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[PMID]:29380888
[Au] Autor:Génin F; Masters JC
[Ad] Endereço:African Primate Initiative for Ecology and Speciation (APIES), Earth Stewardship Science Research Institute, Nelson Mandela University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Sharing the burden: A neutral approach to socioecological theory.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;165 Suppl 65:90-103, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The socioecological model (SEM) is a popular collection of controversial models purporting to explain mating systems in terms of ecological and social parameters. Despite its guise of objectivity, several of its hypotheses assume Victorian gender stereotypes of active, competing males heedlessly sowing their seeds, and cautious, passive females, imprisoned by greater costs of reproduction and their consequent resourceߚdependence. METHODS: We enter this debate by taking a previously neglected explanatory approach borrowed from species theory. According to the Recognition Concept of sexual species, the unit of reproductive success/fitness is irreducible to fewer than two integrated subparts (minimally a male and a female). Phyletic changes in mating systems logically effect changes in fertilization systems, leading to reproductive isolation. We take our primary assumption of the average equivalence of female and male contributions to successful reproduction from the writings of the natural philosopher, Antoinette Blackwell. RESULTS: We revisit the SEM with its contradictions and extrapolations, and develop a genderߚneutral alternative hypothesis termed SpecificߚMate Contact (SMC), centered on two fundamental mating strategies: sexual animals may behave as synchronous mateߚattractors or asynchronous mateߚseekers, generating four possible mating system combinations (monogamy: two attractors; promiscuity: two seekers; polygyny: male attractor and female seeker; polyandry: female attractor and male seeker). CONCLUSIONS: Our approach predicts all known primate mating systems using a neutral (nonߚsexist) principle. The approach is also neutral in the sense that it does not invoke either competition or cooperation: fertilization success is considered a posteriori and males and females are coߚadapted to this end rather than cognitively cooperative.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia
Preferência de Acasalamento Animal/fisiologia
Primatas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Teorema de Bayes
Evolução Biológica
Ecologia
Feminino
Aptidão Genética
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Casamento
Modelos Teóricos
Sociologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23383


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[PMID]:29314805
[Au] Autor:Radojcic L; Divac-Jovanovic M
[Ti] Título:Redefinition of gender roles and fertility problems.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(7):690-4, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Identidade de Gênero
Infertilidade/psicologia
Casamento/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Infertilidade/terapia
Masculino
Sérvia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180110
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29187924
[Au] Autor:Lowe M
[Ad] Endereço:Society for the Study of Women's Health (SSWH), Old Yundum, The Gambia.
[Ti] Título:Social and cultural barriers to husbands' involvement in maternal health in rural Gambia.
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;27:255, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Introduction: While many studies have documented a number of socio-cultural barriers to male involvement in maternal health, in The Gambia very little information is known about the social and cultural practices that characterized male involvement in maternal health. This study aims to explore some of the underlying social and cultural factors affecting husbands' involvement in maternal health issues pertaining to pregnancy and delivery in rural Gambia. Methods: Five focus group discussions and six in-depth interviews were conducted among rural men and traditional birth attendants in five areas of rural Gambia. The discussion was directed to the roles of male partners in pregnancy and delivery and the difficulties they face regarding taking care of their wives. The data resulting from the discussion was audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim, and analyzed thematically. Results: In general, rural Gambian men and traditional birth attendants (TBAs) reported that husbands' involvement in maternal health is highly desirable, but is influenced by many factors, such as the traditional conceptualization associated with pregnancy and delivery as women's domain. In addition, many men do not believe that pregnancy chores warrant their efforts compared to other competing social responsibilities. This issue may be more complicated in polygamous marriages where there is rivalry among co-wives and in neighborhoods where men who help with house chores may be subjected to mockery. Conclusion: These findings suggest that husbands' involvement in maternal health in The Gambia is influenced by the prevailing social and cultural practices of gender role and norms, which are also at the root of maternal health problems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Parto Obstétrico/estatística & dados numéricos
Casamento/psicologia
Saúde Materna
Cônjuges/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Grupos Focais
Gâmbia
Seres Humanos
Entrevistas como Assunto
Masculino
Tocologia
Gravidez
População Rural
Cônjuges/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2017.27.255.11378


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[PMID]:28332954
[Au] Autor:Yerkes MA; Dotti Sani GM; Solera C
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science , Utrecht University , Utrecht , The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Attitudes Toward Parenthood, Partnership, and Social Rights for Diverse Families: Evidence From a Pilot Study in Five Countries.
[So] Source:J Homosex;65(1):80-99, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1540-3602
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Attitudes toward the civil and social citizenship rights of individuals in diverse family forms are underresearched. We use cross-national data from a pilot study among students in Denmark, Spain, Croatia, Italy, and the Netherlands to explore cross-country differences in beliefs about partnership, parenthood, and social rights of same-sex couples vs. heterosexual couples or married vs. cohabiting couples. The results suggest a polarization in students' attitudes between countries that appear more traditional (i.e., Italy and Croatia) and less traditional (Spain and the Netherlands), where the rights of married heterosexual couples are privileged over other family forms more so than in nontraditional countries. Moreover, equality in social rights is generally more widely accepted than equality in civil rights, particularly in relationship to parenthood rights and in more traditional countries. We discuss the implications of these findings and the implications for further research in this underexplored area of attitudinal research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude
Direitos Civis
Características da Família
Poder Familiar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Croácia
Feminino
Heterossexualidade
Homossexualidade Feminina
Homossexualidade Masculina
Seres Humanos
Itália
Masculino
Casamento
Países Baixos
Projetos Piloto
Espanha
Estudantes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00918369.2017.1310507


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[PMID]:28964313
[Au] Autor:Sanyelbhaa H; Kabel A; Abo El-Naga HAE; Sanyelbhaa A; Salem H
[Ad] Endereço:Audiology Unit, ENT Dept., Menoufia University, Egypt. Electronic address: Sanyelbhaa@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:The risk ratio for development of hereditary sensorineural hearing loss in consanguineous marriage offspring.
[So] Source:Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol;101:7-10, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8464
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: This study aims to define the relative risk of development of hearing loss in offspring of consanguineous marriages. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective case-control study conducted in a tertiary referral center in Jeddah, KSA. The study group included 1600 probands (848 males, 752 females), with age range 0.5-12 years (6.6 ± 3.6). The study group comprised of two equal, age and sex matched subgroups; Hearing Loss (HL) group and Normal Hearing (NH) group. The children included in the HL group should have idiopathic or non syndromic genetic sensorineural hearing loss. RESULTS: The HL Group comprised 800 children with variable degrees of sensorineural hearing loss. Profound and severe degrees of hearing loss were the most prevalent degrees (P <0.05%). The prevalence of consanguineous marriage offspring in the NH group was 42.5%, while in the HL group it was 68.9% (P < 0.05). The differences between both study subgroups regarding the distribution of different degrees of parental consanguinity (first, second, double first, and first once removed cousins) were insignificant (P > 0.05). The relative risk and 95% confidence interval (RR, 95% CI) for development of hearing loss in offspring of consanguineous marriage was 1.76 (95% CI 1.57-1.97, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: There was 76% increased risk for consanguineous marriage progeny to develop SNHL when compared to non consanguineous progeny.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consanguinidade
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Casamento
Razão de Chances
Prevalência
Estudos Retrospectivos
Arábia Saudita
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171002
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28819482
[Au] Autor:Karrouri R
[Ad] Endereço:Service de Psychiatrie, Hôpital Militaire Moulay Ismail, Meknès 50000, Maroc.
[Ti] Título:[Non-consummation of marriage and vaginismus: about three clinical cases].
[Ti] Título:Mariage non consommé et vaginisme: à propos de trois cas Clinique..
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;27:60, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:Vaginismus is a relationship issue. It is a cause of non-consummation of marriage, infertility and alteration in sexual relationship quality. We present three case reports from our daily clinical practice in order to highlight the possible causes of vaginismus, its clinical and relational characteristics and its cultural particularities. Patients were treated in the Department of Psychiatry at the Military Hospital Moulay Ismail, Meknes, over an observation period of two years.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Casamento
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia
Vaginismo/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Hospitais Militares
Seres Humanos
Marrocos
Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/terapia
Vaginismo/terapia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170904
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170904
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170819
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2017.27.60.6694


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[PMID]:28732032
[Au] Autor:Grigoriev P; Jasilionis D; Stumbrys D; Stankuniene V; Shkolnikov VM
[Ad] Endereço:Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (Rostock, Germany).
[Ti] Título:Individual- and area-level characteristics associated with alcohol-related mortality among adult Lithuanian males: A multilevel analysis based on census-linked data.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0181622, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Although excessive alcohol-related mortality in the post-Soviet countries remains the major public health threat, determinants of this phenomenon are still poorly understood. AIMS: We assess simultaneously individual- and area-level factors associated with an elevated risk of alcohol-related mortality among Lithuanian males aged 30-64. METHODS: Our analysis is based on a census-linked dataset containing information on individual- and area-level characteristics and death events which occurred between March 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2013. We limit the analysis to a few causes of death which are directly linked to excessive alcohol consumption: accidental poisonings by alcohol (X45) and liver cirrhosis (K70 and K74). Multilevel Poisson regression models with random intercepts are applied to estimate mortality rate ratios (MRR). RESULTS: The selected individual-level characteristics are important predictors of alcohol-related mortality, whereas area-level variables show much less pronounced or insignificant effects. Compared to married men, never married (MRR = 1.9, CI:1.6-2.2), divorced (MRR = 2.6, CI:2.3-2.9), and widowed (MRR = 2.4, CI: 1.8-3.1) men are disadvantaged groups. Men who have the lowest level of educational attainment have the highest mortality risk (MRR = 1.7 CI:1.4-2.1). Being unemployed is associated with a five-fold risk of alcohol-related death (MRR = 5.1, CI: 4.4-5.9), even after adjusting for all other individual variables. Lithuanian males have an advantage over Russian (MRR = 1.3, CI:1.1-1.6) and Polish (MRR = 1.8, CI: 1.5-2.2) males. After adjusting for all individual characteristics, only two out of seven area-level variables-i.e., the share of ethnic minorities in the population and the election turnout-have statistically significant direct associations. These variables contribute to a higher risk of alcohol-related mortality at the individual level. CONCLUSIONS: The huge and increasing socio-economic disparities in alcohol-related mortality indicate that recently implemented anti-alcohol measures in Lithuania should be reinforced by specific measures targeting the most disadvantaged population groups and geographical areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Causas de Morte/tendências
Etanol/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Censos
Divórcio
Seres Humanos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
Lituânia
Masculino
Casamento
Meia-Idade
Análise Multinível
Fatores de Risco
Federação Russa
Pessoa Solteira
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
3K9958V90M (Ethanol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170722
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181622


  8 / 21057 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28727793
[Au] Autor:Sekine K; Hodgkin ME
[Ad] Endereço:Health Section, UNICEF Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal.
[Ti] Título:Effect of child marriage on girls' school dropout in Nepal: Analysis of data from the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2014.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180176, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:School dropout and child marriage are interrelated outcomes that have an enormous impact on adolescent girls. However, the literature reveals gaps in the empirical evidence on the link between child marriage and the dropout of girls from school. This study identifies the 'tipping point' school grades in Nepal when the risk of dropout due to marriage is highest, measures the effect of child marriage on girls' school dropout rates, and assesses associated risk factors. Weighted percentages were calculated to examine the grades at highest risk and the distribution of reasons for discontinuing school. Using the Nepal Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2014 data, we estimated the effect of marriage on school attendance and dropout among girls aged 15-17 by constructing logistic regression models. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to assess risk factors of school dropout due to child marriage. It was found that early marriage is the most common reason given for leaving school. Overall, the risk of school dropout due to marriage heightens after girls complete the fifth or sixth grade. The risk of girls' dropping out peaks in the seventh and eighth grades and remains noteworthy in the ninth and tenth grades. Married girls in Nepal are 10 times more likely to drop out than their unmarried peers. Little or no education of the household head, belonging to the Kirat religion, and membership of a traditionally disadvantaged social class each elevate the risk of school dropout due to early marriage. The findings underscore the need to delay girl's marriage so as to reduce girls' school dropout in Nepal. School-based programmes aimed at preventing child marriage should target girls from the fifth grade because they are at increased risk of dropping out, as well as prioritizing girls from disadvantaged groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Casamento
Instituições Acadêmicas
Evasão Escolar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Escolaridade
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Nepal
Fatores de Risco
População Rural
Classe Social
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170927
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170927
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180176


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[PMID]:28693876
[Au] Autor:Choi YJ
[Ad] Endereço:Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, 84 Heusuk-ro, Bldg. 102, 7th Floor Room 718, Dongjak-gu, Seoul 156-756, South Korea. Electronic address: yunjungchoi@cau.ac.kr.
[Ti] Título:Effects of a Program to Improve Mental Health Literacy for Married Immigrant Women in Korea.
[So] Source:Arch Psychiatr Nurs;31(4):394-398, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aimed to develop and evaluate a mental health improvement program for the acculturative stress and mental health literacy of married immigrant women using bilingual gatekeepers. Bilingual gatekeepers were recruited from multicultural centers and trained to provide 8-week structured mental health improvement services to the women in the experimental group using a mental health improvement guidebook developed by the authors in 8 different languages. The program was effective in improving mental health and mental health literacy scores as well as reducing the degree of acculturative stress. This study offers a model of effective mental healthcare for multicultural communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Alfabetização em Saúde
Casamento/etnologia
Saúde Mental/etnologia
Estresse Psicológico/etnologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
República da Coreia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Tradução
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170712
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28647976
[Au] Autor:Li J; Han J; Xu J; Tang HL; Mao YR
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Integration and Evaluation, National Center for AIDS/STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.
[Ti] Título:[Status of marriage and HIV transmission between couples in newly reported HIV cases before diagnosis was made, among men who have sex with men in China, 2014].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi;38(6):750-753, 2017 Jun 10.
[Is] ISSN:0254-6450
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To analyze the status of marriage and HIV transmission between couples in newly reported HIV cases before diagnoses were made, among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. Baseline and follow-up information related to newly reported cases in 2014 were collected from the Chinese HIV/AIDS Comprehensive Response Information Management System. Infected MSM who were older than 22 years of age were included in this study. HIV cases were divided into sero-concordant or sero-discordant group, according to the HIV status of the couple who were tested 180 days post-diagnosis. Multivariate logistic regression method was used to analyze the potential factors associated with HIV transmission between couples before diagnosis was made. A total of 5 081 (22.7 ) of the HIV infected MSM who had couples, were included in this study. A total of 3 715 cases had their couples tested 180 days after the diagnosis was made. 7.6 (282) had positive couples. Results from the multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that factors as: older than 60 ( =2.64, 95 : 1.50-4.65) years of age, being minorities ( =1.93, 95 : 1.13-3.29), having CD(4)(+)T cells less than 500 cells/µl (<200: =2.91, 95 : 1.82-4.65; 200-349: =1.98, 95 : 1.22-3.23; 350-500: =1.69, 95 : 1.00-2.86), with self-reported unsafe behaviors ( =1.92, 95 : 1.44-2.58) , were more likely to transmit HIV to their couples before the diagnosis was made. Behavior interventions and early HIV testing should be promoted, especially among those MSM who had couples, to avoid inter-spousal transmission.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Divórcio/estatística & dados numéricos
Infecções por HIV/psicologia
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Homossexualidade Masculina
Casamento/estatística & dados numéricos
Cônjuges/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
China
Características da Família
Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estado Civil
Programas de Rastreamento
Comportamento Sexual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170904
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170904
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170627
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0254-6450.2017.06.012



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