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[PMID]:28455183
[Au] Autor:Vongas JG; Al Hajj R
[Ad] Endereço:Ithaca College, School of Business, Department of Management, 953 Danby Road, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA. Electronic address: jvongas@ithaca.edu.
[Ti] Título:The effects of competition and implicit power motive on men's testosterone, emotion recognition, and aggression.
[So] Source:Horm Behav;92:57-71, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1095-6867
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A contribution to a special issue on Hormones and Human Competition. We investigated the effects of competition on men's testosterone levels and assessed whether androgen reactivity was associated with subsequent emotion recognition and reactive and proactive aggression. We also explored whether personalized power (p Power) moderated these relationships. In Study 1, 84 males competed on a number tracing task and interpreted emotions from facial expressions. In Study 2, 72 males competed on the same task and were assessed on proactive and reactive aggression. In both studies, contrary to the biosocial model of status (Mazur, 1985), winners' testosterone levels decreased significantly while losers' levels increased, albeit not significantly. Personalized power moderated the effect of competition outcome on testosterone change in both studies. Using the aggregate sample, we found that the effect of decreased testosterone levels among winners (compared to losers) was significant for individuals low in p Power but not for those with medium or high p Power. Testosterone change was positively related to emotion recognition, but unrelated to either aggression subtype. The testosterone-mediated relationship between winning and losing and emotion recognition was moderated by p Power. In addition, p Power moderated the direct (i.e., non-testosterone mediated) path between competition outcome and emotion recognition and both types of aggression: high p-Power winners were more accurate at deciphering others' emotions than high p-Power losers. Finally, among high p-Power men, winners aggressed more proactively than losers, whereas losers aggressed more reactively than winners. Collectively, these studies highlight the importance of implicit power motivation in modulating hormonal, cognitive, and behavioral outcomes arising from human competition.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/fisiologia
Comportamento Competitivo/fisiologia
Emoções/fisiologia
Poder (Psicologia)
Recognição (Psicologia)/fisiologia
Testosterona/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Motivação/fisiologia
Saliva/química
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
3XMK78S47O (Testosterone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 15444 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28282746
[Au] Autor:Peng J; Li A; Zhu Q
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Kinesiology , Shanghai University of Sport , Shanghai , China.
[Ti] Título:Motor expertise interacts with physical enactment to enhance action memory.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(2):198-205, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous research on action memory showed the advantage for performing the action in memorising the action phrases. We tested if performing the action would help participants with or without motor expertise to memorise the novel action poses. Thirty novel action poses performed by an expert were photographed to constitute memory and interference stimuli. Eighty college students observed to remember the randomly displayed stimuli; however, half were asked to perform the displayed stimuli. Both free-recall and recognition tests were administered immediately and 24 h after the memory task. The results showed that acting was better than observing for memorising the novel action poses, which not only promoted the absolute retention but also alleviated the retention loss caused by interference. Motor expertise enhanced the overall memory performance by promoting a deeper motor encoding. Based on our results, novices should act with (rather than just observe) the model to learn novel motor skills.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Memória/fisiologia
Destreza Motora/fisiologia
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atletas/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Rememoração Mental/fisiologia
Recognição (Psicologia)/fisiologia
Retenção (Psicologia)/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170312
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1291985


  3 / 15444 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28459273
[Au] Autor:Wass SV; Cook C; Clackson K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of East London.
[Ti] Título:Changes in behavior and salivary cortisol after targeted cognitive training in typical 12-month-old infants.
[So] Source:Dev Psychol;53(5):815-825, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1939-0599
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous research has suggested that early development may be an optimal period to implement cognitive training interventions, particularly those relating to attention control, a basic ability that is essential for the development of other cognitive skills. In the present study, we administered gaze-contingent training (95 min across 2 weeks) targeted at voluntary attention control to a cohort of typical 12-month-old children (N = 24) and sham training to a control group (N = 24). We assessed training effects on (a) tasks involving nontrained aspects of attention control: visual sustained attention, habituation speed, visual recognition memory, sequence learning, and reversal learning; (b) general attentiveness (on-task behaviors during testing); and (c) salivary cortisol levels. Assessments were administered immediately after the cessation of training and at a 6-week follow-up. On the immediate posttest infants showed significantly more sustained visual attention, faster habituation, and improved sequence learning. Significant effects were also found for increased general attentiveness and decreased salivary cortisol. Some of these effects were still evident at the 6-week follow-up (significantly improved sequence learning and marginally improved sustained attention). These findings extend the emerging literature showing that attention training is possible in infancy. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atenção/fisiologia
Hidrocortisona/metabolismo
Comportamento do Lactente/fisiologia
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência ao Convalescente
Feminino
Habituação Psicofisiológica/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Recognição (Psicologia)/fisiologia
Reversão de Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Saliva/metabolismo
Aprendizagem Seriada/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
WI4X0X7BPJ (Hydrocortisone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/dev0000266


  4 / 15444 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28460284
[Au] Autor:Tsotsi S; Kosmidis MH; Bozikas VP
[Ad] Endereço:Lab of Cognitive Neuroscience, School of Psychology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece; 1st Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece.
[Ti] Título:Improved facial affect recognition in schizophrenia following an emotion intervention, but not training attention-to-facial-features or treatment-as-usual.
[So] Source:Psychiatry Res;254:135-142, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1872-7123
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In schizophrenia, impaired facial affect recognition (FAR) has been associated with patients' overall social functioning. Interventions targeting attention or FAR per se have invariably yielded improved FAR performance in these patients. Here, we compared the effects of two interventions, one targeting FAR and one targeting attention-to-facial-features, with treatment-as-usual on patients' FAR performance. Thirty-nine outpatients with schizophrenia were randomly assigned to one of three groups: FAR intervention (training to recognize emotional information, conveyed by changes in facial features), attention-to-facial-features intervention (training to detect changes in facial features), and treatment-as-usual. Also, 24 healthy controls, matched for age and education, were assigned to one of the two interventions. Two FAR measurements, baseline and post-intervention, were conducted using an original experimental procedure with alternative sets of stimuli. We found improved FAR performance following the intervention targeting FAR in comparison to the other patient groups, which in fact was comparable to the pre-intervention performance of healthy controls in the corresponding intervention group. This improvement was more pronounced in recognizing fear. Our findings suggest that compared to interventions targeting attention, and treatment-as-usual, training programs targeting FAR can be more effective in improving FAR in patients with schizophrenia, particularly assisting them in perceiving threat-related information more accurately.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atenção
Emoções
Reconhecimento Facial
Esquizofrenia/terapia
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Atenção/fisiologia
Emoções/fisiologia
Expressão Facial
Reconhecimento Facial/fisiologia
Medo/fisiologia
Medo/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Projetos Piloto
Recognição (Psicologia)/fisiologia
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Resultado do Tratamento
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 15444 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27776224
[Au] Autor:Besson G; Barragan-Jason G; Thorpe SJ; Fabre-Thorpe M; Puma S; Ceccaldi M; Barbeau EJ
[Ad] Endereço:Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, UPS, Université de Toulouse, 118 Route de Narbonne, 31062 Toulouse, France; CerCo CNRS UMR 5549, Pavillon Baudot CHU Purpan, BP 25202, 31052 Toulouse Cedex, France; Institut de neurosciences des systèmes, INSERM UMR 1106, Aix-Marseille Université, Faculté de
[Ti] Título:From face processing to face recognition: Comparing three different processing levels.
[So] Source:Cognition;158:33-43, 2017 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7838
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Verifying that a face is from a target person (e.g. finding someone in the crowd) is a critical ability of the human face processing system. Yet how fast this can be performed is unknown. The 'entry-level shift due to expertise' hypothesis suggests that - since humans are face experts - processing faces should be as fast - or even faster - at the individual than at superordinate levels. In contrast, the 'superordinate advantage' hypothesis suggests that faces are processed from coarse to fine, so that the opposite pattern should be observed. To clarify this debate, three different face processing levels were compared: (1) a superordinate face categorization level (i.e. detecting human faces among animal faces), (2) a face familiarity level (i.e. recognizing famous faces among unfamiliar ones) and (3) verifying that a face is from a target person, our condition of interest. The minimal speed at which faces can be categorized (∼260ms) or recognized as familiar (∼360ms) has largely been documented in previous studies, and thus provides boundaries to compare our condition of interest to. Twenty-seven participants were included. The recent Speed and Accuracy Boosting procedure paradigm (SAB) was used since it constrains participants to use their fastest strategy. Stimuli were presented either upright or inverted. Results revealed that verifying that a face is from a target person (minimal RT at ∼260ms) was remarkably fast but longer than the face categorization level (∼240ms) and was more sensitive to face inversion. In contrast, it was much faster than recognizing a face as familiar (∼380ms), a level severely affected by face inversion. Face recognition corresponding to finding a specific person in a crowd thus appears achievable in only a quarter of a second. In favor of the 'superordinate advantage' hypothesis or coarse-to-fine account of the face visual hierarchy, these results suggest a graded engagement of the face processing system across processing levels as reflected by the face inversion effects. Furthermore, they underline how verifying that a face is from a target person and detecting a face as familiar - both often referred to as "Face Recognition" - in fact differs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Reconhecimento Facial
Recognição (Psicologia)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Tempo de Reação
Fatores de Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 15444 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28449397
[Au] Autor:Baghel MS; Thakur MK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Zoology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Laboratory, Centre of Advanced Study, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, 221005, India.
[Ti] Título:Differential proteome profiling in the hippocampus of amnesic mice.
[So] Source:Hippocampus;27(8):845-859, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1098-1063
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Amnesia or memory loss is associated with brain aging and several neurodegenerative pathologies including Alzheimer's disease (AD). This can be induced by a cholinergic antagonist scopolamine but the underlying molecular mechanism is poorly understood. This study of proteome profiling in the hippocampus could provide conceptual insights into the molecular mechanisms involved in amnesia. To reveal this, mice were administered scopolamine to induce amnesia and memory impairment was validated by novel object recognition test. Using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis coupled with MALDI-MS/MS, we have analyzed the hippocampal proteome and identified 18 proteins which were differentially expressed. Out of these proteins, 11 were downregulated and 7 were upregulated in scopolamine-treated mice as compared to control. In silico analysis showed that the majority of identified proteins are involved in metabolism, catalytic activity, and cytoskeleton architectural functions. STRING interaction network analysis revealed that majority of identified proteins exhibit common association with Actg1 cytoskeleton and Vdac1 energy transporter protein. Furthermore, interaction map analysis showed that Fascin1 and Coronin 1b individually interact with Actg1 and regulate the actin filament dynamics. Vdac1 was significantly downregulated in amnesic mice and showed interaction with other proteins in interaction network. Therefore, we silenced Vdac1 in the hippocampus of normal young mice and found similar impairment in recognition memory of Vdac1 silenced and scopolamine-treated mice. Thus, these findings suggest that Vdac1-mediated disruption of energy metabolism and cytoskeleton architecture might be involved in scopolamine-induced amnesia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amnésia/patologia
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia
Hipocampo/metabolismo
Proteoma/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Actinas/genética
Actinas/metabolismo
Amnésia/induzido quimicamente
Animais
Antagonistas Colinérgicos/toxicidade
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos
Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos
Masculino
Camundongos
Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética
Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo
Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
Proteoma/genética
RNA Interferente Pequeno/farmacologia
Receptores Odorantes/genética
Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo
Recognição (Psicologia)/efeitos dos fármacos
Hidrobrometo de Escopolamina/toxicidade
Fatores de Tempo
Canal de Ânion 1 Dependente de Voltagem/química
Canal de Ânion 1 Dependente de Voltagem/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Actins); 0 (Cholinergic Antagonists); 0 (Microfilament Proteins); 0 (Proteome); 0 (RNA, Small Interfering); 0 (Receptors, Odorant); 0 (fascin1 protein, mouse); 145420-64-0 (coronin proteins); 451IFR0GXB (Scopolamine Hydrobromide); EC 1.6.- (Voltage-Dependent Anion Channel 1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/hipo.22735


  7 / 15444 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29250540
[Au] Autor:García-Herrero S; Lopez-Garcia JR; Herrera S; Fontaneda I; Báscones SM; Mariscal MA
[Ad] Endereço:Escuela Politécnica Superior, University of Burgos, Avda. Cantabria s/n, 09006 Burgos, Spain.
[Ti] Título:The Influence of Recognition and Social Support on European Health Professionals' Occupational Stress: A Demands-Control-Social Support-Recognition Bayesian Network Model.
[So] Source:Biomed Res Int;2017:4673047, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2314-6141
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Healthcare professionals undergo high levels of occupational stress as a result of their working conditions. Thus, the aim of this study is to develop a model that focuses on healthcare professionals so as to analyze the influence that job demands, control, social support, and recognition have on the likelihood that a worker will experience stress. The data collected correspond to 2,211 healthcare workers from 35 countries, as reported in the sixth European Working Condition Survey (EWCS). The results obtained from this study allow us to infer stress under several working condition scenarios and to identify the more relevant variables in order to reduce this stress in healthcare professionals, which is of paramount importance to managing the stress of workers in this sector. The Bayesian network proposed indicates that emotional demands have a greater influence on raising the likelihood of stress due to workload than do family demands. The results show that the support of colleagues, in general, has less effect on reducing stress than social support from superiors. Furthermore, the sensitivity analysis shows that, in high-demand and low-control situations, recognition clearly impacts stress, drastically reducing it.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia
Modelos Psicológicos
Saúde do Trabalhador
Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia
Recognição (Psicologia)
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Teorema de Bayes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Carga de Trabalho
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2017/4673047


  8 / 15444 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29253864
[Au] Autor:Tacchetti A; Isik L; Poggio T
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Brains Minds and Machines, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, United States.
[Ti] Título:Invariant recognition drives neural representations of action sequences.
[So] Source:PLoS Comput Biol;13(12):e1005859, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1553-7358
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recognizing the actions of others from visual stimuli is a crucial aspect of human perception that allows individuals to respond to social cues. Humans are able to discriminate between similar actions despite transformations, like changes in viewpoint or actor, that substantially alter the visual appearance of a scene. This ability to generalize across complex transformations is a hallmark of human visual intelligence. Advances in understanding action recognition at the neural level have not always translated into precise accounts of the computational principles underlying what representations of action sequences are constructed by human visual cortex. Here we test the hypothesis that invariant action discrimination might fill this gap. Recently, the study of artificial systems for static object perception has produced models, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs), that achieve human level performance in complex discriminative tasks. Within this class, architectures that better support invariant object recognition also produce image representations that better match those implied by human and primate neural data. However, whether these models produce representations of action sequences that support recognition across complex transformations and closely follow neural representations of actions remains unknown. Here we show that spatiotemporal CNNs accurately categorize video stimuli into action classes, and that deliberate model modifications that improve performance on an invariant action recognition task lead to data representations that better match human neural recordings. Our results support our hypothesis that performance on invariant discrimination dictates the neural representations of actions computed in the brain. These results broaden the scope of the invariant recognition framework for understanding visual intelligence from perception of inanimate objects and faces in static images to the study of human perception of action sequences.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Recognição (Psicologia)/fisiologia
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biologia Computacional
Sinais (Psicologia)
Discriminação (Psicologia)/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Magnetoencefalografia
Modelos Neurológicos
Redes Neurais (Computação)
Estimulação Luminosa
Córtex Visual/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005859


  9 / 15444 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25815688
[Au] Autor:Molis MR; Kampel SD; McMillan GP; Gallun FJ; Dann SM; Konrad-Martin D
[Ti] Título:Effects of hearing and aging on sentence-level time-gated word recognition.
[So] Source:J Speech Lang Hear Res;58(2):481-96, 2015 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1558-9102
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Aging is known to influence temporal processing, but its relationship to speech perception has not been clearly defined. To examine listeners' use of contextual and phonetic information, the Revised Speech Perception in Noise test (R-SPIN) was used to develop a time-gated word (TGW) task. METHOD: In Experiment 1, R-SPIN sentence lists were matched on context, target-word length, and median word segment length necessary for target recognition. In Experiment 2, TGW recognition was assessed in quiet and in noise among adults of various ages with normal hearing to moderate hearing loss. Linear regression models of the minimum word duration necessary for correct identification and identification failure rates were developed. Age and hearing thresholds were modeled as continuous predictors with corrections for correlations among multiple measurements of the same participants. RESULTS: While aging and hearing loss both had significant impacts on task performance in the most adverse listening condition (low context, in noise), for most conditions, performance was limited primarily by hearing loss. CONCLUSION: Whereas hearing loss was strongly related to target-word recognition, the effect of aging was only weakly related to task performance. These results have implications for the design and evaluation of studies of hearing and aging.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Audição/fisiologia
Linguagem
Recognição (Psicologia)
Percepção da Fala/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica/métodos
Adulto
Idoso
Limiar Auditivo
Feminino
Perda Auditiva/psicologia
Testes Auditivos
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Ruído
Fonética
Fatores de Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150328
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1044/2015_JSLHR-H-14-0098


  10 / 15444 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770476
[Au] Autor:Jafarpour A; Spiers H
[Ad] Endereço:Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute and Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley, California.
[Ti] Título:Familiarity expands space and contracts time.
[So] Source:Hippocampus;27(1):12-16, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-1063
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:When humans draw maps, or make judgments about travel-time, their responses are rarely accurate and are often systematically distorted. Distortion effects on estimating time to arrival and the scale of sketch-maps reveal the nature of mental representation of time and space. Inspired by data from rodent entorhinal grid cells, we predicted that familiarity to an environment would distort representations of the space by expanding the size of it. We also hypothesized that travel-time estimation would be distorted in the same direction as space-size, if time and space rely on the same cognitive map. We asked international students, who had lived at a college in London for 9 months, to sketch a south-up map of their college district, estimate travel-time to destinations within the area, and mark their everyday walking routes. We found that while estimates for sketched space were expanded with familiarity, estimates of the time to travel through the space were contracted with familiarity. Thus, we found dissociable responses to familiarity in representations of time and space. © 2016 The Authors Hippocampus Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Recognição (Psicologia)
Percepção Espacial
Navegação Espacial
Percepção do Tempo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/hipo.22672



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde