Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F01.658.642 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28372547
[Au] Autor:Arguello JR; Benton R
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Integrative Genomics, Génopode Building, Faculty of Biology and Medicine, University of Lausanne, CH-1015, Lausanne, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Open questions: Tackling Darwin's "instincts": the genetic basis of behavioral evolution.
[So] Source:BMC Biol;15(1):26, 2017 Apr 03.
[Is] ISSN:1741-7007
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:All of us have marveled at the remarkable diversity of animal behaviors in nature.None of us has much idea of how these have evolved.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento
Evolução Biológica
Fenômenos Genéticos
Instinto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Comportamento Animal
Neurobiologia
Seleção Genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170405
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12915-017-0369-3


  2 / 880 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28177062
[Au] Autor:Coimbra NC; Paschoalin-Maurin T; Bassi GS; Kanashiro A; Biagioni AF; Felippotti TT; Elias-Filho DH; Mendes-Gomes J; Cysne-Coimbra JP; Almada RC; Lobão-Soares B
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratório de Neuroanatomia e Neuropsicobiologia, Departamento de Farmacologia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto (FMRP), Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Critical neuropsychobiological analysis of panic attack- and anticipatory anxiety-like behaviors in rodents confronted with snakes in polygonal arenas and complex labyrinths: a comparison to the elevated plus- and T-maze behavioral tests.
[So] Source:Rev Bras Psiquiatr;39(1):72-83, 2017 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1809-452X
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objective:: To compare prey and snake paradigms performed in complex environments to the elevated plus-maze (EPM) and T-maze (ETM) tests for the study of panic attack- and anticipatory anxiety-like behaviors in rodents. Methods:: PubMed was reviewed in search of articles focusing on the plus maze test, EPM, and ETM, as well as on defensive behaviors displayed by threatened rodents. In addition, the authors' research with polygonal arenas and complex labyrinth (designed by the first author for confrontation between snakes and small rodents) was examined. Results:: The EPM and ETM tests evoke anxiety/fear-related defensive responses that are pharmacologically validated, whereas the confrontation between rodents and snakes in polygonal arenas with or without shelters or in the complex labyrinth offers ethological conditions for studying more complex defensive behaviors and the effects of anxiolytic and panicolytic drugs. Prey vs. predator paradigms also allow discrimination between non-oriented and oriented escape behavior. Conclusions:: Both EPM and ETM simple labyrinths are excellent apparatuses for the study of anxiety- and instinctive fear-related responses, respectively. The confrontation between rodents and snakes in polygonal arenas, however, offers a more ethological environment for addressing both unconditioned and conditioned fear-induced behaviors and the effects of anxiolytic and panicolytic drugs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Instinto
Transtorno de Pânico/psicologia
Serpentes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Medo/fisiologia
Medo/psicologia
Aprendizagem em Labirinto
Comportamento Predatório
Ratos
Ratos Wistar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170209
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 880 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27906516
[Au] Autor:Shenk D
[Ad] Endereço:Affiliate member, Delta Center, University of Iowa.
[Ti] Título:What is the Flynn Effect, and how does it change our understanding of IQ?
[So] Source:Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci;8(1-2), 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1939-5086
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In 1981, psychologist James Flynn noticed that IQ scores had risen streadily over nearly a century a staggering difference of 18 points over two generations. After a careful analysis, he concluded the cause to be culture. Society had become more intelligent-come to grips with bigger, more abstract ideas over time-and had made people smarter. This observation, combined with solid evidence that IQ scores are also not fixed within an individual, neatly dispels the idea of intelligence being an innate and fixed entity. While intelligence clearly has a biological component, it is best defined, as a set of continually developed skills. WIREs Cogn Sci 2017, 8:e1366. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1366 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Testes de Inteligência
Inteligência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Logro
Características Culturais
Seres Humanos
Instinto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170324
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170324
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/wcs.1366


  4 / 880 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27906515
[Au] Autor:Blumberg MS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Development evolving: the origins and meanings of instinct.
[So] Source:Wiley Interdiscip Rev Cogn Sci;8(1-2), 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1939-5086
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:How do migratory birds, herding dogs, and navigating sea turtles do the amazing things that they do? For hundreds of years, scientists and philosophers have struggled over possible explanations. In time, one word came to dominate the discussion: instinct. It became the catch-all explanation for those adaptive and complex abilities that do not obviously result from learning or experience. Today, various animals are said to possess a survival instinct, migratory instinct, herding instinct, maternal instinct, or language instinct. But a closer look reveals that these and other 'instincts' are not satisfactorily described as inborn, pre-programmed, hardwired, or genetically determined. Rather, research in this area teaches us that species-typical behaviors develop-and they do so in every individual under the guidance of species-typical experiences occurring within reliable ecological contexts. WIREs Cogn Sci 2017, 8:e1371. doi: 10.1002/wcs.1371 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Evolução Biológica
Instinto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Etologia
Seres Humanos
Aprendizagem
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170324
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170324
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/wcs.1371


  5 / 880 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27852762
[Au] Autor:Naeger NL; Robinson GE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.
[Ti] Título:Transcriptomic analysis of instinctive and learned reward-related behaviors in honey bees.
[So] Source:J Exp Biol;219(Pt 22):3554-3561, 2016 Nov 15.
[Is] ISSN:1477-9145
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We used transcriptomics to compare instinctive and learned, reward-based honey bee behaviors with similar spatio-temporal components: mating flights by males (drones) and time-trained foraging flights by females (workers), respectively. Genome-wide gene expression profiling via RNA sequencing was performed on the mushroom bodies, a region of the brain known for multi-modal sensory integration and responsive to various types of reward. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with the onset of mating (623 genes) were enriched for the gene ontology (GO) categories of Transcription, Unfolded Protein Binding, Post-embryonic Development, and Neuron Differentiation. DEGs associated with the onset of foraging (473) were enriched for Lipid Transport, Regulation of Programmed Cell Death, and Actin Cytoskeleton Organization. These results demonstrate that there are fundamental molecular differences between similar instinctive and learned behaviors. In addition, there were 166 genes with strong similarities in expression across the two behaviors - a statistically significant overlap in gene expression, also seen in Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis. This finding indicates that similar instinctive and learned behaviors also share common molecular architecture. This common set of DEGs was enriched for Regulation of RNA Metabolic Process, Transcription Factor Activity, and Response to Ecdysone. These findings provide a starting point for better understanding the relationship between instincts and learned behaviors. In addition, because bees collect food for their colony rather than for themselves, these results also support the idea that altruistic behavior relies, in part, on elements of brain reward systems associated with selfish behavior.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abelhas/genética
Abelhas/fisiologia
Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos
Instinto
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Recompensa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Voo Animal/fisiologia
Regulação da Expressão Gênica
Redes Reguladoras de Genes
Genômica
Masculino
Corpos Pedunculados/metabolismo
Análise de Componente Principal
Caracteres Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161118
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 880 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27683910
[Au] Autor:Zhu XN; Liu XD; Zhuang H; Henkemeyer M; Yang JY; Xu NJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmacology, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China, Neuroscience Division, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology.
[Ti] Título:Amygdala EphB2 Signaling Regulates Glutamatergic Neuron Maturation and Innate Fear.
[So] Source:J Neurosci;36(39):10151-62, 2016 Sep 28.
[Is] ISSN:1529-2401
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:UNLABELLED: The amygdala serves as emotional center to mediate innate fear behaviors that are reflected through neuronal responses to environmental aversive cues. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the initial neuron responses is poorly understood. In this study, we monitored the innate defensive responses to aversive stimuli of either elevated plus maze or predator odor in juvenile mice and found that glutamatergic neurons were activated in amygdala. Loss of EphB2, a receptor tyrosine kinase expressed in amygdala neurons, suppressed the reactions and led to defects in spine morphogenesis and fear behaviors. We further found a coupling of spinogenesis with these threat cues induced neuron activation in developing amygdala that was controlled by EphB2. A constitutively active form of EphB2 was sufficient to rescue the behavioral and morphological defects caused by ablation of ephrin-B3, a brain-enriched ligand to EphB2. These data suggest that kinase-dependent EphB2 intracellular signaling plays a major role for innate fear responses during the critical developing period, in which spinogenesis in amygdala glutamatergic neurons was involved. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Generation of innate fear responses to threat as an evolutionally conserved brain feature relies on development of functional neural circuit in amygdala, but the molecular mechanism remains largely unknown. We here identify that EphB2 receptor tyrosine kinase, which is specifically expressed in glutamatergic neurons, is required for the innate fear responses in the neonatal brain. We further reveal that EphB2 mediates coordination of spinogenesis and neuron activation in amygdala during the critical period for the innate fear. EphB2 catalytic activity plays a major role for the behavior upon EphB-ephrin-B3 binding and transnucleus neuronal connections. Our work thus indicates an essential synaptic molecular signaling within amygdala that controls synapse development and helps bring about innate fear emotions in the postnatal developing brain.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Tonsila do Cerebelo/fisiologia
Medo/fisiologia
Glutamatos/metabolismo
Instinto
Neurogênese/fisiologia
Neurônios/fisiologia
Receptor EphB2/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Animais
Mecanismos de Defesa
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/fisiologia
Camundongos
Camundongos Knockout
Camundongos Transgênicos
Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glutamates); EC 2.7.10.1 (Ephb2 protein, mouse); EC 2.7.10.1 (Receptor, EphB2)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160930
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0845-16.2016


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[PMID]:27436770
[Au] Autor:Moroki Y; Tanaka T
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Veterinary Science, Azabu University, Sagamihara, Japan.
[Ti] Título:A pecking device as an environmental enrichment for caged laying hens.
[So] Source:Anim Sci J;87(8):1055-62, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1740-0929
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To improve the welfare of caged laying hens, a pecking device made of stones was introduced on the cage floor. Twenty-four White Leghorn hens aged 15 months were divided into four groups: single-housed hens with device, single-housed control hens, pair-housed hens with device and pair-housed control hens. Hens housed with the device pecked at various pecking objects less often than control hens. Agonistic behavior was also lower in hens with the device than in hens without the device, implied a possibility of improvement in quality of pecking stimuli with the device. Not only time spent pecking, but also quality of pecking might be important to fill their need for stimulation. Both single- and pair-housed hens more often pecked at the device in the evening. Response to various pecking objects also showed that pecking behaviors were most frequently expressed in the evening. Increased foraging at dusk is a well-known habit; therefore, the increase in pecking behavior in the evening might reflect the hens' general circadian rhythm. These results indicate that the device made of stones could promote some instinctive behavior. Enhancement of behavioral repertories and reduced agonistic behavior with the pecking device might improve the welfare of caged laying hens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/instrumentação
Bem-Estar do Animal
Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Galinhas/fisiologia
Abrigo para Animais
Oviposição
Estimulação Física/instrumentação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comportamento Agonístico/fisiologia
Animais
Ritmo Circadiano/fisiologia
Feminino
Instinto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170316
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170316
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/asj.12525


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[PMID]:27343128
[Au] Autor:Lev-Ari T; Lustig A; Ketter-Katz H; Baydach Y; Katzir G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Evolutionary and Environmental Biology, University of Haifa, 199 Aba Khoushy Ave., Mount Carmel, Haifa, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Avoidance of a moving threat in the common chameleon (Chamaeleo chamaeleon): rapid tracking by body motion and eye use.
[So] Source:J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol;202(8):567-76, 2016 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1351
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A chameleon (Chamaeleo chamaeleon) on a perch responds to a nearby threat by moving to the side of the perch opposite the threat, while bilaterally compressing its abdomen, thus minimizing its exposure to the threat. If the threat moves, the chameleon pivots around the perch to maintain its hidden position. How precise is the body rotation and what are the patterns of eye movement during avoidance? Just-hatched chameleons, placed on a vertical perch, on the side roughly opposite to a visual threat, adjusted their position to precisely opposite the threat. If the threat were moved on a horizontal arc at angular velocities of up to 85°/s, the chameleons co-rotated smoothly so that (1) the angle of the sagittal plane of the head relative to the threat and (2) the direction of monocular gaze, were positively and significantly correlated with threat angular position. Eye movements were role-dependent: the eye toward which the threat moved maintained a stable gaze on it, while the contralateral eye scanned the surroundings. This is the first description, to our knowledge, of such a response in a non-flying terrestrial vertebrate, and it is discussed in terms of possible underlying control systems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aprendizagem da Esquiva
Comportamento Animal
Lagartos
Atividade Motora
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Movimentos Oculares
Instinto
Percepção de Movimento
Rotação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171014
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171014
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160626
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00359-016-1106-z


  9 / 880 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27177789
[Au] Autor:Nagy BE; Józsa T
[Ad] Endereço:Magatartástudományi Intézet, Egészségpszichológiai Tanszék, Debreceni Egyetem, Népegészségügyi Kar Debrecen, Kassai út 113., 1/7., 4028.
[Ti] Título:[Study of stutter originating from the frustrated clinging instinct and its relation to anxiety and self-esteem].
[Ti] Título:A dadogással mint a frusztrált megkapaszkodás ösztönével összefüggo szorongás és önértékelés vizsgálata..
[So] Source:Orv Hetil;157(21):825-9, 2016 May 22.
[Is] ISSN:0030-6002
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:hun
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: The analytic and family therapeutic theories connected to the topic of stutter have to be actualized. AIM: The aim of this work was to point out connections which originate from the instinct of frustrated clinging, however, these can be interpretated in new ways these days. METHOD: Two questionnaires in 48 subjects suffering from stutter were used; Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale measured the children's self representation, while the Multidimensional Anxiety Scale for Children measured the degree of their anxiety. At first the subjects had to anwser the questions as themselves, for the second time they had to anwser as an ordinary person without a speech disorder. RESULTS: The hypothesis of the authors was verified: stutterers attributed a significant role to the speech disorder of the subjects in connection with their self-esteem. According to this a significant amount of their anxiety is based on their deficit. An unexpected result was that girls and boys estimated ordinary people's level of anxiety similarly. There was no significant difference between boys and girls regarding the level of other's self-esteem. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the thesis of evolutionary psychology, the adequate use of speech is more important to women who have a connecting role in the family. This results that they see stutter as a major problem.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade
Frustração
Instinto
Autoimagem
Estresse Psicológico
Gagueira/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Ansiedade/etiologia
Ansiedade/psicologia
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Autorrelato
Fatores Sexuais
Estresse Psicológico/complicações
Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160514
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160514
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160515
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1556/650.2016.30414


  10 / 880 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27115129
[Au] Autor:Moya P; Larrain ME
[Ad] Endereço:pmoya@uandes.cl.
[Ti] Título:Sexuality and meaning in Freud and Merleau-Ponty.
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;97(3):737-57, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article analyzes the links between the conception of the body and of sexuality found in Freud and Merleau-Ponty. The French philosopher refers to Freud in various of his works, and performs a reading of Freud through which he rescues the meaning that the latter gives to sexuality as he integrates it into the totality of the person, without making it into a blind or merely instinctive force. As a consequence of this integration, the notions of the unconscious and of instinct or drive are interpreted in the light of the meaning or signification that they have in the person's behavior. Merleau-Ponty's notion of pre-reflective knowledge plays a decisive role in this understanding of meaning. In the same way, it allows important contemporary analysts to use these studies in their therapeutic work and also in psychological studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teoria Freudiana
Corpo Humano
Instinto
Teoria Psicanalítica
Sexualidade/psicologia
Inconsciente (Psicologia)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160427
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1745-8315.12494



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