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[PMID]:29424502
[Au] Autor:Kornienko DS; Kozlov AI; Otavina ML
[Ti] Título:[Differences in self-assessment of health and psychological wellbeing between healthy and unhealthy young adults].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(6):577-81, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Self-assessment of health is the one out of the most important characteristics, which gives an idea about the health of the respondent as a psychophysiological continuum. The purpose of this study is to establish the relationship between indices of self-rated health and characteristics of the psychological well-being. Sample 344 young adults - students at an average age of 20.9 ± 1.6 years. Methods. "Self-assessment of health" questionnaire was used; MOSSF36 questionnaire and "Psychological wellbeing scale" developed by K. Riff. Respondents were divided into groups: (1) without chronic diseases; (2) having one or more chronic diseases of any etiology. Results. The presence of chronic diseases was shown to negatively effect on the self-estimation of physical and psychological state. The significant positive correlation (p <0,001) between the perceived health and subjective well-being was found. Healthy individuals perceive the state of their own physical health and psychological wellbeing as unrelated to each other characteristics. In contrast, in cases with even mild chronic health problems there is pronounced the relationship between somatic and psychological health, which forms a complex of physical and psychological factors determining the general state of a person.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia
Doença Crônica/psicologia
Autoavaliação Diagnóstica
Autoavaliação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Saúde Mental
Federação Russa
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29369275
[Au] Autor:Younas A
[Ad] Endereço:Ahtisham Younas is a doctoral student at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Practical tips for novice nurse educators.
[So] Source:Nursing;48(2):21-22, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1538-8689
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolha da Profissão
Docentes de Enfermagem/psicologia
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Filosofia
Autoavaliação
Ensino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/01.NURSE.0000529815.29031.52


  3 / 11485 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29233275
[Au] Autor:Oelschlaeger P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Western University of Health Sciences, 309 E. Second St., Pomona, CA 91766, United States. Electronic address: poelschlaeger@westernu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Change in self-assessed comfort level of first-year pharmacy students as an alternative approach to measure teaching effectiveness and learning outcomes.
[So] Source:Curr Pharm Teach Learn;9(3):383-390, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1877-1300
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Objective measures for assessing teaching effectiveness and learning outcomes in the pharmacy curriculum are needed for improving quality of instruction and faculty development. The purpose of this article is to introduce a new teaching assessment method that focuses on self-assessed change in student comfort with the topics taught rather than evaluation of the instructor and to evaluate its performance in comparison to conventional student evaluations of teaching (SET). METHODS: Six successive cohorts of first-year pharmacy students were surveyed regarding their comfort level at the beginning and end of a 10-week pharmacology course. The change in self-assessed comfort level (ΔSACL) was interpreted as the amount of learning that occurred. This indicator was compared to ratings of a statement from SET designed to obtain the same information. RESULTS: An increasing ΔSACL suggests an increase in learning over time. Differences were observed between ΔSACL and corresponding results from SET, suggesting that there could be extrinsic factors influencing the results. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: The use of ΔSACL could provide an alternative or complementary approach to assess teaching effectiveness that focuses less on the instructor and more on the actual student learning outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação em Farmácia
Avaliação Educacional/métodos
Autoeficácia
Estudantes de Farmácia
Ensino/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Aprendizagem
Masculino
Farmacologia/educação
Autoavaliação
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29190835
[Au] Autor:Friedman JH
[Ad] Endereço:Editor-in-chief of the Rhode Island Medical Journal, Professor and the Chief of the Division of Movement Disorders, Department of Neurology at the Alpert Medical School of Brown University, chief of Butler Hospital's Movement Disorders Program and first recipient of the Stanley Aronson Chair in Neurodegenerative Disorders.
[Ti] Título:When the doctor is crazier than the patient.
[So] Source:R I Med J (2013);100(12):8-9, 2017 Dec 01.
[Is] ISSN:2327-2228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:[Full article available at http://rimed.org/rimedicaljournal-2017-12.asp].
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Erros Médicos/psicologia
Médicos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Relações Médico-Paciente
Efeito Placebo
Racionalização
Autoavaliação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29320143
[Au] Autor:Stojkov S; Tadic I; Crnjanski T; Krajnovic D
[Ti] Título:Assessment and self-assessment of the pharmacists' competencies using the global competency framework (GbCF) in Serbia.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(9):803-10, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Background/Aim: Pharmacists' competence represents a dynamic framework of knowledge, skills and abilities to carry out tasks, and it reflects on improving the quality of life and on patients' health. One of the documents for the Evaluation and Competency Development of Pharmacists is the Global Competency Framework (GbCF). The aim of this study was to implement the GBCF document into Serbian pharmacies, to perform assessment and self assessment of the competencies. Methods: The assessment and self-assessment of pharmacists' competencies were performed during the period 2012−13 year in eight community pharmacy chains, in seven cities in Serbia. For assessment and self-assessment of pharmacists competencies the GbCF model was applied, which was adjusted to pharmaceutical practice and legislation in Serbia. External assessment was conducted by teams of pharmacists using the structured observation of the work of pharmacists during regular working hours. Evaluated pharmacists filled out the questionnaire about demographic indicators about the pharmacist and the pharmacy where they work. Results: A total of 123 pharmacists were evaluated. Pharmacists' Professional Competency Cluster (KK1) had the lowest score (average value 2.98), while the cluster Management and Organizational Competency (KK2) had the highest score (average value 3.15). The competence Recognition of the Diagnosis and Patient Counseling (K8), which belonged to the cluster KK1, had the lowest score (average value for assessment and self-assessment were 2.09, and 2.34, respectively) among the all evaluated competencies. Conclusion: GbCF might be considered as an instrument for the competencies' evaluation/selfevaluation and their improvement, accordingly.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Competência Clínica/normas
Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia/normas
Farmacêuticos/normas
Autorrelato/normas
Autoavaliação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Feminino
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Satisfação do Paciente
Farmacêuticos/psicologia
Papel Profissional
Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde/normas
Sérvia
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP140728040S


  6 / 11485 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29364957
[Au] Autor:Wayne NL; Miller GA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Impact of gender, organized athletics, and video gaming on driving skills in novice drivers.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190885, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Given that novice drivers tend to be young, and teenagers and young adult drivers are involved in the greatest number of accidents, it is important that we understand what factors impact the driving skills of this population of drivers. The primary aim of the present study was to understand the impact of gender, organized athletics, and video gaming on driving skills of novice drivers under real-world driving conditions. Novice driving students having less than five hours driving experience previous to a normal driving lesson were evaluated on their self-confidence (self-reported) prior to the lesson and driving skill evaluated by their instructor during the course of the lesson. Information was collected about gender, age, whether or not the students were involved in organized athletics, and the extent of their video game playing. There was no impact of gender or extent of video game playing on driving skills. Females were significantly less self-confident with driving than males, but this did not translate to gender differences in driving skills. Being involved in organized athletics-either currently or in the past-significantly enhanced driving skills in both females and males. Finally, novice drivers' age was negatively correlated with driving skills. That is, younger novice drivers (especially males) had better driving skills than older novice drivers. This is counter to popular belief that young drivers lack technical driving skills because they have less experience behind the wheel. Based on the results of the current study, we hypothesize that the relatively high accident rate of younger drivers (especially male drivers) is most likely due to inattention to safety considerations rather than lack of technical driving ability.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Condução de Veículo
Esportes/fisiologia
Esportes/psicologia
Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito/prevenção & controle
Acidentes de Trânsito/psicologia
Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Condução de Veículo/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Los Angeles
Masculino
Destreza Motora
Desempenho Psicomotor
Assunção de Riscos
Autoavaliação
Fatores Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180209
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180209
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190885


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[PMID]:29272293
[Au] Autor:Andersson S; Belkic K; Demirbüker SS; Mints M; Östensson E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Children's and Women's Health, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Karolinska University Hospital-Solna, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Perceived cervical cancer risk among women treated for high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: The importance of specific knowledge.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0190156, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Women with high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) are at increased risk for developing cervical cancer. We examine how women with high-grade CIN perceive their own risk, and about pertinent knowledge concerning human high-risk papillomavirus (HPV), CIN and cervical cancer. METHODS: All patients who underwent first-time treatment of high-grade CIN (grade 2+) were followed-up at 6-months at the Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden and were invited to participate in the present study. This included completion of a questionnaire examining sociodemographic characteristics, self-perceived risk of cervical cancer without regular gynecologic follow-up, and 14 queries about HPV, CIN and cervical cancer knowledge, inter alia. RESULTS: The participation rate was 96.6%, with 479 women enrolled in this study. Over 75% were age 40 or younger, over half had completed university education. Most were married or co-living with their partner and were gainfully employed. On a scale scored from 10 (highest self-perceived risk of cervical cancer without regular gynecologic follow-up) to 1 (lowest self-perceived risk), 64% rated their risk ≥ 7; almost 30% viewed their risk ≤ 6 and 7.5% did not rate their risk. A Specific Knowledge Scale with six of the queries explained 58.3% of the total variance. Nearly 30% of the women answered four or fewer of the six queries correctly. The Specific Knowledge Scale predicted self-perceived cervical cancer risk (Odds ratio = 11.3, 95% Confidence Interval 5.6 - 22.6) after adjusting for age, income and education. Most of the women with low self-perceived cervical cancer risk did not rate their HPV-related knowledge as good. However, 32 predominantly university-educated women, with low self-perceived cervical cancer risk, considered their HPV-related knowledge good. CONCLUSION: It is vital to effectively convey accurate information about these patients' cervical cancer risk, needed preventive and follow-up measures, together with the relevant specific knowledge, for these women at increased risk for developing cervical cancer. Tailored programming to address these knowledge gaps is needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alphapapillomavirus/isolamento & purificação
Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/terapia
Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Alphapapillomavirus/patogenicidade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Medição de Risco
Autoavaliação
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190156


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[PMID]:29243453
[Au] Autor:Vuokko A; Tuisku K
[Ti] Título:New self-assessment tools for evaluating work ability.
[So] Source:Duodecim;133(7):667-74, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0012-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Finland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Assessment and support of the work ability and function is an elementary responsibility of health care. The focus of assessment lies in the remaining functional capacity and its sufficiency with respect to occupational demands. Objective and subjective perspectives, personal resources and limitations, and the subject's relationship to the environment are taken into account according to biopsychosocial models of work ability. We recommend three useful self-report measurement tools for work ability and function. Return-to-Work-Readiness Questionnaire (RTW-RQ), Return-to-Work Self-Efficacy (RTW-SE) and Sheehan Disability Scale (SDS). These tools structure an interactive evaluation providing possibilities for follow-up. They provide means to discuss one's personal resources and limitations and to promote return-to-work.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Retorno ao Trabalho
Autoavaliação
Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Avaliação da Deficiência
Seres Humanos
Licença Médica
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29233186
[Au] Autor:Kristoffersen AE; Stub T; Melhus M; Broderstad AR
[Ad] Endereço:National Research Center in Complementary and Alternative Medicine (NAFKAM), Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Health Science, UiT The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway. agnete.kristoffersen@uit.no.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence and associations for use of a traditional medicine provider in the SAMINOR 1 Survey: a population-based study on Health and Living Conditions in Regions with Sami and Norwegian Populations.
[So] Source:BMC Complement Altern Med;17(1):530, 2017 Dec 12.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6882
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In Northern Norway, traditional medicine (TM) is shaped by both Christianity and traditional Sami nature worship. The healing rituals may include prayer and the use of tools such as moss, water, stones, wool and soil. Examples of TM modalities offered is cupping, blood-stemming, laying on of hands, healing prayers, and rituals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of the use of TM in areas with predominantly Sami and Norwegian populations, and the influence of ethnicity, geography, gender, age, education, household income, religiosity and self-reported health on such use. METHODS: The study is based on data collected in the first SAMINOR Survey (SAMINOR 1) conducted in 2003/2004, including three self-administered questionnaires, clinical measures, and blood analyses. Data was collected in 24 municipalities in Norway known to have a substantial population of Sami. All residents aged 30 and 36-78/79 years in the predefined regions were invited regardless of ethnic background (N = 27,987). Of these, 16,865 (60.3%) accepted to participate and gave their consent to medical research. RESULTS: Of the 16,544 people responding to the question about TM use, 2276 (13.8%) reported to have used TM once or more during their lifetime. The most outstanding characteristic of the TM users was the affiliation to the Laestadian church, where 34.3% (n = 273) reported such use, followed by an inner Finnmark residence (31.1%, n = 481) and a Sami ethnicity (25.7%, n = 1014). Women were slightly more likely to use TM compared to men (15.9% and 11.5% accordingly, p < 0.001), and the TM users were slightly younger than the non-TM users (mean age 52.3 versus 54.3 years, p < 0.001). The TM users also had lower income (p < 0.001) than the non-TM users. We found no significant differences between the TM users and the non-TM users concerning years of education, and whether the participants were living with a spouse/partner or not. CONCLUSION: Further studies are necessary to examine the development of TM use in Norway over time, and use in areas with mainly Norwegian inhabitants. There is also a lack of studies quantifying TM use among Sami people in Sweden, Finland and Russia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos
Medicina Tradicional/utilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Noruega/epidemiologia
Prevalência
Autoavaliação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12906-017-2037-0


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[PMID]:29216212
[Au] Autor:Pinillos-Franco S; García-Prieto C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Economic Analysis. University of Valladolid, Valladolid, Spain.
[Ti] Título:The gender gap in self-rated health and education in Spain. A multilevel analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0187823, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Women tend to report poorer self-rated health than men. It is also well established that education has a positive effect on health. However, the issue of how the benefits of education on health differ between men and women has not received enough attention and the few existing studies which do focus on the subject do not draw a clear conclusion. Therefore, this study aims to analyse whether the positive influence of educational attainment on health is higher for women and whether education helps to overcome the gender gap in self-rated health. METHODS: We analyse cross-sectional data from the 2012 European Union statistics on income and living conditions. We use a logit regression model with odds ratios and a multilevel perspective to carry out a study which includes several individual and contextual control variables. We focused our study on the working population in Spain aged between 25 and 65. The final sample considered is composed of 14,120 subjects: 7,653 men and 6,467 women. RESULTS: There is a gender gap in self-rated health only for the less educated. This gap is not statistically significant among more highly educated individuals. Attaining a high level of education has the same positive effect on both women's and men's self-rated health. CONCLUSIONS: Although we did not find gender disparities when considering the effect of education on health, we show that women's health is poorer among the less educated, mainly due to labour precariousness and household conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolaridade
Nível de Saúde
Autoavaliação
Fatores Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Classe Social
Espanha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187823



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