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[PMID]:29408888
[Au] Autor:Coroiu A; Kwakkenbos L; Moran C; Thombs B; Albani C; Bourkas S; Zenger M; Brahler E; Körner A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Structural validation of the Self-Compassion Scale with a German general population sample.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0190771, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Published validation studies have reported different factor structures for the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS). The objective of this study was to assess the factor structure of the SCS in a large general population sample representative of the German population. METHODS: A German population sample completed the SCS and other self-report measures. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) in MPlus was used to test six models previously found in factor analytic studies (unifactorial model, two-factor model, three-factor model, six-factor model, a hierarchical (second order) model with six first-order factors and two second-order factors, and a model with arbitrarily assigned items to six factors). In addition, three bifactor models were also tested: bifactor model #1 with two group factors (SCS positive items, called SCS positive) and SCS negative items, called SCS negative) and one general factor (overall SCS); bifactor model #2, which is a two-tier model with six group factors, three (SCS positive subscales) corresponding to one general dimension (SCS positive) and three (SCS negative subscales) corresponding to the second general dimension (SCS negative); bifactor model #3 with six group factors (six SCS subscales) and one general factor (overall SCS). RESULTS: The two-factor model, the six-factor model, and the hierarchical model showed less than ideal, but acceptable fit. The model fit indices for these models were comparable, with no apparent advantage of the six-factor model over the two-factor model. The one-factor model, the three-factor model, and bifactor model #3 showed poor fit. The other two bifactor models showed strong support for two factors: SCS positive and SCS negative. CONCLUSION: The main results of this study are that, among the German general population, six SCS factors and two SCS factors fit the data reasonably well. While six factors can be modelled, the three negative factors and the three positive factors, respectively, did not reflect reliable or meaningful variance beyond the two summative positive and negative item factors. As such, we recommend the use of two subscale scores to capture a positive factor and a negative factor when administering the German SCS to general population samples and we strongly advise against the use of a total score across all SCS items.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Empatia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190771


  2 / 15754 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29406660
[Au] Autor:Curcio DL
[Ti] Título:The Lived Experiences of Nurses Caring For Dying Pediatric Patients.
[So] Source:Pediatr Nurs;43(1):8-14, 2017 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0097-9805
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nurses and healthcare professionals may have difficulty adjusting to and comprehending their experiences when a patient's life ends. This has the potential to interfere with patient care. Reflection on past events and actions enables critical discovery of strategies to benefit both nurses and patients. This qualitative phenomenological study explores the lived experiences of nurses caring for dying pediatric patients. The philosophical underpinning of Merleau-Ponty (2008), in combination with the research method of van Manen (1990), was used for this study. The Roy Adaptation Model (RAM) (Roy, 2009; Roy & Andrews, 1991) was the nursing model that guided the study to help understand that nurses are an adaptive system, using censoring as a compensatory adaptive process to help function for a purposeful cause. Nine female nurse participants with one to four years of experience were interviewed. The context of the experiences told by nurses caring for dying pediatric patents uncovered seven essential themes of empathy, feelings of ambivalence, inevitability, inspiration, relationship, self-preservation, and sorrow, and these themes demonstrated a connection formed between the nurse and the patient.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
Enfermagem Pediátrica
Assistência Terminal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Fisiológica
Adulto
Criança
Empatia
Feminino
Pesar
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Filosofia em Enfermagem
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 15754 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29481030
[Au] Autor:Burdge C
[Ti] Título:"Time matters in caring for patients".
[So] Source:Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc;79(4):55, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0031-7179
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Empatia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 15754 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29481010
[Au] Autor:Lorenz R
[Ti] Título:"Time matters in caring for patients: Twenty minutes isn't enough."
[So] Source:Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc;79(3):55, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0031-7179
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Empatia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180227
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 15754 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28449612
[Au] Autor:Schattner A
[Ad] Endereço:a The Faculty of Medicine , Hadassah Medical School, Hebrew University , Jerusalem , Israel.
[Ti] Título:Residents' responsibilities: Adopting a wider view.
[So] Source:Med Teach;39(12):1286-1289, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1466-187X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Current ACGME regulations have limited residents' weekly hours and continuous working hours, a marked change, despite its uncertain effects on physician well-being and quality of care. Although residency programs in internal medicine and family medicine have adapted schedules to conform to these regulations, increasing evidence is accumulating to suggest that these training experiences are not adequately preparing the next generation of practicing primary care and hospital-based physicians. Data from an array of sources continue to demonstrate significant deficiencies in six areas of residents' responsibilities towards their patients: diminished patient "face time" and direct patient care; focus on patients' "reason for hospitalization" or "reason for visit" at the expense of possible neglect of patients' "secondary" medical problems; limited attention to patients' emotional or contextual problems and limited empathy; deficient implementation of the essential constituents of patient-centered care; neglect of habitual "reflective practice"; and excessive distinction between inpatient and outpatient responsibilities, leading to missed opportunities for inpatient residents to be aware of and attend to patients' post-discharge course although new information and readmissions related to the index hospitalization are prevalent. Thus, redesigning residency programs to widen residents' outlook and cover these inseparable components of high-quality care, may infuse the often fatigued and burnt-out residents with purpose and fulfillment, finally incorporating the missing elements of patient-centered care as integral parts of patients' admissions and therefore, of physicians' future careers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Competência Clínica
Empatia
Internato e Residência/organização & administração
Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração
Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emoções
Seres Humanos
Internato e Residência/normas
Alta do Paciente
Assistência Centrada no Paciente/normas
Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/0142159X.2017.1319916


  6 / 15754 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29384347
[Au] Autor:Jones DA
[Ti] Título:Human Dignity in Healthcare: A Virtue Ethics Approach.
[So] Source:New Bioeth;21(1):87-97, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:2050-2885
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The term 'dignity' is used in a variety of ways but always to attribute or recognize some status in the person. The present paper concerns not the status itself but the virtue of acknowledging that status. This virtue, which Thomas Aquinas calls 'observantia', concerns how dignity is honoured, respected, or observed. By analogy with justice (of which it is a part) observantia can be thought of both as a general virtue and as a special virtue. As a general virtue observantia refers to that respect for human dignity that is implicit in all acts of justice. As a special virtue it concerns the specific way we show esteem for people. Healthcare represents a challenge to observantia because those in need of healthcare are doubly restricted in expressing their dignity in action: in the first place by their ill health, and in the second place by the conditions required by healthcare (hence the sick are termed 'patients' rather than 'agents'). To be understood properly, especially in the context of healthcare, the virtue of observantia needs both to qualify and to be qualified by the virtue of misericordia, empathy, or compassion for affliction. The unity of the virtues requires a simultaneous recognition of the common dignity and common neediness of human existence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde
Pessoalidade
Virtudes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Empatia
Seres Humanos
Justiça Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 15754 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29244046
[Au] Autor:O'Reilly K
[Ad] Endereço:Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Humor-A Rehabilitative Tool in the Post-Intensive Care of Young Adults With Acquired Brain Injury.
[So] Source:Rehabil Nurs;42(4):230-234, 2017 Jul/Aug.
[Is] ISSN:2048-7940
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to describe how paid carers use humor in providing compassionate post-intensive rehabilitation care to young adults with acquired brain injury (ABI) who are unable to perform or direct their own care. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study underpinned by symbolic interactionism. METHODS: Paid carers in a residential aged care facility were interviewed. Interview data were analyzed using grounded theory methods of coding, comparative analysis, memoing, and theoretical sampling. FINDINGS: With young adult's assent, paid carers appropriately used humor, at times even crude humor, as a rehabilitative tool to activate and elicit responses from young people with ABI who could not perform or direct their own care. The use of humor while caring for this population demonstrated that compassion still exists within nursing; however, it may not always be reverent. CONCLUSIONS/CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Humor may be an effective way to provide compassionate care and can be used as a rehabilitative tool to elicit responses from young people with ABI who have no means of verbal communication.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lesões Encefálicas/reabilitação
Enfermagem em Reabilitação/métodos
Senso de Humor e Humor como Assunto/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Lesões Encefálicas/enfermagem
Empatia
Feminino
Teoria Fundamentada
Seres Humanos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/rnj.0000000000000015


  8 / 15754 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29235958
[Au] Autor:Turkel MC; Watson J; Giovannoni J
[Ad] Endereço:1 Associate Professor, Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing, Florida Atlantic University, FL, USA.
[Ti] Título:Caring Science or Science of Caring.
[So] Source:Nurs Sci Q;31(1):66-71, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1552-7409
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The concepts caring science and science of caring have different meanings; however, they are often used interchangeably. The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of the synthesis of the scholarly literature on the definitions of the science of caring and caring science and to affirm the authors' perspective relating to the language of caring science. Caring science advances the epistemology and ontology of caring. Ideas related to caring science inquiry are presented, and the authors acknowledge the future of caring science as unitary caring science.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Empatia
Conhecimento
Teoria de Enfermagem
Ciência/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0894318417741116


  9 / 15754 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29195526
[Au] Autor:Liebrecht C; Montenery S
[Ad] Endereço:Ohio Northern University, Ada, Ohio, USA.
[Ti] Título:Use of Simulated Psychosocial Role-Playing to Enhance Nursing Students' Development of Soft Skills.
[So] Source:Creat Nurs;22(3):171-175, 2016 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1078-4535
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Effective communication and interaction enable nurses to develop caring, empathetic, and respectful relationships with patients and families. However, most nurses feel a lack of preparation in the "soft" skills of communication, professionalism, and leadership. Nurse managers are seeking graduates with strong emotional quotient characteristics such as self-awareness, motivation, self-regulation, empathy, and social skills. Assisting nursing students to develop these intangible, high-level skills presents an ongoing challenge to nurse educators. This creative teaching learning strategy examines the use of psychosocial role-playing skits to enhance nursing student development of the soft skills of nursing. In this strategy, senior level nursing students work in small groups to develop and present realistic 3- to 5-minute skits based on common nurse-patient, nurse-family, or nurse-health care team interactions that incorporate the concepts of therapeutic communication, interpersonal interaction, empathy, active listening, teamwork, delegation, and/or professionalism, followed by a debriefing session. Student feedback suggests that confidence and competence related to the skills of therapeutic communication, interpersonal interaction, empathy, active listening, teamwork, delegation, and professionalism may improve by incorporating soft skill psychosocial role-playing into a nursing education course of study.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bacharelado em Enfermagem/métodos
Empatia
Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente
Desempenho de Papéis
Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Comunicação
Currículo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Simulação de Paciente
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1891/1078-4535.22.3.171


  10 / 15754 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29195522
[Au] Autor:Cunningham BA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
[Ti] Título:Our Capacity to Care.
[So] Source:Creat Nurs;22(3):146-150, 2016 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1078-4535
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Caring is meaningful work. Unfortunately, the conditions under which health care personnel work can reduce caring to an abstract principle that we name rather than an everyday practice that we do. Several factors curtail our ability to care, including the social construction of caring as feminine and thus less worthwhile; the churn of patients through clinics and hospitals; and associated responsibilities, such as those that have developed with greater use of electronic health records. Work-related stress can activate implicit biases, which unconsciously distance personnel from members of stigmatized groups and contribute to health care disparities. To improve our capacity to care, we must tackle the barriers to caring that exist both within and external to clinics and hospitals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Empatia
Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Pessoal de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1891/1078-4535.22.3.146



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