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[PMID]:29384611
[Au] Autor:Hiromitsu K; Midorikawa A
[Ti] Título:Downward and Parallel Perspectives in an Experimental Study of Out-of-Body Experiences.
[So] Source:Multisens Res;29(4-5):439-51, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2213-4794
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Out-of-body experiences (OBEs) have been reported in patients with neurological or psychiatric disorders. According to these reports, the patients looked down on their body from overhead. Based on this phenomenon, we adopted a downward perspective in an experimentally induced OBE paradigm and compared responses to an OBE questionnaire (sensations of OBE) with self-location mapping (feelings of body drift). The results revealed a correlation between the sensation of an OBE and self-location under the downward-perspective condition but not under the parallel-perspective condition; however, no significant difference was observed between the two conditions. Thus, the effect of perspective on OBE illusion that has been reported in clinical research of OBE did not affect the results obtained in previous studies inducing OBE.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Despersonalização/psicologia
Autoimagem
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Alucinações/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Imaginação
Masculino
Sensação
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 15071 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29179826
[Au] Autor:Oh E; Song E; Shin J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Nursing, Jeonbuk Science College, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Individual Factors Affecting Self-esteem, and Relationships Among Self-esteem, Body Mass Index, and Body Image in Patients With Schizophrenia.
[So] Source:Arch Psychiatr Nurs;31(6):588-595, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The purposes of this study were to identify correlations between body mass index, body image, and self-esteem in patients with schizophrenia and to analyse the specific factors affecting self-esteem. This study had a descriptive design, utilising a cross-sectional survey. Participants were patients with schizophrenia who were admitted to a mental health facility in South Korea. A total of 180 questionnaires were distributed, and an appropriate total sample size of 167 valid questionnaires was analysed. Self-esteem was significantly correlated with body image, the subscale of appearance orientation, and body areas satisfaction. However, body mass index exhibited no significant correlation with any variable. The variables found to have a significant explanatory power of 21.4% were appearance orientation and body areas satisfaction. The explanatory power of all factors was 33.6%. The self-esteem of patients with schizophrenia was influenced by body mass index and body image. The positive symptoms of schizophrenia can be controlled by medication, whereas negative symptoms can be improved through education and nursing care with medication. Thus, psychiatric nurses should develop education and care programs that contribute to the positive body image and self-esteem of patients with schizophrenia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal
Índice de Massa Corporal
Esquizofrenia
Autoimagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/métodos
República da Coreia
Esquizofrenia/tratamento farmacológico
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antipsychotic Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 15071 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29181908
[Ti] Título:The eating disorder that paved the way for anabolic steroid use.
[Ti] Título:Spiseforstyrrelsen som åpnet for bruk av anabole steroider..
[So] Source:Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen;137(22), 2017 11 28.
[Is] ISSN:0807-7096
[Cp] País de publicação:Norway
[La] Idioma:eng; nor
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anabolizantes/efeitos adversos
Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia
Congêneres da Testosterona/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anabolizantes/administração & dosagem
Imagem Corporal
Transtorno Depressivo/terapia
Seres Humanos
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
Autocontrole/psicologia
Congêneres da Testosterona/administração & dosagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anabolic Agents); 0 (Testosterone Congeners)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4045/tidsskr.17.0168


  4 / 15071 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29206956
[Au] Autor:Yaman S; Ayaz S
[Ad] Endereço:Nursing Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Psychological Problems Experienced by Women with Gynecological Cancer and How They Cope with It: A Phenomenological Study in Turkey.
[So] Source:Health Soc Work;41(3):173-181, 2016 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:0360-7283
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study was carried out to reveal, in detail, the psychosocial problems faced by women in Turkey during their illness with gynecological cancer, and how they cope with these problems. The phenomenological approach used for the methodology is consistent with that described by Clark Moustakas's transcendental phenomenology. The sample included 17 married women. A semistructured, in-depth question directive was used to collect the data. The psychological problems found in the women in the study included frustration and despair, depression, inability to control anger, disruption in body image, and problems with their sex lives. The women in the study stated that, among other activities, they prayed frequently. They also emphasized that social support from family and others was important in coping. The majority said that they were able to cope through denial. Women under treatment for gynecological cancer should be evaluated from a psychosocial standpoint, and spiritual care and social support should be provided as they frequently use these to cope with their illness. It is recommended that a team be created, consisting of nurses, psychiatrists or psychologists, and religious staff to meet these needs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Neoplasias dos Genitais Femininos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Depressão/psicologia
Emoções
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Entrevista Psicológica
Meia-Idade
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Sexualidade/psicologia
Apoio Social
Turquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/hsw/hlw030


  5 / 15071 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29385137
[Au] Autor:Stephen ID; Sturman D; Stevenson RJ; Mond J; Brooks KR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Visual attention mediates the relationship between body satisfaction and susceptibility to the body size adaptation effect.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0189855, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Body size misperception-the belief that one is larger or smaller than reality-affects a large and growing segment of the population. Recently, studies have shown that exposure to extreme body stimuli results in a shift in the point of subjective normality, suggesting that visual adaptation may be a mechanism by which body size misperception occurs. Yet, despite being exposed to a similar set of bodies, some individuals within a given geographical area will develop body size misperception and others will not. The reason for these individual difference is currently unknown. One possible explanation stems from the observation that women with lower levels of body satisfaction have been found to pay more attention to images of thin bodies. However, while attention has been shown to enhance visual adaptation effects in low (e.g. rotational and linear motion) and high level stimuli (e.g., facial gender), it is not known whether this effect exists in visual adaptation to body size. Here, we test the hypothesis that there is an indirect effect of body satisfaction on the direction and magnitude of the body fat adaptation effect, mediated via visual attention (i.e., selectively attending to images of thin over fat bodies or vice versa). Significant mediation effects were found in both men and women, suggesting that observers' level of body satisfaction may influence selective visual attention to thin or fat bodies, which in turn influences the magnitude and direction of visual adaptation to body size. This may provide a potential mechanism by which some individuals develop body size misperception-a risk factor for eating disorders, compulsive exercise behaviour and steroid abuse-while others do not.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atenção
Imagem Corporal
Satisfação Pessoal
Percepção Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189855


  6 / 15071 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29199439
[Au] Autor:Czeglédi E
[Ad] Endereço:Budapest, Ülloi út 26., 1085.
[Ti] Título:[Motivation for weight loss among weight loss treatment participants].
[Ti] Título:A fogyás motivációi súlycsökkento kezelésben részt vevok körében..
[So] Source:Orv Hetil;158(49):1960-1967, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0030-6002
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:hun
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Unrealistic expectations about weight goal and about weight loss-related benefits can hinder the effort for a successful long-term weight control. AIM: To explore weight loss-related goals and their background among overweight/obese patients. METHOD: Study sample consisted of patients who participated in the inpatient weight loss treatment in the Lipidological Department of Szent Imre Hospital (n = 339, 19% men). Mean age: 50.2 years (SD = 13.47 years), mean BMI: 38.6 (SD = 7.58). MEASURES: self-reported anthropometric data, type and number of treated illnesses, Goals and Relative Weights Questionnaire, Motivations for Weight Loss Scale, Body Shape Questionnaire. RESULTS: Participants would feel disappointed with a possible 10% weight loss in a half-year time span. The acceptable weight loss percentage was higher among women, younger participants and among those who had more excess weight. Motivation regarding the increase in social desirability by weight loss is in association with body dissatisfaction, health related motivation is in association with the number of treated illnesses. CONCLUSIONS: Our results are contributing to the understanding of motivational factors behind weight reduction efforts, considering these can improve treatment success rates. Orv Hetil. 2017; 158(49): 1960-1967.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Metas
Obesidade/terapia
Autoeficácia
Perda de Peso
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Imagem Corporal
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Hungria
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Motivação
Obesidade/psicologia
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1556/650.2017.30854


  7 / 15071 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27777801
[Au] Autor:Takeuchi N; Izumi SI; Ota J; Ueda J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1 Seiryo-cho, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8575, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Neural Plasticity on Body Representations: Advancing Translational Rehabilitation.
[So] Source:Neural Plast;2016:9737569, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1687-5443
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal
Córtex Motor/fisiopatologia
Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia
Membro Fantasma/reabilitação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica
Seres Humanos
Membro Fantasma/fisiopatologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 15071 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28745024
[Au] Autor:Maskarinec G; Lim U; Jacobs S; Monroe KR; Ernst T; Buchthal SD; Shepherd JA; Wilkens LR; Le Marchand L; Boushey CJ
[Ad] Endereço:University of Hawaii Cancer Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA.
[Ti] Título:Diet Quality in Midadulthood Predicts Visceral Adiposity and Liver Fatness in Older Ages: The Multiethnic Cohort Study.
[So] Source:Obesity (Silver Spring);25(8):1442-1450, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1930-739X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The relationship of diet quality assessed by established indices (HEI-2010, AHEI-2010, aMED, DASH) with adiposity measures was examined, especially visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL). METHODS: Close to 2,000 participants of the Multiethnic Cohort completed validated food frequency questionnaires at cohort entry (1993-1996) and clinic visit (2013-2016) when they underwent whole-body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and abdominal magnetic resonance imaging scans. Linear regression was used to estimate mean values of adiposity measures by dietary index tertiles at baseline and standardized regression coefficients (ß ) after adjusting for total adiposity and other covariates. Logistic regression of VAT and NAFL on dietary indices was also performed. RESULTS: Higher dietary quality scores at cohort entry were inversely related to all adiposity measures, with the strongest associations for percent liver fat (ß = -0.14 to -0.08), followed by VAT (ß = -0.11 to -0.05), BMI (ß = -0.11 to -0.06), and total body fat (ß = -0.09 to -0.05). Odds ratios adjusted for total adiposity ranged between 0.57 and 0.77 for NAFL and between 0.41 and 0.65 for high VAT when comparing the highest versus lowest tertiles of diet quality. CONCLUSIONS: These longitudinal findings indicate that maintaining a high-quality diet during mid-to-late adulthood may prevent adverse metabolic consequences related to VAT and NAFL.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adiposidade
Dieta
Grupos Étnicos
Qualidade dos Alimentos
Gordura Intra-Abdominal/patologia
Fígado/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Absorciometria de Fóton
Idoso
Antropometria
Imagem Corporal
Estudos de Coortes
Exercício
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estilo de Vida
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/fisiopatologia
Avaliação Nutricional
Estudos Prospectivos
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170727
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/oby.21868


  9 / 15071 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29240346
[Au] Autor:Bakke A
[Ti] Título:Empowering Our Youth: Initiating Sexual Health Education on the Inpatient Unit for the Chronically Ill Pediatric Patient.
[So] Source:Urol Nurs;36(6):267-73, 2016 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1053-816X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Chronicaly ill pre-teens and adolescents often spend months as inpatients while undergoing treatment. This population includes but is not limited to oncology, transplant, physically disabled, and medically fragile pediatric patients. Sexual health education is often considered less important than the complex disease states and medical issues faced by pediatric inpatients. Many clinicians fail to realize the value of providing this guidance as a necessary part of the physical and psychosocial health of these young patients. Chronically ill youth lack normal social interactions while hospitalized and may have body image issues related to physical disabilities. A need for sexual health education stems from the high sexually transmitted disease prevalence in this population. Lack of formal provider education on sexual health, provider discomfort in discussing sexual health topics, and overlooking the importance of adolescent sexual health have delayed integration of sexual education into inpatient teaching, discharge planning, and outpatient follow up. With few guidelines and minimal published research on this topic, clinicians and parents often have no experience, education, or guidance to provide this specific knowledge effectively. The goal of this discussion of sexual health education for chronically ill adolescents is to highlight the need for additional research, improved training for healthcare providers, and development of evidence-based guidelines in the inpatient and outpatient settings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adolescente Hospitalizado/educação
Criança Hospitalizada/educação
Educação Sexual/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Imagem Corporal
Criança
Doença Crônica
Fertilidade
Seres Humanos
Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle
Identificação Social
Sexo sem Proteção/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 15071 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28454571
[Au] Autor:Zarychta K; Mullan B; Kruk M; Luszczynska A
[Ad] Endereço:Psychology Department in Wroclaw, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities in Wroclaw, 30b Ostrowskiego Street, PL-53-238, Wroclaw, Poland. kzarychta1@swps.edu.pl.
[Ti] Título:A vicious cycle among cognitions and behaviors enhancing risk for eating disorders.
[So] Source:BMC Psychiatry;17(1):154, 2017 04 28.
[Is] ISSN:1471-244X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Establishing the sequence in which risk factors for eating disorders (ED) emerge would enable more effective ED prevention. Thus, in our study we investigated reciprocal and indirect associations between three cognitive and behavioral ED determinants (appearance orientation, appearance worries, and dieting) emphasized in the transdiagnostic model of ED. METHODS: Data were collected in a non-clinical group of adolescents at Time 1 (T1), and then 2-months (Time 2, T2) and 13-months later (Time 3, T3). Participants (N = 1260) aged 13-19 completed a questionnaire encompassing their nutrition behaviors, beliefs about appearance, health and well-being. Weight and height were measured objectively. RESULTS: Higher levels of appearance orientation (T1) were associated with higher levels of appearance worries (T2) which in turn predicted dieting (T3). Dieting (T1) predicted higher levels of appearance orientation (T2) which in turn predicted higher levels of appearance worries (T3). Higher levels of appearance worries (T1) were associated with higher levels of appearance orientation (T2) which in turn predicted dieting (T3). Also, higher levels of appearance worries (T1) were associated with dieting (T2), and higher levels of appearance orientation (T3). CONCLUSIONS: The three transdiagnostic model variables formed a vicious cycle. Therefore, higher levels of one of ED determinants (appearance orientation, appearance worries or dieting) increase the likelihood of the elevated levels of two other ED determinants at follow-ups and thus enhances the risk for ED.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Cognição
Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Psicológicos
Fatores de Risco
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12888-017-1328-9



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