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[PMID]:27770749
[Au] Autor:Dupre ME; Nelson A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA; Department of Community and Family Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA; Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA. Electronic address: matthew.dupre@duke.edu.
[Ti] Título:Marital history and survival after a heart attack.
[So] Source:Soc Sci Med;170:114-123, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-5347
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States and nearly one million Americans will have a heart attack this year. Although the risks associated with a heart attack are well established, we know surprisingly little about how marital factors contribute to survival in adults afflicted with heart disease. This study uses a life course perspective and longitudinal data from the Health and Retirement Study to examine how various dimensions of marital life influence survival in U.S. older adults who suffered a heart attack (n = 2197). We found that adults who were never married (odds ratio [OR] = 1.73), currently divorced (OR = 1.70), or widowed (OR = 1.34) were at significantly greater risk of dying after a heart attack than adults who were continuously married; and the risks were not uniform over time. We also found that the risk of dying increased by 12% for every additional marital loss and decreased by 7% for every one-tenth increase in the proportion of years married. After accounting for more than a dozen socioeconomic, psychosocial, behavioral, and physiological factors, we found that current marital status remained the most robust indicator of survival following a heart attack. The implications of the findings are discussed in the context of life course inequalities in chronic disease and directions for future research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos
Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade
Infarto do Miocárdio/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos de Coortes
Divórcio/psicologia
Divórcio/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Pessoa Solteira/psicologia
Pessoa Solteira/estatística & dados numéricos
Cônjuges/psicologia
Cônjuges/estatística & dados numéricos
Sobreviventes/psicologia
Sobreviventes/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos
Viuvez/psicologia
Viuvez/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 2202 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28732032
[Au] Autor:Grigoriev P; Jasilionis D; Stumbrys D; Stankuniene V; Shkolnikov VM
[Ad] Endereço:Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research (Rostock, Germany).
[Ti] Título:Individual- and area-level characteristics associated with alcohol-related mortality among adult Lithuanian males: A multilevel analysis based on census-linked data.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0181622, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Although excessive alcohol-related mortality in the post-Soviet countries remains the major public health threat, determinants of this phenomenon are still poorly understood. AIMS: We assess simultaneously individual- and area-level factors associated with an elevated risk of alcohol-related mortality among Lithuanian males aged 30-64. METHODS: Our analysis is based on a census-linked dataset containing information on individual- and area-level characteristics and death events which occurred between March 1st, 2011 and December 31st, 2013. We limit the analysis to a few causes of death which are directly linked to excessive alcohol consumption: accidental poisonings by alcohol (X45) and liver cirrhosis (K70 and K74). Multilevel Poisson regression models with random intercepts are applied to estimate mortality rate ratios (MRR). RESULTS: The selected individual-level characteristics are important predictors of alcohol-related mortality, whereas area-level variables show much less pronounced or insignificant effects. Compared to married men, never married (MRR = 1.9, CI:1.6-2.2), divorced (MRR = 2.6, CI:2.3-2.9), and widowed (MRR = 2.4, CI: 1.8-3.1) men are disadvantaged groups. Men who have the lowest level of educational attainment have the highest mortality risk (MRR = 1.7 CI:1.4-2.1). Being unemployed is associated with a five-fold risk of alcohol-related death (MRR = 5.1, CI: 4.4-5.9), even after adjusting for all other individual variables. Lithuanian males have an advantage over Russian (MRR = 1.3, CI:1.1-1.6) and Polish (MRR = 1.8, CI: 1.5-2.2) males. After adjusting for all individual characteristics, only two out of seven area-level variables-i.e., the share of ethnic minorities in the population and the election turnout-have statistically significant direct associations. These variables contribute to a higher risk of alcohol-related mortality at the individual level. CONCLUSIONS: The huge and increasing socio-economic disparities in alcohol-related mortality indicate that recently implemented anti-alcohol measures in Lithuania should be reinforced by specific measures targeting the most disadvantaged population groups and geographical areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Causas de Morte/tendências
Etanol/efeitos adversos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Censos
Divórcio
Seres Humanos
Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação
Lituânia
Masculino
Casamento
Meia-Idade
Análise Multinível
Fatores de Risco
Federação Russa
Pessoa Solteira
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
3K9958V90M (Ethanol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170722
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181622


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[PMID]:28491234
[Au] Autor:Ahmed ZD; Sule IB; Abolaji ML; Mohammed Y; Nguku P
[Ad] Endereço:Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria.
[Ti] Título:Knowledge and utilization of contraceptive devices among unmarried undergraduate students of a tertiary institution in Kano State, Nigeria 2016.
[So] Source:Pan Afr Med J;26:103, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1937-8688
[Cp] País de publicação:Uganda
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Students in the universities mostly live independently from their parents or guardians, some of them for the first time. This gives them freedom and opportunity for high risk behavior such as unplanned and unprotected sex. The results of such sexual experimentation may include unplanned and or unwanted pregnancies that may lead to unsafe abortions and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS. Contraception has the potential to prevent unwanted pregnancies, abortion, and STIs. This study aimed at assessing the general knowledge on contraceptives, sexual practices, and level of utilization of contraceptives devices among unmarried students of the Bayero University Kano. METHODS: We did an institutional based cross-sectional descriptive study. We administered a pretested, self-administered, structured questionnaire to randomly selected unmarried undergraduate students of the institution. We analyzed data using Microsoft Excel 2016 and Epi-info7. RESULTS: A total of 300 students were interviewed. The median age for respondents was 23 years with an age range of 16-25 years. Male respondents made up 61.3% (184) while the females made up the remaining 38.7% (116). Also, 158(47.33%) of respondents lived outside the school campus, while 158(52.67%) lived in the school hostels. Knowledge on contraception was 87.7% among respondents with internet (91%) and media (89.3%) as the commonest sources of knowledge. Proportion of sexually active students was 10.67%, while prevalence of contraceptive utilization among sexually active students was 15.63%. About 8(25%) had their sexual debut at < 16years of age, 22(68.75%) at ages between 16-20years, and 4(12.5%) above 20years of age. All sexually active respondents practice vaginal sex. Most sexual debuts were planned (44.75 %) and with friends (86.4%), and they occurred between the ages of 16-20years age group in 70.3% of respondents. CONCLUSION: Even though knowledge on contraceptive used was high among the respondents, utilization of contraceptives among sexually active students was low, thus creating a window for possible unintended and unwanted pregnancies among these group of students.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Dispositivos Anticoncepcionais/utilização
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Nigéria
Assunção de Riscos
Pessoa Solteira
Inquéritos e Questionários
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170613
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170613
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11604/pamj.2017.26.103.11436


  4 / 2202 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28237284
[Au] Autor:Miller AL; Simon D; Roe MT; Kontos MC; Diercks D; Amsterdam E; Bhatt DL
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: almiller@partners.org.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of Delay Times from Symptom Onset to Medical Contact in Blacks Versus Whites With Acute Myocardial Infarction.
[So] Source:Am J Cardiol;119(8):1127-1134, 2017 Apr 15.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1913
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Clinical outcomes in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) worsen with increasing delay between symptom onset and clinical presentation. Previous studies have shown that black patients with AMI have longer presentation delays. The objective of this analysis is to explore the potential contribution of community factors to presentation delays in black patients with AMI. We linked clinical data for 346,499 consecutive patients with AMI from Acute Coronary Treatment Intervention Outcomes Network Registry-Get With the Guidelines™ (2007-2014) to socioeconomic and community information from the American Community Survey. Black patients with AMI had longer symptom onset to first medical contact times than white patients (114 vs 101 minutes, p <0.0001) regardless of ambulance versus self-transport. Compared with white patients, black patients were younger and more likely to have clinical co-morbidities such as hypertension, diabetes, previous heart failure, and stroke. They were also more likely to live in urban communities with lower socioeconomic status, lower rates of long-term residence, and higher proportion of single-person households than white patients. In sequential linear regression models adjusting for patient demographic and clinical characteristics, logistic barriers to prompt presentation, and community socioeconomic and composition factors, black patients had a persistent 9% greater time from symptom onset to presentation compared with white patients (95% CI 8% to 11%, p <0.0001). In conclusion, the longer delay in time to presentation in black patients with AMI compared with white patients persists after accounting for a number of both patient and community factors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afroamericanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos
Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia
Tempo para o Tratamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição por Idade
Idoso
Comorbidade
Serviços Médicos de Emergência
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
Feminino
Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia
Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos
Sistema de Registros
Pessoa Solteira/estatística & dados numéricos
Classe Social
Terapia Trombolítica/estatística & dados numéricos
Troponina/sangue
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Troponin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170525
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170525
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170227
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2202 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28135187
[Au] Autor:Simpson JL; Cohen RA
[Ti] Título:The Association of Marital Status and Offers of Employer-based Health Insurance for Employed Women Aged 27-64: United States, 2014-2015.
[So] Source:NCHS Data Brief;(268):1-8, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1941-4927
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:KEY FINDINGS: Data from the National Health Interview Survey •Among employed women aged 27-64, unmarried women (72.2%) were more likely than married women (69.3%) to have been offered health insurance by their employer. •Among employed married women aged 27-64, 16.8% were offered health insurance only through their spouse's employer. •Considering all offers of health insurance (through a woman's employer or her spouse's employer), employed married women aged 27-64 (86.1%) were more likely than employed unmarried women (72.2%) to have had an employer offer of health insurance. •Regardless of educational attainment, and for most income and racial groups, employed married women aged 27-64 were more likely than employed unmarried women to have been offered health insurance by their employer or their spouse's employer. In 2015, women were less likely than men to have been insured through their own employer and more likely to have been covered as a dependent (1). This report describes the association of marital status and the presence of employer-based health insurance offers among employed women in the United States. Analyses are limited to women aged 27-64 to exclude offers associated with parental employment for those under age 27. An offer of employer-based health insurance includes offers by the woman's employer or her spouse's employer. The presence of an offer does not indicate offer take up.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Planos de Assistência de Saúde para Empregados/estatística & dados numéricos
Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos
Mulheres Trabalhadoras/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Afroamericanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Americanos Asiáticos/estatística & dados numéricos
Escolaridade
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Renda/estatística & dados numéricos
Meia-Idade
Pessoa Solteira/estatística & dados numéricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170327
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170327
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170131
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 2202 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28102889
[Au] Autor:Meuleners LB; Hobday MB
[Ad] Endereço:Curtin-Monash Accident Research Centre, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
[Ti] Título:A Population-Based Study Examining Injury in Older Adults with and without Dementia.
[So] Source:J Am Geriatr Soc;65(3):520-525, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1532-5415
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To estimate the incidence of and risk factors for injuries in older adults with and without dementia. DESIGN: Retrospective, population-based cohort study. SETTING: Western Australian Data Linkage System (WADLS). PARTICIPANTS: Cases included 29,671 (47.9%) older adults aged 50 and older with an index hospital admission for dementia between 2001 and 2011. Comparison participants without dementia included a random sample of 32,277 (52.1%) older adults aged 50 and older from the state electoral roll. MEASUREMENTS: Hospital admission to a metropolitan tertiary hospital for at least 24 hours with an injury. RESULTS: Age-standardized all-cause injury rates for older adults with dementia (≥60) were 117 per 1,000 population and 24 per 1,000 population for older adults without dementia. Falls caused the majority of injuries for both groups (dementia, 94%; without dementia, 87%), followed by transport-related injuries and burns. Multivariate modeling found that older adults with a diagnosis of dementia had more than twice the risk of hospital admission for an injury than those without dementia (incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 2.05, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.96-2.15). Other significant risk factors for a hospital admission for injury were age 85 and older (IRR = 1.43, 95% CI = 1.13-1.81), being unmarried (IRR = 1.07, 95% CI = 1.03-1.12), and a history of falls (IRR = 1.03, 95% CI = 1.01-1.06). Women were at lower risk then men of a hospital admission due to an injury (IRR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.87-0.97). CONCLUSIONS: Older adults with dementia are at greater risk of a hospital admission for an injury. Multifactorial injury prevention programs would benefit older adults with and without dementia, especially those aged 85 and older, living alone, and with a history of previous falls.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos
Demência/epidemiologia
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Austrália/epidemiologia
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Sexuais
Pessoa Solteira
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jgs.14523


  7 / 2202 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28056842
[Au] Autor:Yi S; Tuot S; Chhoun P; Pal K; Ngin C; Chhim K; Brody C
[Ad] Endereço:KHANA Center for Population Health Research, No. 33, Street 71, Tonle Bassac, Chamkar Mon, Phnom Penh, Cambodia. siyan@doctor.com.
[Ti] Título:Sex with sweethearts: Exploring factors associated with inconsistent condom use among unmarried female entertainment workers in Cambodia.
[So] Source:BMC Infect Dis;17(1):20, 2017 Jan 05.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2334
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Despite the success in promoting condom use in commercial relationships, condom use with regular, noncommercial partners remains low among key populations in Cambodia. This study explores factors associated inconsistent condom use with sweethearts among unmarried sexually active female entertainment workers (FEWs). METHODS: In 2014, the probability proportional to size sampling method was used to randomly select 204 FEWs from entertainment venues in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap for face-to-face interviews. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to examine independent determinants of inconsistent condom use. RESULTS: Of total, 31.4% of the respondents reported consistent condom use with sweethearts in the past three months. After adjustment, respondents who reported inconsistent condom use with sweethearts remained significantly less likely to report having received any form of sexual and reproductive health education (AOR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.22-0.99), but more likely to report having been tested for HIV in the past six months (AOR = 2.19, 95% CI = 1.03-4.65). They were significantly more likely to report having used higher amount of alcohol in the past three months (AOR = 1.29, 95% CI = 1.01-1.99) and currently using a contraceptive method other than condoms such as pills (AOR = 4.46, 95% CI = 1.34-10.52) or other methods (AOR = 9.75, 95% CI = 2.07-9.86). CONCLUSIONS: The rate of consistent condom use in romantic relationships among unmarried FEWs in this study is considerably low. The importance of consistent condom use with regular, non-commercial partners should be emphasized in the education sessions and materials, particularly for FEWs who use non-barrier contraceptive methods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Preservativos/utilização
Profissionais do Sexo/psicologia
Parceiros Sexuais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Camboja
Feminino
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Pessoa Solteira
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170904
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170904
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170107
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12879-016-2101-2


  8 / 2202 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27988270
[Au] Autor:Frisse AC; Marrazzo JM; Tutlam NT; Schreiber CA; Teal SB; Turok DK; Peipert JF
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Clinical Research, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University, St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.
[Ti] Título:Validity of self-reported history of Chlamydia trachomatis infection.
[So] Source:Am J Obstet Gynecol;216(4):393.e1-393.e7, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6868
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis infection is common and largely asymptomatic in women. If untreated, it can lead to sequelae such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility. It is unknown whether a patient's self-reported history of Chlamydia trachomatis infection is a valid marker of past infection. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate the validity of women's self-reported history of Chlamydia trachomatis infection compared with Chlamydia trachomatis serology, a marker for previous infection. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from the Fertility After Contraception Termination study. We compared participants' survey responses with the question, "Have you ever been told by a health care provider that you had Chlamydia?" to serological test results indicating the presence or absence of antibodies to Chlamydia trachomatis as assessed by a microimmunofluorescence assay. Prevalence of past infection, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and likelihood ratios were calculated. The Cohen's kappa statistic was computed to assess agreement between self-report and serology. RESULTS: Among 409 participants, 108 (26%) reported having a history of Chlamydia trachomatis infection, whereas 146 (36%) had positive serological test results. Relative to positive microimmunofluorescence assay, the sensitivity and specificity of self-reported history of Chlamydia trachomatis infection were 52.1% (95% confidence interval, 43.6-60.4%) and 87.8% (95% confidence interval, 83.3-91.5%), respectively. The positive predictive value of the self-report was 70.4% (95% confidence interval, 60.8-78.8%), and the negative predictive value was 76.7% (95% confidence interval, 71.6-81.4%). The likelihood ratio was found to be 4.28. Agreement between self-report and serology was found to be moderate (kappa = 0.42, P < .001). CONCLUSION: Self-reported history of Chlamydia trachomatis infection commonly yields false-negative and false-positive results. When definitive status of past Chlamydia trachomatis infection is needed, serology should be obtained.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Chlamydia/epidemiologia
Anamnese
Autorrelato
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Grupos de Populações Continentais
Anticoncepcionais Femininos
Estudos Transversais
Escolaridade
Feminino
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Funções Verossimilhança
Assistência Médica
Análise Multivariada
Valor Preditivo dos Testes
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Pessoa Solteira
Classe Social
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Contraceptive Agents, Female)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170531
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170531
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161219
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 2202 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27923964
[Au] Autor:Yang X; Li S; Attané I; Feldman MW
[Ad] Endereço:1 Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.
[Ti] Título:On the Relationship Between the Marriage Squeeze and the Quality of Life of Rural Men in China.
[So] Source:Am J Mens Health;11(3):702-710, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1557-9891
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:China is facing a male marriage squeeze, as there are more men in the marriage market than potential female partners. As a consequence, some men may fail to ever marry. However, while some studies have suggested that most unmarried men affected by the marriage squeeze in rural China feel a sense of failure, the quality of life of the men who remain unmarried against their will remains largely unexplored. Using data collected in rural Hanbin district of Ankang City (Shaanxi, China), this study analyzes the relationship between the marriage squeeze and the quality of life among rural men. Descriptive analyses indicate that the quality of life of unmarried men aged 28 years and older tends to be worse than for both younger unmarried men and married men. Also, the quality of life of men who perceive the marriage squeeze appears to be worse than that of those who do not. Regression analyses reveal that the perceived marriage squeeze and age independently have a significant negative relationship with the quality of life of rural men.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Casamento
Qualidade de Vida
População Rural
Pessoa Solteira/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
China
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Análise de Regressão
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1557988316681220


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[PMID]:27730759
[Au] Autor:Kostadinov V; Roche A
[Ad] Endereço:National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Bongs and baby boomers: Trends in cannabis use among older Australians.
[So] Source:Australas J Ageing;36(1):56-59, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1741-6612
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and predictors of cannabis use among older Australians and discuss implications for service provision. METHODS: Secondary analyses were conducted on the 2004 and 2013 National Drug Strategy Household Survey, a large and nationally representative data set. Frequency analyses explored the distribution of demographic characteristics and cannabis use. Logistic regression explored the predictors of cannabis use. RESULTS: Cannabis use among Australians aged 50 years and over increased significantly (P < 0.01) from 1.5% to 3.6% between 2004 and 2013. Cannabis use was significantly (P < 0.01) more likely among those who were male, unmarried, risky drinkers, smokers and poly-drug users, and significantly less likely among those who were older. CONCLUSION: This increase in cannabis use among older Australians has important implications for policy and practice. Healthcare services and professionals need the skills to be able to effectively support older cannabis users. Targeted, age-appropriate interventions are similarly required.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Abuso de Maconha/epidemiologia
Fumar Maconha/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Idoso
Envelhecimento/psicologia
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Austrália/epidemiologia
Feminino
Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde para Idosos/organização & administração
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Abuso de Maconha/psicologia
Fumar Maconha/psicologia
Fumar Maconha/tendências
Meia-Idade
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração
Formulação de Políticas
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Sexuais
Pessoa Solteira
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161013
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/ajag.12357



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