Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F01.470.342 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29328611
[Au] Autor:Mandic-Gajic G; Spiric Z
[Ti] Título:Posttraumatic stress disorder and art group therapy: Self-expression of traumatic inner world of war veterans.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(8):757-63, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background/Aim: Art therapy and drawings may serve as alternative means of expression and release from trauma among veterans diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Methods: The retrospective clinical study of drawings of war veterans was performed. A total of 89 war veterans met the Diagnostics and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) PTSD criteria and were consecutively admitted to the Day Hospital during 5 years. Art group therapy as part of integrative treatment was performed once a week. The group was open and heterogeneous. Qualitative analysis of drawings content and group protocols were obtained. The drawings were made by free associations. War related themes were explored and descriptive statistics were applied. Results: The most frequent type of common themes of combat stress presented battle and witnessing wounded and killed combatants. Less frequent were themes of graves, destroyed cities and broken trees. The veterans preferred black and red colors with association to death, blood, wounds and destroyed objects. Conclusion: Drawing could provide a unique, complex, visual illustration of war traumatic experiences and memories of posttraumatic stress disorder veterans. Art group discussion might enhance war veterans' verbal expression due to group support in safe setting. As adjuvant psychotherapy, art group therapy could enrich awareness and the ability of clinicians to treat hard posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms related to uncovered war trauma.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terapia pela Arte
Emoções Manifestas
Psicoterapia de Grupo
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
Veteranos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Retrospectivos
Sérvia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP150512083M


  2 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28448820
[Au] Autor:Macgregor A; Norton J; Raffard S; Capdevielle D
[Ad] Endereço:University Department of Adult Psychiatry, La Colombière Hospital, Montpelier University Hospital, Montpellier, France; Montpellier University, Montpellier, France. Electronic address: a-macgregor@chu-montpellier.fr.
[Ti] Título:Is there a link between biological parents' insight into their offspring's schizophrenia and their cognitive functioning, expressed emotion and knowledge about disorder?
[So] Source:Compr Psychiatry;76:98-103, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8384
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that parents' awareness of their offspring's schizophrenia could influence their offspring's insight. Low patient insight is linked to impairment of specific cognitive abilities, and biological parents of schizophrenia patients have impaired capacities in these same domains. However, little is known about what specific socio-demographic, affective or cognitive factors may influence biological parents' awareness of their offspring's disease. METHOD: Data were drawn from 41 patient-parent dyads. Insight was assessed with a modified version of Amador's Scale to assess Unawareness of Mental Disorders, exploring dimensions of parents' awareness and attribution of their offspring's illness and symptoms. RESULTS: Higher educational levels, better working memory and executive functioning of parents were associated with better attribution of their offspring's symptoms to schizophrenia. CONCLUSIONS: Parents' insight into their offspring's schizophrenia is associated with cognitive abilities. This must be taken into account when developing family interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição
Emoções Manifestas
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Pais/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Escolaridade
Função Executiva
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Memória de Curto Prazo
Meia-Idade
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29176768
[Au] Autor:Tondorf T; Kaufmann LK; Degel A; Locher C; Birkhäuer J; Gerger H; Ehlert U; Gaab J
[Ad] Endereço:Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Department of Psychology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Employing open/hidden administration in psychotherapy research: A randomized-controlled trial of expressive writing.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(11):e0187400, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Psychotherapy has been shown to be effective, but efforts to prove specific effects by placebo-controlled trials have been practically and conceptually hampered. We propose that adopting open/hidden designs from placebo research would offer a possible way to establish specificity in psychotherapy. Therefore, we tested the effects of providing opposing treatment rationales in an online expressive writing intervention on affect in healthy subjects. Results indicate that it was possible to conduct the expressive writing intervention both covertly and openly, but that participants in the hidden administration condition did not fully benefit from the otherwise effective expressive writing intervention in the long-run. Effect sizes between open and hidden administration groups were comparable to pre-post effect sizes of the intervention. While this finding is important for the understanding of psychotherapy's effects per se, it also proves that alternative research approaches to establish specificity are feasible and informative in psychotherapy research. TRIAL REGISTRATION: German Clinical Trials Register DRKS00009428.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emoções Manifestas
Psicoterapia
Pesquisa
Redação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Linguística
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187400


  4 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29045440
[Au] Autor:Psychogiou L; Moberly NJ; Parry E; Nath S; Kallitsoglou A; Russell G
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Parental depressive symptoms, children's emotional and behavioural problems, and parents' expressed emotion-Critical and positive comments.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0183546, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This longitudinal study examined whether mothers' and fathers' depressive symptoms predict, independently and interactively, children's emotional and behavioural problems. It also examined bi-directional associations between parents' expressed emotion constituents (parents' child-directed positive and critical comments) and children's emotional and behavioural problems. At time 1, the sample consisted of 160 families in which 50 mothers and 40 fathers had depression according to the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV. Children's mean age at Time 1 was 3.9 years (SD = 0.8). Families (n = 106) were followed up approximately 16 months later (Time 2). Expressed emotion constituents were assessed using the Preschool Five Minute Speech Sample. In total, 144 mothers and 158 fathers at Time 1 and 93 mothers and 105 fathers at Time 2 provided speech samples. Fathers' depressive symptoms were concurrently associated with more child emotional problems when mothers had higher levels of depressive symptoms. When controlling for important confounders (children's gender, baseline problems, mothers' depressive symptoms and parents' education and age), fathers' depressive symptoms independently predicted higher levels of emotional and behavioural problems in their children over time. There was limited evidence for a bi-directional relationship between fathers' positive comments and change in children's behavioural problems over time. Unexpectedly, there were no bi-directional associations between parents' critical comments and children's outcomes. We conclude that the study provides evidence to support a whole family approach to prevention and intervention strategies for children's mental health and parental depression.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Depressão/psicologia
Emoções Manifestas
Pais/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pai/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Mães/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171019
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183546


  5 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28648956
[Au] Autor:Leonard L
[Ad] Endereço:School of Nursing & Midwifery, Medical Biology Centre, 97, Lisburn Road, Queens University Belfast, Belfast Northern, BT9 7BL, Ireland. Electronic address: l.leonard@qub.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Emotional displays:-Nurse educators engaging and reflecting on their own emotional displays in preparing nursing students for the emotional complexities of nursing practice.
[So] Source:Nurse Educ Pract;26:21-26, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1873-5223
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In everyday practice nurses including student nurses, face many situations which can trigger a range of their own emotions, but they also deal with a variety of emotions in patients, patients' relatives and colleagues. There is a need for nurses and those involved in nurse education to understand how emotions impact on professional practice. Yet, while nursing practice involves working often in emotional circumstances, there has been little attention by educational institutions and employers on developing the ability of nurses to understand and manage the emotional demands inherent in their role. This paper examines emotions and their relationship to and appropriateness in nursing practice and education. In particular it examines whether self-understanding by attendance to emotions can enhance the role of nurses educators in preparing nursing students for the complexities of modern nursing practice.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos
Emoções Manifestas
Docentes de Enfermagem/psicologia
Ensino/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bacharelado em Enfermagem/recursos humanos
Seres Humanos
Estresse Psicológico/complicações
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170627
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28617825
[Au] Autor:Dalrymple KA; Visconti di Oleggio Castello M; Elison JT; Gobbini MI
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Concurrent development of facial identity and expression discrimination.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179458, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Facial identity and facial expression processing both appear to follow a protracted developmental trajectory, yet these trajectories have been studied independently and have not been directly compared. Here we investigated whether these processes develop at the same or different rates using matched identity and expression discrimination tasks. The Identity task begins with a target face that is a morph between two identities (Identity A/Identity B). After a brief delay, the target face is replaced by two choice faces: 100% Identity A and 100% Identity B. Children 5-12-years-old were asked to pick the choice face that is most similar to the target identity. The Expression task is matched in format and difficulty to the Identity task, except the targets are morphs between two expressions (Angry/Happy, or Disgust/Surprise). The same children were asked to pick the choice face with the expression that is most similar to the target expression. There were significant effects of age, with performance improving (becoming more accurate and faster) on both tasks with increasing age. Accuracy and reaction times were not significantly different across tasks and there was no significant Age x Task interaction. Thus, facial identity and facial expression discrimination appear to develop at a similar rate, with comparable improvement on both tasks from age five to twelve. Because our tasks are so closely matched in format and difficulty, they may prove useful for testing face identity and face expression processing in special populations, such as autism or prosopagnosia, where one of these abilities might be impaired.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia
Emoções Manifestas/fisiologia
Face/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170913
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170913
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170616
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179458


  7 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28423936
[Au] Autor:Bjørge H; Kvaal K; Småstuen MC; Ulstein I
[Ad] Endereço:1 Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Relationship Quality and Distress in Caregivers of Persons With Dementia: A Cross-Sectional Study.
[So] Source:Am J Alzheimers Dis Other Demen;32(3):157-165, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2731
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the relationship between caregivers and care receivers, defined as home-dwelling family members with dementia. We used a self-rating questionnaire, the Felt Expressed Emotion Rating Scale (FEERS; 6 simple questions), to measure caregiver perceptions of the care receiver's criticisms (CCs) and emotional overinvolvement (EOI) toward the caregiver. We performed factor analyses to rank single items on the FEERS pertaining to CC and EOI. We included 208 caregiver/care receiver pairs. Logistic regression analyses tested associations between FEERS items and caregiver and care receiver variables. The main contributors to caregiver perceptions of CC were the caregiver's own distress and the amount of time spent with the care receiver. Socially distressed caregivers perceived the care receiver as emotionally overinvolved. When offering a psychosocial intervention, a tailored program should target the caregiver's perceived relationship with the family member and the caregiver's distress. The program should also endeavor to give the caretaker more opportunities for leisure time.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cuidadores/psicologia
Demência/enfermagem
Emoções Manifestas
Relações Familiares/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos Transversais
Demência/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1533317517691121


  8 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28422963
[Au] Autor:McDuff D; Kodra E; Kaliouby RE; LaFrance M
[Ad] Endereço:Microsoft Research, Redmond, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:A large-scale analysis of sex differences in facial expressions.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0173942, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There exists a stereotype that women are more expressive than men; however, research has almost exclusively focused on a single facial behavior, smiling. A large-scale study examines whether women are consistently more expressive than men or whether the effects are dependent on the emotion expressed. Studies of gender differences in expressivity have been somewhat restricted to data collected in lab settings or which required labor-intensive manual coding. In the present study, we analyze gender differences in facial behaviors as over 2,000 viewers watch a set of video advertisements in their home environments. The facial responses were recorded using participants' own webcams. Using a new automated facial coding technology we coded facial activity. We find that women are not universally more expressive across all facial actions. Nor are they more expressive in all positive valence actions and less expressive in all negative valence actions. It appears that generally women express actions more frequently than men, and in particular express more positive valence actions. However, expressiveness is not greater in women for all negative valence actions and is dependent on the discrete emotional state.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emoções Manifestas/fisiologia
Expressão Facial
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos
Caracteres Sexuais
Sorriso/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Face/anatomia & histologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Gravação em Vídeo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170505
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170505
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173942


  9 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28388351
[Au] Autor:Campbell SB; Renshaw KD; Klein SR
[Ad] Endereço:a George Mason University.
[Ti] Título:Sex Differences in Associations of Hostile and Non-hostile Criticism with Relationship Quality.
[So] Source:J Psychol;151(4):416-430, 2017 May 19.
[Is] ISSN:1940-1019
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Three studies examine whether the type of criticism (hostile vs. non-hostile) or the sex of the person perceiving criticism affect the association of criticism with relationship satisfaction. Analyses of the samples of undergraduates (Studies 1 and 2) and community couples (Study 3) indicated that hostile criticism was negatively associated with relationship functioning, whereas non-hostile criticism was positively associated with relationship functioning. The former association was stronger for women than for men (Studies 2 and 3), while the latter association was stronger for men than for women (Study 1). The results also suggest that hostile criticism may be more strongly associated with negative relationship processes in women than men, whereas non-hostile criticism may be more strongly associated with positive relationship processes for men than women.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hostilidade
Relações Interpessoais
Satisfação Pessoal
Percepção Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Emoções Manifestas
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicometria/métodos
Fatores Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170606
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170606
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170408
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223980.2017.1305324


  10 / 1618 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28355890
[Au] Autor:Sohl SJ; Dietrich MS; Wallston KA; Ridner SH
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Social Sciences & Health Policy , Wake Forest School of Medicine , Winston-Salem , NC , USA.
[Ti] Título:A randomized controlled trial of expressive writing in breast cancer survivors with lymphedema.
[So] Source:Psychol Health;32(7):826-842, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1476-8321
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer survivors who develop lymphedema report poorer quality of life (QoL) than those without lymphedema. Expressive writing is a potential intervention to address QoL. DESIGN: Adult women (N = 107) with breast cancer and chronic Stage II lymphedema were randomised to writing about thoughts and feelings specific to lymphedema and its treatment (intervention) or about daily activities (control) for four, 20-min sessions. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcome measures were several indicators of QoL assessed at baseline, one, three, and six months post-intervention (total scores and subscales of Upper Limb Lymphedema 27 and Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast). Hypothesised moderators of change in QoL were dispositional optimism, avoidant behaviours, and time since lymphedema diagnosis. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant intent-to-treat main effects of expressive writing on QoL. Statistically significant moderating effects on change in different indicators of QoL were observed for all three moderators. Expressive writing was more effective for improving QoL in women who were higher on optimism, lower on avoidance and had less time since a lymphedema diagnosis. CONCLUSION: These results provide further evidence that there are subsets of individuals for whom expressive writing is more effective. Future research may investigate targeting expressive writing based on identified moderators.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neoplasias da Mama/complicações
Emoções Manifestas
Linfedema/psicologia
Psicoterapia/métodos
Sobreviventes/psicologia
Redação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Linfedema/etiologia
Linfedema/terapia
Meia-Idade
Qualidade de Vida
Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170827
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170827
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170331
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/08870446.2017.1307372



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