Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F01.829 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29203749
[Au] Autor:Palamar BI; Vaskivska HO; Palamar SP
[Ad] Endereço:State Scientific Enterprise "Scientific Practical Center For Prophylactic And Clinical Medicine" State Management Of Affairs Department, Kyiv, Ukraine, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine.
[Ti] Título:Didactic aspects of cognition of human as a bio-psycho-socio-cultural personality.
[So] Source:Wiad Lek;70(5):959-963, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0043-5147
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Modern education, according to leading Ukrainian scientists, requires the development of a new paradigm, which will consider the phenomenon of man holistically. The article describes didactic aspects of cognition of human as a bio-psycho-socio-cultural personality, as social fact, as a phenomenon. For the actualization of the didactic aspects of the problem, the authors used the methods of scientific literature analysis, systemic analysis and generalizations, analysis own practice of didactic and methodological character. Reforming the systems of education and medicine should occur in the context of providing active, creative, productive human life. Practice of system analysis proved that man as a subject of study should be considered as a biological entity, a social being, the bearer of consciousness and culture. A holistic approach to the study of man, viewing him as creatures of the natural (bodily) and social individual (society, culture) and the subject of mental and spiritual (creative and deliberate) activity can reveal its unique originality. The uniqueness of the phenomenon of man as the subject and object of research lies in its indivisibility, which is based on the unity of the laws of nature and society. Therefore, when studying the person should take into account the interests of social and natural Sciences. This once again confirms the idea of the necessity of human studies with the help of a systematic approach, which generates true and holistic view of the person, that involves the development of meta-perception of world and ourselves.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Humanismo
Saúde Mental
Personalidade
Valores Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Psicologia Social
Ucrânia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 3985 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28737111
[Au] Autor:Wood W
[Ad] Endereço:1 University of Southern California, Los Angeles, USA.
[Ti] Título:Habit in Personality and Social Psychology.
[So] Source:Pers Soc Psychol Rev;21(4):389-403, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7957
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Habits are largely absent from modern social and personality psychology. This is due to outdated perspectives that placed habits in conflict with goals. In modern theorizing, habits are represented in memory as implicit context-response associations, and they guide responding in conjunction with goals. Habits thus have important implications for our field. Emerging research shows that habits are an important mechanism by which people self-regulate and achieve long-term goals. Also, habits change through specific interventions, such as changes in context cues. I speculate that understanding of habits also holds promise for reducing intergroup discrimination and for understanding lay theories of the causes for action. In short, by recognizing habit, the field gains understanding of a central mechanism by which actions persist in daily life.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hábitos
Personalidade
Psicologia Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sinais (Psicologia)
Seres Humanos
Motivação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170725
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1088868317720362


  3 / 3985 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28591143
[Au] Autor:Rivers AM
[Ad] Endereço:University of California Davis, Davis, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:The Weapons Identification Task: Recommendations for adequately powered research.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0177857, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article synthesizes the extant literature on the Weapons Identification Task (WIT), a sequential priming paradigm developed to investigate the impact of racial priming on identification of stereotype-congruent and stereotype-irrelevant objects. Given recent controversy over the replicability of and statistical power required to detect priming effects, the aim of this synthesis is to systematically assess the literature in order to develop recommendations for statistical power in future research with the WIT paradigm. To develop these recommendations, the present article first quantitatively ascertains the magnitude of publication bias in the extant literature. Next, expected effect sizes and power recommendations are generated from the extant literature. Finally, a close conceptual replication of the WIT paradigm is conducted to prospectively test these recommendations. Racial priming effects are detected in this prospective test providing increased confidence in the WIT priming effect and credibility to the proposed recommendations for power.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psicologia Social
Tempo de Reação/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise de Variância
Seres Humanos
Publicações
Comportamento Estereotipado
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170608
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177857


  4 / 3985 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28591142
[Au] Autor:Sieben A; Schumann J; Seyfried A
[Ad] Endereço:Chair of Social Theory and Social Psychology, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Collective phenomena in crowds-Where pedestrian dynamics need social psychology.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0177328, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article is on collective phenomena in pedestrian dynamics during the assembling and dispersal of gatherings. To date pedestrian dynamics have been primarily studied in the natural and engineering sciences. Pedestrians are analyzed and modeled as driven particles revealing self-organizing phenomena and complex transport characteristics. However, pedestrians in crowds also behave as living beings according to stimulus-response mechanisms or act as human subjects on the basis of social norms, social identities or strategies. To show where pedestrian dynamics need social psychology in addition to the natural sciences we propose the application of three categories-phenomena, behavior and action. They permit a clear discrimination between situations in which minimal models from the natural sciences are appropriate and those in which sociological and psychological concepts are needed. To demonstrate the necessity of this framework, an experiment in which a large group of people (n = 270) enters a concert hall through two different spatial barrier structures is analyzed. These two structures correspond to everyday situations such as boarding trains and access to immigration desks. Methods from the natural and social sciences are applied. Firstly, physical measurements show the influence of the spatial structure on the dynamics of the entrance procedure. Density, waiting time and speed of progress show large variations. Secondly, a questionnaire study (n = 60) reveals how people perceive and evaluate these entrance situations. Markedly different expectations, social norms and strategies are associated with the two spatial structures. The results from the questionnaire study do not always conform to objective physical measures, indicating the limitations of models which are based on objective physical measures alone and which neglect subjective perspectives.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pedestres/psicologia
Psicologia Social
Comportamento Social
Caminhada/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aglomeração/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Modelos Teóricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170608
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177328


  5 / 3985 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28349607
[Au] Autor:Hanitio F; Perkins DD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Human and Organizational Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA.
[Ti] Título:Predicting the Emergence of Community Psychology and Community Development in 91 Countries with Brief Case Studies of Chile and Ghana.
[So] Source:Am J Community Psychol;59(1-2):200-218, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2770
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Using a mixed-method analysis, we propose and test a framework for predicting the international development of community psychology (CP) and community development (CD) as two examples of applied community-based research (CBR) disciplines aiming to link local knowledge generation with social change. Multiple regressions on an international sample of 91 countries were used to determine the relative influences of preexisting grassroots activism, population size, social and economic development, and civil liberties on estimates of the current strength of CP and CD based on Internet search and review of training courses and programs, published articles and journals, and professional organizations and conferences in these countries. Our results provide support for the proposed model and suggest that grassroots activism positively accounts for the development of CP and CD, above and beyond the influences of the other predictors. Brief qualitative case-study analyses of Chile (high CP, low CD) and Ghana (high CD, low CP) explore the limitations of our quantitative model and the importance of considering other historical, sociopolitical, cultural, and geographic factors for explaining the development of CP, CD, and other applied community studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Países em Desenvolvimento
Psicologia Social
Planejamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Chile
Gana
Seres Humanos
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Análise de Regressão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170329
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajcp.12127


  6 / 3985 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28300281
[Au] Autor:Persson I; Savulescu J
[Ti] Título:Moral Hard-Wiring and Moral Enhancement.
[So] Source:Bioethics;31(4):286-295, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1467-8519
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We have argued for an urgent need for moral bioenhancement; that human moral psychology is limited in its ability to address current existential threats due to the evolutionary function of morality to maximize cooperation in small groups. We address here Powell and Buchanan's novel objection that there is an 'inclusivist anomaly': humans have the capacity to care beyond in-groups. They propose that 'exclusivist' (group-based) morality is sensitive to environmental cues that historically indicated out-group threat. When this is not present, we are inclusivist. They conclude that moral bioenhancement is unnecessary or less effective than socio-cultural interventions. We argue that Powell and Buchanan underestimate the hard-wiring features of moral psychology; their appeal to adaptively plastic, conditionally expressed responses accounts for only a fragment of our moral psychology. In addition to restrictions on our altruistic concern that their account addresses - such as racism and sexism - there are ones it is ill-suited to address: that our concern is stronger for kin and friends and for concrete individuals rather than for statistical lives; also our bias towards the near future. Hard-wired features of our moral psychology that are not clearly restrictions in altruistic concern also include reciprocity, tit-for-tat, and others. Biomedical means are not the only, and maybe not the most important, means of moral enhancement. Socio-cultural means are of great importance and there are currently no biomedical interventions for many hard-wired features. Nevertheless research is desirable because the influence of these features is greater than our critics think.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Melhoramento Biomédico
Características Humanas
Princípios Morais
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Altruísmo
Dissidências e Disputas
Empatia
Seres Humanos
Psicologia Social
Distância Social
Valores Sociais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170317
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/bioe.12314


  7 / 3985 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28262974
[Au] Autor:Silva JM
[Ad] Endereço:University of Washington Bothell, Bothell, WA, USA.
[Ti] Título:When Research "Unravels": One Community Psychologist's Tale of Becoming a Nepantlera.
[So] Source:Am J Community Psychol;59(1-2):239-251, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2770
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This is an autoethnography of one community psychologist's reflections on the abrupt conclusion of a project that resulted in the dismantlement of a Latinx Student Union at a public middle school in the Pacific Northwest. Gloria Anzaldúa's (Borderlands/La Frontera: The new mestiza, Aunt Lute Books, San Francisco, 2002) notion of nepantla is used to situate how an individual's personal identities often intersects with their professional identities in ways that collide within the research environment. Drawing on the "heart work" core competencies within the field of community psychology (The Community Psychologist, 45, 2012, 8; American Journal of Community Psychology, 55, 2015, 266) and extending the dialogue of feminist community psychologists engaged in narrative work (American Journal of Community Psychology, 37, 2006, 157; American Journal of Community Psychology, 37, 2006, 267; Feminist research practice: A primer, Sage, Los Angeles, 2014; American Journal of Community Psychology, 28, 2000, 883), the author addresses why it is important for researchers of Color engaged in community collaborations to reflect on projects that have unraveled to understand how their positionality shifts within social contexts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hispano-Americanos
Psicologia Social
Instituições Acadêmicas
Autoimagem
Estudantes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia Cultural
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; PERSONAL NARRATIVES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170307
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajcp.12122


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[PMID]:28248549
[Au] Autor:Rosenbaum L
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. Rosenbaum is a national correspondent for the Journal.
[Ti] Título:Resisting the Suppression of Science.
[So] Source:N Engl J Med;376(17):1607-1609, 2017 Apr 27.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4406
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Emoções
Identificação (Psicologia)
Ciência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cultura
Seres Humanos
Conhecimento
Política
Psicologia Social
Estados Unidos
Vacinação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170523
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170523
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170302
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1056/NEJMp1702362


  9 / 3985 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28221091
[Au] Autor:Kitayama S
[Ti] Título:Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: Attitudes and social cognition.
[So] Source:J Pers Soc Psychol;112(3):357-360, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1315
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this editorial, the new incoming editor for the ( )addresses the upcoming challenges and the issue of replicability. Although people vary (often dramatically) in their views on the nature and extent of this issue, that we have an issue to address is something that the new editor thinks most scholars would agree on. It is her hope that engaging in these efforts will return our community to a place that young talent willingly and safely bets their futures on. It is with this sense of mission that she feel honored to serve in this role over the next five years. As Editor, she would like to address the current challenges by actively promoting three principles: rigor, innovation, and inclusiveness. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/normas
Psicologia Social/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/pspa0000077


  10 / 3985 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28191650
[Au] Autor:Toolis EE
[Ad] Endereço:University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Theorizing Critical Placemaking as a Tool for Reclaiming Public Space.
[So] Source:Am J Community Psychol;59(1-2):184-199, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2770
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As economic inequality and segregation continue to grow in the U.S., psychology has an important role to play in exploring and promoting processes that can disrupt social injustice. This paper identifies the privatization of public space as a social problem that contributes to the entrenchment of social, economic, and racial inequality, and advances "critical placemaking" as a tool for reclaiming public space for public use. Drawing from key concepts in environmental psychology, narrative psychology, and community psychology, the proposed framework seeks to theorize the processes by which placemaking may contribute to transforming community narratives and building more inclusive, participatory, and democratic communities. Policy implications and future directions for empirical work are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Privatização
Problemas Sociais
Segregação Social
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Psicologia Ambiental
Seres Humanos
Teoria Psicológica
Psicologia Social
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajcp.12118



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