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[PMID]:29382820
[Au] Autor:Parkinson C; Kleinbaum AM; Wheatley T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, 1285 Franz Hall, Box 951563, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. cparkinson@ucla.edu.
[Ti] Título:Similar neural responses predict friendship.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):332, 2018 01 30.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Human social networks are overwhelmingly homophilous: individuals tend to befriend others who are similar to them in terms of a range of physical attributes (e.g., age, gender). Do similarities among friends reflect deeper similarities in how we perceive, interpret, and respond to the world? To test whether friendship, and more generally, social network proximity, is associated with increased similarity of real-time mental responding, we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to scan subjects' brains during free viewing of naturalistic movies. Here we show evidence for neural homophily: neural responses when viewing audiovisual movies are exceptionally similar among friends, and that similarity decreases with increasing distance in a real-world social network. These results suggest that we are exceptionally similar to our friends in how we perceive and respond to the world around us, which has implications for interpersonal influence and attraction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo/fisiologia
Amigos/psicologia
Relações Interpessoais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Encéfalo/anatomia & histologia
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Rede Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02722-7


  2 / 62890 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28470157
[Au] Autor:Jeong IJ; Kim SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Nursing, Dongkang University, Gwangju, Korea.
[Ti] Título:[Effects of Group Counseling Program Based on Goal Attainment Theory for Middle School Students with Emotional and Behavioral Problems].
[So] Source:J Korean Acad Nurs;47(2):199-210, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:2093-758X
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:kor
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a group counseling program based on goal attainment theory on self-esteem, interpersonal relationships, and school adjustment of middle school students with emotional and behavioral problems. METHODS: Forty-four middle school students with emotional and behavioral problems (22 in the experimental group and 22 in the control group) from G city participated in this study. Data were collected from July 30 to September 24, 2015. The experimental group received the 8-session program, scheduled once a week, with each session lasting 45 minutes. Outcome variables included self-esteem, interpersonal relationship, and school adjustment. RESULTS: There were significant increases for self-esteem (t=3.69, p=.001), interpersonal relationship (t=8.88, p<.001), and school adjustment (t=4.92, p<.001) in the experimental group compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that the group counseling program based on goal attainment theory is very effective in increasing self-esteem, interpersonal relationship, and school adjustment for middle school students with emotional and behavioral problems. Therefore, it is recommended that the group counseling program based on goal attainment theory be used as an effective psychiatric nursing intervention for mental health promotion and the prevention of mental illness in adolescents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aconselhamento
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Emoções
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Comportamento Problema
Autoimagem
Ajustamento Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4040/jkan.2017.47.2.199


  3 / 62890 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28452696
[Au] Autor:Lehrer HM; Janus KC; Gloria CT; Steinhardt MA
[Ad] Endereço:The University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA.
[Ti] Título:Personal and Environmental Resources Mediate the Positivity-Emotional Dysfunction Relationship.
[So] Source:Am J Health Behav;41(2):186-193, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1945-7359
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationships among positivity, perceived personal and environmental resources, and emotional dysfunction in adolescent girls. We hypothesized that perceived resources would mediate the relationship between positivity and emotional dysfunction. METHODS: Participants (N = 510) attending an all-girls public school completed a survey assessing emotional dysfunction (depressive symptoms and perceived stress), positivity (positive/negative emotions), and personal/ environmental resources (resilience, hope, percent adaptive coping, community connectedness, social support, and school connectedness). Perceived resources were combined into one latent variable, and structural equation modeling tested the mediating effect of perceived resources on the relationship between positivity and emotional dysfunction. RESULTS: The model accounted for 63% of the variance in emotional dysfunction. Positivity exerted a significant direct effect on emotional dysfunction (ß = -.14, p < .01), but its influence was primarily mediated through perceived resources (indirect effect: ß = -.43, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The impact of positivity on emotional dysfunction is primarily but not entirely mediated by perceived personal and environmental resources. Schools should consider strategies to enhance experiences of positive emotions and/or decrease experiences of negative emotions, in conjunction with encouraging student awareness and development of personal and environmental resources.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Depressão/psicologia
Emoções
Esperança
Relações Interpessoais
Resiliência Psicológica
Apoio Social
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5993/AJHB.41.2.10


  4 / 62890 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29406654
[Ti] Título:Innovative Programs Highlighting Patient and Family Engagement.
[So] Source:Pediatr Nurs;42(6):303-6, 2016 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0097-9805
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
Relações Interpessoais
Cuidados de Enfermagem/organização & administração
Participação do Paciente/psicologia
Enfermagem Pediátrica/organização & administração
Relações Profissional-Família
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inovação Organizacional
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 62890 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29380886
[Au] Autor:Rogers J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Molecular and Human Genetics and Human Genome Sequencing Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.
[Ti] Título:The behavioral genetics of nonhuman primates: Status and prospects.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;165 Suppl 65:23-36, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The complexity and diversity of primate behavior have long attracted the attention of ethologists, psychologists, behavioral ecologists, and neuroscientists. Recent studies have advanced our understanding of the nature of genetic influences on differences in behavior among individuals within species. A number of analyses have focused on the genetic analysis of behavioral reactions to specific experimental tests, providing estimates of the degree of genetic control over reactivity, and beginning to identify the genes involved. Substantial progress is also being made in identifying genetic factors that influence the structure and function of the primate brain. Most of the published studies on these topics have examined either cercopithecines or chimpanzees, though a few studies have addressed these questions in other primate species. One potentially important line of research is beginning to identify the epigenetic processes that influence primate behavior, thus revealing specific cellular and molecular mechanisms by which environmental experiences can influence gene expression or gene function relevant to behavior. This review summarizes many of these studies of non-human primate behavioral genetics. The primary focus is on analyses that address the nature of the genes and genetic processes that affect differences in behavior among individuals within non-human primate species. Analyses of between species differences and potential avenues for future research are also discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Encéfalo
Primatas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Encéfalo/anatomia & histologia
Encéfalo/fisiologia
Epigênese Genética/genética
Epigênese Genética/fisiologia
Feminino
Genética Comportamental
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Primatas/anatomia & histologia
Primatas/genética
Primatas/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23384


  6 / 62890 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29379958
[Au] Autor:Emanuel EJ; Gudbranson E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medical Ethics and Health Policy, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
[Ti] Título:Does Medicine Overemphasize IQ?
[So] Source:JAMA;319(7):651-652, 2018 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teste de Admissão Acadêmica
Educação de Graduação em Medicina
Inteligência Emocional
Inteligência
Médicos/psicologia
Critérios de Admissão Escolar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Entrevistas como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.20141


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[PMID]:29344614
[Au] Autor:Tollefson TT
[Ad] Endereço:Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento, California.
[Ti] Título:Apprehending Otherness Through Wonder: A Facial Plastic Surgeon's Review of the Book and Movie.
[So] Source:JAMA;319(7):640-642, 2018 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Literatura Moderna
Disostose Mandibulofacial
Medicina na Literatura
Medicina nas Artes
Filmes Cinematográficos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Disostose Mandibulofacial/psicologia
Disostose Mandibulofacial/cirurgia
Cirurgia Plástica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.22109


  8 / 62890 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424500
[Au] Autor:Buduk-ool LK; Khovalyg AM
[Ti] Título:[Peculiarities of the psychological status of first-year students in terms of university education].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(6):568-72, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Peculiarities There was performed the study of the mental status of first-year students enrolled in the Tuvan state University. There were detected levels of reactive and personal anxiety, adaptive capacity, the level of social and psychological adaptation and aggression. Adaptation potential in students is within limits of the satisfactory one, there was no detected person with poor adaptive capacity and failure of adaptation, that indicates to the genetically fixed ability of the students' body to adapt to living conditions. In a state of psychological adjustment there was revealed the more higher level of anxiety in Tuvan students, which is caused by the poor living conditions. More satisfactory condition is typical for the social and psychological adaptation, since in all students values of test scales are within normal limits.There were shown gender differences in adaptation and psychological status of students. Boys have more lower indices of indirect and verbal aggression, anger, resentment, suspicion, guilt. Girls are characterized by higher hostility, at that it even exceeds standard values. In the group of students with a high personal anxiety no differences in adaptive capacities were found, and in students with moderate personal anxiety there were significantly more boys with stress adaptation than girls. Analysis of the socio-psychological adaptation of first-year students shows that in all students values of the test scales are normal, but in young men, indices are higher that indicates to a more successful socialization in the environment of the university. Correlation analysis of indices of aggressiveness and socio-psychological adaptation revealed weak negative relationships between index of aggressiveness with maladaptiveness, non-acceptance of others, emotional comfort in boys. In girls "aggressiveness" positively correlates with the such indices as acceptance of others and adaptation. Factor analysis in young men revealed the first factor, labeled as maladjustment because it included indirect aggression, maladaptiveness, self-rejection, emotional discomfort and external control. In girls first factor combines indices: adaptability, self-acceptance, adaptation (integral), self-acceptance, emotional comfort, the desire to dominate and this factor was labeled as adaptation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Ansiedade/psicologia
Motivação
Ajustamento Social
Estudantes/psicologia
Universidades/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Federação Russa
Fatores Sexuais
Meio Social
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 62890 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29329352
[Au] Autor:Yoo Y; Park HJ; Park S; Cho MJ; Cho SJ; Lee JY; Choi SH; Lee JY
[Ad] Endereço:Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Interpersonal trauma moderates the relationship between personality factors and suicidality of individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191198, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are more prone to suicidal ideation and behavior. While those who have experienced interpersonal trauma exhibit more suicidality than those who have experienced non-interpersonal trauma, it is unclear how the traumatic effects are related to an individual's personality characteristics. This study examined the association between interpersonal trauma and personality factors with suicidality, and elucidated the moderating role of interpersonal trauma in individuals with PTSD. The study included 6,022 participants from the Korean Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study 2011. The Korean Version of Composite International Diagnostic Interview was used for the survey, including the participants' history of suicidality, the traumas they have experienced, and their PTSD symptoms. The 11-item version of the Big Five Inventory (BFI-11) was used to assess the participants' personality factors. 76 individuals were diagnosed with PTSD, while 810 had been exposed to trauma but were not diagnosed with any DSM-IV mental disorder. Among the individuals with PTSD, those who had experienced interpersonal trauma were more likely to have suicidal ideation than those who had experienced non-interpersonal trauma (p = .020; odds ratio [OR] = 3.643; 95% confidence interval of OR = [1.226, 10.825]). High agreeableness and conscientiousness predicted less suicidality in those exposed to non-interpersonal trauma, while predicting more suicidality in those exposed to interpersonal trauma. Clinicians examining individuals with PTSD should pay closer attention to the trauma that they have experienced, as well as their personality factors, to provide appropriate treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Personalidade
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Ideação Suicida
Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Modelos Psicológicos
Fatores de Risco
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia
Ferimentos e Lesões/classificação
Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191198


  10 / 62890 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27775409
[Au] Autor:Eisikovits Z; Tener D; Lev-Wiesel R
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Work, Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa.
[Ti] Título:Adult women survivors of intrafamilial child sexual abuse and their current relationship with the abuser.
[So] Source:Am J Orthopsychiatry;87(3):216-225, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1939-0025
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article examines the adult perceptions of women survivors of intrafamilial child sexual abuse and their current relationship with the family member who abused them in their childhood. Twenty Jewish Israeli women were interviewed in depth between 2008 and 2009. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data analysis produced 2 interrelated continua with regard to the presence of the perpetrator in the women's life: a continuum of his actual daily presence in the woman's living space, ranging from complete absence to a continuous presence, and a continuum of his experiential presence, ranging from a high level of intrusiveness to encapsulation and total dissociation. The 2 continua are discussed and implications for practice are suggested. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Relações Familiares/psicologia
Relações Interpessoais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161028
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/ort0000185



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