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[PMID]:29446578
[Au] Autor:Pogorelova IG; Amgalan G
[Ti] Título:[Characteristics of physical growth of schoolchildren in Mongolia and their forming factors].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1198-201, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The article considers the findings of hygienic assessments of educational conditions in urban and rural schools in Mongolia and socio-economic conditions of living of schoolchildren and analysis of anthropometric measurements of schoolchildren aged of 7-16 years in relation to the assessment of harmonicity of their physical development. Hygienic conditions in Mongolian schools are characterized by improper organization of the educational - accomplishment process, high occupancy rate in classes causing insufficient space for a pupil and disconformity of school furniture parameters of school desks and chairs to growth and age requirements of pupils. Comparative assessment of socio-economic factors revealed (выделено автором) that the majority (84.1%) of rural pupils reside in uncomfortable houses and gerdwellings, 58.5 % - in large families with many children, 46.3 % - in families with poor living conditions. There were obtained data about differences in physical development of urban and rural schoolchildren pronounced with age by the gain in the number of children with disharmonious development and children with lower physical indices of the development, delayed by 1-2 years appearance of the crossing of growth and growth shift typical for rural children in comparison with their urban counterparts. According to results of multivariate regression analysis most significant factors for the formation of physical development of school children in descending order are academic workload, the place of residence, the number of children in the family, uncomfortable living conditions, household income and parent's education. In the presence of these factors, the risk of the formation of disharmonious physical growth of school children increases by 1.8-2.8 times. The probability of the risk offormation of disharmonious physical development of schoolchildren living in rural areas was found to be by 2.5 times more than for their urban counterparts. The results can be usedfor scientific substantiation and development of targeted health measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Desenvolvimento Infantil
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Antropometria/métodos
Criança
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Mongólia/epidemiologia
População Rural
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores Socioeconômicos
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28449646
[Au] Autor:Lubbe W; Ten Ham-Baloyi W
[Ad] Endereço:North-West University, School of Nursing Science, Private Bag X6001, Potchefstroom, 2520, South Africa. welma.lubbe@nwu.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:When is the use of pacifiers justifiable in the baby-friendly hospital initiative context? A clinician's guide.
[So] Source:BMC Pregnancy Childbirth;17(1):130, 2017 04 27.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2393
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The use of pacifiers is an ancient practice, but often becomes a point of debate when parents and professionals aim to protect and promote breastfeeding as most appropriately for nurturing infants. We discuss the current literature available on pacifier use to enable critical decision-making regarding justifiable use of pacifiers, especially in the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative context, and we provide practical guidelines for clinicians. DISCUSSION: Suck-swallow-breathe coordination is an important skill that every newborn must acquire for feeding success. In most cases the development and maintenance of the sucking reflex is not a problem, but sometimes the skill may be compromised due to factors such as mother-infant separation or medical conditions. In such situations the use of pacifiers can be considered therapeutic and even provide medical benefits to infants, including reducing the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. The argument opposing pacifier use, however, is based on potential risks such as nipple confusion and early cessation of breastfeeding. The Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding as embedded in the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative initially prohibited the use of pacifiers in a breastfeeding friendly environment to prevent potential associated risks. This article provides a summary of the evidence on the benefits of non-nutritive sucking, risks associated with pacifier use, an identification of the implications regarded as 'justifiable' in the clinical use of pacifiers and a comprehensive discussion to support the recommendations for safe pacifier use in healthy, full-term, and ill and preterm infants. The use of pacifiers is justifiable in certain situations and will support breastfeeding rather than interfere with it. Justifiable conditions have been identified as: low-birth weight and premature infants; infants at risk for hypoglyceamia; infants in need of oral stimulation to develop, maintain and mature the sucking reflex in preterm infants; and the achievement of neurobehavioural organisation. Medical benefits associated with the use of pacifiers include providing comfort, contributing towards neurobehavioural organisation, and reducing the risk of sudden infant death syndrome. Guidelines are presented for assessing and guiding safe pacifier use, for specific design to ensure safety, and for cessation of use to ensure normal childhood development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia
Hospitais/normas
Chupetas/normas
Comportamento de Sucção/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aleitamento Materno
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12884-017-1306-8


  3 / 40291 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28460369
[Au] Autor:Diekroger EA; Reyes C; Myers KM; Li H; Kralovic SK; Roizen N
[Ad] Endereço:*Department of Pediatrics, Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics and Psychology, UH Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital and Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH;†Department of Pediatrics, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD;‡Department of Pediatrics, UH Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, Cleveland, OH.
[Ti] Título:Perceived Mentoring Practices in Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Fellowship Programs.
[So] Source:J Dev Behav Pediatr;38(4):269-275, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1536-7312
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Junior physicians describe mentoring relationships as integral to their career development and success. Current evidence suggests that mentoring is under-utilized despite interest from trainees. The purpose of this study is to describe the mentoring practices in developmental-behavioral pediatric (DBP) fellowship programs and identify mentoring needs of DBP fellows and recent graduates. METHODS: DBP fellows and recent graduates less than 5 years out of training from US-based DBP fellowship programs were contacted to complete a survey on their mentoring experiences in fellowship and early career. RESULTS: A total of 90 respondents completed the entire survey including 47 current DBP fellows and 43 recent graduates. Only 52% of respondents reported having a formal faculty mentor during their fellowship. Only 45% of recent graduates reported that they currently have a mentor, of those without a current mentor 83% said they would like to have a mentor. Adequate mentoring during fellowship was lowest for career development and research (34% and 27%). Satisfaction with mentoring was associated with having a formal mentor (p < .001) and receiving mentoring in multiple areas (p < .001). Qualitative responses suggested that effective mentoring addresses the mentee's career goals, provides insight into being a developmental-behavioral pediatrician, assists in navigating academics, and involves a personal relationship. CONCLUSION: Results suggest opportunities for improved mentoring in DBP fellowship programs, particularly in the areas of career development and research and that there is a significant need for mentorship among recent graduates. Findings from this study can inform program improvement in mentoring for DBP fellows and recent graduates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bolsas de Estudo
Tutoria
Pediatria/educação
Psicologia da Criança/educação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Desenvolvimento Infantil
Bolsas de Estudo/métodos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Tutoria/métodos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/DBP.0000000000000438


  4 / 40291 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29237535
[Au] Autor:Li HH; Shan L; Wang B; Jia FY
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, First Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China. ttian_2332@163.com.
[Ti] Título:[Application of movement recognition technology in assessing spontaneous general movements in preterm infants].
[So] Source:Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi;19(12):1306-1310, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1008-8830
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:Preterm birth is a major factor which induces neurological and motor impairments, particularly cerebral palsy, in high-risk infants. Early identification of potential neurodevelopmental impairments provides the opportunity to improve neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants through early rehabilitation interventions. Clinically, the general movement assessment is a pivotal tool to predict neurodevelopmental outcomes, especially motor developmental outcomes, in high-risk infants. Movement recognition can continuously capture relevant limb movements and perform objective and quantitative assessment using computerized approaches. Various methods of recording and analyzing spontaneous general movements for infants at a risk of cerebral palsy have been extensively explored. This article summarizes the general movement assessment method and reviews the translational research on using movement recognition technology for the assessment of spontaneous general movements of preterm infants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Recém-Nascido Prematuro/fisiologia
Movimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Encéfalo/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Desenvolvimento Infantil
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 40291 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29220559
[Au] Autor:Martel MJ; Milette I
[Ad] Endereço:Centre hospitalier universitaire Sainte-Justine, Montréal, Québec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Introduction aux soins du développement aux nouveau-nés..
[So] Source:Perspect Infirm;14(3):35-37, 2017 May-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1708-1890
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil
Enfermagem Neonatal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Enfermagem Neonatal/métodos
Enfermagem Neonatal/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28743040
[Au] Autor:Furlong MA; Herring A; Buckley JP; Goldman BD; Daniels JL; Engel LS; Wolff MS; Chen J; Wetmur J; Barr DB; Engel SM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, United States. Electronic address: mfurlong@email.arizona.edu.
[Ti] Título:Prenatal exposure to organophosphorus pesticides and childhood neurodevelopmental phenotypes.
[So] Source:Environ Res;158:737-747, 2017 10.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0953
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Prenatal exposure to organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) has been associated with different neurodevelopmental outcomes across different cohorts. A phenotypic approach may address some of these differences by incorporating information across scales and accounting for the complex correlational structure of neurodevelopmental outcomes. Additionally, Bayesian hierarchical modeling can account for confounding by collinear co-exposures. We use this framework to examine associations between prenatal exposure to OPs and behavior, executive functioning, and IQ assessed at age 6-9 years in a cohort of 404 mother/infant pairs recruited during pregnancy. We derived phenotypes of neurodevelopment with a factor analysis, and estimated associations between OP metabolites and these phenotypes in Bayesian hierarchical models for exposure mixtures. We report seven factors: 1) Impulsivity and Externalizing, 2) Executive Functioning, 3) Internalizing, 4) Perceptual Reasoning, 5) Adaptability, 6) Processing Speed, and 7) Verbal Intelligence. These, along with the Working Memory Index, were standardized and scaled so that positive values reflected positive attributes and negative values represented adverse outcomes. Standardized dimethylphosphate metabolites were negatively associated with Internalizing factor scores (ß^ - 0.13, 95% CI - 0.26, 0.00) but positively associated with Executive Functioning factor scores (ß^ 0.18, 95% CI 0.04, 0.31). Standardized diethylphosphate metabolites were negatively associated with the Working Memory Index (ß^ - 0.17, 95% CI - 0.33, - 0.03). Associations with factor scores were generally stronger and more precise than associations with individual instrument-specific items. Factor analysis of outcomes may provide some advantages in etiological studies of childhood neurodevelopment by incorporating information across scales to reduce dimensionality and improve precision.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/efeitos dos fármacos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/efeitos dos fármacos
Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade
Função Executiva/efeitos dos fármacos
Inteligência/efeitos dos fármacos
Compostos Organofosforados/toxicidade
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Testes de Inteligência
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Exposição Materna
Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia
Praguicidas/toxicidade
Gravidez
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/induzido quimicamente
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Organophosphorus Compounds); 0 (Pesticides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180303
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180303
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170726
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 40291 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29425002
[Au] Autor:Shaykhelislamova MV; Dikopol'skaya NB; Bilalova GA; Zefirov TL
[Ti] Título:[State of adaptive systems of the body in boys aged of 11-15 years in the process of their age development, pubertal maturation and in the dynamics of the school year].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):661-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:A comprehensive study of the functional state of the sympathoadrenal system (SAS) and adrenal cortex (AC) in boys aged of 11-15 years, was carried out depending on their age, puberty stage and academic year period, on the basis of indices of the daily adrenaline (A), noradrenaline (NA), 17-ketosteroids (17-KS) and 17-oxyketosteroids (17-OKS) excretion. A certain synchronism of the manifestation offunctional activity of the SAS mediator level, glucocorticoid and androgen AC function is determined as boys grow older and during their pubertal changes. At the same time the different dynamics of the studied indices in boys aged of from 14 to 15 years and by the V puberty stage is marked. During the academic year changes of hormone and hormonal metabolite excretion, having a different focus and intensity in the age groups were observed: a significant decrease of age NA excretion and androgen metabolite indices (at 15) of 14 and 15 year-old teenagers at the end of the academic year is found out, against the backdrop of a substantial and long-term increase of glucocorticoids (February, April), with their dangerous catabolic effect on a child's body and their depressing effect on the immune response.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Fisiológica/fisiologia
Desenvolvimento do Adolescente/fisiologia
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia
Hormônios
Puberdade/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Hormônios/análise
Hormônios/sangue
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Maturidade Sexual/fisiologia
Estatística como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hormones)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 40291 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29425000
[Au] Autor:Zubaydullina OR; Povargo EA; Zulkarnaev TR
[Ti] Título:[Dynamics of indices of physical development of preschool children of the city of Ufa].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):658- 60, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:A comparative analysis of indices of physical development of preschool children of Ufa for 1978, 1999 and 2014 showed mixed changes or no statistically reliable changes in the indices in preschool children of different groups from 1978 to 1999. In the period from 1999 to 2014 in some groups of preschool children there were revealed statistically reliable positive changes in the indices, whereas there was no statistically reliable decrease of indices. A favorable fact is also the increment in the percentage of preschool children with harmonious physical development in the comparison with 1999.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropometria/métodos
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Índice de Massa Corporal
Tamanho Corporal
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Nível de Saúde
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 40291 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424998
[Au] Autor:Khramtsov PI; Kurgansky AM; Barsukova NK; Sedova AC; Sotnikova EN
[Ti] Título:[Estimation of the influence of the design of school backpacks to posture regulation in children with different posture conditions].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):652-5, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There was performed the study of the characteristics of the regulation of vertical posture in 42 children of 8-10 years old using school bags of different designs. According to medical examination 25 children have normal posture and 17 children had kyphotic one. The stability of the posture was estimated according to the average variance and the average velocity of the total center of gravity of the body, the area of the ellipse, and the quality of the equilibrium function with computer stabilography. Three models of school bags were used - with traditional, ergonomic and orthopedic back support. Vertical posture stability for children with impaired posture without school bag and when used with traditional and ergonomic back were significantly lower in comparison with children with normal posture. When the orthopedic back was used the stability impairment of the vertical posture in children with kyphotic posture was not observed. It is concluded that for the prevention of spinal deformity for students with kyphotic posture orthopedic school bags should be used.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Desenvolvimento Infantil
Vestuário/efeitos adversos
Vestuário/normas
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Teste de Materiais/métodos
Fatores de Risco
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/normas
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia
Curvaturas da Coluna Vertebral/prevenção & controle
Suporte de Carga/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 40291 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424997
[Au] Autor:Litovchenko OG; Ishbulatova MS
[Ti] Título:[Chrono Physiological characteristics of children of primary school age - the natives of the Middle Ob].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):648-51, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Chronoreflexometric characteristics of the mental performance of children of primary school age - the natives of the Middle Ob were based on the statistical analysis of the latent period of time of a simple visual - motor responses. The results of a survey showed that the functional state of the nervous system of surveyed children ofprimary school age was at "reduced" and "greatly reduced" level of mental performance. This state is characterized by a weakening of attention, a sharp deterioration in time and accuracy parameters of activity and a significant decrease of efficiency on the whole.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia
Tempo de Reação/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicologia da Criança/métodos
Psicologia da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos
Desempenho Psicomotor
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/normas
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
Ensino/psicologia
Ensino/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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