Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F01.752.723 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 653 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 66 ir para página                         

  1 / 653 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29397595
[Au] Autor:Liu W; Wang J; Wang H; Chen XY; Li JS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Gastroenterology, the First Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.
[Ti] Título:[The impact of stress and personality on resilience of patients with ulcerative colitis].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi;57(2):107-111, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:0578-1426
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To study relevant factors that influence psychological resilience in patients with ulcerative colitis(UC), especially the role of perceived stress and personality. Patients with UC were recruited from January 2015 to December 2016 in the First Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Education levels, income, duration of disease, Mayo score and disease phenotype according to Montreal classification were collected. Resilience was measured using Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Perceived stress was measured by perceived stress scale (PSS). Personality was evaluated using Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ). Univariate analyses were conducted to determine the correlation of variables with resilience and thereafter those statistically significant were reanalyzed via a multivariate regression model. A total of 188 patients with UC were finally recruited. Univariate analyses demonstrated resilience was inversely associated with perceived stress, Mayo score and neuroticism. Extraversion, income, college education were positively related to resilience. However, multivariate analyses revealed that perceived stress( 0.901, 95% 0.833-0.975), extraversion ( 1.257, 95% 1.087-1.454), neuroticism ( 0.818, 95% 0.679-0.985), Mayo score ( 0.856, 95% 0.742-0.988) and income ( 6.411, 95% 2.136-9.244) were significantly related to resilience. Resilience of UC patients is not only associated with disease activity, but also with personality, perceived stress and income.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colite Ulcerativa/psicologia
Personalidade
Resiliência Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Análise Multivariada
Neuroticismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1426.2018.02.005


  2 / 653 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29465570
[Au] Autor:Kim SY; Lee BD; Park JM; Lee YM; Moon E; Jeong HJ; Chung YI
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry.
[Ti] Título:Transmissibility and familiality of NEO personality dimensions in a sample of Korean families with schizophrenia.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(8):e9858, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Categorical syndromes such as schizophrenia may represent complexes of many continuous psychological structural phenotypes along several dimensions of personality development/degeneration. The present study investigated the heritability and familiality of Neuroticism-Extraversion-Openness to experience (NEO) personality dimensions in Korean families with schizophrenic linkage disequilibrium (LD).We have recruited 204 probands (with schizophrenia) with their parents and siblings whenever possible. We have used NEO questionnaires for measuring personality and symptomatic dimensions. Heritabilities of personality dimensions in total 543 family members were estimated using Sequential Oligogenic Linkage Analysis Routines (SOLAR). Personality dimensions in total family members were compared with those in 307 healthy unrelated controls for measuring the familialities using ANOVA analysis.Four of the 5 NEO variables were significantly heritable and were included in the subsequent analyses. The 3 groups (control, unaffected first-degree relative, case) were found to be significantly different and with the expected order of average group scores for all heritable dimensions.Our results show that the aberrations in several personality dimensions could form the complexity of schizophrenic syndrome as a result of genetic-environment coactions or interactions in spite of some limitations (recruited family, phenotyping).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Família/psicologia
Personalidade
Esquizofrenia/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estado de Consciência
Meio Ambiente
Extroversão (Psicologia)
Seres Humanos
Desequilíbrio de Ligação
Neuroticismo
Fenótipo
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009858


  3 / 653 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29385157
[Au] Autor:Ng R; Levy B
[Ad] Endereço:Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.
[Ti] Título:Pettiness: Conceptualization, measurement and cross-cultural differences.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191252, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although pettiness, defined as the tendency to get agitated over trivial matters, is a facet of neuroticism which has negative health implications, no measure exists. The goal of the current study was to develop, and validate a short pettiness scale. In Study 1 (N = 2136), Exploratory Factor Analysis distilled a one-factor model with five items. Convergent validity was established using the Big Five Inventory, DASS, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and Conner-Davidson Resilience Scale. As predicted, pettiness was positively associated with neuroticism, depression, anxiety and stress but negatively related to extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, life satisfaction and resilience. Also, as predicted, pettiness was not significantly related to physical functioning, or blind and constructive patriotism, indicating discriminant validity. Confirmatory Factor Analysis in Study 2 (N = 734) revealed a stable one-factor model of pettiness. In Study 3 (N = 532), the scale, which showed a similar factor structure in the USA and Singapore, also reflected predicted cross-cultural patterns: Pettiness was found to be significantly lower in the United States, a culture categorized as "looser" than in Singapore, a culture classified as "tighter" in terms of Gelfand and colleagues' framework of national tendencies to oppose social deviance. Results suggest that this brief 5-item tool is a reliable and valid measure of pettiness, and its use in health research is encouraged.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Negativismo
Neuroticismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Comparação Transcultural
Depressão/epidemiologia
Análise Fatorial
Feminino
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Psicológicos
Inventário de Personalidade/estatística & dados numéricos
Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Singapura/epidemiologia
Estresse Psicológico
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191252


  4 / 653 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28460287
[Au] Autor:Evren C; Dalbudak E; Ozen S; Evren B
[Ad] Endereço:Research, Treatment and Training Center for Alcohol and Substance Dependence (AMATEM), Bakirkoy Training and Research Hospital for Psychiatry Neurology and Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: cuneytevren@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:The relationship of social anxiety disorder symptoms with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Turkish university students; impact of negative affect and personality traits of neuroticism and extraversion.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;254:158-163, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of the present study was to evaluate relationship of social anxiety disorder symptoms with probable attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) while controlling the personality traits of neuroticism and extraversion, anxiety and depression symptoms in a sample of Turkish university students (n=455). Participants were evaluated with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated Form (EPQR-A), the Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS-v1.1) and the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS). Severity of social anxiety, depression, anxiety and neuroticism were higher among those with probable ADHD, whereas extraversion score did not differ between the groups. The severity of ADHD score, particularly hyperactivity/impulsivity score, was related with the "fear or anxiety" together with low extraversion (introversion) and high neuroticism dimensions of personality, whereas the severity of ADHD score, both inatentiveness and hyperactivity/impulsivity scores, was related with "avoidence" together with low extraversion (introversion) dimension of personality. These findings suggest that probable ADHD and severity of ADHD symptoms are related with both "fear or anxiety" and "avoidance" of social anxiety, while personality dimensions of low extraversion (introversion) and high neuroticism may have an effect on this relationships among young adults.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia
Extroversão (Psicologia)
Neuroticismo
Fobia Social/psicologia
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Neuroticismo/fisiologia
Personalidade/fisiologia
Transtornos da Personalidade/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Personalidade/epidemiologia
Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia
Inventário de Personalidade
Fobia Social/diagnóstico
Fobia Social/epidemiologia
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Turquia/epidemiologia
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 653 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28448804
[Au] Autor:Schreuder MJ; Schirmbeck F; Meijer C; de Haan L; GROUP Investigators
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:The associations between childhood trauma, neuroticism and comorbid obsessive-compulsive symptoms in patients with psychotic disorders.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;254:48-53, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Various studies reported remarkably high prevalence rates of obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) in patients with a psychotic disorder. Little is known about the pathogenesis of this co-occurrence. The current study aimed to investigate the contribution of shared underlying risk factors, such as childhood trauma and neuroticism, to the onset and course of OCS in patients with psychosis. Data were retrieved from 161 patients with psychosis included in the 'Genetic Risk and Outcome in Psychosis' project. Patients completed measures of OCS and psychotic symptoms at study entrance and three years later. Additionally, childhood maltreatment and neuroticism were assessed. Between-group comparisons revealed increased neuroticism and positive symptoms in patients who reported comorbid OCS compared to OCS-free patients. Subsequent mediation analyses suggested a small effect of childhood abuse on comorbid OCS severity at baseline, which was mediated by positive symptom severity. Additionally, results showed a mediating effect of neuroticism as well as a moderating effect of positive symptoms on the course of OCS severity over time. OCS severity in patients with psychosis might thus be associated with common vulnerability factors, such as childhood abuse and neuroticism. Furthermore, the severity of positive symptoms might be associated with more severe or persistent comorbid OCS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Neuroticismo/fisiologia
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/epidemiologia
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/epidemiologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Comorbidade
Feminino
Predisposição Genética para Doença/epidemiologia
Predisposição Genética para Doença/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/genética
Estudos Prospectivos
Transtornos Psicóticos/genética
Fatores de Risco
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180131
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180131
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 653 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27779626
[Au] Autor:Docherty AR; Moscati A; Peterson R; Edwards AC; Adkins DE; Bacanu SA; Bigdeli TB; Webb BT; Flint J; Kendler KS
[Ad] Endereço:Departments of Psychiatry and Human Genetics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.
[Ti] Título:SNP-based heritability estimates of the personality dimensions and polygenic prediction of both neuroticism and major depression: findings from CONVERGE.
[So] Source:Transl Psychiatry;6(10):e926, 2016 10 25.
[Is] ISSN:2158-3188
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Biometrical genetic studies suggest that the personality dimensions, including neuroticism, are moderately heritable (~0.4 to 0.6). Quantitative analyses that aggregate the effects of many common variants have recently further informed genetic research on European samples. However, there has been limited research to date on non-European populations. This study examined the personality dimensions in a large sample of Han Chinese descent (N=10 064) from the China, Oxford, and VCU Experimental Research on Genetic Epidemiology study, aimed at identifying genetic risk factors for recurrent major depression among a rigorously ascertained cohort. Heritability of neuroticism as measured by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) was estimated to be low but statistically significant at 10% (s.e.=0.03, P=0.0001). In addition to EPQ, neuroticism based on a three-factor model, data for the Big Five (BF) personality dimensions (neuroticism, openness, conscientiousness, extraversion and agreeableness) measured by the Big Five Inventory were available for controls (n=5596). Heritability estimates of the BF were not statistically significant despite high power (>0.85) to detect heritabilities of 0.10. Polygenic risk scores constructed by best linear unbiased prediction weights applied to split-half samples failed to significantly predict any of the personality traits, but polygenic risk for neuroticism, calculated with LDpred and based on predictive variants previously identified from European populations (N=171 911), significantly predicted major depressive disorder case-control status (P=0.0004) after false discovery rate correction. The scores also significantly predicted EPQ neuroticism (P=6.3 × 10 ). Factor analytic results of the measures indicated that any differences in heritabilities across samples may be due to genetic variation or variation in haplotype structure between samples, rather than measurement non-invariance. Findings demonstrate that neuroticism can be significantly predicted across ancestry, and highlight the importance of studying polygenic contributions to personality in non-European populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Caráter
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/genética
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética
Herança Multifatorial/genética
Neuroticismo
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Estudos de Coortes
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia
Feminino
Variação Genética/genética
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Determinação da Personalidade
Fenótipo
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/tp.2016.177


  7 / 653 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29040277
[Au] Autor:Lourinho I; Ferreira MA; Severo M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Education and Simulation, University of Porto, Faculty of Medicine, Porto, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Personality and achievement along medical training: Evidence from a cross-lagged analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0185860, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Evidence on personality traits change implies it should be studied as an outcome and not only as an explanatory effect. Therefore, we aimed to assess how personality and academic achievement sway each other. Three cohorts of medical students (n = 181) comprised of school leavers and graduates, completed NEO-FFI when admitted (baseline) and later on medical training (follow-up). Previous achievement was measured as mean scores on national school examinations, and academic achievement as medical course average. Causal relations were studied by cross-lagged analysis. RESULTS: Cross-sectional analysis at baseline showed differences between graduates and school leavers on personality, with graduates scoring lower on neuroticism (ß = -12.344, p<0.001), and higher on openness to experience (ß = 5.257, p<0.001), conscientiousness (ß = 2.345, p = 0.004,) and agreeableness (ß = 6.993, p<0.001). Longitudinal analyses indicated that personality traits and achievement tracked over time. Cross-lagged analysis found a positive significant association between academic achievement and neuroticism at baseline (ß = 0.031, p = 0.014) and with being a graduate student (ß = 0.766, p = 0.006). After adjusting, no association was found between previous achievement and personality at follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Some neuroticism may enhance medical academic achievement. The blurring of the initial differences between graduates and school leavers suggests a reasonable possibility of personality traits change along the medical course. Future research on medical selection processes cannot afford to ignore the influence of the medical school environment on personality traits change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Escolaridade
Inventário de Personalidade
Psicometria/métodos
Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estado de Consciência/fisiologia
Comportamento Cooperativo
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Neuroticismo
Personalidade
Portugal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171018
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185860


  8 / 653 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28926359
[Au] Autor:Zugliani MM; Martin-Santos R; Nardi AE; Freire RC
[Ad] Endereço:*Laboratory of Panic and Respiration, Institute of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; †Psychiatry Department, Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, CIBERSAM; and ‡Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Carrer de Villarroel, Barcelona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Personality Traits in Panic Disorder Patients With and Without Comorbidities.
[So] Source:J Nerv Ment Dis;205(11):855-858, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1539-736X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Panic disorder (PD) is often correlated with high neuroticism and low extraversion. This study aims to ascertain whether PD patients differ from healthy controls in regard to personality traits and determine if these traits are correlated with comorbid disorders, anxiety, and depression symptoms. Personality traits of 69 PD patients and 42 controls were compared using the Maudsley Personality Inventory. In PD patients, comorbidities, anxiety, and depression symptoms were also evaluated. PD patients showed higher neuroticism and lower extraversion compared with healthy controls. Patients without comorbidities presented similar results to controls, whereas those with comorbidities presented higher neuroticism and lower extraversion scores. PD per se may be unrelated to deviant personality traits, although comorbidities with major depressive disorder and agoraphobia are probably associated with high neuroticism and low extraversion. These traits show a strong correlation with the accumulation and severity of these disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno de Pânico/psicologia
Personalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Agorafobia/complicações
Agorafobia/psicologia
Ansiedade/complicações
Ansiedade/psicologia
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Estudos Transversais
Depressão/complicações
Depressão/psicologia
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/complicações
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia
Extroversão (Psicologia)
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Neuroticismo
Transtorno de Pânico/complicações
Inventário de Personalidade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170920
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000745


  9 / 653 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28575254
[Au] Autor:Chen Y; Peng Y; Ma X; Dong X
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Bowling Green State University, Ohio.
[Ti] Título:Conscientiousness Moderates the Relationship Between Perceived Stress and Depressive Symptoms Among U.S. Chinese Older Adults.
[So] Source:J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci;72(suppl_1):S108-S112, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1758-535X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background: The present study examined whether individuals' personality traits, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness, moderated the relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Data analysis was based on the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE). Three thousand one hundred and fifty-nine Chinese adults aged 60 years and older participated in the PINE study. They completed scales that assessed their personality (ie, Neuroticism and Conscientiousness of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory), perceived stress (the Chinese Perceived Stress Scale), and depressive symptoms (the Patient Health Questionnaire). Results: Perceived stress was positively related to depressive symptoms among U.S. Chinese older adults. No moderation effects were found for Neuroticism. Conscientiousness significantly moderated the perceived stress-depressive symptom relationship. The positive relationship between perceived stress and depressive symptoms was weaker for people who were higher in Conscientiousness than those who were lower in Conscientiousness. Conclusion: Conscientiousness mitigated the stress-depressive symptom relationship among U.S. Chinese older adults. Future research is needed to identify the psychological and sociocultural profiles of individuals who show stress resilience and those who are vulnerable. Social services and psychological interventions are needed to promote health and well-being among U.S. Chinese older adults.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Americanos Asiáticos/estatística & dados numéricos
Estado de Consciência
Transtorno Depressivo/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Transtornos de Ansiedade/etnologia
Chicago/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Neuroticismo
Medição de Risco
Fatores de Risco
Percepção Social
Estresse Psicológico/etnologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/gerona/glw172


  10 / 653 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28520773
[Au] Autor:Braem M; Asher L; Furrer S; Lechner I; Würbel H; Melotti L
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Animal Welfare, Veterinary Public Health Institute, Vetsuisse Faculty, University of Berne, Berne, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Development of the "Highly Sensitive Dog" questionnaire to evaluate the personality dimension "Sensory Processing Sensitivity" in dogs.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177616, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In humans, the personality dimension 'sensory processing sensitivity (SPS)', also referred to as "high sensitivity", involves deeper processing of sensory information, which can be associated with physiological and behavioral overarousal. However, it has not been studied up to now whether this dimension also exists in other species. SPS can influence how people perceive the environment and how this affects them, thus a similar dimension in animals would be highly relevant with respect to animal welfare. We therefore explored whether SPS translates to dogs, one of the primary model species in personality research. A 32-item questionnaire to assess the "highly sensitive dog score" (HSD-s) was developed based on the "highly sensitive person" (HSP) questionnaire. A large-scale, international online survey was conducted, including the HSD questionnaire, as well as questions on fearfulness, neuroticism, "demographic" (e.g. dog sex, age, weight; age at adoption, etc.) and "human" factors (e.g. owner age, sex, profession, communication style, etc.), and the HSP questionnaire. Data were analyzed using linear mixed effect models with forward stepwise selection to test prediction of HSD-s by the above-mentioned factors, with country of residence and dog breed treated as random effects. A total of 3647 questionnaires were fully completed. HSD-, fearfulness, neuroticism and HSP-scores showed good internal consistencies, and HSD-s only moderately correlated with fearfulness and neuroticism scores, paralleling previous findings in humans. Intra- (N = 447) and inter-rater (N = 120) reliabilities were good. Demographic and human factors, including HSP score, explained only a small amount of the variance of HSD-s. A PCA analysis identified three subtraits of SPS, comparable to human findings. Overall, the measured personality dimension in dogs showed good internal consistency, partial independence from fearfulness and neuroticism, and good intra- and inter-rater reliability, indicating good construct validity of the HSD questionnaire. Human and demographic factors only marginally affected the HSD-s suggesting that, as hypothesized for human SPS, a genetic basis may underlie this dimension within the dog species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Sensação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Transtornos de Ansiedade
Cães
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Estatísticos
Neuroticismo
Variações Dependentes do Observador
Projetos Piloto
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170519
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177616



página 1 de 66 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde