Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F01.752.747.880 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1584 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 159 ir para página                         

  1 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29253004
[Au] Autor:Feng Z; Yang M; Ma C; Jiang K; Lei Y; Huang W; Huang Z; Zhan J; Zhou M
[Ad] Endereço:School of Automobile and Traffic Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei, Anhui, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Driving anger and its relationships with type A behavior patterns and trait anger: Differences between professional and non-professional drivers.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189793, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study examined the types of situations that caused Chinese professional and non-professional drivers to become angry and investigated the differences in driving-elicited anger, considering the influences of type A behavior pattern and trait anger between the two groups. The 20-item revised Driving Anger Scale (DAS) was used to assess a sample of 232 drivers (57% professional, 43% non-professional). The non-professional drivers reported significantly higher levels of anger than the professional drivers on the overall Driving Anger Scale (DAS) and the traffic obstructions and discourtesy subscales. In both groups, the preferred driving speeds were positively related to driving anger. Furthermore, drivers with a type A personality exhibited higher overall driving anger scores and higher anger scores in response to traffic obstructions and slow driving than drivers with a type B personality. Trait anger was significantly related to driving anger in both groups. In the non-professional group, type A behavior patterns (TABPs) and time hurry (TH) were positively correlated with anger evoked by slow driving. In the professional group, TABPs, TH and competitive hostility (CH) were positively related to driving anger, and the TABPs exerted an indirect effect on driving anger by mediating the influence of trait anger. Overall, these findings provide a theoretical basis for implementing targeted interventions for driving anger in both professional and non-professional drivers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ira
Condução de Veículo
Personalidade Tipo A
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acidentes de Trânsito
Adulto
Agressão
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
China
Feminino
Hostilidade
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Psicometria
Análise de Regressão
Assunção de Riscos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189793


  2 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27976966
[Au] Autor:von Känel R
[Ad] Endereço:1 Departement für Psychosomatische Medizin, Klinik Barmelweid, Barmelweid.
[Ti] Título:Evidenzbasierte Psychokardiologie ­ oder was vom Typ-A-Verhalten übrigblieb..
[So] Source:Praxis (Bern 1994);105(25):1483-1491, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1661-8157
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:ger
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/psicologia
Doença das Coronárias/psicologia
Medicina Baseada em Evidências
Infarto do Miocárdio/psicologia
Personalidade Tipo A
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/prevenção & controle
Terapia Comportamental
Doença das Coronárias/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle
Fatores de Risco
Comportamento de Redução do Risco
Estresse Psicológico/complicações
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170621
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170621
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27855433
[Au] Autor:Milicic D; Brajkovic L; Macek JL; Andric A; Ardalic Z; Buratovic T; Marcinko D
[Ad] Endereço:Department for Cardiovascular Diseases, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Kispaticeva 12, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia, davor.milicic@kbc-zagreb.hr; d.milicic@mail.inet.hr.
[Ti] Título:Type a Personality, Stress, Anxiety and Health Locus of Control in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction.
[So] Source:Psychiatr Danub;28(4):409-414, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:0353-5053
[Cp] País de publicação:Croatia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to define the level of patient exposure to stress in the previous 5 years before acute myocardial infarction (AMI), personality type A assessment, ways of coping with stressful situations, health locus of control and the grade of anxiety (as state and personality trait). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 118 patients who were consecutively hospitalized during 8 months in our Coronary care unit due to AMI, took part in the study. As controls we examined 103 healthy male volunteers (mean age 60.8±2.93 years). RESULTS: AMI patients presented with higher degree of behavior corresponding to type A personality (F=18.756, p=0.000), and also showed higher degree of anxiety, as state and personality trait (F=23.634, p=0.001; F=19.253, p=0.000), in comparison to healthy controls. Also, AMI patients were significantly more often coping emotionally in stressful situations than control subjects (F=21.354, p=0.000), and they had significantly higher external locus of control compared to healthy subjects (F=13.284, p=0.001). They often considered that they were not able to control their health, namely they evaluated their ability to control their health as weak and were much more often directed to cope with intense emotions (r=0.24, p=0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The study showed that AMI patients psychologically differed from the healthy controls, indicating that they were prone to maladaptive behavioral patterns which could favor development and complicate course of coronary artery disease.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/complicações
Controle Interno-Externo
Infarto do Miocárdio/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/complicações
Personalidade Tipo A
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Ansiedade/psicologia
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Atitude Frente à Saúde
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Caráter
Croácia
Ajustamento Emocional
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Estatística como Assunto
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170621
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170621
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161118
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
PubMed Central Texto completo
Texto completo
[PMID]:27589065
[Au] Autor:Steca P; D'Addario M; Magrin ME; Miglioretti M; Monzani D; Pancani L; Sarini M; Scrignaro M; Vecchio L; Fattirolli F; Giannattasio C; Cesana F; Riccobono SP; Greco A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Milan "Bicocca", Milan, Italy.
[Ti] Título:A Type A and Type D Combined Personality Typology in Essential Hypertension and Acute Coronary Syndrome Patients: Associations with Demographic, Psychological, Clinical, and Lifestyle Indicators.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(9):e0161840, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Many studies have focused on Type A and Type D personality types in the context of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), but nothing is known about how these personality types combine to create new profiles. The present study aimed to develop a typology of Type A and Type D personality in two groups of patients affected by and at risk for coronary disease. The study involved 711 patients: 51.6% with acute coronary syndrome, 48.4% with essential hypertension (mean age = 56.4 years; SD = 9.7 years; 70.7% men). Cluster analysis was applied. External variables, such as socio-demographic, psychological, lifestyle, and clinical parameters, were assessed. Six groups, each with its own unique combined personality profile scores, were identified: Type D, Type A-Negatively Affected, Not Type A-Negatively Affected, Socially Inhibited-Positively Affected, Not Socially Inhibited, and Not Type A-Not Type D. The Type A-Negatively Affected cluster and, to a lesser extent, the Type D cluster, displayed the worst profile: namely higher total cardiovascular risk index, physical inactivity, higher anxiety and depression, and lower self-esteem, optimism, and health status. Identifying combined personality profiles is important in clinical research and practice in cardiovascular diseases. Practical implications are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/psicologia
Hipotensão Intracraniana/psicologia
Estilo de Vida
Personalidade Tipo A
Personalidade Tipo D
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Ansiedade/psicologia
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Estilo de Vida Sedentário
Autoimagem
Ajustamento Social
Comportamento Social
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160903
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0161840


  5 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:27534171
[Au] Autor:Kawaguchi H
[Ti] Título:[Type A behavior pattern].
[So] Source:Nihon Rinsho;74 Suppl 4 Pt 1:199-203, 2016 Jun 20.
[Is] ISSN:0047-1852
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Personalidade Tipo A
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença da Artéria Coronariana/psicologia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160818
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160818
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160819
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27160143
[Au] Autor:Vijendren A; Yung M; Sanchez J; Shiralkar U; Weigel L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of ENT,Ipswich Hospital,UK.
[Ti] Título:An exploratory investigation of personality types attracted to ENT.
[So] Source:J Laryngol Otol;130(6):587-95, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1748-5460
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Careers in medicine are embarked on by people with various personalities, with highly strung and motivated characters usually drawn to surgery. This study was conducted to identify the personality types of ENT surgeons in comparison to a control group of foundation doctors. METHOD: A validated personality questionnaire was distributed to ENT specialty trainees and two cohorts of foundation doctors between October 2013 and November 2015. The questionnaires were scored and individuals were categorised as having either type A or type B personalities. RESULTS: Response rates were 90 per cent (26 out of 29) for ENT specialty trainees and 76 per cent (79 out of 104) for foundation doctors. There was a significantly higher proportion of type A personalities in the ENT specialty trainees compared to the foundation doctors (18 out of 26 ENT specialty trainees vs 32 out of 79 foundation doctors; p = 0.01, chi-square = 6.4708). There were no associations between personality type and grade, gender or subspecialty of interest. CONCLUSION: ENT surgeons are more likely to be of type A personality in comparison to foundation doctors. This could be a reflection of the recruitment process into the specialty or a characteristic of individuals that get drawn to ENT.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Escolha da Profissão
Otolaringologia
Personalidade
Médicos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Internato e Residência
Masculino
Especialização
Inquéritos e Questionários
Personalidade Tipo A
Personalidade Tipo B
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170130
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160511
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0022215116001171


  7 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27008532
[Au] Autor:Naseer S; Raja U; Donia MB
[Ad] Endereço:a International Islamic University.
[Ti] Título:Effect of Perceived Politics and Perceived Support on Bullying and Emotional Exhaustion: The Moderating Role of Type A Personality.
[So] Source:J Psychol;150(5):606-24, 2016 Jul 03.
[Is] ISSN:1940-1019
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recognizing that bullying can occur in varying degrees of severity, the current study suggest the importance of individual traits in individual perceptions of being targets of bullying and ensuing emotional exhaustion. The present study extends the work environment hypothesis and trait activation theory by a joint investigation of the mediating role of (a) workplace bullying in linking perceived organization politics and perceived organization support with emotional exhaustion and (b) the moderating role of Type A behavioral pattern in influencing the mediation. Using a field sample of 262 employees working in different organizations of Pakistan, this study tested a moderated mediation model. Results were consistent with the hypothesized model, in that workplace bullying mediated the relationship of perceived organization politics and perceived organization support with emotional exhaustion. Type A behavior moderated the perceived politics-bullying, perceived support-bullying, and bullying-emotional exhaustion relationships. The mediation of bullying varied with levels of Type A behavior in these relationships.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bullying
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia
Fadiga/psicologia
Cultura Organizacional
Apoio Social
Personalidade Tipo A
Local de Trabalho/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Percepção Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00223980.2016.1154809


  8 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26710181
[Au] Autor:Liu B; Deng T; Zhang J
[Ad] Endereço:Departments of *Ophthalmology, and†Urology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China.
[Ti] Título:RISK FACTORS FOR CENTRAL SEROUS CHORIORETINOPATHY: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
[So] Source:Retina;36(1):9-19, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1539-2864
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) is a common retina disease and has a relative high recurrence rate, etiology, and pathogenesis of which remains ambiguous. The systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to measure risk factors for CSC in a quantitative method, providing some precautions and interventions on this disease and preventing further recurrences. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review relating to risk factors for CSC through PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and VIP databases was conducted before March 2015. Odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated after data combination to assess the associations between risk factors and CSC. RESULTS: A total of 9839 patients in 17 studies were included and risk factors with significant differences found between CSC and control groups were listed as follows: hypertension (OR = 1.7; 95% CI: 1.28-2.25), Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection (OR = 3.12; 95% CI: 1.81-5.40), steroid usage (OR = 4.29; 95% CI: 2.01-9.15), sleeping disturbance (OR = 1.90; 95% CI: 1.28-1.83), autoimmune disease (OR=3.44; 95% CI: 1.90-6.26), psychopharmacologic medication use (OR = 2.69; 95% CI: 1.63-4.45), and Type-A behavior (OR = 2.53; 95% CI: 1.08-5.96). CONCLUSION: The authors concluded that hypertension, H. pylori infection, steroid usage, sleeping disturbance, autoimmune disease, psychopharmacologic medication use, and Type-A behavior were possible risk factors relating to the occurrence of CSC.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Coriorretinopatia Serosa Central/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doenças Autoimunes/complicações
Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos
Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações
Seres Humanos
Hipertensão/complicações
Psicotrópicos/efeitos adversos
Fatores de Risco
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/complicações
Personalidade Tipo A
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glucocorticoids); 0 (Psychotropic Drugs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151229
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151229
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/IAE.0000000000000837


  9 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26667311
[Au] Autor:Nerurkar NK; Kapre GM; Kothari NN
[Ad] Endereço:Ear, Nose, and Throat Department, Bombay Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Mumbai, India.
[Ti] Título:Correlation between personality type and vocal pathology: A nonrandomized case control study.
[So] Source:Laryngoscope;126(9):2063-6, 2016 09.
[Is] ISSN:1531-4995
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In this study we have made an attempt to find out if there is any correlation with type of personality (type A or B) and incidence of vocal pathology, subsequent to a tendency of vocal abuse. We also noted the loudness of speech and rate of speech for both personality types and compared these parameters for each personality type. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 100 subjects (50 with vocal pathologies and 50 with normal vocal folds) underwent voice and personality assessment, and the above-mentioned factors were compared with statistical methods. RESULTS: It was found that subjects with type A personality had a statistically significant increased incidence of vocal pathology, as compared to those with type B personality (P = .04). The other two parameters (i.e., loudness of speech and rate of speech) were both found to be higher in subjects with type A personality than those with type B, but did not attain statistical significance. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that there is a very close relationship between personality type and voice quality, and the incidence of vocal abuse and subsequent vocal pathologies are heavily governed by the person's personality traits. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 3b Laryngoscope, 126:2063-2066, 2016.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças da Laringe/epidemiologia
Doenças da Laringe/psicologia
Personalidade Tipo A
Personalidade Tipo B
Prega Vocal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Prospectivos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/lary.25810


  10 / 1584 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:26385557
[Au] Autor:Chauvet-Gélinier JC; Trojak B; Lemogne C; Aho-Glélé LS; Brindisi MC; Bouillet B; Ponavoy E; Meille V; Simoneau I; Chahraoui K; Vaillant G; Petit JM; Consoli SM; Bonin B; Vergès B
[Ad] Endereço:Psychiatry unit, department of neurosciences, Marion building, university hospital CHU Le Bocage, 14, rue Gaffarel, 21000 Dijon, France; Laboratory of psychopathology and medical psychology (IFR 100), university of Burgundy, 21000 Dijon, France.
[Ti] Título:Potential influence of Type A personality on plasma C-reactive protein levels in people with diabetes.
[So] Source:Diabetes Metab;42(2):88-95, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1780
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: Type A personality, although classically known as a factor linked to increased vascular risk, has recently been associated with increased survival in patients with diabetes. As low-grade inflammation predicts a poor outcome, the present study explored the potential associations between Type A and plasma levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) in diabetes. METHODS: Type A personality was assessed by the Bortner questionnaire in people with diabetes. The association between Type A and plasma CRP levels was examined by multivariable linear regression, and structural equation modelling (SEM) was performed to determine the impact of the major clinical, biological and psychological confounders. RESULTS: The study included 626 participants with type 1 and type 2 diabetes from the Diabetes and Psychological Profile study. Multivariable analyses showed an independent inverse association between Type A score and CRP levels. The structural model adjusted for age, gender, diabetes type and duration, body mass index (BMI), smoking status, alcohol abuse, oral antidiabetic and statin treatments, HbA1c levels, lipids, perceived stress, anxiety and depression revealed significant associations between CRP and Type A (ß=-0.135, 95% CI: -0.242, -0.028; P=0.014), BMI (ß=0.194, 95% CI: 0.038, 0.350; P=0.015) and HDL cholesterol (ß=-0.132, 95% CI: -0.245, -0.020; P=0.014). CONCLUSION: Our present study data indicate that Type A personality is independently associated with lower CRP levels. This lower level of inflammation might explain the better clinical outcomes associated with Type A personality in patients with diabetes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteína C-Reativa/análise
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia
Personalidade Tipo A
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Índice de Massa Corporal
Feminino
Hemoglobina A Glicada
Seres Humanos
Inflamação
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glycated Hemoglobin A); 0 (hemoglobin A1c protein, human); 9007-41-4 (C-Reactive Protein)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150920
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 159 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde