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[PMID]:29377925
[Au] Autor:Thurman SM; Wasylyshyn N; Roy H; Lieberman G; Garcia JO; Asturias A; Okafor GN; Elliott JC; Giesbrecht B; Grafton ST; Mednick SC; Vettel JM
[Ad] Endereço:U.S. Army Research Laboratory, Human Research & Engineering Directorate, Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Individual differences in compliance and agreement for sleep logs and wrist actigraphy: A longitudinal study of naturalistic sleep in healthy adults.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191883, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There is extensive laboratory research studying the effects of acute sleep deprivation on biological and cognitive functions, yet much less is known about naturalistic patterns of sleep loss and the potential impact on daily or weekly functioning of an individual. Longitudinal studies are needed to advance our understanding of relationships between naturalistic sleep and fluctuations in human health and performance, but it is first necessary to understand the efficacy of current tools for long-term sleep monitoring. The present study used wrist actigraphy and sleep log diaries to obtain daily measurements of sleep from 30 healthy adults for up to 16 consecutive weeks. We used non-parametric Bland-Altman analysis and correlation coefficients to calculate agreement between subjectively and objectively measured variables including sleep onset time, sleep offset time, sleep onset latency, number of awakenings, the amount of wake time after sleep onset, and total sleep time. We also examined compliance data on the submission of daily sleep logs according to the experimental protocol. Overall, we found strong agreement for sleep onset and sleep offset times, but relatively poor agreement for variables related to wakefulness including sleep onset latency, awakenings, and wake after sleep onset. Compliance tended to decrease significantly over time according to a linear function, but there were substantial individual differences in overall compliance rates. There were also individual differences in agreement that could be explained, in part, by differences in compliance. Individuals who were consistently more compliant over time also tended to show the best agreement and lower scores on behavioral avoidance scale (BIS). Our results provide evidence for convergent validity in measuring sleep onset and sleep offset with wrist actigraphy and sleep logs, and we conclude by proposing an analysis method to mitigate the impact of non-compliance and measurement errors when the two methods provide discrepant estimates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Actigrafia/métodos
Documentação
Fidelidade a Diretrizes
Sono
Punho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Voluntários Saudáveis
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Personalidade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191883


  2 / 29552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29203749
[Au] Autor:Palamar BI; Vaskivska HO; Palamar SP
[Ad] Endereço:State Scientific Enterprise "Scientific Practical Center For Prophylactic And Clinical Medicine" State Management Of Affairs Department, Kyiv, Ukraine, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine.
[Ti] Título:Didactic aspects of cognition of human as a bio-psycho-socio-cultural personality.
[So] Source:Wiad Lek;70(5):959-963, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0043-5147
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Modern education, according to leading Ukrainian scientists, requires the development of a new paradigm, which will consider the phenomenon of man holistically. The article describes didactic aspects of cognition of human as a bio-psycho-socio-cultural personality, as social fact, as a phenomenon. For the actualization of the didactic aspects of the problem, the authors used the methods of scientific literature analysis, systemic analysis and generalizations, analysis own practice of didactic and methodological character. Reforming the systems of education and medicine should occur in the context of providing active, creative, productive human life. Practice of system analysis proved that man as a subject of study should be considered as a biological entity, a social being, the bearer of consciousness and culture. A holistic approach to the study of man, viewing him as creatures of the natural (bodily) and social individual (society, culture) and the subject of mental and spiritual (creative and deliberate) activity can reveal its unique originality. The uniqueness of the phenomenon of man as the subject and object of research lies in its indivisibility, which is based on the unity of the laws of nature and society. Therefore, when studying the person should take into account the interests of social and natural Sciences. This once again confirms the idea of the necessity of human studies with the help of a systematic approach, which generates true and holistic view of the person, that involves the development of meta-perception of world and ourselves.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Humanismo
Saúde Mental
Personalidade
Valores Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Psicologia Social
Ucrânia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 29552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231022
[Au] Autor:Li CH; Huang LN; Zhang MC; He M
[Ad] Endereço:Shanghai Xuhui Mental Health Center, Shanghai 200232, China.
[Ti] Título:[Forensic Psychiatric Assessment for Organic Personality Disorders after Craniocerebral Trauma].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(2):158-161, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the occurrence and the differences of clinical manifestations of organic personality disorder with varying degrees of craniocerebral trauma. METHODS: According to the International Classification of Diseases-10, 396 subjects with craniocerebral trauma caused by traffic accidents were diagnosed, and the degrees of craniocerebral trauma were graded. The personality characteristics of all patients were evaluated using the simplified Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI). RESULTS: The occurrence rate of organic personality disorder was 34.6% while it was 34.9% and 49.5% in the patients with moderate and severe craniocerebral trauma, respectively, which significantly higher than that in the patients (18.7%) of mild craniocerebral trauma ( <0.05). Compared with the patients without personality disorder, the neuroticism, extraversion and agreeableness scores all showed significantly differences ( <0.05) in the patients of mild craniocerebral trauma with personality disorder; the neuroticism, extraversion, agreeableness and conscientiousness scores showed significantly differences ( >0.05) in the patients of moderate and severe craniocerebral trauma with personality disorder. The agreeableness and conscientiousness scores in the patients of moderate and severe craniocerebral trauma with personality disorder were significantly lower than that of mild craniocerebral trauma, and the patients of severe craniocerebral trauma had a lower score in extraversion than in the patients of mild craniocerebral trauma. CONCLUSIONS: The severity of craniocerebral trauma is closely related to the incidence of organic personality disorder, and it also affects the clinical features of the latter, which provides a certain significance and help for forensic psychiatric assessment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/patologia
Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Personalidade
Transtornos da Personalidade/fisiopatologia
Inventário de Personalidade
Transtornos Psicóticos/fisiopatologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.02.010


  4 / 29552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29397595
[Au] Autor:Liu W; Wang J; Wang H; Chen XY; Li JS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Gastroenterology, the First Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.
[Ti] Título:[The impact of stress and personality on resilience of patients with ulcerative colitis].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi;57(2):107-111, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:0578-1426
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To study relevant factors that influence psychological resilience in patients with ulcerative colitis(UC), especially the role of perceived stress and personality. Patients with UC were recruited from January 2015 to December 2016 in the First Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Education levels, income, duration of disease, Mayo score and disease phenotype according to Montreal classification were collected. Resilience was measured using Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Perceived stress was measured by perceived stress scale (PSS). Personality was evaluated using Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ). Univariate analyses were conducted to determine the correlation of variables with resilience and thereafter those statistically significant were reanalyzed via a multivariate regression model. A total of 188 patients with UC were finally recruited. Univariate analyses demonstrated resilience was inversely associated with perceived stress, Mayo score and neuroticism. Extraversion, income, college education were positively related to resilience. However, multivariate analyses revealed that perceived stress( 0.901, 95% 0.833-0.975), extraversion ( 1.257, 95% 1.087-1.454), neuroticism ( 0.818, 95% 0.679-0.985), Mayo score ( 0.856, 95% 0.742-0.988) and income ( 6.411, 95% 2.136-9.244) were significantly related to resilience. Resilience of UC patients is not only associated with disease activity, but also with personality, perceived stress and income.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colite Ulcerativa/psicologia
Personalidade
Resiliência Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Análise Multivariada
Neuroticismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1426.2018.02.005


  5 / 29552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29267421
[Au] Autor:Hartmann É; Mathieu C
[Ad] Endereço:Département de psychologie, Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières.
[Ti] Título:[The Relationship between Workaholism, Burnout and Personality: A Literature Review].
[Ti] Título:Liens entre ergomanie, épuisement professionnel et traits de personnalité associés : une synthèse des écrits..
[So] Source:Sante Ment Que;42(2):197-218, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0383-6320
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives This paper reviews and summarizes the literature on personality traits associated with workaholism and burnout, using the Five Factors Model (FFM) of personality.Methods We searched among PsycINFO Database and Google Scholar web search engine to identify relevant articles and studies on workaholism, burnout and personality.Results The first part of this paper defines each concept individually, focussing on personal, environmental and organizational factors associated with workaholism and burnout. We also explore the impact on family, social and professional life. In the second part, results suggest that neuroticism, a personality trait, is associated with workaholism and burnout. Conscientiousness, agreeableness and extraversion also appear to have a significant but specific effects on burnout and workaholism.Conclusion It appears desirable for personal and organizational health, to explore specific factors of work-related illness, like personality traits. Implications for employee well-being and organizational health are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia
Personalidade
Trabalho/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 29552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28452690
[Au] Autor:Prior KN; Bond MJ
[Ad] Endereço:School of Medicine, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Patterns of 'Abnormal' Illness Behavior among Healthy Individuals.
[So] Source:Am J Health Behav;41(2):139-146, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1945-7359
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: We extend the seminal work of Professor Issy Pilowsky by presenting a contemporary re-conceptualization of abnormal illness behavior (AIB) as a general psychological phenomenon evident among healthy community members. METHODS: Participants (N = 344) completed a self- report questionnaire comprising health information and well-validated psychological measures from the field of somatization (eg, AIB, attributional style for physical symptoms, cognitive distortion of somatic information, illness likelihood, maladaptive coping). RESULTS: Cluster analysis of illness behavior responses resulted in 3 unique groupings distinguished by key health and psychological variables. Cluster 1 reflected 'normal' responses, Cluster 2 'atypical' and Cluster 3 'maladaptive'. Cluster 3 may represent a personality attribute indicative of a general style of interpreting illness in a more extreme way (trait AIB) whereas Cluster 2 may reflect a transient response to a specific illness event (state AIB). CONCLUSIONS: The construct of 'abnormal' illness behavior may usefully be extended to include individual differences in responses regardless of current health status. Furthermore, the potential to further characterize illness behavior as either dispositional (trait) or situational (state) emerges as a fruitful area for future analyses. Specifically, longitudinal studies are recommended to determine the causal links between health events and illness behavior profiles.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento de Doença/classificação
Personalidade/classificação
Transtornos Somatoformes/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Análise por Conglomerados
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Transtornos Somatoformes/fisiopatologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5993/AJHB.41.2.4


  7 / 29552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424968
[Au] Autor:Terlep M; Foley B
[Ti] Título:The Importance of Retaining Well-Trained and Experienced Coders.
[So] Source:J AHIMA;88(6):34-5, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1060-5487
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Codificação Clínica
Classificação Internacional de Doenças
Administradores de Registros Médicos
Administração de Recursos Humanos
Reorganização de Recursos Humanos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Documentação/normas
Seres Humanos
Satisfação no Emprego
Administradores de Registros Médicos/educação
Personalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 29552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29386450
[Au] Autor:Sawaguchi T
[Ad] Endereço:National Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare.
[Ti] Título:[Approach to the Development of Mind and Persona].
[So] Source:Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi;73(1):67-74, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1882-6482
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To access medical specialists by health specialists working in the regional health field, the possibility of utilizing the voice approach for dissociative identity disorder (DID) patients as a health assessment for medical access (HAMA) was investigated. The first step is to investigate whether the plural personae in a single DID patient can be discriminated by voice analysis. METHODS: Voices of DID patients including these with different personae were extracted from YouTube and were analysed using the software PRAAT with basic frequency, oral factors, chin factors and tongue factors. In addition, RAKUGO story teller voices made artificially and dramatically were analysed in the same manner. Quantitive and qualitative analysis method were carried out and nested logistic regression and a nested generalized linear model was developed. RESULTS: The voice from different personae in one DID patient could be visually and easily distinquished using basic frequency curve, cluster analysis and factor analysis. In the canonical analysis, only Roy's maximum root was <0.01. In the nested generalized linear model, the model using a standard deviation (SD) indicator fit best and some other possibilities are shown here. CONCLUSIONS: In DID patients, the short transition time among plural personae could guide to the risky situation such as suicide. So if the voice approach can show the time threshold of changes between the different personae, it would be useful as an Access Assessment in the form of a simple HAMA.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno de Personalidade Múltipla/diagnóstico
Transtorno de Personalidade Múltipla/psicologia
Determinação da Personalidade
Personalidade
Voz
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise por Conglomerados
Análise Fatorial
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Modelos Logísticos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1265/jjh.73.67


  9 / 29552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29465570
[Au] Autor:Kim SY; Lee BD; Park JM; Lee YM; Moon E; Jeong HJ; Chung YI
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry.
[Ti] Título:Transmissibility and familiality of NEO personality dimensions in a sample of Korean families with schizophrenia.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(8):e9858, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Categorical syndromes such as schizophrenia may represent complexes of many continuous psychological structural phenotypes along several dimensions of personality development/degeneration. The present study investigated the heritability and familiality of Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness to experience (NEO) personality dimensions in Korean families with schizophrenic linkage disequilibrium (LD).We have recruited 204 probands (with schizophrenia) with their parents and siblings whenever possible. We have used NEO questionnaires for measuring personality and symptomatic dimensions. Heritabilities of personality dimensions in total 543 family members were estimated using Sequential Oligogenic Linkage Analysis Routines (SOLAR). Personality dimensions in total family members were compared with those in 307 healthy unrelated controls for measuring the familialities using ANOVA analysis.Four of the 5 NEO variables were significantly heritable and were included in the subsequent analyses. The 3 groups (control, unaffected first-degree relative, case) were found to be significantly different and with the expected order of average group scores for all heritable dimensions.Our results show that the aberrations in several personality dimensions could form the complexity of schizophrenic syndrome as a result of genetic-environment coactions or interactions in spite of some limitations (recruited family, phenotyping).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Família/psicologia
Personalidade
Esquizofrenia/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estado de Consciência
Meio Ambiente
Extroversão (Psicologia)
Seres Humanos
Desequilíbrio de Ligação
Neuroticismo
Fenótipo
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009858


  10 / 29552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29329352
[Au] Autor:Yoo Y; Park HJ; Park S; Cho MJ; Cho SJ; Lee JY; Choi SH; Lee JY
[Ad] Endereço:Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Interpersonal trauma moderates the relationship between personality factors and suicidality of individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191198, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are more prone to suicidal ideation and behavior. While those who have experienced interpersonal trauma exhibit more suicidality than those who have experienced non-interpersonal trauma, it is unclear how the traumatic effects are related to an individual's personality characteristics. This study examined the association between interpersonal trauma and personality factors with suicidality, and elucidated the moderating role of interpersonal trauma in individuals with PTSD. The study included 6,022 participants from the Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study 2011. The Korean Version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used for the survey, including the participants' history of suicidality, the traumas they have experienced, and their PTSD symptoms. The 11-item version of the Big Five Inventory (BFI-11) was used to assess the participants' personality factors. 76 individuals were diagnosed with PTSD, while 810 had been exposed to trauma but were not diagnosed with any DSM-IV mental disorder. Among the individuals with PTSD, those who had experienced interpersonal trauma were more likely to have suicidal ideation than those who had experienced non-interpersonal trauma (p = .020; odds ratio [OR] = 3.643; 95% confidence interval of OR = [1.226, 10.825]). High agreeableness and conscientiousness predicted less suicidality in those exposed to non-interpersonal trauma, while predicting more suicidality in those exposed to interpersonal trauma. Clinicians examining individuals with PTSD should pay closer attention to the trauma that they have experienced, as well as their personality factors, to provide appropriate treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Personalidade
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Ideação Suicida
Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Modelos Psicológicos
Fatores de Risco
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia
Ferimentos e Lesões/classificação
Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191198



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