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[PMID]:28470439
[Au] Autor:Clement S; Bollinger R
[Ad] Endereço:John Templeton Foundation, West Conshohocken, PA, USA. sclement@templeton.org.
[Ti] Título:Accelerating Progress: A New Era of Research on Character Development.
[So] Source:J Youth Adolesc;46(6):1240-1245, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-6601
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Adolescent character development is a high priority for educators, policymakers, and front-line youth workers. To meet this growing demand, and as exemplified in the five articles in this special section, character development scholars are drawing from a range of academic disciplines to push beyond the traditional boundaries of the science of character development. These articles highlight important trends in character research, including the co-development of a subset of character strengths, the articulation of developmental trajectories of character, the use of advanced methodological approaches, and the implications for education. Studies such as these are critically important for establishing the research base that will be used to design the character development programs of tomorrow.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente
Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Caráter
Desenvolvimento Moral
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Seres Humanos
Grupo Associado
Pesquisa
Comportamento Social
Meio Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10964-017-0681-9


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[PMID]:28677490
[Au] Autor:Bilke-Hentsch O
[Ad] Endereço:1 Modellstation Somosa, Winterthur.
[Ti] Título:Pathologische Mediennutzung bei Kindern und Jugendlichen ­ eine Perspektive für die Praxis..
[So] Source:Praxis (Bern 1994);106(14):775-779, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1661-8157
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/diagnóstico
Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Internet
Smartphone
Jogos de Vídeo/efeitos adversos
Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Terapia Comportamental
Comportamento Aditivo/terapia
Criança
Aconselhamento
Seres Humanos
Admissão do Paciente
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Psicoterapia
Ajustamento Social
Socialização
Suíça
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170706
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a002735


  3 / 12651 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28538982
[Au] Autor:Hayes JF; Osborn DPJ; Lewis G; Dalman C; Lundin A
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Psychiatry, University College London, London, England.
[Ti] Título:Association of Late Adolescent Personality With Risk for Subsequent Serious Mental Illness Among Men in a Swedish Nationwide Cohort Study.
[So] Source:JAMA Psychiatry;74(7):703-711, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6238
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: Understanding of personality as an independent risk factor for serious mental illness (SMI) remains limited. Recently, overlap between the polygenic basis for specific personality traits and specific SMIs has been identified. Objective: To determine the association of the adolescent personality domains of social maturity, mental energy, and emotional stability with later diagnosis of SMI. Design, Setting, and Participants: This longitudinal cohort study enrolled Swedish male military conscripts aged 18 or 19 years from January 1, 1974, through December 31, 1997. The diagnosis of an SMI was extracted from the National Patient Register for all inpatient treatment episodes in Sweden from January 1, 1974, through December 31, 2011. Data were analyzed from May 3 to September 16, 2016. Exposures: Social maturity, mental energy, and emotional stability assessed at conscription interview. Main Outcomes and Measures: Inpatient diagnoses of bipolar disorder, schizoaffective disorder, schizophrenia, and other nonaffective psychoses occurring until December 31, 2011. Results: Of the 1 017 691 men included in the cohort, 4310 developed bipolar disorder; 784, schizoaffective disorder; 4823, schizophrenia; and 5013, other nonaffective psychoses. After adjustment, with use of mean scores as a reference, low social maturity (hazard ratio [HR], 1.61; 95% CI, 1.48-1.74), low mental energy (HR, 1.34; 95% CI, 1.24-1.44), and low emotional stability (HR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.40-1.63) were inversely associated with schizophrenia in a dose-dependent fashion. Other nonaffective psychoses displayed a similar pattern. Bipolar disorder was associated with high (HR, 1.21; 95% CI, 1.09-1.35) and low (HR, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.01-1.25) social maturity and low emotional stability (HR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.46-1.78). Schizoaffective disorder was associated with low emotional stability (HR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.26-1.85). Conclusions and Relevance: Emotional stability is inversely associated with all SMI. Bipolar disorder has a unique U-shaped association with social maturity. Premorbid personality may reflect subtle changes in cerebral function, may combine with symptoms and other neurocognitive deficits to influence illness presentation, and/or may be owing to shared genetic architecture.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Bipolar/epidemiologia
Personalidade/fisiologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/epidemiologia
Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos
Esquizofrenia/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Emoções/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Fatores de Risco
Habilidades Sociais
Suécia/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170525
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.0583


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[PMID]:28287784
[Au] Autor:Stephan Y; Sutin AR; Bosselut G; Terracciano A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of UFR STAPS, University of Montpellier.
[Ti] Título:Sensory functioning and personality development among older adults.
[So] Source:Psychol Aging;32(2):139-147, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1498
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Deficits in sensory functioning, such as poor vision and hearing, take a significant toll on quality of life. Little is known, however, about their relation with personality development across adulthood. This study examined whether baseline and change in vision and hearing were associated with personality change over a 4-year period. Participants (N = 7,471; Mage = 66.89; 59% women) were drawn from the Health and Retirement Study. They provided data on vision, hearing, and personality both at baseline and 4 years later. Poor vision and hearing at baseline and declines in vision and hearing over time were independently related to steeper declines in extraversion, agreeableness, openness, and conscientiousness, and less decline in neuroticism, controlling for demographic factors, disease burden, and depressive symptoms. Sensory functioning was generally a stronger predictor of personality change than disease burden or depressive symptoms. Consistent with evidence that poor and worsening sensory functions compromise individuals' interactions with the social and physical environment, this study found deficits in hearing and vision were also associated with maladaptive personality trajectories in older adults. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Envelhecimento/psicologia
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Inventário de Personalidade
Personalidade/fisiologia
Sensação/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Depressão/diagnóstico
Depressão/epidemiologia
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Neuroticismo
Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Aposentadoria/psicologia
Aposentadoria/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170314
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/pag0000159


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[PMID]:28266896
[Au] Autor:Top N; Liew J; Luo W
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Divinity , Hitit University , Çorum , Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Family and School Influences on Youths' Behavioral and Academic Outcomes: Cross-Level Interactions between Parental Monitoring and Character Development Curriculum.
[So] Source:J Genet Psychol;178(2):108-118, 2017 Mar-Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1940-0896
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The authors examined the joint (interactive) roles of the Second Step curriculum (a validated social-emotional learning and bullying prevention program; Committee for Children, Seattle, WA) and parenting practices on students' behavioral and academic outcomes in Grades 5-8. Participants were 763 parents and their children from 22 schools (8 control and 14 treatment). A 2-level random coefficient model was conducted to assess the effect of parental monitoring on school outcomes, as well as the interaction between character development curriculum and parental monitoring. Results indicated that parental monitoring was a significant predictor of school behaviors and school grades. Furthermore, the Second Step curriculum moderated the relationship between parental monitoring and problem behaviors, prosocial behaviors, and grades at school. Specifically, in schools without the Second Step curriculum parental monitoring predicted higher school grades but had no impact on students' school behaviors. By contrast, in schools with the Second Step curriculum, parental monitoring predicted fewer problem behaviors as well as more prosocial behaviors. The study results highlight the joint influences of the family and the school in children's behavioral and academic trajectories. Results have implications for education and intervention, including improving the school climate, student behaviors, and learning or achievement.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Logro
Bullying/prevenção & controle
Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Poder Familiar/psicologia
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Habilidades Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Currículo
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Aprendizagem
Masculino
Instituições Acadêmicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170719
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170719
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00221325.2017.1279118


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[PMID]:28187194
[Au] Autor:Song Y; Shi M
[Ad] Endereço:English Department, School of Fundamental Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang, Liaoning Province, P.R.China.
[Ti] Título:Associations between empathy and big five personality traits among Chinese undergraduate medical students.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0171665, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Empathy promotes positive physician-patient communication and is associated with improved patient satisfaction, treatment adherence and clinical outcomes. It has been suggested that personality traits should be taken into consideration in programs designed to enhance empathy in medical education due to the association found between personality and empathy among medical students. However, the associations between empathy and big five personality traits in medical education are still underrepresented in the existing literature and relevant studies have not been conducted among medical students in China, where tensions in the physician-patient relationship have been reported as outstanding problems in the context of China's current medical reform. Thus, the main objective of this study was to examine the associations between empathy and big five personality traits among Chinese medical students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a medical university in Northeast China in June 2016. Self-reported questionnaires including the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI) and Big Five Inventory (BFI) and demographic characteristics were distributed. A total of 530 clinical medical students became our final subjects. Hierarchical regression analysis was performed to explore the effects of big five personality traits on empathy. RESULTS: Results of this study showed that big five personality traits accounted for 19.4%, 18.1%, 30.2% of the variance in three dimensions of empathy, namely, perspective taking, empathic concern and personal distress, respectively. Specifically, agreeableness had a strong positive association with empathic concern (ß = 0.477, P<0.01), and a moderate association with perspective taking (ß = 0.349, P<0.01). Neuroticism was strongly associated with personal distress (ß = 0.526, P<0.01) and modestly associated with perspective taking (ß = 0.149, P<0.01). Openness to experience had modest associations with perspective taking (ß = 0.150, P<0.01) and personal distress (ß = -0.160, P<0.01). Conscientiousness had a modest association with perspective taking (ß = 0.173, P<0.01). CONCLUSION: This study revealed that big five personality traits were important predictors of self-reported measures of both cognitive and affective empathy among Chinese medical students. Therefore, individualized intervention strategies based on personality traits could be integrated into programs to enhance empathy in medical education.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação de Graduação em Medicina
Empatia
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170211
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171665


  7 / 12651 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27966795
[Au] Autor:Penot B
[Ad] Endereço:54 rue de la Roquette, 75011, Paris.
[Ti] Título:The so-called death drive, an indispensable force for any subjective life.
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;98(2):299-321, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The psychoanalytic movement has difficulty in overcoming the malaise bequeathed by what Freud wanted to call the 'death drive'. This term remains doubly problematic: first because the indispensable antagonist of Eros-binding cannot be reduced to a particular drive; and secondly because this Anteros plays a vital role in subjectivization. The Freudian idea of the 'death drive' has in addition the drawback of confusing dissociative thrust (unbinding) with the aggressive component of libidinal cathexis. Now it is precisely the lack of articulation between them that leads to deconstructing it. For it is constantly observed that in the psychic register aggression is much more fixing than unbinding. The essential role of Anteros/unbinding in the process of subjectivization can be illustrated through several key operations in subjective development: sublimatory activity and its renunciation of pleasure-discharge, the work of mourning opposed to melancholic fixation, the intricating-unbinding parental function, and finally the psychoanalytic treatment and its work of analysis. This means we should cease to anathematize the dynamic component of unbinding as 'of death' and seek to explain the concept of subjectivization better.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Impulso (Psicologia)
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Teoria Psicanalítica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1745-8315.12610


  8 / 12651 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27858527
[Au] Autor:Huxley E; Bizumic B
[Ad] Endereço:a The Australian National University.
[Ti] Título:Parental Invalidation and the Development of Narcissism.
[So] Source:J Psychol;151(2):130-147, 2017 Feb 17.
[Is] ISSN:1940-1019
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Parenting behaviors and childhood experiences have played a central role in theoretical approaches to the etiology of narcissism. Research has suggested an association between parenting and narcissism; however, it has been limited in its examination of different narcissism subtypes and individual differences in parenting behaviors. This study investigates the influence of perceptions of parental invalidation, an important aspect of parenting behavior theoretically associated with narcissism. Correlational and hierarchical regression analyses were conducted using a sample of 442 Australian participants to examine the relationship between invalidating behavior from mothers and fathers, and grandiose and vulnerable narcissism. Results indicate that stronger recollections of invalidating behavior from either mothers or fathers are associated with higher levels of grandiose and vulnerable narcissism when controlling for age, gender, and the related parenting behaviors of rejection, coldness, and overprotection. The lowest levels of narcissism were found in individuals who reported low levels of invalidation in both parents. These findings support the idea that parental invalidation is associated with narcissism.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Narcisismo
Relações Pais-Filho
Poder Familiar/psicologia
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Austrália
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223980.2016.1248807


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[PMID]:27662539
[Au] Autor:Krantz A; Shukla V; Knox M; Schrouder K
[Ad] Endereço:a University of Toledo.
[Ti] Título:Violent Video Games Exposed: A Blow by Blow Account of Senseless Violence in Games.
[So] Source:J Psychol;151(1):76-87, 2017 Jan 02.
[Is] ISSN:1940-1019
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Violent video game (VVG) use has repeatedly been found to be associated with hostile expectations about others, desensitization to violence, decreased empathy and prosocial behavior, and aggressive thoughts and behaviors. Although these research findings have been widely publicized, VVGs remain the most extensively played games and represent a multi-billion dollar industry. Although VVGs are typically rated "mature," indicating they are not suitable for youths, they are often purchased for youths. This may be in part because there is currently no system available to consumers that thoroughly describes the content of video games, and much of the public is unaware of the types of violence that characterize game play. The purpose of this paper is to describe the violent content of some of the top VVGs, based on sales. For the purposes of this issue, acts of senseless, unprovoked violence will be described in detail.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Psicologia do Adolescente
Jogos de Vídeo
Violência/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/diagnóstico
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/prevenção & controle
Criança
Empatia
Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto
Armas de Fogo
Homicídio/psicologia
Hostilidade
Seres Humanos
Poder Familiar/psicologia
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Estados Unidos
Violência/prevenção & controle
Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170424
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170424
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160924
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223980.2016.1226744


  10 / 12651 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27473588
[Au] Autor:Tapia J; Rojas A; Picado K
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Psychological Research, University of Costa Rica, San José, 11501-2060, San José, Costa Rica. javier.tapiav@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Pragmatics of the Development of Personal Identity in Adolescents in the Latin American Context.
[So] Source:Integr Psychol Behav Sci;51(1):39-50, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1936-3567
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present work proposes a pragmatic perspective of the development of personal identity. Such perspective is based on a unifying vision that incorporates the contribution of communicative pragmatics and becomes aware of the contribution of semiotics to psychology, without leaving aside the eriksonian point of view and other significant contributions in the field. The article defines identity in adolescence from a development approach, and adopts a systemic perspective concerning the insertion of adolescents in their context of formation as individuals. It then proposes a way to understand identity from a pragmatic-communicative perspective. Finally, it introduces two communicative use contexts from which personal identity can emerge, showing the importance of communication and language in the formation and development of identity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Desenvolvimento da Personalidade
Identificação Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Seres Humanos
América Latina
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160731
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s12124-016-9360-8



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