Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F01.829.263.370.215 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 10292 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 1030 ir para página                         

  1 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29386455
[Au] Autor:Takai R; Nomura K; Hiraike H; Murakami A; Tanabe A; Tsuchiya A; Okinaga H
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Nursing, Toho University.
[Ti] Título:[An Investigation of Factors Associated with Emotional Exhaustion among Hospital Nurses: Adherence to "Maternal Affection" and Agreement with Stereotypical Gender Roles].
[So] Source:Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi;73(1):90-95, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1882-6482
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors including adherence to "maternal affection" and stereotypical gender roles associated with emotional exhaustion among hospital nurses. METHOD: In 2014, among 2,690 workers recruited for this study, 891 participated with written informed consent. Of these, we investigated 464 hospital nurses. Adherence to maternal affection and emotional exhaustion were measured using valid and reliable scales developed by Egami (2005, 12 items) and Kubo (1992, 5 items), respectively. Stereotypical gender role was measured by asking "how much do you agree with the idea that women should stay home and men should work?". Workfamily conflict was measured in terms of the discrepancy in priority in life (i.e., a work or a private life) between the participant's ideal and the real world. RESULT: The majority of our participants were women (86%), aged 39 or younger (80%), and single (70%). About one-quarter had workfamily conflict (26%) and agreed with the stereotypical gender role (28%). The mean scores of emotional exhaustion and adherence to maternal affection were 17.2 (out of 25) and 30.8 (out of 48), respectively. A stepwise multivariable model showed that being a woman (p=0.028), being young (p=0.022), being single (p=0.007), and having workfamily conflict (p<0.001) were more likely to increase emotional exhaustion after adjusting for household income. Adherence to maternal affection and stereotypical gender role were not significantly associated with emotional exhaustion. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that adherence to "maternal affection" and stereotypical gender roles were not associated with psychological burnout. Special attention should be paid to hospital nurses who are women, young, or single, or who have workfamily conflict.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afeto
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia
Emoções
Identidade de Gênero
Hospitais
Comportamento Materno/psicologia
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
Estereotipagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Conflito Familiar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1265/jjh.73.90


  2 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27776734
[Au] Autor:Morrison KE; Epperson CN; Sammel MD; Ewing G; Podcasy JS; Hantsoo L; Kim DR; Bale TL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biomedical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Penn PROMOTES Research on Sex and Gender in Health, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
[Ti] Título:Preadolescent Adversity Programs a Disrupted Maternal Stress Reactivity in Humans and Mice.
[So] Source:Biol Psychiatry;81(8):693-701, 2017 04 15.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2402
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are one of the greatest predictors of affective disorders for women. Periods of dynamic hormonal flux, including pregnancy, exacerbate the risk for affective disturbance and promote hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis dysregulation, a key feature of affective disorders. Little is understood as to how stress experienced in late childhood, defined as preadolescence, alters the programming unique to this period of brain maturation and its interaction with the hormonal changes of pregnancy and postpartum. METHODS: Preadolescent female mice were exposed to chronic stress and examined for changes in their HPA axis during pregnancy and postpartum, including assessment of maternal-specific stress responsiveness and transcriptomics of the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. Translationally, pregnant women with low or high ACEs were examined for their maternal stress responsiveness. RESULTS: As predicted, preadolescent stress in mice resulted in a significant blunting of the corticosterone response during pregnancy. Transcriptomic analysis of the paraventricular nucleus revealed widespread changes in expression of immediate early genes and their targets, supporting the likely involvement of an upstream epigenetic mechanism. Critically, in our human studies, the high ACE women showed a significant blunting of the HPA response. CONCLUSIONS: This unique mouse model recapitulates a clinical outcome of a hyporesponsive HPA stress axis, an important feature of affective disorders, during a dynamic hormonal period, and suggests involvement of transcriptional regulation in the hypothalamus. These studies identify a novel mouse model of female ACEs that can be used to examine how additional life adversity may provoke disease risk or resilience.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Eventos Adversos na Infância
Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/fisiopatologia
Comportamento Materno/fisiologia
Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal/fisiopatologia
Estresse Psicológico/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Corticosterona/metabolismo
Feminino
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Seres Humanos
Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/metabolismo
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Núcleo Hipotalâmico Paraventricular/metabolismo
Sistema Hipófise-Suprarrenal/metabolismo
Período Pós-Parto
Gravidez
Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
W980KJ009P (Corticosterone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29300916
[Au] Autor:Kougias DG; Cortes LR; Moody L; Rhoads S; Pan YX; Juraska JM
[Ad] Endereço:Neuroscience Program, University of Illinois, Champaign, Illinois.
[Ti] Título:Effects of Perinatal Exposure to Phthalates and a High-Fat Diet on Maternal Behavior and Pup Development and Social Play.
[So] Source:Endocrinology;159(2):1088-1105, 2018 02 01.
[Is] ISSN:1945-7170
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Humans are ubiquitously exposed to many phthalates, a class of endocrine-disrupting chemicals commonly used in many consumer goods, and diet, especially fatty food, is presumed to be a major source of exposure. Here, we use a rat model of human prenatal exposure to investigate the potential interactive effects of an environmentally relevant mixture of phthalates and a maternal high-fat diet (HFD). From gestation through postnatal day (P)10, dams consumed the mixture of phthalates (0, 200, or 1000 µg/kg/d) and were fed a control diet or HFD. In males, perinatal exposure to the mixture of phthalates decreased prepubertal body weight and, in a dose-specific manner, periadolescent social play behavior. A dose-specific effect from phthalates with HFD was also seen in increased time alone in females during social play. HFD resulted in dams consuming more calories, having greater gestational weight gain, and licking and nursing their pups more, such that an early postnatal HFD generally increased pup body weight. There also was a tendency for increased oxidative stress markers at P10 within the medial prefrontal cortex of males exposed to the relatively high dose of phthalates and HFD. Effects on gene expression were inconsistent at P10 and P90 in both the medial prefrontal cortex and hypothalamus. Overall, this study demonstrates that phthalates and a maternal HFD only rarely interacted, except in oxidative stress markers in males. Additionally, perinatal exposure to an environmentally relevant mixture of phthalates can have a modest, but lasting, impact on social behaviors in both males and females.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dieta Hiperlipídica
Crescimento/efeitos dos fármacos
Comportamento Materno/efeitos dos fármacos
Ácidos Ftálicos/toxicidade
Jogos e Brinquedos
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Recém-Nascidos
Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos
Feminino
Masculino
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Materna
Jogos e Brinquedos/psicologia
Gravidez
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/fisiopatologia
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/psicologia
Ratos
Ratos Long-Evans
Maturidade Sexual/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Phthalic Acids); 6O7F7IX66E (phthalic acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1210/en.2017-03047


  4 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Registro de Ensaios Clínicos
Texto completo
[PMID]:29246348
[Au] Autor:Chilukuri N; Cheng TL; Psoter KJ; Mistry KB; Connor KA; Levy DJ; Upadhya KK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD. Electronic address: nchiluk1@jhmi.edu.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness of a Pediatric Primary Care Intervention to Increase Maternal Folate Use: Results from a Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial.
[So] Source:J Pediatr;192:247-252.e1, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6833
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of provision of folate vitamins and a preconception health intervention on folate use among mothers bringing infants to pediatric primary care. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cluster randomized trial in mothers presenting with their infants (<12 months) at 4 urban pediatric practices in the Baltimore, Maryland, metropolitan area. There were 45 clinicians randomized into an intervention group (15-item preconception health screening and counseling and 90-day multivitamin supply) and control group (preconception health and community resource handouts and 90-day multivitamin supply). Participating mothers were enrolled in the study group assigned to their child's clinician. Baseline and 6-month follow-up interviews were performed. The outcome was daily use of folate, multivitamin, and a prenatal vitamin containing folate. Primary independent variables were time of assessment and mother's study group (intervention or control groups). Covariates investigated were mother's and child's age, race/ethnicity, education, marital status, income, insurance status, previous live births, and intention to have a pregnancy in the next 6 months. RESULTS: We enrolled 415 mothers at baseline who were majority African American and low income. Of the 415 enrolled participants, 352 (85%) completed follow-up interviews. Among all participants, daily vitamin intake increased from baseline to 6-month follow-up (33.8% vs 42.6%; P = .016). After adjustment for covariates and clustered design, there was an augmented effect in the intervention vs control group (aOR, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.04-3.98). CONCLUSIONS: Offering vitamins and recommending folate intake to mothers within pediatric practice can increase use. Pediatric practice is an important contact point and context for improving maternal folate use. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.govNCT02049554.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ácido Fólico
Comportamento Materno
Serviços de Saúde Materno-Infantil
Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos
Cuidado Pré-Concepcional/métodos
Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos
Complexo Vitamínico B
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Aconselhamento Diretivo
Feminino
Seguimentos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Seres Humanos
Modelos Estatísticos
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
Pediatria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
12001-76-2 (Vitamin B Complex); 935E97BOY8 (Folic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171217
[Cl] Clinical Trial:ClinicalTrial
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29208229
[Au] Autor:Steiger S; Stökl J
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Insect Biotechnology, University of Gießen, 35392 Gießen, Germany. Electronic address: sandra.steiger@agrar.uni-giessen.de.
[Ti] Título:Pheromones involved in insect parental care and family life.
[So] Source:Curr Opin Insect Sci;24:89-95, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:2214-5753
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Effective parental care requires recognition and communication processes. Whereas chemical communication has been studied intensively in eusocial organisms, in which the workers (siblings) predominantly provide brood care, insect groups in which parents engage in care have been largely neglected. However, the study of communication in insect families might complement and enhance our understanding not only of the evolution of signaling process involved in social insects, but also of those involved in vertebrate families. In this review, we synthesize the existing information about the pheromones and chemical cues that regulate and affect insect parental care and family life. We will present research dealing with pre-hatching as well as post-hatching parental care and cover interactions between parents and offspring, between male and female parents, and among siblings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação Animal
Sinais (Psicologia)
Insetos/fisiologia
Feromônios/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Comportamento Materno
Comportamento Paterno
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Pheromones)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29211408
[Au] Autor:Bailey C
[Ti] Título:Breastfeeding mothers' experiences of bedsharing: A qualitative study.
[So] Source:Breastfeed Rev;24(2):33-40, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0729-2759
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Many cultures around the world routinely practise bedsharing by the mother-infant dyad. Bedsharing in these cultures is believed to ensure a safe and comfortable night's sleep for both mother and infant, as well as supporting breastfeeding. Nonetheless, this practice is at odds with dominant Western cultural ideals about child rearing and is recommended against by public health campaigns regarding SIDS. The current qualitative study aimed to explore the lived experiences of breastfeeding mothers who bed-shared with their infants in a Western cultural setting. In-depth interviews were conducted with six multiparous mothers and were analysed using a phenomenological framework. Seven themes were identified, including mothers' increased sleep quality and/or quantity, easier infant settling and a strong relationship with breastfeeding ease and duration. Given that many mothers bed-share, public policies need to be inclusive of this practice in order to lessen the likelihood of unsafe bedsharing practices.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leitos
Aleitamento Materno/métodos
Cuidado do Lactente/métodos
Comportamento Materno/psicologia
Apego ao Objeto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aleitamento Materno/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Relações Mãe-Filho
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:K
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29211391
[Au] Autor:McGuire E
[Ti] Título:Feelings of failure: Early weaning.
[So] Source:Breastfeed Rev;24(2):21-6, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:0729-2759
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:... it was horrible - a difficult, painful and agonizing process. ... Nothing I tried made it anything but torture. Finally, my son got a mouthful of blood, and I gave up. I felt like a failure. It added to my depression, made me question my ability to mother, and caused my infant to lose too much weight. (The American Dietetic Association's) position paper has no loopholes for us 'failures', no compassion for those of us too poor to rent an electric pump ... Could you please let us off the hook? (Saban, 2002, p. 24) I can't say what a devastating experience failing to breastfeed Bianca was for me. I was left feeling like I'd failed her as a mother, and even as a woman. I found it difficult to talk about, and was loath to bottle feed Bianca in public.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aleitamento Materno/psicologia
Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia
Mães/psicologia
Desmame
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Austrália
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Recém-Nascido
Comportamento Materno/psicologia
Mamilos
Percepção Social
Fatores de Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:K
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27779622
[Au] Autor:Milligan-Saville JS; Graham BM
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology, The University of New South Wales Australia, Sydney, NSW, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Mothers do it differently: reproductive experience alters fear extinction in female rats and women.
[So] Source:Transl Psychiatry;6(10):e928, 2016 10 25.
[Is] ISSN:2158-3188
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fear extinction is the laboratory basis of exposure therapy for anxiety disorders. Recent findings have revealed that estradiol is necessary to the consolidation of extinction memories in females. These findings are based on studies conducted using virgin rats and young women whose reproductive history is unknown. We hypothesized that motherhood, which results in extensive endocrinological, neurobiological and behavioral changes, may lead to alterations in fear extinction in females. We used a cross-species translational approach to investigate the impact of reproductive experience on fear extinction and fear relapse in female rats (n=116) and women (n=64). Although freezing during extinction recall was associated with estrous cycle phase during extinction training in virgin rats, this association was mitigated in age-matched reproductively experienced rats, even when fear extinction occurred 3 months after pups had been weaned, and even though reproductively experienced rats exhibited attenuated serum estradiol levels. In addition, although serum estradiol levels predicted extinction recall in human women with no prior reproductive experience, no such association was found in women with children. Finally, although virgin rats displayed both renewal and reinstatement after fear extinction, these common relapse phenomena were absent in rats with reproductive experience. Together, these findings suggest that reproductive experience alters the endocrine and behavioral features of fear extinction in females long after the hormonal surges of pregnancy and lactation have diminished. These results highlight the need to incorporate both hormonal and reproductive status as important factors in current models of fear extinction in females.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Condicionamento Clássico/fisiologia
Estradiol/sangue
Extinção Psicológica/fisiologia
Medo/fisiologia
Comportamento Materno/fisiologia
Mães/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Animais
Estro/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactação/fisiologia
Rememoração Mental/fisiologia
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Ratos
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
4TI98Z838E (Estradiol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/tp.2016.193


  9 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28464876
[Au] Autor:Lan A; Kalimian M; Amram B; Kofman O
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, P.O.B. 653, Beer-Sheva, 84105, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Prenatal chlorpyrifos leads to autism-like deficits in C57Bl6/J mice.
[So] Source:Environ Health;16(1):43, 2017 05 02.
[Is] ISSN:1476-069X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Children are at daily risk for exposure to organophosphate insecticides, of which the most common is chlorpyrifos (CPF). Exposure of pregnant women to CPF was linked to decreased birth weight, abnormal reflexes, reduction in IQ, as well as increased maternal reports of signs of pervasive developmental disorder. The aim of current study was to examine the long term effects of prenatal exposure to CPF in C57BL/6 J (B6) mice with specific focus on social and repetitive behavior. METHODS: B6 female mice were treated with vehicle, 2.5 mg/kg CPF or 5 mg/kg of CPF on gestational days 12-15 by oral gavage. On postnatal days (PND's) 6-12 early development and neuromotor ability were assessed by measuring 3 neonatal reflexes in the offspring. In adulthood, PND 90, social behavior was investigated using the social preference, social novelty and social conditioned place preference tasks. Object recognition and restricted interest, measured by the repetitive novel object contact task (RNOC), were also assessed on PN D 90. In order to rule out the possibility that CPF administration induced alterations in maternal care, the dams' behavior was evaluated via the maternal retrieval task. RESULTS: CPF treatment resulted in delayed development of neonatal reflexes on PND's 6-12. On PND 90, mice treated prenatally with the 5.0 mg/kg dose exhibited reduced preference towards an unfamiliar conspecific in the social preference test and reduced social conditioned place preference. In the RNOC task, mice exposed prenatally to 2.5 mg/kg dose of CPF showed enhanced restricted interest. CPF administration did not impair dams' behavior and did not cause memory or recognition deficit as was observed in the object recognition task. CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that gestational exposure to CPF has long-term deleterious effects on social behavior and limits exploration of novel objects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Autístico/etiologia
Clorpirifos/toxicidade
Inseticidas/toxicidade
Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos
Condicionamento (Psicologia)/efeitos dos fármacos
Feminino
Masculino
Comportamento Materno/efeitos dos fármacos
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Gravidez
Reflexo/efeitos dos fármacos
Comportamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Insecticides); JCS58I644W (Chlorpyrifos)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12940-017-0251-3


  10 / 10292 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29173308
[Au] Autor:Hutton JS; Phelan K; Horowitz-Kraus T; Dudley J; Altaye M; DeWitt T; Holland SK
[Ad] Endereço:Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH; Reading and Literacy Discovery Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH. Electronic address: John1.Hutton@cchmc.org.
[Ti] Título:Shared Reading Quality and Brain Activation during Story Listening in Preschool-Age Children.
[So] Source:J Pediatr;191:204-211.e1, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6833
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between maternal shared reading quality (verbal interactivity and engagement) and brain function during story listening in at-risk, preschool-age children, in the context of behavioral evidence and American Academy of Pediatrics, recommendations. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, 22 healthy, 4-year-old girls from low socioeconomic status households completed functional magnetic resonance imaging using an established story listening task, followed by videotaped observation of uncoached mother-daughter reading of the same, age-appropriate picture book. Shared reading quality was independently scored applying dialogic reading and other evidence-based criteria reflecting interactivity and engagement, and applied as a predictor of neural activation during the functional magnetic resonance imaging task, controlling for income and maternal education. RESULTS: Shared reading quality scores were generally low and negatively correlated with maternal distraction by smartphones (P < .05). Scores were positively correlated with activation in left-sided brain areas supporting expressive and complex language, social-emotional integration, and working memory (P <.05, false discovery rate corrected). CONCLUSIONS: Maternal shared reading quality is positively correlated with brain activation supporting complex language, executive function, and social-emotional processing in at-risk, preschool-age children. These findings represent novel neural biomarkers of how this modifiable aspect of home reading environment may influence foundational emergent literacy skills, reinforce behavioral evidence and American Academy of Pediatrics, recommendations, and underscore the potential of dialogic reading interventions to promote healthy brain development, especially in at-risk households.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo/fisiologia
Neuroimagem Funcional
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Comportamento Materno
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
Leitura
Comportamento Verbal/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Alfabetização
Classe Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 1030 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde