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[PMID]:29400041
[Au] Autor:Woisard V; Galtier A; Baumann L; Delpierre C; Puech M; Balaguer M
[Ti] Título:[Therapeutic education of total laryngectomy patients: Influence of social factors].
[So] Source:Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord);136(5):171-9, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0035-1334
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Current health policies promote patient education, parti­cu­lar­ly in oncology. Therapeutic education program must be tailo­red to the characteristics, needs and expectations of the population. In the ENT Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Larrey Hospital in Toulouse, a therapeutic education program for patient with total laryngectomy has been experienced since 2011. But its propagation remains difficult. The aim of this study is to determine if social factors are nfluencing the parti­cipation of the laryngectomized population in the program. The brochure explaining this program and a registration form coupled with a survey questionnaire were distributed to the regio­nal population of patient with total laryngectomy. After two months of investigation we collected 42 responses. It is clear from their analysis that social factors underlie partici­pa­tion, particularly educational level, available financial resources level and the socio-professional group.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Laringectomia
Educação de Pacientes como Assunto
Participação do Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Divórcio
Escolaridade
Feminino
França
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28463711
[Au] Autor:Sands A; Thompson EJ; Gaysina D
[Ad] Endereço:EDGE Lab, School of Psychology, University of Sussex, UK.
[Ti] Título:Long-term influences of parental divorce on offspring affective disorders: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
[So] Source:J Affect Disord;218:105-114, 2017 Aug 15.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2517
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The prevalence of divorce in Western countries has increased in recent decades. However, there is no recent systematic review and/or meta-analysis of studies testing for long-term effects of parental divorce on offspring affective disorders. The present study conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published since 1980 testing for the association between parental divorce and offspring depression and anxiety in adulthood. METHOD: PUBMED, Science Direct, Medline, PsychInfo, and PsychArticles databases were searched for eligible studies. Random-effect meta-analyses were used to synthesize effect sizes and to test whether associations of parental divorce with offspring affective disorders differed among three publication periods (i.e., before 1996, 1996-2005, 2006-2015). RESULTS: In total, 29 studies were eligible for the systematic review, and 18 studies were included in the meta-analyses (depression: n=21,581; anxiety: n=2472). There was significant association between parental divorce and offspring depression (OR=1.56; 95%CI [1.31, 1.86]), but not anxiety (OR=1.16; 95%CI [0.98, 1.38]). The effect of parental divorce on offspring depression was not weaker in the reports published in more recent decades. LIMITATIONS: There is limited research in relation to offspring anxiety in adulthood. CONCLUSIONS: Parental divorce is associated with an increased risk of adult offspring depression, with no indication of the effect being weaker in recent publications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Crianças Adultas/psicologia
Ansiedade/psicologia
Depressão/psicologia
Divórcio/psicologia
Transtornos do Humor/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pais/psicologia
Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27770749
[Au] Autor:Dupre ME; Nelson A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA; Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA; Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA. Electronic address: matthew.dupre@duke.edu.
[Ti] Título:Marital history and survival after a heart attack.
[So] Source:Soc Sci Med;170:114-123, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-5347
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and nearly one million Americans will have a heart attack this year. Although the risks associated with a heart attack are well established, we know surprisingly little about how marital factors contribute to survival in adults afflicted with heart disease. This study uses a life course perspective and longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study to examine how various dimensions of marital life influence survival in U.S. older adults who suffered a heart attack (n = 2197). We found that adults who were never married (odds ratio [OR] = 1.73), currently divorced (OR = 1.70), or widowed (OR = 1.34) were at significantly greater risk of dying after a heart attack than adults who were continuously married; and the risks were not uniform over time. We also found that the risk of dying increased by 12% for every additional marital loss and decreased by 7% for every one-tenth increase in the proportion of years married. After accounting for more than a dozen socioeconomic, psychosocial, behavioral, and physiological factors, we found that current marital status remained the most robust indicator of survival following a heart attack. The implications of the findings are discussed in the context of life course inequalities in chronic disease and directions for future research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade
Infarto do Miocárdio/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos de Coortes
Divórcio/psicologia
Divórcio/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Pessoa Solteira/psicologia
Pessoa Solteira/estatística & dados numéricos
Cônjuges/psicologia
Cônjuges/estatística & dados numéricos
Sobreviventes/psicologia
Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos
Viuvez/psicologia
Viuvez/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28457162
[Au] Autor:Richmond-Rakerd LS; Belsky DW
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri, Columbia, M.O.; and the Department of Medicine, Duke University School of Medicine, the Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development, Duke University, and Duke University Population Research Institute, Durham, N.C.
[Ti] Título:Swedish Register Analysis of Divorce and Alcohol Use Disorder Highlights Social Relationships as a Target for Preventive Psychiatry and Genetic Research.
[So] Source:Am J Psychiatry;174(5):411-413, 2017 05 01.
[Is] ISSN:1535-7228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Divórcio
Psiquiatria Preventiva
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alcoolismo
Pesquisa em Genética
Seres Humanos
Suécia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.17020170


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[PMID]:29246345
[Au] Autor:Loria H; Caughy M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, Division of Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, TX. Electronic address: hilda.loria@utsouthwestern.edu.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences in Low-Income Latino Immigrant and Nonimmigrant Children.
[So] Source:J Pediatr;192:209-215.e1, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6833
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences in low-income Latino children and examine differences in the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences by immigrant generational status. STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary data analysis of the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health, a telephone survey of parents/caregivers of a nationally representative sample of US children. The study sample was limited to Latino children in households with an annual income ≤200% of the federal poverty level (FPL) whose parents responded to a 9-item inventory of adverse childhood experiences. Descriptive statistics estimated the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences and examined differences in prevalence by immigrant generational status. RESULTS: Of 22 297 children, 29% (n = 6483) were Latino (9% first generation, 57% second generation, 30% third or higher generation); 25% (n = 1692) of all Latino children were exposed to 2 or more adverse childhood experiences. Latino immigrant children had a lower prevalence (13%; n = 801) compared with nonimmigrant Latino children (40%; n = 772). The most common adverse childhood experiences were financial hardship and parent divorce/separation. The total number and mean number of adverse childhood experiences differed by child generational status, and the differences persisted after stratification by age and FPL. The prevalence of exposure to adverse childhood experiences was highest among third- or higher-generation nonimmigrant children and lowest among second-generation immigrant children. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of adverse childhood experiences in low-income Latino children is similar to the prevalence for all US children; however, the prevalence is significantly higher in nonimmigrant children. Targeted screening to address adverse childhood experiences, policy changes, and guidance regarding care practices to address adverse childhood experiences in Latino children are needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Divórcio/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Masculino
Prevalência
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171217
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28796826
[Au] Autor:Meyer JM; Percheski C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Health behaviors and union dissolution among parents of young children: Differences by marital status.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182628, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous research finds that marriage is associated with better health and lower mortality, and one of the mechanisms underlying this association is health-related selection out of marriage. Using longitudinal survey data from 2,348 couples from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study, we examine whether certain health behaviors-smoking and binge drinking-are associated with risk of union dissolution among couples with young children. We use discrete time hazard models to test whether associations between health behaviors and union dissolution differ between married and cohabiting parents. We find no statistically significant association between binge drinking and union dissolution for either cohabiting or married couples. Parental smoking, however, is associated with union dissolution. On average, married and cohabiting couples in which both parents smoke have a higher risk of union dissolution than couples in which neither parent smokes. Additionally, father's smoking (in couples in which the mother does not smoke) is associated with union dissolution, but only for married couples. These findings illustrate the importance of considering the health behaviors of both partners and provide further evidence of differences in union dissolution dynamics between married and cohabiting couples.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bem-Estar da Criança
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bebedeira/epidemiologia
Bebedeira/psicologia
Criança
Divórcio
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Poder Familiar
Pais
Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Cônjuges
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170811
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182628


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[PMID]:28732032
[Au] Autor:Grigoriev P; Jasilionis D; Stumbrys D; Stankuniene V; Shkolnikov VM
[Ad] Endereço:Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (Rostock, Germany).
[Ti] Título:Individual- and area-level characteristics associated with alcohol-related mortality among adult Lithuanian males: A multilevel analysis based on census-linked data.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0181622, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Although excessive alcohol-related mortality in the post-Soviet countries remains the major public health threat, determinants of this phenomenon are still poorly understood. AIMS: We assess simultaneously individual- and area-level factors associated with an elevated risk of alcohol-related mortality among Lithuanian males aged 30-64. METHODS: Our analysis is based on a census-linked dataset containing information on individual- and area-level characteristics and death events which occurred between March 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2013. We limit the analysis to a few causes of death which are directly linked to excessive alcohol consumption: accidental poisonings by alcohol (X45) and liver cirrhosis (K70 and K74). Multilevel Poisson regression models with random intercepts are applied to estimate mortality rate ratios (MRR). RESULTS: The selected individual-level characteristics are important predictors of alcohol-related mortality, whereas area-level variables show much less pronounced or insignificant effects. Compared to married men, never married (MRR = 1.9, CI:1.6-2.2), divorced (MRR = 2.6, CI:2.3-2.9), and widowed (MRR = 2.4, CI: 1.8-3.1) men are disadvantaged groups. Men who have the lowest level of educational attainment have the highest mortality risk (MRR = 1.7 CI:1.4-2.1). Being unemployed is associated with a five-fold risk of alcohol-related death (MRR = 5.1, CI: 4.4-5.9), even after adjusting for all other individual variables. Lithuanian males have an advantage over Russian (MRR = 1.3, CI:1.1-1.6) and Polish (MRR = 1.8, CI: 1.5-2.2) males. After adjusting for all individual characteristics, only two out of seven area-level variables-i.e., the share of ethnic minorities in the population and the election turnout-have statistically significant direct associations. These variables contribute to a higher risk of alcohol-related mortality at the individual level. CONCLUSIONS: The huge and increasing socio-economic disparities in alcohol-related mortality indicate that recently implemented anti-alcohol measures in Lithuania should be reinforced by specific measures targeting the most disadvantaged population groups and geographical areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Causas de Morte/tendências
Etanol/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Censos
Divórcio
Seres Humanos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
Lituânia
Masculino
Casamento
Meia-Idade
Análise Multinível
Fatores de Risco
Federação Russa
Pessoa Solteira
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
3K9958V90M (Ethanol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170722
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181622


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[PMID]:28647976
[Au] Autor:Li J; Han J; Xu J; Tang HL; Mao YR
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Integration and Evaluation, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.
[Ti] Título:[Status of marriage and HIV transmission between couples in newly reported HIV cases before diagnosis was made, among men who have sex with men in China, 2014].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi;38(6):750-753, 2017 Jun 10.
[Is] ISSN:0254-6450
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To analyze the status of marriage and HIV transmission between couples in newly reported HIV cases before diagnoses were made, among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. Baseline and follow-up information related to newly reported cases in 2014 were collected from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System. Infected MSM who were older than 22 years of age were included in this study. HIV cases were divided into sero-concordant or sero-discordant group, according to the HIV status of the couple who were tested 180 days post-diagnosis. Multivariate logistic regression method was used to analyze the potential factors associated with HIV transmission between couples before diagnosis was made. A total of 5 081 (22.7 ) of the HIV infected MSM who had couples, were included in this study. A total of 3 715 cases had their couples tested 180 days after the diagnosis was made. 7.6 (282) had positive couples. Results from the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors as: older than 60 ( =2.64, 95 : 1.50-4.65) years of age, being minorities ( =1.93, 95 : 1.13-3.29), having CD(4)(+)T cells less than 500 cells/µl (<200: =2.91, 95 : 1.82-4.65; 200-349: =1.98, 95 : 1.22-3.23; 350-500: =1.69, 95 : 1.00-2.86), with self-reported unsafe behaviors ( =1.92, 95 : 1.44-2.58) , were more likely to transmit HIV to their couples before the diagnosis was made. Behavior interventions and early HIV testing should be promoted, especially among those MSM who had couples, to avoid inter-spousal transmission.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Divórcio/estatística & dados numéricos
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Homossexualidade Masculina
Casamento/estatística & dados numéricos
Cônjuges/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
China
Características da Família
Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estado Civil
Programas de Rastreamento
Comportamento Sexual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170904
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170904
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170627
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.06.012


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[PMID]:28614385
[Au] Autor:Rosenström T; Fawcett TW; Higginson AD; Metsä-Simola N; Hagen EH; Houston AI; Martikainen P
[Ad] Endereço:School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Adaptive and non-adaptive models of depression: A comparison using register data on antidepressant medication during divorce.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179495, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Divorce is associated with an increased probability of a depressive episode, but the causation of events remains unclear. Adaptive models of depression propose that depression is a social strategy in part, whereas non-adaptive models tend to propose a diathesis-stress mechanism. We compare an adaptive evolutionary model of depression to three alternative non-adaptive models with respect to their ability to explain the temporal pattern of depression around the time of divorce. Register-based data (304,112 individuals drawn from a random sample of 11% of Finnish people) on antidepressant purchases is used as a proxy for depression. This proxy affords an unprecedented temporal resolution (a 3-monthly prevalence estimates over 10 years) without any bias from non-compliance, and it can be linked with underlying episodes via a statistical model. The evolutionary-adaptation model (all time periods with risk of divorce are depressogenic) was the best quantitative description of the data. The non-adaptive stress-relief model (period before divorce is depressogenic and period afterwards is not) provided the second best quantitative description of the data. The peak-stress model (periods before and after divorce can be depressogenic) fit the data less well, and the stress-induction model (period following divorce is depressogenic and the preceding period is not) did not fit the data at all. The evolutionary model was the most detailed mechanistic description of the divorce-depression link among the models, and the best fit in terms of predicted curvature; thus, it offers most rigorous hypotheses for further study. The stress-relief model also fit very well and was the best model in a sensitivity analysis, encouraging development of more mechanistic models for that hypothesis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Algoritmos
Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia
Divórcio/psicologia
Modelos Psicológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico
Transtorno Depressivo/tratamento farmacológico
Tratamento Farmacológico/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Finlândia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antidepressive Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179495


  10 / 4251 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28595062
[Au] Autor:Turunen J; Fransson E; Bergström M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, Stockholm University Demography Unit (SUDA), 10691 Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health, Karlstad University, 65188 Karlstad, Sweden. Electronic address: jani.turunen@sociology.su.se.
[Ti] Título:Self-esteem in children in joint physical custody and other living arrangements.
[So] Source:Public Health;149:106-112, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1476-5616
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Parental support has been shown to be important for children's self-esteem, which in turn is related to later important life outcomes. Today, an increasing number of children in the Western world spend time in both the parents' respective households after a separation. Children who live with both parents report more parental support than children who live only with one parent after a divorce. We took the opportunity of the commonness of children sharing their time between their parents' homes in Sweden to investigate children's self-esteem in relation to family type. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: With nationally representative survey data (ULF) collected from both parents and children, we analyze differences in children's self-esteem among 4823 10-18 year olds in nuclear families, joint physical custody and those living mostly or only with one parent after a separation using ordinary least squares regression, adjusting for demographic and socioeconomic characteristics. RESULTS: We found no significant difference in self-esteem between children who lived equally much with both parents, mostly with one parent and those in nuclear families, whereas children in single care showed lower self-esteem compared with children in the other living arrangements. The difference was not explained by socioeconomic factors. CONCLUSION: The self-esteem of children who share their time between their parent's respective homes after a separation does not deviate from that in their peers in nuclear families. Instead, those in single care reported lower self-esteem than those in the other living arrangements. These differences were not explained by socioeconomic factors. Longitudinal studies are needed to establish pre- and post-separation family characteristics that influence self-esteem and well-being in young people.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Custódia da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos
Relações Pais-Filho
Distribuição Espacial da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Autoimagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Divórcio
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Suécia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170825
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170825
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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