemiologia
Tentativa de Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170610
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000685


  3 / 3961 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28477036
[Au] Autor:Silverman DK
[Ad] Endereço:, 315 Central Park West, New York, NY, 10025, USA. dksilverman1@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:INSECURE ATTACHMENTS AND THEIR INTERMINGLING TRANSFERENCES.
[So] Source:Am J Psychoanal;77(2):128-145, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6741
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There are least two different but interrelated motivational systems in human beings both of which begin in infancy: the attachment system and the separate, but interacting, psychodynamic system. Each of these systems is the basis of transference. A major focus of the paper is the affect-regulating feature of the attachment system. Infants' emotional states can be well-regulated or dysregulated as they emerge in interactions with their primary caregiver. Aberrant interactions of dysregulation typically lead to the development of insecure or disorganized attachments. Rudimentary transference fantasies initially emerge as the child makes sense or meaning about such maladaptive interactions. Our complex minds comprise multi-determined, personally organized fantasies which include those derived from both the attachment system and the psychodynamic one. I present a clinical description of how these two transference fantasies intersect in the mental life of a patient. A clinical case is offered whose focus is on enactments, transferences, and countertransference.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fantasia
Apego ao Objeto
Transferência (Psicologia)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Terapia Psicanalítica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170507
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1057/s11231-017-9091-8


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[PMID]:28306483
[Au] Autor:Petkova AV; Cain KM
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , University of Pittsburgh , Pittsburgh , PA , USA.
[Ti] Título:Preschool Fantasy-Reality Discrimination: Influences of Trait and Primed Fearfulness.
[So] Source:J Genet Psychol;178(2):133-138, 2017 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1940-0896
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Distinguishing between fantasy and reality is an important developmental milestone, achieved in the preschool years, that has been linked to children's cognitive capabilities and emotional knowledge. The authors examined the influence of both trait and prime fearfulness on preschoolers' ability to differentiate between fantastic and real situations. Forty 3-5-year-old preschoolers were administered a fearfulness assessment, a standard theory-of-mind task, and a fantasy-reality discrimination task (with or without a fear prime). When primed to experience fear, participants who were high in trait fearfulness made more mistakes distinguishing between fantastic and real events than did participants who were low in trait fearfulness. In the absence of a fear prime there was no difference in performance between these two groups. These findings were independent of participants' age, gender, and theory of mind abilities and suggest that preschoolers who are high in trait fearfulness are more prone to difficulty in discriminating between fantasy and reality when actively experiencing fear. This study illuminates important factors that contribute to the errors in fantasy-reality judgments frequently seen in preschoolers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia
Fantasia
Medo/fisiologia
Personalidade/fisiologia
Teoria da Mente/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Priming de Repetição
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170318
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00221325.2017.1286629


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[PMID]:28079097
[Ti] Título:Fantasy politics over fetal-tissue research.
[So] Source:Nature;541(7636):133, 2017 01 11.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Governo Federal
Pesquisa Fetal/ética
Pesquisa Fetal/legislação & jurisprudência
Política
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aborto Induzido/ética
Conflito de Interesses
Fantasia
Células-Tronco Embrionárias Humanas
Seres Humanos
Pesquisadores/ética
Relatório de Pesquisa
Pesquisa com Células-Tronco/ética
Pesquisa com Células-Tronco/legislação & jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170413
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170413
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/541133a


  6 / 3961 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28052330
[Au] Autor:Shane J; Heckhausen J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Brooklyn College, The City University of New York, New York, NY, USA.
[Ti] Título:It's only a dream if you wake up: Young adults' achievement expectations, opportunities, and meritocratic beliefs.
[So] Source:Int J Psychol;52(1):40-48, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1464-066X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present paper examines university graduates' beliefs about how meritocratic socioeconomic status (SES) attainment in U.S. society is for themselves (merit agency beliefs) and for most other people (merit societal beliefs), and how these distinct beliefs are differentially associated with labour market experiences and achievement-goal attitudes and expectations in the aftermath of the Great Recession. Data from a 10-month longitudinal study of 217 graduates from the 2013 class of a large public U.S. university were analysed using multilevel modelling. The results indicate that most participants optimistically expected to attain upward social mobility. Furthermore, participants' merit agency beliefs were reflective of their labour market prospects and experiences, and calibrated their achievement-goal attitudes and expectations. However, participants' merit societal beliefs were not associated with these labour market experiences and achievement-goal attitudes and expectations. The distinction between merit agency beliefs and merit societal beliefs may be motivationally beneficial by allowing individuals to continue striving toward the uncertain long-term goal pursuit of upward social mobility despite the short-term struggles and setbacks many young adults are likely to experience in the aftermath of the Great Recession.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Logro
Aspirações (Psicologia)
Cultura
Fantasia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Atitude
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Classe Social
Valores Sociais
Estados Unidos
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ijop.12408


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[PMID]:28006958
[Au] Autor:Bauer M; Georgeson A; McNamara C; Wakefield BH; King TS; Olympia RP
[Ad] Endereço:1 Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Positive and Negative Themes Found in Superhero Films.
[So] Source:Clin Pediatr (Phila);56(14):1293-1300, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2707
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Superhero films have become incredibly popular. The objective of this study was to determine the positive and negative themes found in a select number of superhero films. A total of 30 superhero films were analyzed. The average numbers of positive and negative themes were 19.4 and 29.5 mean events per hour for all included films, respectively. The most common positive themes were "assisting others/protecting the public," "positive relationships with family/friends," and "teamwork/collaboration." The most common negative themes were "acts of violence/fighting," "use of guns/knives/lethal weapons," and "bullying/intimidation/torture." Based on the superhero films included in our study, the number of negative themes, especially acts of violence, outweighs positive themes. Although an exposure to positive themes found in superhero films may be beneficial to the development of children, pediatric health care providers should counsel children and their families in an attempt to limit their exposure to violence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fantasia
Relações Interpessoais
Filmes Cinematográficos/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Social
Violência/estatística & dados numéricos
Armas/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Cooperativo
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0009922816682744


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[PMID]:27933444
[Au] Autor:Wuest TK; Goldberg MJ; Kelly JD
[Ad] Endereço:Trillium Community Health Plan, 1800 Millrace Drive, Eugene, OR, 97403, USA. TWuest@trilliumchp.com.
[Ti] Título:Clinical Faceoff: Physician Burnout-Fact, Fantasy, or the Fourth Component of the Triple Aim?
[So] Source:Clin Orthop Relat Res;475(5):1309-1314, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1528-1132
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esgotamento Profissional
Médicos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fantasia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:INTERVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11999-016-5193-5


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[PMID]:27917699
[Au] Autor:Marcusson-Clavertz D; Gusic S; Bengtsson H; Jacobsen H; Cardeña E
[Ad] Endereço:a Center for Research on Consciousness and Anomalous Psychology (CERCAP), Department of Psychology , Lund University , Lund , Sweden.
[Ti] Título:The relation of dissociation and mind wandering to unresolved/disorganized attachment: an experience sampling study.
[So] Source:Attach Hum Dev;19(2):170-190, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2988
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Individuals with unresolved/disorganized representations of childhood trauma (U/d attachment) report more psychological distress than others, but little is known about their everyday mentation. In the present study adults with childhood trauma (N = 45) completed the Berkeley-Leiden Adult Attachment Questionnaire-Unresolved (BLAAQ-U) and the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI), and reported everyday mentation during 5 days of experience sampling. The BLAAQ-U and the AAI showed a medium association with each other, but only the former significantly predicted negative affect, dissociation, and low control/awareness of mentation. Contrary to our predictions, U/d attachment did not significantly predict mind wandering, but the BLAAQ-U predicted endorsements of a negative mind wandering style. U/d attachment, as assessed by both instruments, was associated with the Poor attentional control style and beliefs in anomalous mental phenomena. Experience sampling is a valuable way to investigate everyday experiences in individuals with U/d attachment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Eventos Adversos na Infância/psicologia
Apego ao Objeto
Transtorno Reativo de Vinculação na Infância/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Avaliação Momentânea Ecológica
Fantasia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevista Psicológica
Transtorno Reativo de Vinculação na Infância/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Suécia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/14616734.2016.1261914


  10 / 3961 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27882477
[Au] Autor:Yule MA; Brotto LA; Gorzalka BB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of British Columbia, 2775 Laurel Street, 6th Floor, Vancouver, BC, V5Z 1M9, Canada. moragy@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Sexual Fantasy and Masturbation Among Asexual Individuals: An In-Depth Exploration.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;46(1):311-328, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Human asexuality is generally defined as a lack of sexual attraction. We used online questionnaires to investigate reasons for masturbation, and explored and compared the contents of sexual fantasies of asexual individuals (identified using the Asexual Identification Scale) with those of sexual individuals. A total of 351 asexual participants (292 women, 59 men) and 388 sexual participants (221 women, 167 men) participated. Asexual women were significantly less likely to masturbate than sexual women, sexual men, and asexual men. Asexual women were less likely to report masturbating for sexual pleasure or fun than their sexual counterparts, and asexual men were less likely to report masturbating for sexual pleasure than sexual men. Both asexual women and men were significantly more likely than sexual women and men to report that they had never had a sexual fantasy. Of those who have had a sexual fantasy, asexual women and men were significantly more likely to endorse the response "my fantasies do not involve other people" compared to sexual participants, and consistently scored each sexual fantasy on a questionnaire as being less sexually exciting than did sexual participants. When using an open-ended format, asexual participants were more likely to report having fantasies about sexual activities that did not involve themselves, and were less likely to fantasize about topics such as group sex, public sex, and having an affair. Interestingly, there was a large amount of overlap between sexual fantasies of asexual and sexual participants. Notably, both asexual and sexual participants (both men and women) were equally likely to fantasize about topics such as fetishes and BDSM.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fantasia
Masturbação/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10508-016-0870-8



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