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  1 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29386449
[Au] Autor:Sugiyama T
[Ad] Endereço:Research Center for Child Mental Development, University of Fukui.
[Ti] Título:[Ego-state Therapy: Psychotherapy for Multiple Personality Disorders].
[So] Source:Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi;73(1):62-66, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1882-6482
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:The author describes ego-state therapy. This psychotherapy is used for treating multiple personality disorders. The author mentions the theoretical background of this method, and practical points. Initially, ego-state therapy was developed as a type of hypnotherapy, but it evolved as a safe therapeutic method in combination with trauma processing therapies. The author presents a case study, and discusses the clinical significance of this treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ego
Hipnose/métodos
Transtorno de Personalidade Múltipla/psicologia
Transtorno de Personalidade Múltipla/terapia
Psicoterapia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Transtornos Dissociativos/psicologia
Transtornos Dissociativos/terapia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1265/jjh.73.62


  2 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28957366
[Au] Autor:Bernstein DM; Coolin A; Fischer AL; Thornton WL; Sommerville JA
[Ad] Endereço:Kwantlen Polytechnic University, Surrey, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:False-belief reasoning from 3 to 92 years of age.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0185345, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:False-belief reasoning, defined as the ability to reason about another person's beliefs and appreciate that beliefs can differ from reality, is an important aspect of perspective taking. We tested 266 individuals, at various ages ranging from 3 to 92 years, on a continuous measure of false-belief reasoning (the Sandbox task). All age groups had difficulty suppressing their own knowledge when estimating what a naïve person knew. After controlling for task-specific memory, our results showed similar false-belief reasoning abilities across the preschool years and from older childhood to younger adulthood, followed by a small reduction in this ability from younger to older adulthood. These results highlight the relative similarity in false-belief reasoning abilities at different developmental periods across the lifespan.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Pensamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Viés
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Ego
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Memória
Meia-Idade
Análise de Regressão
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170929
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185345


  3 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28662176
[Au] Autor:Lindner C; Nagy G; Ramos Arhuis WA; Retelsdorf J
[Ad] Endereço:Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education at Kiel University, Kiel, Germany.
[Ti] Título:A new perspective on the interplay between self-control and cognitive performance: Modeling progressive depletion patterns.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0180149, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Exerting self-control in a first task weakens self-control performance in a subsequent unrelated task (ego depletion). In self-control research new strategies are required to investigate the ego-depletion effect, which has recently been shown to be more fragile than previously assumed. Moreover, the relation between ego depletion and trait self-control is still unclear, as various studies have reported heterogeneous findings concerning the interplay of both variables. We addressed these lacunas by drawing on a sample of N = 120 students, who participated in two test sessions. In the first test session, we assessed trait self-control and several control variables. The second test session followed an experimental design and tested the effects of ego depletion on invested effort and cognitive performance trajectories in an ecologically valid computer-based assessment setting (i.e., a 30-minute mathematical problem-solving and reasoning test). Trait self-control was then used as a moderator of the ego-depletion effect. Combining an established ego-depletion paradigm (i.e., the sequential-task paradigm) with multilevel modeling of time-on-task and performance changes, our results indicate (1) that trait self-control predicted the motivation to solve cognitive tasks, (2) that ego depletion led to a progressive performance decrease, and (3) that the negative effect of ego depletion on performance was stronger for students with high trait self-control. Additional analyses revealed that our results could not be alternatively explained by fatigue effects. All effects were robust even after controlling for the students' cognitive abilities, which are known to be closely related to mathematical performance. Our results provide evidence that the self-control invested in order to keep performance at a consistently high level wanes over time. By modeling progressive ego-depletion effects while considering trait self-control, we provide an alternative approach that may help future researchers to investigate the underlying mechanisms of self-control.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição
Autocontrole
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Ego
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudantes/psicologia
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170630
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180149


  4 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28321873
[Au] Autor:Luci M
[Ad] Endereço:Rome.
[Ti] Título:Disintegration of the self and the regeneration of 'psychic skin' in the treatment of traumatized refugees.
[So] Source:J Anal Psychol;62(2):227-246, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1468-5922
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper presents a tentative understanding of the characteristics of the extreme traumas, elsewhere called 'complex PTSD', that some refugees and asylum-seekers bring into therapy. It suggests that these kinds of traumas suffered during adulthood may involve a disintegration of the self and a loss of 'psychic skin'. This conceptualization is derived from the treatment of a refugee who survived multiple extreme traumas and with whom efforts were made in therapy to identify a complex methodology making use of supplementary therapeutic tools in addition to individual psychotherapy. The case demonstrates how the disintegration of self implies not only a deep somato-psychic dissociation, but also a loss of intrapsychic and interpersonal space. In the treatment this was worked through via repetition of the victim-aggressor dynamics at multiple levels. In the end, the therapeutic context was structured like a set of concentric layers, creating a 'bandage' over the patient's wounds whilst his 'psychic skin' was able to regenerate. The conditions triggered by extreme traumas in refugees challenge some of the cornerstones of individual psychoanalytic technique, as well as the idea that individual therapy may be thought of as existing in an environmental vacuum.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ego
Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos
Refugiados/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1468-5922.12304


  5 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28253333
[Au] Autor:Centellegher S; López E; Saramäki J; Lepri B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Information Engineering and Computer Science, University of Trento, Trento, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Personality traits and ego-network dynamics.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0173110, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Strong and supportive social relationships are fundamental to our well-being. However, there are costs to their maintenance, resulting in a trade-off between quality and quantity, a typical strategy being to put a lot of effort on a few high-intensity relationships while maintaining larger numbers of less close relationships. It has also been shown that there are persistent individual differences in this pattern; some individuals allocate their efforts more uniformly across their networks, while others strongly focus on their closest relationships. Furthermore, some individuals maintain more stable networks than others. Here, we focus on how personality traits of individuals affect this picture, using mobile phone calls records and survey data from the Mobile Territorial Lab (MTL) study. In particular, we look at the relationship between personality traits and the (i) persistence of social signatures, namely the similarity of the social signature shape of an individual measured in different time intervals; (ii) the turnover in egocentric networks, that is, differences in the set of alters present at two consecutive temporal intervals; and (iii) the rank dynamics defined as the variation of alter rankings in egocentric networks in consecutive intervals. We observe that some traits have effects on the stability of the social signatures as well as network turnover and rank dynamics. As an example, individuals who score highly in the Openness to Experience trait tend to have higher levels of network turnover and larger alter rank variations. On broader terms, our study shows that personality traits clearly affect the ways in which individuals maintain their personal networks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Personalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ego
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170907
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170907
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173110


  6 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28252192
[Au] Autor:Kjellström S; Sjölander P; Almers E; Mccall ME
[Ad] Endereço:School of Health and Welfare, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Value systems among adolescents: Novel method for assessing level of ego-development.
[So] Source:Scand J Psychol;58(2):150-157, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1467-9450
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Children's value systems develop through youth and influence attitudes and actions. But there is a lack of appropriate measures for children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to construct and validate a questionnaire that reveals distinct value systems among adolescents, and to evaluate the identified value systems' relationship to degree of ego-development and moral development. A quantitative study in a Swedish School with ages 12 through 16 (grades 6 to 9) was performed (N = 204). A set of pattern recognition statistical analyses has been used to identify different profiles of values systems and demonstrate that these systems can be arranged in a hierarchical order similar to other development. Results revealed three value systems in this sample. The identified value systems reflect different degrees of moral and ego-development among children in the study. Three distinct value systems were identified: the first (n = 9) and the second value systems (n = 35) correspond to pre-conventional stages, and the third value system (n = 155) corresponds to early conventional stages of ego development. Ego development scoring of test statements to assess stages. The value system was significantly related to moral development in the personal interest and the maintaining norms schemas of the Defining Issues Test (DIT). However, many students did not complete the entire DIT, so those results should be looked at with caution. It appears that this new test (Test for Adolescent Value Systems - TAVS) does relate to an established ego development rating scale.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Ego
Princípios Morais
Valores Sociais
Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicologia do Adolescente
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Estudantes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170322
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170322
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/sjop.12356


  7 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28185044
[Au] Autor:van Schalkwyk GI; Volkmar FR; Corlett PR
[Ad] Endereço:Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA. Gerrit.vanschalkwyk@yale.edu.
[Ti] Título:A Predictive Coding Account of Psychotic Symptoms in Autism Spectrum Disorder.
[So] Source:J Autism Dev Disord;47(5):1323-1340, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1573-3432
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The co-occurrence of psychotic and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms represents an important clinical challenge. Here we consider this problem in the context of a computational psychiatry approach that has been applied to both conditions-predictive coding. Some symptoms of schizophrenia have been explained in terms of a failure of top-down predictions or an enhanced weighting of bottom-up prediction errors. Likewise, autism has been explained in terms of similar perturbations. We suggest that this theoretical overlap may explain overlapping symptomatology. Experimental evidence highlights meaningful distinctions and consistencies between these disorders. We hypothesize individuals with ASD may experience some degree of delusions without the presence of any additional impairment, but that hallucinations are likely indicative of a distinct process.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno do Espectro Autista/diagnóstico
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtorno do Espectro Autista/complicações
Ego
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Modelos Psicológicos
Esquizofrenia/complicações
Comportamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171021
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171021
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170211
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10803-017-3065-9


  8 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28183003
[Au] Autor:Zhou Y; Gao X; Chen H; Kong F
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality (Ministry of Education), Southwest University, Chongqing, China; School of Psychology, Southwest University, No. 2, Tiansheng Road, Beibei, Chongqing, China.
[Ti] Título:High-disinhibition restrained eaters are disinhibited by self-regulatory depletion in the food-related inhibitory control.
[So] Source:Eat Behav;26:70-75, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7358
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Restrained eating for weight control and loss is becoming highly prevalent in many affluent societies, while most of the restrained eaters are rather unsuccessful in the long term. According to the strength model of self-control, the disinhibition effect of restrained eaters may occur after the depletion of self-control resources. However, no work has examined the direct impact of self-control resources on inhibitory control ability of restrained eaters. This study investigated the influences of self-control resources on the food-related inhibitory control among high-restraint/low-disinhibition restrained eaters, high-restraint/high-disinhibition restrained eaters and unrestrained eaters using stop signal task. Results reveal that there's no difference of food-related inhibitory control between three groups when the self-control resources are non-depleted, while high-restraint/high-disinhibition restrained eaters showing a decrease of food-related inhibitory control after ego-depletion. This disinhibition effect only seems to occur in samples of restrained eaters with a high tendency toward overeating.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Ego
Alimentos
Inibição (Psicologia)
Autocontrole/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudantes/psicologia
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170821
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170821
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28178308
[Au] Autor:Keshtidar M; Behzadnia B
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Birjand, Birjand, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Prediction of intention to continue sport in athlete students: A self-determination theory approach.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(2):e0171673, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Grounded on the self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2000) and achievement goals theory (Ames, 1992; Nicholls, 1989), this study via structural equation modelling, predicted intention to continue in sport from goal orientations and motivations among athlete students. 268 athlete students (Mage = 21.9), in Iranian universities completed a multi-section questionnaire tapping the targeted variables. Structural equation modelling (SEM) offered an overall support for the proposed model. The results showed that there are positive relationships between intention to continue in sport and both orientations as well as both motivations. A task-involving orientation emerged as a positive predictor of the autonomous motivation, while an ego-involving orientation was a positive predictor controlled motivation as well as autonomous motivation. The results also support positive paths between autonomous motivation and future intention to participate in sport. Autonomous motivation also was a positive mediator in relationship between task orientation and the intentions. As a conclusion, the implications of the task-involving orientation are discussabled in the light of its importance for the quality and potential maintenance of sport involvement among athlete students.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atletas/psicologia
Intenção
Esportes
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Ego
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Motivação
Autonomia Pessoal
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0171673


  10 / 6102 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28059986
[Au] Autor:Wright C; McCartt P; Raines D; Oermann MH
[Ad] Endereço:Christina Wright, DNP, APRN, FNP-C, PMHCNS-BC, Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina. Peggy McCartt, PhD, ARNP, is system director, Professional Practice, Baptist Health, Jacksonville, Florida. Diane Raines, DNP, RN, NEA-BC, is senior vice president and chief nursing officer, Baptist Health, Jacksonville, Florida. Marilyn H. Oermann, PhD, RN, ANEF, FAAN, is Thelma M. Ingles professor of nursing and director of Evaluation and Educational Research, Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, North Carolina.
[Ti] Título:Implementation and Evaluation of Self-Scheduling in a Hospital System.
[So] Source:J Nurses Prof Dev;33(1):19-24, 2017 Jan/Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2169-981X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Inflexible work schedules affect job satisfaction and influence nurse turnover. Job satisfaction is a significant predictor of nurse retention. Acute care hospitals report that job satisfaction is influenced by autonomy and educational opportunity. This project discusses implementation of computer-based self-scheduling in a hospital system and its impact. It is important for staff development educators to be aware that self-scheduling may play a key role in autonomy, professional development, turnover, and hospital costs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ego
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Hospitais/recursos humanos
Seres Humanos
Satisfação no Emprego
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/provisão & distribuição
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)/métodos
Autonomia Pessoal
Reorganização de Recursos Humanos
Sudeste dos Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170627
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170627
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170107
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NND.0000000000000324



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