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Pesquisa : F01.393.898 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:27490824
[Au] Autor:Civitarese G
[Ad] Endereço:Via Teodorico 8, 27100, Pavia, Italy. gcivitarese@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:On Sublimation.
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;97(5):1369-1392, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although it encapsulates the Freudian theory of art, the theory of sublimation has become outmoded. What is more, since its inception there has always been something ill-defined about it. Does it use sexualized or de-sexualized drive energy? Is it a defence or an alternative to defence? Does it serve Eros or Thanatos? Is it useful in clinical work or is it unusable? The only, albeit uncertain, aid to a definition relies on the extrinsic criterion of concrete artistic realization. My aim here to revisit and possibly 'reinvent' sublimation in the light of certain principles of the pre-Romantic aesthetics of the sublime. Both are theories of spiritual elevation, in other words, elevation that moves towards abstract thinking, and of man's 'moral' achievement; and both attempt to explain the mystery of aesthetic experience. On the one hand, the aesthetics of the sublime offers a modern myth that helps us articulate a series of factors occasionally referred to by various authors as constitutive of sublimation but which have not been incorporated into a single organic framework: loss and early mourning work; the earlier existence of a catastrophic factor - to be regarded, depending on the situation, as either traumatic or simply 'negative'; the correspondence with a process of somatopsychic categorization which coincides with subjectivity. On the other hand, it also helps us grasp the experience of negative pleasure empathically, living it 'from the inside'.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teoria Psicanalítica
Sublimação Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160805
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1745-8315.12530


  2 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27424058
[Au] Autor:Zherikova KV; Svetlov AA; Kuratieva NV; Verevkin SP
[Ad] Endereço:Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia.
[Ti] Título:Structure-property relationships in halogenbenzoic acids: Thermodynamics of sublimation, fusion, vaporization and solubility.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;161:157-166, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Temperature dependences of vapor pressures for 2-, 3-, and 4-bromobenzoic acid, as well as for five isomeric bromo-methylbenzoic acids were studied by the transpiration method. Melting temperatures and enthalpies of fusion for all isomeric bromo-methylbenzoic acids and 4-bromobenzoic acid were measured with a DSC. The molar enthalpies of sublimation and vaporization were derived. These data together with results available in the literature were collected and checked for internal consistency using a group-additivity procedure and results from X-ray structural diffraction studies. Specific (hydrogen bonding) interactions in the liquid and in the crystal phase of halogenbenzoic acids were quantified based on experimental values of vaporization and sublimation enthalpies. Structure-property correlations of solubilities of halogenobenzoic acids with sublimation pressures and sublimation enthalpies were developed and solubilities of bromo-benzoic acids were estimated. These new results resolve much of the ambiguity in the available thermochemical and solubility data on bromobenzoic acids. The approach based on structure property correlations can be applied for the assessment of water solubility of sparingly soluble drugs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Benzoatos/química
Modelos Químicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ligações de Hidrogênio
Solubilidade
Sublimação Psicológica
Temperatura Ambiente
Termodinâmica
Pressão de Vapor
Volatilização
Difração de Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Benzoates)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160718
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27086223
[Au] Autor:Puhalla AA; McCloskey MS; Brickman LJ; Fauber R; Coccaro EF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Defense styles in Intermittent Explosive Disorder.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;238:137-142, 2016 Apr 30.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The overreliance on immature and/or neurotic defense mechanisms, as opposed to more mature defensive functioning has been linked to several psychiatric disorders. However, to date, the role of defense styles among individuals with Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED) has not been examined. Given that individuals with IED display difficulties controlling their anger and aggression, one might expect these individuals to exhibit more immature and less mature defense styles. The current study compared participants with IED to a personality disorder (PD) comparison group, as well as to healthy volunteers (HV) on the Defense Style Questionnaire, a self-report measure that assesses the extent to which individuals endorse using mature, immature, and neurotic defense styles. Subjects with IED had significantly higher scores than both comparison groups on immature defense styles and exhibited lower scores on mature defense mechanisms. Hierarchical regression of significant defense style subscales showed that higher levels of acting out and lower levels of sublimation uniquely discriminated participants with IED from the PD and HV comparison groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Ira
Mecanismos de Defesa
Transtornos Disruptivos, de Controle do Impulso e da Conduta/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia
Sublimação Psicológica
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160418
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26494359
[Au] Autor:Gillath O; Collins T
[Ti] Título:Unconscious Desire: The Affective and Motivational Aspects of Subliminal Sexual Priming.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;45(1):5-20, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sexual arousal is thought to be the result of the processing of sexual cues at two levels: conscious and unconscious. Whereas numerous studies have examined the affective and motivational responses to supraliminal (consciously processed) sexual cues, much less is known regarding the responses to subliminal (processed outside of one's awareness) sexual cues. Five studies examined responses to subliminal sexual cues. Studies 1­3 demonstrated increases in adults' positive affect following exposure to subliminal sexual cues compared to control cues. Study 4 demonstrated that the positive affect resulting from exposure to subliminal sexual cues increased motivation to further engage in a neutral task. Study 5 provided evidence suggesting that the affect and motivation found in Studies 1­4 were associated with motivation to engage in sex specifically, rather than a general approach motivation. The implications of these findings for the processing of subliminal sexual cues and for human sexuality are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nível de Alerta/fisiologia
Sinais (Psicologia)
Motivação/fisiologia
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Sublimação Psicológica
Estimulação Subliminar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Conscientização
Emoções
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151024
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24470364
[Au] Autor:Kogan I
[Ad] Endereço:Training Analyst of the Israel Psychoanalytic Society.
[Ti] Título:Some reflections on Ian McEwan's atonement: enactment, guilt, and reparation.
[So] Source:Psychoanal Q;83(1):49-70, 2014 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:2167-4086
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recognizing that enactments have been discussed in psychoanalysis primarily as occurrences in the treatment setting, the author proposes a new application of the term enactments: that it may pertain to the actions of some individuals in their efforts to cope with bad things that they have done to others. That is, enactment can be a substitute-for-atonement mechanism. The author illustrates this view of enactment through a discussion of Ian McEwan's novel Atonement (2001), and in particular by examining the behavior and motivations of one of its central characters, Briony Tallis. Included are explorations of the relationships between enactment and guilt and between enactment and reparation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atuação (Psicologia)
Relações Familiares
Culpa
Literatura Moderna
Interpretação Psicanalítica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Empatia
Fantasia
Feminino
Perdão
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Punição/psicologia
Sublimação Psicológica
Inconsciente (Psicologia)
II Guerra Mundial
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1408
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/j.2167-4086.2014.00076.x


  6 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23834638
[Au] Autor:Kim E; Zeppenfeld V; Cohen D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
[Ti] Título:Sublimation, culture, and creativity.
[So] Source:J Pers Soc Psychol;105(4):639-66, 2013 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1315
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Combining insights from Freud and Weber, this article explores whether Protestants (vs. Catholics and Jews) are more likely to sublimate their taboo feelings and desires toward productive ends. In the Terman sample (Study 1), Protestant men and women who had sexual problems related to anxieties about taboos and depravity had greater creative accomplishments, as compared to those with sexual problems unrelated to such concerns and to those reporting no sexual problems. Two laboratory experiments (Studies 2 and 3) found that Protestants produced more creative artwork (sculptures, poems, collages, cartoon captions) when they were (a) primed with damnation-related words, (b) induced to feel unacceptable sexual desires, or (c) forced to suppress their anger. Activating anger or sexual attraction was not enough; it was the forbidden or suppressed nature of the emotion that gave the emotion its creative power. The studies provide possibly the first experimental evidence for sublimation and suggest a cultural psychological approach to defense mechanisms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criatividade
Cultura
Religião e Psicologia
Sublimação Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ira
Ansiedade/psicologia
Arte
Catolicismo/psicologia
Emoções/fisiologia
Grupos Étnicos/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Judeus/psicologia
Masculino
Protestantismo/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Tabu/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1405
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130710
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/a0033487


  7 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23055028
[Au] Autor:Meerman EE; Brosschot JF; van der Togt SA; Verkuil B
[Ad] Endereço:Clinical, Health and Neuropsychology Unit, Institute of Psychology, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9555, 2300 RB, Leiden, The Netherlands, emeerman@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.
[Ti] Título:The effect of subliminal evaluative conditioning of cognitive self-schema and illness schema on pain tolerance.
[So] Source:Int J Behav Med;20(4):627-35, 2013 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7558
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Cognitive models explaining medically unexplained complaints propose that activating illness-related memory causes increased complaints such as pain. However, our previous studies showed conflicting support for this theory. PURPOSE: Illness-related memory is more likely to influence reporting of complaints when its activation is enmeshed with that of self-related memory. We, therefore, investigated whether inducing this association would cause a stronger decrease in pain tolerance. In addition, we examined whether SFA acted as a moderator of this effect. METHODS: We used subliminal evaluative conditioning (SEC) to induce an association between activated self-related and illness-related memory. Seventy-six participants were randomly assigned to four combinations of two priming factors: (1) the self-referent word "I" versus the nonself-referent "X" to manipulate activated self-related memory and (2) health complaint (HC) words versus neutral words to manipulate activated illness-related memory. Pain tolerance was assessed using a cold pressor task (CPT). RESULTS: Participants primed with the self-referent "I" and HC words did not demonstrate the expected lower pain tolerance. However, SFA acted as a moderator of the main effect of the self-prime: priming with "I" resulted in increased pain tolerance in participants with low SFA. CONCLUSIONS: The current study did not support the hypothesis that associations between activated self-related memory and illness-related memory cause increased reporting of complaints. Instead, activating self-related memory increased pain tolerance in participants with low SFA. This seems to indicate that the self-prime might cause an increase in SFA and suggests possible new ways to promote adaptive coping with pain.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conscientização/fisiologia
Condicionamento (Psicologia)
Memória/fisiologia
Percepção da Dor/fisiologia
Dor/psicologia
Autoimagem
Sublimação Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Medição da Dor/psicologia
Limiar da Dor/psicologia
Análise de Regressão
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1405
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:121012
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s12529-012-9270-1


  8 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:22900553
[Au] Autor:Vives JM
[Ad] Endereço:vives@unice.fr
[Ti] Título:'Little Hans': from his phobic episode to becoming an opera director.
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;93(4):863-78, 2012 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:'Little Hans' is one of the most highly commented cases in the psychoanalytic literature. His work as an opera director from 1925 in Europe and then in the United States of America is much less well known. This may seem especially surprising given that Freud very soon detects Hans's emerging interest in this subject. Yet Freud does not mention it either in 1909 when he reports the case, or when Hans visits him in 1922, even though Hans had already decided to become an opera director at this point. The author of this article endeavours to show how this artistic choice could be understood as a way of accommodating, in a double transference relationship with Freud and with his father, the unanalysed residue of the 'Krawall' (a term invented by Hans) and 'the black thing', both of which appeared during the phobic period.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolha da Profissão
Teoria Freudiana
Liderança
Música
Transtornos Fóbicos/psicologia
Transtornos Fóbicos/terapia
Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Castração/psicologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Criatividade
Relações Pai-Filho
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Repressão Psicológica
Sublimação Psicológica
Transferência (Psicologia)
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1301
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:120821
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/j.1745-8315.2012.00614.x


  9 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:22805903
[Au] Autor:Clemens NA
[Ad] Endereço:Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Cleveland Psycho analytic Center, USA.
[Ti] Título:Psychotherapy. Sublimation and the psychodynamics of birding.
[So] Source:J Psychiatr Pract;18(4):287-90, 2012 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1538-1145
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An adventure in extreme birding prompted the psychoanalyst author to reflect on "why do people do this?" Like myriad human interests, vocations, and avocations, the activity of bird watching is a socially acceptable activity that is the final pathway for multiple motivations that are likely to have a long history in the individual's development. It may have origins in basic survival skills. Various psychological defense mechanisms may be involved, the most mature and successful one being sublimation. Success of a defense-like sublimation may be viewed in terms of freedom from anxiety or from obsessive extremes that interfere with the individual's wellbeing, important relationships, or physical or financial health. The author considers whether the characters in the film The Big Year exemplify such success or the lack of it.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aves
Passatempos/psicologia
Motivação
Psicoterapia
Sublimação Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Colômbia
Seres Humanos
Filmes Cinematográficos
Viagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1212
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:120719
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/01.pra.0000416019.91332.69


  10 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:21518367
[Au] Autor:Mandelbaum G
[Ad] Endereço:geoman68@aol.com
[Ti] Título:Some observations on value and greatness in drama.
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;92(2):411-25, 2011 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper argues that value in drama partly results from the nature of the resistance in a scene, resistance used in its common, everyday meaning. A playwright's ability to imagine and present such resistance rests on several factors, including his sublimation of the fantasies that underpin his work. Such sublimation is evident in Chekhov's continuing reworking in his plays of a fantasy that found its initial embodiment for him in one of the central scenes in Hamlet. The increasingly higher value of the scenes Chekhov wrote as he repeatedly reworked Shakespeare's scene resulted from his increasing sublimation of the initial fantasy and is reflected in the ever more complex nature of the resistance found in Chekhov's scenes, resistance that, in turn, created an ever more life-like, three-dimensional central character in the scenes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Drama
Interpretação Psicanalítica
Teoria Psicanalítica
Terapia Psicanalítica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mecanismos de Defesa
Fantasia
Seres Humanos
Imaginação
Apego ao Objeto
Sublimação Psicológica
Redação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1108
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:110427
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/j.1745-8315.2011.00400.x



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