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[PMID]:29400048
[Au] Autor:Vincent E
[Ti] Título:[Monolingualism, an overlooked multilingual?]
[So] Source:Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord);136(5):213-5, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0035-1334
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:There has been some emphasis on the practice of multi­lingualism. It is seen as encouraging children creativity, lin­guis­­tic sensitivity and openness. In this article, we seek to find out if the different qualities demonstrated in multilingualism can also be developed in a monolingualism context. Despite the fact that it is a single language system - where grammar, accents, the rhythm of the sentence remain unchanged - it will be interesting to draw some parallels with multilingualism. This will lead us to study the processes of oral and written language acquisition in children. The associations with stuttering will also be mentioned.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Multilinguismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 9248 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28460299
[Au] Autor:Laing CE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC 27708, USA. Electronic address: catherine.laing@duke.edu.
[Ti] Título:A perceptual advantage for onomatopoeia in early word learning: Evidence from eye-tracking.
[So] Source:J Exp Child Psychol;161:32-45, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0457
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A perceptual advantage for iconic forms in infant language learning has been widely reported in the literature, termed the "sound symbolism bootstrapping hypothesis" by Imai and Kita (2014). However, empirical research in this area is limited mainly to sound symbolic forms, which are very common in languages such as Japanese but less so in Indo-European languages such as English. In this study, we extended this body of research to onomatopoeia-words that are thought to be present across most of the world's languages and that are known to be dominant in infants' early lexicons. In a picture-mapping task, 10- and 11-month-old infants showed a processing advantage for onomatopoeia (e.g., woof woof) over their conventional counterparts (e.g., doggie). However, further analysis suggests that the input may play a key role in infants' experience and processing of these forms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Fonética
Aprendizagem Verbal/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica
Movimentos Oculares/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Simbolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 9248 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27771538
[Au] Autor:Carrigan EM; Coppola M
[Ad] Endereço:University of Connecticut, United States. Electronic address: emily.carrigan@uconn.edu.
[Ti] Título:Successful communication does not drive language development: Evidence from adult homesign.
[So] Source:Cognition;158:10-27, 2017 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7838
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Constructivist accounts of language acquisition maintain that the language learner aims to match a target provided by mature users. Communicative problem solving in the context of social interaction and matching a linguistic target or model are presented as primary mechanisms driving the language development process. However, research on the development of homesign gesture systems by deaf individuals who have no access to a linguistic model suggests that aspects of language can develop even when typical input is unavailable. In four studies, we examined the role of communication in the genesis of homesign systems by assessing how well homesigners' family members comprehend homesign productions. In Study 1, homesigners' mothers showed poorer comprehension of homesign descriptions produced by their now-adult deaf child than of spoken Spanish descriptions of the same events produced by one of their adult hearing children. Study 2 found that the younger a family member was when they first interacted with their deaf relative, the better they understood the homesigner. Despite this, no family member comprehended homesign productions at levels that would be expected if family members co-generated homesign systems with their deaf relative via communicative interactions. Study 3 found that mothers' poor or incomplete comprehension of homesign was not a result of incomplete homesign descriptions. In Study 4 we demonstrated that Deaf native users of American Sign Language, who had no previous experience with the homesigners or their homesign systems, nevertheless comprehended homesign productions out of context better than the homesigners' mothers. This suggests that homesign has comprehensible structure, to which mothers and other family members are not fully sensitive. Taken together, these studies show that communicative problem solving is not responsible for the development of structure in homesign systems. The role of this mechanism must therefore be re-evaluated in constructivist theories of language development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Compreensão
Surdez/psicologia
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Linguística
Linguagem de Sinais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Gestos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Mães/psicologia
Irmãos/psicologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 9248 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29337998
[Au] Autor:Sulik J
[Ad] Endereço:Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Cognitive mechanisms for inferring the meaning of novel signals during symbolisation.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0189540, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As participants repeatedly interact using graphical signals (as in a game of Pictionary), the signals gradually shift from being iconic (or motivated) to being symbolic (or arbitrary). The aim here is to test experimentally whether this change in the form of the signal implies a concomitant shift in the inferential mechanisms needed to understand it. The results show that, during early, iconic stages, there is more reliance on creative inferential processes associated with insight problem solving, and that the recruitment of these cognitive mechanisms decreases over time. The variation in inferential mechanism is not predicted by the sign's visual complexity or iconicity, but by its familiarity, and by the complexity of the relevant mental representations. The discussion explores implications for pragmatics, language evolution, and iconicity research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição
Jogos Experimentais
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Estimulação Luminosa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180117
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189540


  5 / 9248 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27774929
[Au] Autor:Raz S; Piercy JC; Heitzer AM; Peters BN; Newman JB; DeBastos AK; Ofen N; Batton B; Batton DG
[Ad] Endereço:1Department of Psychology and the Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute,Wayne State University,Detroit,Michigan.
[Ti] Título:Neuropsychological Functioning in Preterm-Born Twins and Singletons at Preschool Age.
[So] Source:J Int Neuropsychol Soc;22(9):865-877, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1469-7661
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: A limited body of research is available on the relationships between multiplicity of birth and neuropsychological functioning in preterm children who were conceived in the age of assisted reproductive technology and served by the modern neonatal intensive care unit. Our chief objective was to evaluate whether, after adjustment for sociodemographic factors and perinatal complications, twin birth accounted for a unique portion of developmental outcome variance in children born at-risk in the surfactant era. METHODS: We compared the neuropsychological functioning of 77 twins and 144 singletons born preterm (<34 gestational weeks) and served by William Beaumont Hospital, Royal Oak, MI. Children were evaluated at preschool age, using standardized tests of memory, language, perceptual, and motor abilities. RESULTS: Multiple regression analyses, adjusting for sociodemographic and perinatal variables, revealed no differences on memory or motor indices between preterm twins and their singleton counterparts. In contrast, performance of language and visual processing tasks was significantly lower in twins despite reduced perinatal risk in comparison to singletons. Effect sizes ranged from .33 to .38 standard deviations for global language and visual processing ability indices, respectively. No significant group by sex interactions were observed, and comparison of first-, or second-born twins with singletons yielded medium effect sizes (Cohen's d=.56 and .40, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The modest twin disadvantage on language and visual processing tasks at preschool-age could not be readily attributable to socioeconomic or perinatal variables. The possibility of biological or social twinning-related phenomena as mechanisms underlying the observed performance gaps are discussed. (JINS, 2016, 22, 865-877).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Recém-Nascido Prematuro/fisiologia
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Memória/fisiologia
Destreza Motora/fisiologia
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Gêmeos
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; TWIN STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 9248 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29261686
[Au] Autor:Bodoff D; Bekkerman R; Dai J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Business Administration, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Evolution of language: An empirical study at eBay Big Data Lab.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189107, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The evolutionary theory of language predicts that a language will tend towards fewer synonyms for a given object. We subject this and related predictions to empirical tests, using data from the eBay Big Data Lab which let us access all records of the words used by eBay vendors in their item titles, and by consumers in their searches. We find support for the predictions of the evolutionary theory of language. In particular, the mapping from object to words sharpens over time on both sides of the market, i.e. among consumers and among vendors. In addition, the word mappings used on the two sides of the market become more similar over time. Our research contributes to the literature on language evolution by reporting results of a truly unique large-scale empirical study.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Linguística
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Empírica
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189107


  7 / 9248 MEDLINE  
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Abramides, Dagma Venturini Marques
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:29236889
[Au] Autor:Maximino LP; Ducati LG; Abramides DVM; Corrêa CC; Garcia PF; Fernandes AY
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru, Departamento de Fonoaudiologia e Audiologia, Bauru SP, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Syndromic craniosynostosis: neuropsycholinguistic abilities and imaging analysis of the central nervous system.
[So] Source:Arq Neuropsiquiatr;75(12):862-868, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4227
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To characterize patients with syndromic craniosynostosis with respect to their neuropsycholinguistic abilities and to present these findings together with the brain abnormalities. METHODS: Eighteen patients with a diagnosis of syndromic craniosynostosis were studied. Eight patients had Apert syndrome and 10 had Crouzon syndrome. They were submitted to phonological evaluation, neuropsychological evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain. The phonological evaluation was done by behavioral observation of the language, the Peabody test, Token test and a school achievement test. The neuropsychological evaluation included the WISC III and WAIS tests. RESULTS: Abnormalities in language abilities were observed and the school achievement test showed abnormalities in 66.67% of the patients. A normal intelligence quotient was observed in 39.3% of the patients, and congenital abnormalities of the central nervous system were observed in 46.4% of the patients. CONCLUSION: Abnormalities of language abilities were observed in the majority of patients with syndromic craniosynostosis, and low cognitive performance was also observed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acrocefalossindactilia/fisiopatologia
Disostose Craniofacial/fisiopatologia
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acrocefalossindactilia/complicações
Acrocefalossindactilia/diagnóstico por imagem
Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Disostose Craniofacial/complicações
Disostose Craniofacial/diagnóstico por imagem
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Testes de Linguagem
Masculino
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 9248 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28987056
[Au] Autor:Starowicz-Filip A; Chrobak AA; Moskala M; Krzyzewski RM; Kwinta B; Kwiatkowski S; Milczarek O; Rajtar-Zembaty A; Przewoznik D
[Ad] Endereço:Zaklad Psychologii Lekarskiej Katedry Psychiatrii, UJ CM.
[Ti] Título:The role of the cerebellum in the regulation of language functions.
[Ti] Título:Rola mózdzku w regulacji funkcji jezykowych..
[So] Source:Psychiatr Pol;51(4):661-671, 2017 Aug 29.
[Is] ISSN:2391-5854
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng; pol
[Ab] Resumo:The present paper is a review of studies on the role of the cerebellum in the regulation of language functions. This brain structure until recently associated chiefly with motor skills, visual-motor coordination and balance, proves to be significant also for cognitive functioning. With regard to language functions, studies show that the cerebellum determines verbal fluency (both semantic and formal) expressive and receptive grammar processing, the ability to identify and correct language mistakes, and writing skills. Cerebellar damage is a possible cause of aphasia or the cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS). Decreased cerebellocortical connectivity as well as anomalies in the structure of the cerebellum are emphasized in numerous developmental dyslexia theories. The cerebellum is characterized by linguistic lateralization. From the neuroanatomical perspective, its right hemisphere and dentate nucleus, having multiple cerebellocortical connections with the cerebral cortical language areas, are particularly important for language functions. Usually, language deficits developed as a result of a cerebellar damage have subclinical intensity and require applying sensitive neuropsychological diagnostic tools designed to assess higher verbal functions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cerebelo/fisiologia
Cognição/fisiologia
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atenção/fisiologia
Doenças Cerebelares/fisiopatologia
Seres Humanos
Memória/fisiologia
Desempenho Psicomotor/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171008
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 9248 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28964316
[Au] Autor:Guerzoni L; Cuda D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Otorhinolaryngology, "Guglielmo da Saliceto" Hospital, Via Cantone del Cristo 40, 29121 Piacenza, Italy. Electronic address: guerzoni1@libero.it.
[Ti] Título:Speech processor data logging helps in predicting early linguistic outcomes in implanted children.
[So] Source:Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol;101:81-86, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8464
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To analyse the value of listening-data logged in the speech processor on the prediction of the early auditory and linguistic skills in children who received a cochlear implant in their first 2 years of life. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational non-randomized study. METHODS: Ten children with profound congenital sensorineural hearing loss were included in the study. The mean age at CI activation was 16.9 months (SD ± 7.2; range 10-24). The auditory skills were evaluated with the Infant Toddler Meaningful Inventory Scale and the Category of Auditory Performance. Lexical level was assessed with the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventory. The overall data of average daily use and acoustic scene-analyses were extracted from Data Logging system. The effect of the one-year cumulative listening time to speech (in quiet) and speech-in-noise on the auditory and lexical scores was analysed. RESULTS: A significant positive correlation was found between speech in quiet exposure time at low loudness level (<70 dB) and lexical quotient after one year of CI use. Infant Toddler Meaningful Inventory Scale was negatively correlated with the highest speech-in-noise loudness levels (>80 dB). The Category of Auditory Performance was not related to the logged data. CONCLUSION: The listening environment can influence the early functional outcomes in younger implanted children. In this perspective, the data logging system is a promising tool in predicting early linguistic and auditory outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Implante Coclear/métodos
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/fisiopatologia
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Linguística
Percepção da Fala
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Percepção Auditiva
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Implantes Cocleares
Comunicação
Meio Ambiente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Ruído
Prognóstico
Estudos Prospectivos
Fala
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171002
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 9248 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28864712
[Au] Autor:Ching TYC; Dillon H; Button L; Seeto M; Van Buynder P; Marnane V; Cupples L; Leigh G
[Ad] Endereço:HEARing Cooperative Research Centre, Melbourne, Australia; teresa.ching@nal.gov.au.
[Ti] Título:Age at Intervention for Permanent Hearing Loss and 5-Year Language Outcomes.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;140(3), 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Universal newborn hearing screening has been implemented to detect permanent childhood hearing loss (PCHL) early, with the ultimate goal of improving outcomes through early treatment. However, there is disagreement between studies on the size of this benefit and in some cases whether it is significantly different from 0. There have been no studies of sufficient size in which researchers have determined reliably whether the effect varies with degree of PCHL. We aimed to explore how intervention timing influences 5-year language in children with PCHL. METHODS: Via a prospective study of 350 children, we used standard multiple regression analyses to investigate the effect of age at intervention or hearing screening on language outcomes after allowing for the effects of nonverbal IQ, degree of PCHL, sex, birth weight, maternal education, additional disabilities, and communication mode. RESULTS: The benefit of early intervention for language development increased as hearing loss increased. Children whose amplification started at age 24 months had poorer language than those whose amplification started at 3 months. The difference was larger for 70-dB HL (-11.8 score points; 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: -18.7 to -4.8) than for 50-dB HL (-6.8; 95% CI: -10.8 to -2.8). Children who received cochlear implants at 24 months had poorer language than those implanted at 6 months (-21.4; 95% CI: -33.8 to -9.0). There was no significant effect of screening on outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Early intervention improves language outcomes, thereby lending support to streamlining clinical pathways to ensure early amplification and cochlear implantation after diagnosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Linguagem Infantil
Implante Coclear/métodos
Perda Auditiva/terapia
Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Programas de Rastreamento/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Intervenção Precoce (Educação)
Feminino
Perda Auditiva/diagnóstico
Testes Auditivos
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Análise de Regressão
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170903
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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