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Pesquisa : F01.829.316.697 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:27364667
[Au] Autor:Zigmond D
[Ad] Endereço:St James Church Surgery, London.
[Ti] Título:From Balint to square-bashing: 50 years' experience of general practice.
[So] Source:Br J Gen Pract;66(648):372-3, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1478-5242
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medicina Geral
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Medicina Geral/história
Medicina Geral/métodos
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
Papel do Médico
Relações Médico-Paciente
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160702
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3399/bjgp16X685921


  2 / 491 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27215125
[Au] Autor:Shorer Y; Rabin S; Zlotnik M; Cohen N; Nadav M; Shiber A
[Ti] Título:[BALINT GROUP AS A-MEANS FOR BURNOUT PREVENTION AND IMPROVEMENT OF THERAPIST-PATIENT RELATIONSHIP IN A GENERAL HOSPITAL - THE SOROKA EXPERIENCE].
[So] Source:Harefuah;155(2):115-8, 130, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0017-7768
[Cp] País de publicação:Israel
[La] Idioma:heb
[Ab] Resumo:Balint group (BG) is an experiential discussion group which deals with the various aspects of the therapist-patient relationship. BG was found to be effective for stress and burnout prevention among medical professionals. Burnout is expressed by emotional fatigue, de-personalization and sense of failure. Recent articles found connections between burnout and personal and systemic factors such as: workload, work conflicts, and work-life conflicts. Burnout can lead to medical mistakes, loss of empathy for the patient, coronary disease, and leaving work. Until now, BGs were held in community settings. We first describe organizing and leading BG for physicians and nurses in the Nephrology-Dialysis department. We present the process of group setting and leading as a procedure that also takes into consideration the organizational limits of the hospital setting. Conclusions and future suggestions will be presented.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esgotamento Profissional
Exposição Ocupacional
Relações Profissional-Paciente
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia
Hospitais Gerais/métodos
Seres Humanos
Israel
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ocupacional/análise
Médicos/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160524
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160524
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160525
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 491 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26946782
[Au] Autor:Hikitsuchi E; Okazaki S; Yamasaki A; Matsumoto T
[Ti] Título:[Development and evaluation of a therapeutic community model in Japan: Use of an encounter group method].
[So] Source:Nihon Arukoru Yakubutsu Igakkai Zasshi;50(5):206-21, 2015 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1341-8963
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of the present study was to develop a therapeutic community (TC) model in the Drug Addiction Rehabilitation Center (DARC), the rehabilitation facility group managed by recovered drug users in Japan, and to evaluate the effectiveness of the model. The TC model is a drug-free self-help program that is significant for its use of the peer community to facilitate social and psychological change in individuals. Although the TC model has been developed around the world in a variety of settings, its use in Japan is not well known. We introduced the therapy group with an encounter group method representing the TC model at the Kawasaki DARC, and conducted pre- and post-evaluations using the modified Self-Actualization Scale (SEAS2000). Results showed that the scores of the subscale "sobering of self-affirmation" were remarkably high among those who experienced encounter groups for six months. However, the scores of the subscale "release from biased view" declined among the users at the DARC who have experienced encounter group. for a short-term, while .the scores increased among those who have a medium-term and a long-term experience. These results suggest that the encounter group may be effective especially for the medium- and long-term users in the DARC. The development of a more effective TC model is required.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Psicoterapia de Grupo
Centros de Tratamento de Abuso de Substâncias
Comunidade Terapêutica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Japão
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160308
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 491 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24870589
[Au] Autor:Potash JS; Chan F; Ho AH; Wang XL; Cheng C
[Ad] Endereço:a Centre on Behavioral Health and Department of Social Work and Social Administration , University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong.
[Ti] Título:A Model for Art Therapy-Based Supervision for End-of-Life Care Workers in Hong Kong.
[So] Source:Death Stud;39(1-5):44-51, 2015 Jan-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0748-1187
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:End-of-life care workers and volunteers are particularly prone to burnout given the intense emotional and existential nature of their work. Supervision is one important way to provide adequate support that focuses on both professional and personal competencies. The inclusion of art therapy principles and practices within supervision further creates a dynamic platform for sustained self-reflection. A 6-week art therapy-based supervision group provided opportunities for developing emotional awareness, recognizing professional strengths, securing collegial relationships, and reflecting on death-related memories. The structure, rationale, and feedback are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Terapia pela Arte/métodos
Esgotamento Profissional
Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
Organização e Administração
Assistência Terminal/psicologia
Voluntários/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Atitude Frente à Morte
Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia
Inteligência Emocional
Feminino
Hong Kong
Seres Humanos
Relações Interprofissionais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Competência Profissional
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1509
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140530
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/07481187.2013.859187


  5 / 491 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27363193
[Au] Autor:Hertz KT
[Ti] Título:Physician retreat reveals the value of strong administrative leadership.
[So] Source:MGMA Connex;14(10):52-3, 2014 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1537-0240
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Liderança
Médicos de Atenção Primária
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Prática de Grupo/organização & administração
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160702
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 491 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25047082
[Au] Autor:Berkson SY; Tor S; Mollica R; Lavelle J; Cosenza C
[Ad] Endereço:Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma, Massachusetts, General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, U.S.A.
[Ti] Título:An innovative model of culturally tailored health promotion groups for Cambodian survivors of torture.
[So] Source:Torture;24(1):1-16, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1997-3322
[Cp] País de publicação:Denmark
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cambodians living in the U.S.A. suffer from depression, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and chronic medical disease at rates far in excess of national averages. The Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma's Cambodian Health Promotion Program seeks to address this burden of disease by offering them culturally tailored health education in a group setting. A health professional and a bicultural health educator co-facilitated a five-session health promotion group for Cambodian survivors of torture from 2007 to 2011. The program covered five major topics from Western and Cambodian worldviews. They included the meaning of health promotion, nutrition, exercise, stress management and sleep hygiene, and health practitioner-patient communication. The bicultural worker administered Pre and Post semi-structured Health Promotion Questionnaires. The data presented here are the results from 126 participants. Changes between the Pre and Post health promotion groups demonstrated significant improvements in health status, lifestyle activities, sleep, and depression. Participants revealed greater confidence in communicating with their primary health care practitioner. Culturally tailored Cambodian health promotion education administered in a small group setting may improve health and mental health behaviors. Culturally tailored health promotion education in a small group setting may promote healing in survivors of torture. It is an intervention worthy of further research and development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia
Doença Crônica
Depressão
Educação em Saúde/métodos
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos
Tortura/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Crônica/etnologia
Doença Crônica/psicologia
Doença Crônica/reabilitação
Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente/métodos
Depressão/etnologia
Depressão/etiologia
Depressão/psicologia
Depressão/reabilitação
Feminino
Promoção da Saúde/métodos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Modelos Educacionais
Refugiados/educação
Refugiados/psicologia
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etnologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/reabilitação
Sobreviventes/psicologia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1509
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140723
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 491 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25034638
[Au] Autor:Salander P; Sandström M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Social Work, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. Electronic address: par.salander@socw.umu.se.
[Ti] Título:A Balint-inspired reflective forum in oncology for medical residents: main themes during seven years.
[So] Source:Patient Educ Couns;97(1):47-51, 2014 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1873-5134
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Reflection groups for clinicians, often called Balint groups, are a way of refining professional competence in health care. This study presents a model for reflective practice in a group setting and describes the kinds of troublesome cases that medical residents are concerned about. METHODS: From 2005 to 2012 a Balint-inspired reflective forum has been a part of the academic seminar program for physicians in training in a Department of Oncology at a Swedish university. The present study is focused on all 63 cases presented in the forum. RESULTS: The cases were categorized into three kinds of challenges: Communication challenges in the patient-physician relationship, Communication challenges in organizational matters, and Communication challenges with close relatives of the patient. CONCLUSION: The study tells us something about the vulnerability of being a medical resident and the identified challenges have bearings on medical education curricula as well as on how the training of junior physicians is organized. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The cases are contextual and multifaceted, and a forum of this kind might therefore be regarded as a potential way to develop professional competence and to refine communication in clinical practice. A structured evaluation of the forum would be valuable.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Competência Clínica
Comunicação
Internato e Residência
Oncologia/educação
Relações Médico-Paciente
Médicos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Neoplasias/terapia
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140719
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 491 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24885727
[Au] Autor:Frank F; Rummel-Kluge C; Berger M; Bitzer EM; Hölzel LP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Freiburg, Hauptstraße 5, D-79104 Freiburg, Germany. fabian.frank@uniklinik-freiburg.de.
[Ti] Título:Provision of group psychoeducation for relatives of persons in inpatient depression treatment--a cross-sectional survey of acute care hospitals in Germany.
[So] Source:BMC Psychiatry;14:143, 2014 May 19.
[Is] ISSN:1471-244X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Depressive disorders are often recurrent and place a high burden on patients and their relatives. Psychoeducational groups for relatives may reduce relatives' burden, help prevent relapses in patients, and are recommended by the German "National Disease Management Guideline Unipolar Depression". Since there is limited knowledge on the provision of psychoeducational groups for relatives of persons in inpatient depression treatment, we conducted a survey among acute care hospitals in Germany. METHODS: We conducted a two-step cross-sectional survey. Step I consisted of a questionnaire asking the heads of all psychiatric/psychosomatic acute care hospitals in Germany (N = 512) whether psychoeducational groups for relatives were provided within depression treatment, and if not, the reasons for not implementing them. In group offering hospitals the person responsible for conducting psychoeducational groups received a detailed questionnaire on intervention characteristics (step II). We performed descriptive data analysis. RESULTS: The response rate was 50.2% (N = 257) in step I and 58.4% in step II (N = 45). 35.4% of the responding hospitals offered psychoeducational groups for relatives of patients with depressive disorders. According to the estimates of the respondents, relatives of about one in five patients took part in psychoeducational groups in 2011. Groups were mostly provided by two moderators (62.2%) as continuous groups (77.8%), without patients' participation (77.8%), with up to ten participants (65.9%), consisting of four or fewer sessions (51.5%) which lasted between one and one and a half hours each (77.8%). The moderators in charge were mostly psychologists (43.9%) or physicians (26.8%). Approximately one third used published manuals. Reasons for not conducting such psychoeducational groups were lack of manpower (60.1%), time (44.9%) and financial constraints (24.1%). 25.3% mentioned adequate concepts of intervention as a required condition for initiating such groups. CONCLUSIONS: Only a small proportion of relatives of patients with depressive disorders participated in psychoeducational groups in 2011 in Germany. Mostly short interventions were favoured and main implementation barriers were scarce resources. Brief interventions that fit with healthcare routine should be developed and tested within randomised controlled trials. This could promote the provision of psychoeducational groups for relatives as evidence-based practice in inpatient depression treatment in Germany.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cuidadores/educação
Transtorno Depressivo/terapia
Família/psicologia
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência Ambulatorial
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Alemanha
Hospitalização
Seres Humanos
Pacientes Internados
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1509
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/1471-244X-14-143


  9 / 491 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23609211
[Au] Autor:Galanter M; Dermatis H; Post S; Sampson C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA. marcgalanter@nyu.edu
[Ti] Título:Spirituality-based recovery from drug addiction in the twelve-step fellowship of narcotics anonymous.
[So] Source:J Addict Med;7(3):189-95, 2013 May-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1932-0620
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Narcotics Anonymous is a worldwide fellowship that employs the Twelve-Step model for members dependent on drugs of abuse. The spiritual orientation of its program of abstinence has not been subjected to empirical study. METHODS: Responses of 527 American Narcotics Anonymous meeting attendees to a structured questionnaire were evaluated for the roles of cognitive and psychosocial aspects of spirituality in their recovery. RESULTS: Respondents had last used drugs or alcohol on average 6.1 years previously. They were found to be more oriented toward a spiritual than a formally religious orientation than probability samples of the general population. Aspects of membership such as affiliation toward other members and the experience of spiritual awakening were associated with lower rates of drug or alcohol craving, whereas scores on depression were associated with higher craving scores. CONCLUSIONS: Spiritual renewal combined with an abstinence-oriented regimen in Narcotics Anonymous social context can play a role in long-term recovery from drug addiction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle Comportamental/métodos
Entrevista Psicológica/métodos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides
Grupos de Autoajuda
Espiritualidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Controle Comportamental/psicologia
Depressão
Feminino
Processos Grupais
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/psicologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/reabilitação
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Grupos de Autoajuda/organização & administração
Grupos de Autoajuda/estatística & dados numéricos
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização
Inquéritos e Questionários
Resultado do Tratamento
Pesos e Medidas/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1308
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130424
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/ADM.0b013e31828a0265


  10 / 491 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23576593
[Au] Autor:Venturin JS; Durall PS; Enciso R; Clark GT; Mulligan R
[Ad] Endereço:Ostrow School of Dentistry, University of Southern California, 925 West 34th Street, DEN 4202, Los Angeles, CA 90089, USA. venturin@usc.edu
[Ti] Título:Comparing methods of cultural competency training and assessment in a predoctoral dental course.
[So] Source:J Dent Educ;77(4):476-84, 2013 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1930-7837
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cultural competence is considered an important skill in health care delivery; accordingly, it requires an effective and efficient course of training. Web-based teaching has increasingly been used in medical education with a few reports also in the dental field; however, there is a lack of evidence of its full application and usefulness. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of web-based case scenarios in comparison with seminar-based training to deliver cultural competency material to the health care provider in training. Eighty-one fourth-year dental students attending a mandatory Special Patients' Care clinical rotation were randomly allocated to receive first either a session of seminar or web-based case scenarios on cultural competence, with all students receiving a manual containing information about various cultures and the issues of cultural diversity on the first day of the training. All students underwent pre- and post-training examinations, which were conducted using a multiple-choice questionnaire and a self-analytic evaluation. Both the seminar and the web-based case scenarios resulted in significant improvement (p≤0.001) of scores comparing the pre- and posttest outcomes. Training either as a seminar or a series of web-based case scenarios combined with written material presented in a manual was found to increase students' cultural competence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Competência Cultural/educação
Educação em Odontologia/métodos
Internet
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
California
Currículo
Relações Dentista-Paciente
Educação a Distância
Avaliação Educacional
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Manuais como Assunto
Grupos de Treinamento de Sensibilização
Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1306
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151119
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151119
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130412
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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