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[PMID]:27374132
[Au] Autor:Sedlak V
[Ad] Endereço:Foxhill Court, Weetwood Lane, Leeds LS16 5PL, UK.
[Ti] Título:The psychoanalyst's normal and pathological superegos.
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;97(6):1499-1520, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The first section of the paper explores a number of differing views regarding the concept of the superego, essentially in terms of its formation and its functions. Two broad theories of superego development, both of which were introduced by Freud, are described. The first takes the superego to be principally oedipal in origin; the second traces the superego to an earlier period. The controversy about the usefulness of the concept of the death instinct is also implicated in the different views. It is then suggested that it is worthwhile to distinguish between a normal superego and a pathological superego and that these two distinct models of the superego are implicit in the work of both Freud and Klein. Strachey's (1934) views on the nature of the mutative effect of psychoanalytic treatment are briefly reviewed in the light of this distinction. It is suggested that Strachey was hesitant in clarifying the full implications of his views, particularly regarding the reasons for the difficulty the psychoanalyst will experience in making a transference interpretation. It is argued that the difficulty will relate to the psychoanalyst's anxiety about having sufficiently worked through the countertransference, particularly in relation to superego functioning. Two brief clinical vignettes are considered in support of this view. The last section of the paper offers some comments on the emotional development of the psychoanalyst and the ways that maturing as a psychoanalyst will involve a certain mellowing of the analyst's stance and a greater tolerance of the patient's prerogative to bring the full range of his or her personality into the treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relações Profissional-Paciente
Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos
Superego
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160705
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1745-8315.12543


  2 / 641 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26957343
[Au] Autor:Besharat MA; Kamali ZS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Tehran, PO Box 14155-6456, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: besharat@ut.ac.ir.
[Ti] Título:Predicting obsessions and compulsions according to superego and ego characteristics: A comparison between scrupulosity and non-religious obsessive-compulsive symptoms.
[So] Source:Asian J Psychiatr;19:73-8, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1876-2026
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is characterized by intrusive images or impulses and/or ritualistic and rigid behaviors. Symptoms of OCD have different contents including contamination, harming and symmetry. Religion is one of the themes that has been observed in the context of OCD frequently. The aim of the present study was to examine the power of superego and ego characteristics in predicting scrupulosity and non-religious obsessions and compulsions, as well as comparing the two sets of obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Sixty six Iranian (19 men, 47 women) participated in the study. All participants were asked to complete Maudsley Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory, Penn Inventory of Scrupulosity, Perfectionism Cognitions Inventory, the Multidimensional Anger Inventory, and Ego Strength Scale. Results showed that perfectionism and anger were positively correlated with scrupulosity and non-religious obsessive-compulsive symptoms. Ego control was negatively correlated with scrupulosity, while ego resiliency was not correlated with any of these two sets of symptoms. Regression analysis indicated that among these variables, anger was the best predictor of non-religious obsessive-compulsive symptoms, while perfectionism and ego control were the best predictors of scrupulosity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Compulsivo/diagnóstico
Ego
Comportamento Obsessivo/diagnóstico
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/diagnóstico
Religião e Psicologia
Superego
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Comportamento Compulsivo/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Irã (Geográfico)
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Comportamento Obsessivo/psicologia
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia
Inventário de Personalidade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160310
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 641 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26173339
[Au] Autor:Shopper M
[Ti] Título:The Role of Sports in the Development of the Superego of the Male Latency Child.
[So] Source:Psychoanal Study Child;68:264-89, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:0079-7308
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Psychoanalytic literature has often overlooked the child's participation in organized sports, which often can facilitate or impede not only expression of aggression and narcissism, but enhance or skew the growth of the child's superego and ego ideal. Specific outcomes are largely determined by the experience and knowledge of the parents, the coaches, and sports organizations for latency-aged youth. Sports participation facilitates a major step forward in psychic development, that is, an agreed-upon adherence to a set of rules and regulations, monitored by an official embodying the final word regarding rules and their infractions. This paper is an attempt to delineate the role of sports in the life of the latency child, the parents who become involved, the coaches who teach and supervise, and the social and individual milieu within which sports take place. All these contribute to common goals: the engendering of good sportsmanship and the encouragement of psychic growth, particularly regarding how aggression and narcissism contribute to the development of superego and ego ideals. The fate of aggression and narcissism in superego and ego ideal development is influenced to a large degree by the nature, orientation, and motivations of all involved in sports for the latency-aged.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Identidade de Gênero
Período de Latência (Psicologia)
Interpretação Psicanalítica
Esportes/psicologia
Superego
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Agressão/psicologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Ego
Metas
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Narcisismo
Socialização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1508
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150716
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:25247288
[Au] Autor:Gabrinetti PA; Özler S
[Ti] Título:Defenses and morality: Adam Smith, Sigmund Freud, and contemporary psychoanalysis.
[So] Source:Psychoanal Rev;101(5):735-65, 2014 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1943-3301
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this paper we follow the development and transmission of moral learning from Adam Smith's impartial spectator to Sigmund Freud's superego and then to contemporary psychoanalysis. We argue that defenses are an integral component in the acquisition of any moral system. Elaborating on this argument, we assert that there is a progression from defensive systems that are "closed" to defensive systems that are "open," as defined in a recent work by Novick and Novick. The former system is "static, avoids reality, and is characterized by power dynamics, sadomasochism, and omnipotent defense." The latter, on the other hand, is a system that allows for "joy, creativity, spontaneity, love and it is attuned to reality." Furthermore, while Smith and Freud's systems are more one-person systems of defense, contemporary psychoanalysis has moved to more of a two-person system.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mecanismos de Defesa
Teoria Freudiana/história
Princípios Morais
Psicanálise/história
Teoria Psicanalítica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Empatia
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Superego
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Smith A; Freud S
[Em] Mês de entrada:1506
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140924
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140924
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140924
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1521/prev.2014.101.5.735


  5 / 641 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24555553
[Au] Autor:Fancher E
[Ad] Endereço:45 Gramercy Park North, New York, NY 10010. E-mail: edwinfancher@earthlink.net.
[Ti] Título:My conversations with the superego and the ego: an experimental approach to psychotherapy technique.
[So] Source:Psychoanal Rev;101(1):81-94, 2014 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1943-3301
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The author traces the history of superego theories in Freud's work and shows how latter contributions to psychoanalytic theory by Gray, the Novicks, and Arlow have provided theoretical foundations for innovative treatments in psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Arlow's insight into the continuous debates and discussions within our patients provides us with an opportunity to join in these discussions. Vignettes from two mildly obesssional male patients seen twice and twice a week provide demonstrations of this approach in psychoanalytic psychotherapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ego
Teoria Freudiana
Psicanálise/história
Interpretação Psicanalítica
Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos
Superego
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agendamento de Consultas
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Relações Profissional-Paciente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1410
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1521/prev.2014.101.1.81


  6 / 641 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24066810
[Au] Autor:Yalof J; Rosenstein D
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Graduate Psychology , Immaculata University.
[Ti] Título:Psychoanalytic interpretation of superego functioning following CS readministration procedures: case illustration.
[So] Source:J Pers Assess;96(2):192-203, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7752
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Comprehensive System (CS; Exner, 2003) has specific procedures to address brief Rorschach protocols when the first administration yields fewer than 14 responses. These procedures involve the assessor's asking the client to retake the test by providing more responses on the second administration than the first administration. The request carries with it an implicit criticism of the client's initial effort and a mandate to improve performance on retake. The retake request, with its ambiguously worded demand for improved performance, engages the client's superego (i.e., the client feels judged) and makes it possible to study superego manifestations (e.g., guilt, shame) on the Rorschach test, using a model of (a) brief first record, (b) retake directive, and (c) second administration. We present a case that illustrates a clinical strategy, modeled on a psychoanalytic understanding of the CS retake procedure, for studying the client's superego functioning under retest conditions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Aprendizagem/psicologia
Interpretação Psicanalítica
Teste de Rorschach/normas
Superego
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Transtornos de Aprendizagem/diagnóstico
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1410
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130927
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223891.2013.836528


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[PMID]:23816057
[Au] Autor:Gadeau L
[Ad] Endereço:Université Joseph-Fourier, Grenoble 1, 30, avenue Marcelin-Berthelot, 38100 Grenoble, France. Electronic address: ludovic.gadeau@orange.fr.
[Ti] Título:[Children's oppositional behaviour, practice of parental authority and temporal anomie].
[Ti] Título:Conduite oppositionnelle chez l'enfant, pratique parentale de l'autorité et anomie temporelle..
[So] Source:Encephale;40(1):33-41, 2014 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0013-7006
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This article examines the relationship between children's oppositional behaviour and the exercise of parental authority. It seeks to explore the value of a heuristic approach to psychic temporality in exercising parental authority. The study aims to better understand the role of psychic temporality in operations producing symbolic law. It goes on to describe a disorder of temporality, known as temporal anomie, which may be involved in a child's oppositional disorders. STUDY: Psychiatric or psychological consultations motivated by oppositional disorders in children have increased steadily in the past fifteen years in France. The primary reason for consultation is in the form of difficulties for children in accepting the social rules or constraints, but also the difficulties of parenting while coping with the opposition of their children. This increase is made in connection with the works analysing the social and psychological effects imposed by modernity and its acceleration. Correspondingly, we find that some parents do not prioritize their educational requirements, do not know when or how to frustrate their child, or even if it is legitimate to expect from him/her a certain type of behaviour. They seem more preoccupied with the fear of not being loved by their child more than their duty to educate. A general trend suggests an alteration of psychological time, characterized by: a) a disinvestment of links between present and past for the enjoyment of the moment and its extension in the immediate future ; b) a difficulty in supporting educational responses causing frustration for the child ; c) a lack of continuity and constancy in educational requirements. The author proposes to define temporal anomie as the psychical time that weakens the consistency of educational responses. A link between psychological temporality and the symbolic law is discussed. Specifically, the study notes that: in intersubjective relations, mastery of psychological time by parents is an integrating factor of the law for the child. In this sense, temporal anomie can affect the child's development of superego. Anomie time is the result of a weakening of the transitional temporality. Transitional temporality provides legitimacy for educational interventions. This allows parents to support conflicts and opposition of the child. To this end, transitional temporality promotes links between past, present and future, between tradition and innovation. CONCLUSION: Psychic temporality offers a new perspective, particularly heuristic because it is undoubtedly an essential dimension involved in the process of subjectivation and socialization. The concept of anomie time enables one to better understand the fragility of parenthood frequently encountered in child psychiatric consultations and allows one to link this to the evolution of society.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anomia (Social)
Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo/psicologia
Autoritarismo
Poder Familiar/psicologia
Mudança Social
Percepção do Tempo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Logro
Adolescente
Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo/epidemiologia
Transtornos de Deficit da Atenção e do Comportamento Disruptivo/terapia
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Conflito Familiar/psicologia
Feminino
Frustração
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Relações Pais-Filho
Poder (Psicologia)
Encaminhamento e Consulta
Conformidade Social
Socialização
Superego
Simbolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1410
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140224
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140224
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130703
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:23697819
[Au] Autor:Trimboli F; Marshall RL; Keenan CW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, Division of Psychology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, USA. frank.trimboli@verizon.net
[Ti] Título:Assessing psychopathology from a structural perspective: A psychodynamic model.
[So] Source:Bull Menninger Clin;77(2):132-60, 2013.
[Is] ISSN:1943-2828
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article presents a guide for conceptualizing psychological difficulties across the broad spectrum of personality and symptom disorders. A psychodynamic model is used to organize these disorders along a structural continuum of severity. The authors propose that seven key indices of personality functioning be evaluated: cognition, affect, self-object relations, interpersonal relations, defenses, superego functioning, and primary dynamics. The results are then employed to determine where the patient should be placed along a continuum of nine diagnostic categories of ego development and their associated disorders. These include "normal," neurotic trait, and neurotic symptom organization; high-, mid-, and low-level borderline organization; and affective, cognitive-affective, and cognitive psychotic organization. An accurate evaluation of the seven variables will permit a more precise formulation of the nature and severity of the patient's difficulties, which will hopefully result in more accurate and appropriate treatment planning. Examples of the application of this model to a common symptom complaint are provided.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Neuróticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Personalidade/diagnóstico
Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Afeto/fisiologia
Cognição/fisiologia
Mecanismos de Defesa
Ego
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Modelos Psicológicos
Transtornos Neuróticos/psicologia
Apego ao Objeto
Personalidade/fisiologia
Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia
Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia
Autoimagem
Superego
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1312
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130523
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130523
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130524
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1521/bumc.2013.77.2.132


  9 / 641 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23278199
[Au] Autor:Movahedi S; Homayounpour G
[Ad] Endereço:siamak.movahedi@umb.edu
[Ti] Título:The couch and the chador.
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;93(6):1357-75, 2012 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The authors present a clinical discussion of the psychic functions of the chador, a veil-like outer garment worn in public by some Iranian women. Drawing on Anzieu's theoretical concept of the skin ego, the authors suggest that the chador does not just cover the body; it may also envelop the psyche and function as a second skin for the ego. The maternal function of a holding environment is symbolically displaced on any clothing that 'hides,''covers,''veils,' or 'dresses' the body. The skin's containing functions are extended through sensory and metonymic mediations to clothes, thus providing an imaginary maternal sack for the person. The clinical vignettes presented here suggest that for some Iranian women the chador may work, on one hand, as a second skin ego and a shield against a perceived intrusive world. On the other hand, it may work as a punitive maternal superego, a 'holding cell' in a jail that paralyses the separation/individuation process. Operating in the service of the patient's resistance and defense, the chador may also function as a psychic refuge and a place to hide on the couch.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vestuário/psicologia
Ego
Religião
Superego
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Irã (Geográfico)
Teoria Psicanalítica
Autoimagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1306
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/j.1745-8315.2012.00658.x


  10 / 641 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23104932
[Au] Autor:De Masi F
[Ad] Endereço:Italian Psychoanalytical Society, Italy.
[Ti] Título:The erotic transference: dream or delusion?
[So] Source:J Am Psychoanal Assoc;60(6):1199-220, 2012 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1941-2460
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The erotic transference can be seen as the Janus face of clinical work in psychoanalysis: it may either arise out of the positive emotions necessary for the building of new shared realities, or be fueled by falsified and distorted constructions. In the former case, the erotic transference expresses the capacity to anticipate, or "dream," the emotional relationship with the object-which is why Freud valued its transformative aspect as one of the "forces impelling [the patient] to . . . make changes"-whereas in the latter it is equivalent to a flight from psychic reality and may be imperceptibly transformed into an actual delusion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Delusões/psicologia
Sonhos
Amor
Apego ao Objeto
Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos
Sexualidade/psicologia
Transferência (Psicologia)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Emoções
Feminino
Teoria Freudiana
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Narcisismo
Interpretação Psicanalítica
Superego
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1305
[Cu] Atualização por classe:121203
[Lr] Data última revisão:
121203
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:121030
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0003065112464394



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