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[PMID]:28823111
[Au] Autor:Gibson M; Thomson H; Banas K; Lutje V; McKee MJ; Martin SP; Fenton C; Bambra C; Bond L
[Ad] Endereço:MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, 200 Renfield Street, Glasgow, UK, G2 3QB.
[Ti] Título:Welfare-to-work interventions and their effects on the mental and physical health of lone parents and their children.
[So] Source:Cochrane Database Syst Rev;8:CD009820, 2017 08 20.
[Is] ISSN:1469-493X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Lone parents in high-income countries have high rates of poverty (including in-work poverty) and poor health. Employment requirements for these parents are increasingly common. 'Welfare-to-work' (WtW) interventions involving financial sanctions and incentives, training, childcare subsidies and lifetime limits on benefit receipt have been used to support or mandate employment among lone parents. These and other interventions that affect employment and income may also affect people's health, and it is important to understand the available evidence on these effects in lone parents. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of WtW interventions on mental and physical health in lone parents and their children living in high-income countries. The secondary objective is to assess the effects of welfare-to-work interventions on employment and income. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE Ovid, Embase Ovid, PsycINFO EBSCO, ERIC EBSCO, SocINDEX EBSCO, CINAHL EBSCO, Econlit EBSCO, Web of Science ISI, Applied Social Sciences Index and Abstracts (ASSIA) via Proquest, International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (IBSS) via ProQuest, Social Services Abstracts via Proquest, Sociological Abstracts via Proquest, Campbell Library, NHS Economic Evaluation Database (NHS EED) (CRD York), Turning Research into Practice (TRIP), OpenGrey and Planex. We also searched bibliographies of included publications and relevant reviews, in addition to many relevant websites. We identified many included publications by handsearching. We performed the searches in 2011, 2013 and April 2016. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) of mandatory or voluntary WtW interventions for lone parents in high-income countries, reporting impacts on parental mental health, parental physical health, child mental health or child physical health. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: One review author extracted data using a standardised extraction form, and another checked them. Two authors independently assessed risk of bias and the quality of the evidence. We contacted study authors to obtain measures of variance and conducted meta-analyses where possible. We synthesised data at three time points: 18 to 24 months (T1), 25 to 48 months (T2) and 49 to 72 months (T3). MAIN RESULTS: Twelve studies involving 27,482 participants met the inclusion criteria. Interventions were either mandatory or voluntary and included up to 10 discrete components in varying combinations. All but one study took place in North America. Although we searched for parental health outcomes, the vast majority of the sample in all included studies were female. Therefore, we describe adult health outcomes as 'maternal' throughout the results section. We downgraded the quality of all evidence at least one level because outcome assessors were not blinded. Follow-up ranged from 18 months to six years. The effects of welfare-to-work interventions on health were generally positive but of a magnitude unlikely to have any tangible effects.At T1 there was moderate-quality evidence of a very small negative impact on maternal mental health (standardised mean difference (SMD) 0.07, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.00 to 0.14; N = 3352; studies = 2)); at T2, moderate-quality evidence of no effect (SMD 0.00, 95% CI 0.05 to 0.05; N = 7091; studies = 3); and at T3, low-quality evidence of a very small positive effect (SMD -0.07, 95% CI -0.15 to 0.00; N = 8873; studies = 4). There was evidence of very small positive effects on maternal physical health at T1 (risk ratio (RR) 0.85, 95% CI 0.54 to 1.36; N = 311; 1 study, low quality) and T2 (RR 1.06, 95% CI 0.95 to 1.18; N = 2551; 2 studies, moderate quality), and of a very small negative effect at T3 (RR 0.97, 95% CI 0.91 to 1.04; N = 1854; 1 study, low quality).At T1, there was moderate-quality evidence of a very small negative impact on child mental health (SMD 0.01, 95% CI -0.06 to 0.09; N = 2762; studies = 1); at T2, of a very small positive effect (SMD -0.04, 95% CI -0.08 to 0.01; N = 7560; studies = 5), and at T3, there was low-quality evidence of a very small positive effect (SMD -0.05, 95% CI -0.16 to 0.05; N = 3643; studies = 3). Moderate-quality evidence for effects on child physical health showed a very small negative effect at T1 (SMD -0.05, 95% CI -0.12 to 0.03; N = 2762; studies = 1), a very small positive effect at T2 (SMD 0.07, 95% CI 0.01 to 0.12; N = 7195; studies = 3), and a very small positive effect at T3 (SMD 0.01, 95% CI -0.04 to 0.06; N = 8083; studies = 5). There was some evidence of larger negative effects on health, but this was of low or very low quality.There were small positive effects on employment and income at 18 to 48 months (moderate-quality evidence), but these were largely absent at 49 to 72 months (very low to moderate-quality evidence), often due to control group members moving into work independently. Since the majority of the studies were conducted in North America before the year 2000, generalisabilty may be limited. However, all study sites were similar in that they were high-income countries with developed social welfare systems. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The effects of WtW on health are largely of a magnitude that is unlikely to have tangible impacts. Since income and employment are hypothesised to mediate effects on health, it is possible that these negligible health impacts result from the small effects on economic outcomes. Even where employment and income were higher for the lone parents in WtW, poverty was still high for the majority of the lone parents in many of the studies. Perhaps because of this, depression also remained very high for lone parents whether they were in WtW or not. There is a lack of robust evidence on the health effects of WtW for lone parents outside North America.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde da Criança
Emprego/psicologia
Nível de Saúde
Saúde Materna
Saúde Mental
Pais Solteiros/psicologia
Seguridade Social/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Saúde da Criança/ética
Pré-Escolar
Emprego/economia
Emprego/ética
Emprego/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Renda
Lactente
Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde Materna/ética
Pobreza
Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
Seguridade Social/ética
Seguridade Social/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170821
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/14651858.CD009820.pub2


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[PMID]:28806734
[Au] Autor:Kong KA; Choi HY; Kim SI
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Preventive Medicine, College of Medicine, Ewha Womans University, Seoul, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Mental health among single and partnered parents in South Korea.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182943, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: This study compares the mental health of single parents relative to partnered parents and assesses the contribution of the social and demographic factors to this difference, examining the gender difference in it. METHODS: We analyzed 12,024 single and partnered subjects, aged 30-59 years, living with children, aged 0-19 years, drawn from the 4th, 5th, and 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) dataset in South Korea conducted from 2007-2013. Mental health was evaluated by self-reported questionnaires including depressive mood for recent two weeks, presence of suicidal ideation, and the Korean version of the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test. Covariates included age, physical illness, socioeconomic status (family income, recipient of national basic livelihood guarantees, educational level, house ownership, job, and residential area), family structure, and support (co-residence of another adult). Multiple logistic regression was carried out and the explained fractions of each covariate was calculated. RESULTS: Single parents had significantly poorer mental health than their partnered counterparts, with odds ratio (OR) of 2.02 (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.56-2.63) for depressive symptoms, 1.69 (95% CI 1.27-2.25) for suicidal ideation, and 1.74 (95% CI 1.38-2.20) for any of the three mental health statuses (suspicious depression, suicidal ideation, and alcohol dependence) after controlling for the covariates. The odds of depressive symptoms (OR = 3.13, 95% CI 2.50-3.93) and suicidal ideation (OR = 2.50, 95% CI 1.97-3.17) among both single fathers and mothers were higher than partnered parents. However, the odds of alcohol dependence were 3.6 times higher among single mothers than partnered mothers (OR = 3.58, 95% CI 1.81-7.08) and were 1.4 times greater among single fathers than partnered fathers (OR = 1.35, 95% CI 0.81-2.25). Socio-economic status explained more than 50% (except for substance use disorders) of the poorer mental health in single parents. These results were more remarkable for single fathers than for single mothers except for alcohol dependence. However, physical illness, family structure, and support made only minor contributions to single parents' mental health. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that single parents have poorer mental health than partnered parents. Although lower SES is an important factor explaining poorer mental health in single parents, there are other factors we cannot explain about their poor mental health. Therefore, we should pay proper regard to identifying other factors affecting mental health and to establishing policies to support single parents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Saúde Mental
Pais Solteiros/psicologia
Cônjuges/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Doença Crônica
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Razão de Chances
Prevalência
República da Coreia
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171009
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171009
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170815
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182943


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[PMID]:28617872
[Au] Autor:Richter D; Lemola S
[Ad] Endereço:German Institute for Economic Research, Berlin, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Growing up with a single mother and life satisfaction in adulthood: A test of mediating and moderating factors.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179639, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Single parenthood is increasingly common in Western societies but only little is known about its long-term effects. We therefore studied life satisfaction among 641 individuals (ages 18-66 years) who spent their entire childhood with a single mother, 1539 individuals who spent part of their childhood with both parents but then experienced parental separation, and 21,943 individuals who grew up with both parents. Individuals who grew up with a single mother for their entire childhood and to a lesser degree also individuals who experienced parental separation showed a small but persistent decrease in life satisfaction into old age controlling childhood socio-economic status. This decrease was partly mediated by worse adulthood living conditions related to socio-economic and educational success, physical health, social integration, and romantic relationship outcomes. No moderation by age, gender, and societal system where the childhood was spent (i.e. western oriented FRG or socialist GDR) was found.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
Pais Solteiros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170913
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170913
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170616
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179639


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[PMID]:28184441
[Au] Autor:Zadeh S; Jones CM; Basi T; Golombok S
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Family Research, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge, UK.
[Ti] Título:Children's thoughts and feelings about their donor and security of attachment to their solo mothers in middle childhood.
[So] Source:Hum Reprod;32(4):868-875, 2017 04 01.
[Is] ISSN:1460-2350
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Study question: What is the relationship between children's thoughts and feelings about their donor and their security of attachment to their solo mothers in middle childhood? Summary answer: Children with higher levels of secure-autonomous attachment to their mothers were more likely to have positive perceptions of the donor, and those with higher levels of insecure-disorganized attachment to their mothers were more likely to perceive him negatively. What is known already: There is limited understanding of the factors that contribute to children's thoughts and feelings about their donor in solo mother families. In adolescence, an association was found between adolescents' curiosity about donor conception and their security of attachment to their mothers. Study design size, duration: 19 children were administered the Friends and Family Interview and Donor Conception Interview between December 2015 and March 2016 as part of the second phase of a longitudinal, multi-method, multi-informant study of solo mother families. Participants/materials setting methods: All children were aged between 7 and 13 years and had been conceived by donor insemination to solo mothers. Interviews were conducted in participants' homes. The Friends and Family Interview was rated according to a standardized coding scheme designed to measure security of attachment in terms of secure-autonomous, insecure-dismissing, insecure-preoccupied and insecure-disorganized attachment patterns. Quantitative analyses of the Donor Conception Interview yielded two factors: interest in the donor and perceptions of the donor. Qualitative analyses of the Donor Conception Interview were conducted using qualitative content analysis and thematic analysis. Main results and the role of chance: Statistically significant associations were found between the perception of the donor scale and the secure-autonomous and insecure-disorganized attachment ratings. Children with higher levels of secure-autonomous attachment to their mothers were more likely to have positive perceptions of the donor (r = 0.549, P = 0.015), and those with higher levels of insecure-disorganized attachment to their mothers were more likely to perceive him negatively (r = -0.632, P = 0.004). Children's narratives about the donor depicted him as a stranger (n = 8), a biological father (n = 4), a social parent (n = 3), or in ambivalent terms (n = 4). Limitations, reasons for caution: Findings are limited by the wide age range of children within a small overall sample size. Participants were those willing and able to take part in research on donor conception families. The statistical significance of correlation coefficients was not corrected for multiple comparisons. Wider implications of the findings: Findings highlight the importance of situating children's ideas about the donor within family contexts. It is recommended that those working with donor conception families consider this when advising parents about whether, what and how to tell children about donor conception. Study funding/competing interest(s): This study was funded by the Wellcome Trust [097857/Z/11/Z]. The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inseminação Artificial Heteróloga/psicologia
Doadores de Tecidos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Revelação
Emoções
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Mães/psicologia
Psicologia da Criança
Pais Solteiros/psicologia
Espermatozoides
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171017
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171017
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170211
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/humrep/dex016


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[PMID]:28135879
[Au] Autor:Leaman L; Hennrikus W; Nasreddine AY
[Ad] Endereço:1 Penn State College of Medicine, Hershey, PA, USA.
[Ti] Título:An Evaluation of Seasonal Variation of Nonaccidental Fractures in Children Less Than 1 Year of Age.
[So] Source:Clin Pediatr (Phila);56(14):1345-1349, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2707
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to identify seasonal variation in nonaccidental injury (NAI) in children <1 year of age. Fifty consecutive patients age ≤12 months with a fracture were identified between January 2010 and June 2012. Patients' records were reviewed for demographic, clinical, and radiographic data. Zip code was used to collect socioeconomic data. Out of 50 patients included in the study, fractures in 16 (32%) patients were reported for abuse. NAI was reported in 2/13 (15%) fracture cases presenting in the spring, 5/6 (83%) in summer, 6/15 (40%) in autumn, and 3/14 (21%) in winter. The ratio of NAI to accidental injury was highest in the summer. Presentation in summer was associated with NAI ( P < .001). In addition, NAI was associated with parental unemployment, single parents, and lower socioeconomic status ( P < .001). Seasonal variation occurred, and the most common season for NAI was the summer; also, NAI in children <1 year of age was associated with parental unemployment, single parent, and poverty.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos
Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia
Estações do Ano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos
Estudos Retrospectivos
Pais Solteiros/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0009922816687324


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[PMID]:28119425
[Au] Autor:Diener ML; Zick CD; McVicar SB; Boettger J; Park AH
[Ad] Endereço:Departments of Family and Consumer Studies and marissa.diener@fcs.utah.edu.
[Ti] Título:Outcomes From a Hearing-Targeted Cytomegalovirus Screening Program.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;139(2), 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common congenital infection and nongenetic cause of congenital sensorineural hearing loss in the United States. Utah was the first state to pass legislation mandating CMV screening for newborns who fail newborn hearing screening (NBHS). The study objective was to present outcomes of hearing-targeted CMV screening and determine factors predicting CMV screening. METHODS: We used Utah Department of Health HiTrack and Vital Records databases to examine CMV screening from 509 infants who failed NBHS in the 24 months after implementation of the Utah legislation. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify predictors of compliance with CMV screening and diagnostic hearing evaluation. RESULTS: Sixty-two percent of infants who never passed hearing screening underwent CMV screening. Fourteen of 234 infants tested within 21 days were CMV positive; 6 (42.9%) had hearing loss. Seventy-seven percent of eligible infants completed a diagnostic hearing evaluation within 90 days of birth. Compliance with CMV screening was associated with sociodemographic factors, time since the law was enacted, and NBHS protocol. Infants born after the legislation showed greater odds of achieving timely diagnostic hearing evaluation than infants born before the law. CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating CMV screening into an established NBHS program is a viable option for the identification of CMV in infants failing NBHS. The addition of CMV testing can help a NBHS program attain timely audiological diagnostics within 90 days, an important early hearing detection and intervention milestone.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/diagnóstico
Testes Auditivos
Triagem Neonatal/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Bases de Dados Factuais
Diagnóstico Precoce
Escolaridade
Feminino
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/congênito
Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/virologia
Seres Humanos
Recém-Nascido
Medicaid
Mães
Análise Multivariada
Irmãos
Pais Solteiros
Estados Unidos
Utah
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27878941
[Au] Autor:Hindmarsh G; Llewellyn G; Emerson E
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Disability Research and Policy, Faculty of Health Sciences, The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, NSW, Australia.
[Ti] Título:The Social-Emotional Well-Being of Children of Mothers with Intellectual Impairment: A Population-Based Analysis.
[So] Source:J Appl Res Intellect Disabil;30(3):469-481, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1468-3148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Children of parents with intellectual impairment are thought to be at risk for poor social-emotional well-being. This study investigated the relationship between maternal intellectual impairment and poor child social-emotional well-being. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data from waves 2-4 of the Millennium Cohort Study (UK). Social-emotional well-being was measured by maternal report at Waves 2-4, with teacher and child self-report at Wave 4. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Unadjusted, maternal intellectual impairment was associated with an elevated risk of overall poor social-emotional well-being at ages 3 and 5, but not at age 7. After controlling for individual, family and environmental characteristics, no statistically significant association was found between maternal intellectual impairment and poor child social-emotional well-being. CONCLUSIONS: Children of mothers with intellectual impairment are more likely than their peers to be exposed to adverse living conditions. These living conditions may explain, at least in part, why these children face a heightened risk of poor social-emotional well-being at ages 3 and 5. Improving the living conditions of mothers with intellectual impairment may offer a pathway to child social-emotional well-being.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Desenvolvimento Infantil/fisiologia
Filho de Pais Incapacitados/psicologia
Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia
Relações Interpessoais
Mães/psicologia
Poder Familiar/psicologia
Pobreza/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Deficiências do Desenvolvimento
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Qualidade de Vida
Pais Solteiros
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jar.12306


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[PMID]:27808522
[Au] Autor:Rudd BN; Poladian AR; Holtzworth-Munroe A; Applegate AG; D'Onofrio BM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences.
[Ti] Título:Randomized control trial follow-up: Online program and waiting period for unmarried parents in Title IV-D Court.
[So] Source:J Fam Psychol;31(3):381-386, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1293
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite a lack of research on parent programs for separating unmarried parents, many judicial officers mandate participation. Rudd, Holtzworth-Munroe, Reyome, Applegate, and D'Onofrio (2015) conducted the only randomized controlled trial of any online parent program for separating parents, ProudToParent.org (PTP), and related court processes (e.g., having a waiting period between the establishment of paternity and the court hearing regarding child related issues vs. having the hearing the same day). They recruited a unique sample of 182 cases in a Title IV-D Court (i.e., a court for primarily low income parents) (Authorization of Appropriations, 42 U.S.C. § 651, 2013), in which paternity was previously contested but subsequently established via court-ordered genetic testing. Unexpectedly, cases assigned to PTP and a waiting period were the least likely to reach agreement at their court hearing. In the current study, we extend these results to examine the impact of the study conditions on relitigation in the year following the court hearing; only 11.2% of cases filed a motion, and 7.8% had a hearing. The group that was least likely to reach full initial agreement (i.e., assigned to PTP and the waiting period) were the most likely to relitigate. Further, controlling for study conditions, reaching a full agreement in the Title IV-D court decreased the odds of having a court hearing in the following year. Reaching agreements on the specific issues involved in such cases (e.g., custody, child support) reduced the likelihood of both motions and hearings in the year after the Title IV-D hearings. The implications of these findings are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Custódia da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos
Divórcio/estatística & dados numéricos
Paternidade
Pais Solteiros/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Custódia da Criança/legislação & jurisprudência
Divórcio/legislação & jurisprudência
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Internet
Masculino
Pais Solteiros/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170620
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170620
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/fam0000255


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[PMID]:27710212
[Au] Autor:Muthuri SK; Oyolola M; Faye C
[Ad] Endereço:a Population Dynamics and Reproductive Health Program , African Population and Health Research Center , Nairobi , Kenya.
[Ti] Título:Trends and correlates of single motherhood in Kenya: Results from the Demographic and Health Survey.
[So] Source:Health Care Women Int;38(1):38-54, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1096-4665
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Single motherhood exposes women to poorer socioeconomic and health outcomes, which may also negatively impact child outcomes. The Demographic and Health Surveys of 1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, and 2009 were used to investigate trends over time and factors associated with single motherhood in Kenya. Urban residence, older age, and poorer economic status were associated with single motherhood over time. Women with more than one child, and those with children under 15 years living at home were less likely to be single mothers. As women become single mothers at different stages, targeted and supportive strategies are required to mitigate associated risks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Demografia/tendências
Mães
Pais Solteiros
Mudança Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fatores Etários
Divórcio/tendências
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Quênia
Casamento
Meia-Idade
Análise de Regressão
Distribuição Espacial da População
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161007
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27171603
[Au] Autor:Gieler U; Schoof S; Gieler T; Scheewe S; Schut C; Kupfer J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology and Allergology, University Clinic, Gaffkystrasse 14, DE-35392 Gießen, Germany. Uwe.Gieler@psycho.med.uni-giessen.de.
[Ti] Título:Atopic Eczema and Stress among Single Parents and Families: An Empirical Study of 96 Mothers.
[So] Source:Acta Derm Venereol;97(1):42-46, 2017 01 04.
[Is] ISSN:1651-2057
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study investigated the extent to which single mothers of children with atopic eczema experience disease-related stress. A total of 96 mothers were divided into 4 groups: mothers living with a partner, who had or did not have a child with atopic eczema, and single mothers, who had or did not have a child with atopic eczema. The following questionnaires were used to assess psychological burden: Short Stress Questionnaire (Kurzer Fragebogen zur Erfassung von Belastung; KFB), Satisfaction with Life Questionnaire (Fragebogen zur Lebenszufriedenheit; FLZ), General Depression Scale (Allgemeine Depressions-Skala; ADS), and the Questionnaire for Parents of Children with Atopic Eczema (Fragebogen für Eltern von Neurodermitis kranken Kindern; FEN). Single mothers had higher levels of helplessness and aggression due to their child's scratching behaviour than did mothers living with a partner and a child with atopic eczema. Single mothers of children with atopic eczema had the highest scores regarding experienced stress in the family and the lowest scores concerning general life satisfaction. Special care should be provided for single mothers with higher stress, in order to teach them how to deal with the scratching behaviour of their children.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dermatite Atópica/psicologia
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
Mães/psicologia
Pais Solteiros/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160513
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2340/00015555-2457



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