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  1 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770623
[Au] Autor:Mandikal Vasuki PR; Sharma M; Demuth K; Arciuli J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Linguistics, Australian Hearing Hub, 16 University Avenue, Macquarie University, New South Wales, 2109, Australia; The HEARing CRC, 550 Swanston Street, Audiology, Hearing and Speech Sciences, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, 3010, Australia; ARC Centre of Excellence in Cognition
[Ti] Título:Musicians' edge: A comparison of auditory processing, cognitive abilities and statistical learning.
[So] Source:Hear Res;342:112-123, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1878-5891
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It has been hypothesized that musical expertise is associated with enhanced auditory processing and cognitive abilities. Recent research has examined the relationship between musicians' advantage and implicit statistical learning skills. In the present study, we assessed a variety of auditory processing skills, cognitive processing skills, and statistical learning (auditory and visual forms) in age-matched musicians (N = 17) and non-musicians (N = 18). Musicians had significantly better performance than non-musicians on frequency discrimination, and backward digit span. A key finding was that musicians had better auditory, but not visual, statistical learning than non-musicians. Performance on the statistical learning tasks was not correlated with performance on auditory and cognitive measures. Musicians' superior performance on auditory (but not visual) statistical learning suggests that musical expertise is associated with an enhanced ability to detect statistical regularities in auditory stimuli.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia
Cognição/fisiologia
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Música/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estimulação Luminosa
Nível de Discriminação Sonora/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161108
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28826023
[Au] Autor:Bonetti L; Haumann NT; Vuust P; Kliuchko M; Brattico E
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Music in the Brain, Department of Clinical Medicine, Aarhus University, & The Royal Academy of Music Aarhus/Aalborg, Denmark. Electronic address: leonardo.bonetti@clin.au.dk.
[Ti] Título:Risk of depression enhances auditory Pitch discrimination in the brain as indexed by the mismatch negativity.
[So] Source:Clin Neurophysiol;128(10):1923-1936, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8952
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Depression is a state of aversion to activity and low mood that affects behaviour, thoughts, feelings and sense of well-being. Moreover, the individual depression trait is associated with altered auditory cortex activation and appraisal of the affective content of sounds. METHODS: Mismatch negativity responses (MMNs) to acoustic feature changes (pitch, timbre, location, intensity, slide and rhythm) inserted in a musical sequence played in major or minor mode were recorded using magnetoencephalography (MEG) in 88 subclinical participants with depression risk. RESULTS: We found correlations between MMNs to slide and pitch and the level of depression risk reported by participants, indicating that higher MMNs correspond to higher risk of depression. Furthermore we found significantly higher MMN amplitudes to mistuned pitches within a major context compared to MMNs to pitch changes in a minor context. CONCLUSIONS: The brains of individuals with depression risk are more responsive to mistuned and fast pitch stimulus changes, even at a pre-attentive level. SIGNIFICANCE: Considering the altered appraisal of affective contents of sounds in depression and the relevance of spectral pitch features for those contents in music and speech, we propose that individuals with subclinical depression risk are more tuned to tracking sudden pitch changes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estimulação Acústica/métodos
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia
Depressão/fisiopatologia
Eletroencefalografia/métodos
Magnetoencefalografia/métodos
Nível de Discriminação Sonora/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica/psicologia
Adulto
Córtex Auditivo/fisiopatologia
Depressão/diagnóstico
Depressão/epidemiologia
Eletroencefalografia/psicologia
Potenciais Evocados Auditivos/fisiologia
Feminino
Finlândia/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Magnetoencefalografia/psicologia
Masculino
Música/psicologia
Fatores de Risco
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170822
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28704888
[Au] Autor:Zentner M; Strauss H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.
[Ti] Título:Assessing musical ability quickly and objectively: development and validation of the Short-PROMS and the Mini-PROMS.
[So] Source:Ann N Y Acad Sci;1400(1):33-45, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1749-6632
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The study of musical ability has gained considerable traction across disciplines in recent years. In comparison, less effort has been invested in the development of sound measures of musical ability. To redress this gap, we conducted four studies to empirically validate two brief measures derived from the Profile of Music Perception Skills (PROMS)-an exceptionally inclusive battery of musical abilities that takes about 1 h to complete. In the Short-PROMS, test duration was reduced to less than half an hour by substantially reducing the number of trials per subtest. In the Mini-PROMS, the number of subtests was reduced to four, resulting in a battery that takes 15 min to complete. Both measures exhibited good internal consistency and retest reliability. Support for convergent, discriminant, and criterion validity was found across the studies. Additional strengths of the new instruments include their suitability for online administration and a feature called Modular PROMS, which offers researchers the possibility to request customized batteries that may include any combination of the subtests. The role of refining objective assessment instruments in research on music and the mind is discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Música
Nível de Discriminação Sonora/fisiologia
Nível de Percepção Sonora/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170714
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/nyas.13410


  4 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28559383
[Au] Autor:Sollini J; Mill R; Sumner CJ
[Ad] Endereço:Medical Research Council Institute of Hearing Research, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, United Kingdom christian.sumner2@nottingham.ac.uk j.sollini@ucl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Spatial Processing Is Frequency Specific in Auditory Cortex But Not in the Midbrain.
[So] Source:J Neurosci;37(27):6588-6599, 2017 Jul 05.
[Is] ISSN:1529-2401
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The cochlea behaves like a bank of band-pass filters, segregating information into different frequency channels. Some aspects of perception reflect processing within individual channels, but others involve the integration of information across them. One instance of this is sound localization, which improves with increasing bandwidth. The processing of binaural cues for sound location has been studied extensively. However, although the advantage conferred by bandwidth is clear, we currently know little about how this additional information is combined to form our percept of space. We investigated the ability of cells in the auditory system of guinea pigs to compare interaural level differences (ILDs), a key localization cue, between tones of disparate frequencies in each ear. Cells in auditory cortex believed to be integral to ILD processing (excitatory from one ear, inhibitory from the other: EI cells) compare ILDs separately over restricted frequency ranges which are not consistent with their monaural tuning. In contrast, cells that are excitatory from both ears (EE cells) show no evidence of frequency-specific processing. Both cell types are explained by a model in which ILDs are computed within separate frequency channels and subsequently combined in a single cortical cell. Interestingly, ILD processing in all inferior colliculus cell types (EE and EI) is largely consistent with processing within single, matched-frequency channels from each ear. Our data suggest a clear constraint on the way that localization cues are integrated: cortical ILD tuning to broadband sounds is a composite of separate, frequency-specific, binaurally sensitive channels. This frequency-specific processing appears after the level of the midbrain. For some sensory modalities (e.g., somatosensation, vision), the spatial arrangement of the outside world is inherited by the brain from the periphery. The auditory periphery is arranged spatially by frequency, not spatial location. Therefore, our auditory perception of location must be synthesized from physical cues in separate frequency channels. There are multiple cues (e.g., timing, level, spectral cues), but even single cues (e.g., level differences) are frequency dependent. The synthesis of location must account for this frequency dependence, but it is not known how this might occur. Here, we investigated how interaural-level differences are combined across frequency along the ascending auditory system. We found that the integration in auditory cortex preserves the independence of the different-level cues in different frequency regions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Córtex Auditivo/fisiologia
Mesencéfalo/fisiologia
Rede Nervosa/fisiologia
Nível de Discriminação Sonora/fisiologia
Localização de Som/fisiologia
Percepção Espacial/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Cobaias
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.3034-16.2017


  5 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28383990
[Au] Autor:Zuk J; Bishop-Liebler P; Ozernov-Palchik O; Moore E; Overy K; Welch G; Gaab N
[Ad] Endereço:Developmental Medicine Center, Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience, Boston Children's Hospital.
[Ti] Título:Revisiting the "enigma" of musicians with dyslexia: Auditory sequencing and speech abilities.
[So] Source:J Exp Psychol Gen;146(4):495-511, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1939-2222
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous research has suggested a link between musical training and auditory processing skills. Musicians have shown enhanced perception of auditory features critical to both music and speech, suggesting that this link extends beyond basic auditory processing. It remains unclear to what extent musicians who also have dyslexia show these specialized abilities, considering often-observed persistent deficits that coincide with reading impairments. The present study evaluated auditory sequencing and speech discrimination in 52 adults comprised of musicians with dyslexia, nonmusicians with dyslexia, and typical musicians. An auditory sequencing task measuring perceptual acuity for tone sequences of increasing length was administered. Furthermore, subjects were asked to discriminate synthesized syllable continua varying in acoustic components of speech necessary for intraphonemic discrimination, which included spectral (formant frequency) and temporal (voice onset time [VOT] and amplitude envelope) features. Results indicate that musicians with dyslexia did not significantly differ from typical musicians and performed better than nonmusicians with dyslexia for auditory sequencing as well as discrimination of spectral and VOT cues within syllable continua. However, typical musicians demonstrated superior performance relative to both groups with dyslexia for discrimination of syllables varying in amplitude information. These findings suggest a distinct profile of speech processing abilities in musicians with dyslexia, with specific weaknesses in discerning amplitude cues within speech. Because these difficulties seem to remain persistent in adults with dyslexia despite musical training, this study only partly supports the potential for musical training to enhance the auditory processing skills known to be crucial for literacy in individuals with dyslexia. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Percepção Auditiva
Dislexia/diagnóstico
Dislexia/psicologia
Música
Aprendizagem Seriada
Percepção da Fala
Fala
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Sinais (Psicologia)
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fonética
Nível de Discriminação Sonora
Espectrografia do Som
Percepção do Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170407
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/xge0000281


  6 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28380058
[Au] Autor:Kim S; Blake R; Lee M; Kim CY
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Audio-visual interactions uniquely contribute to resolution of visual conflict in people possessing absolute pitch.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0175103, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Individuals possessing absolute pitch (AP) are able to identify a given musical tone or to reproduce it without reference to another tone. The present study sought to learn whether this exceptional auditory ability impacts visual perception under stimulus conditions that provoke visual competition in the form of binocular rivalry. Nineteen adult participants with 3-19 years of musical training were divided into two groups according to their performance on a task involving identification of the specific note associated with hearing a given musical pitch. During test trials lasting just over half a minute, participants dichoptically viewed a scrolling musical score presented to one eye and a drifting sinusoidal grating presented to the other eye; throughout the trial they pressed buttons to track the alternations in visual awareness produced by these dissimilar monocular stimuli. On "pitch-congruent" trials, participants heard an auditory melody that was congruent in pitch with the visual score, on "pitch-incongruent" trials they heard a transposed auditory melody that was congruent with the score in melody but not in pitch, and on "melody-incongruent" trials they heard an auditory melody completely different from the visual score. For both groups, the visual musical scores predominated over the gratings when the auditory melody was congruent compared to when it was incongruent. Moreover, the AP participants experienced greater predominance of the visual score when it was accompanied by the pitch-congruent melody compared to the same melody transposed in pitch; for non-AP musicians, pitch-congruent and pitch-incongruent trials yielded equivalent predominance. Analysis of individual durations of dominance revealed differential effects on dominance and suppression durations for AP and non-AP participants. These results reveal that AP is accompanied by a robust form of bisensory interaction between tonal frequencies and musical notation that boosts the salience of a visual score.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nível de Percepção Sonora/fisiologia
Percepção Visual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica
Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Conflito (Psicologia)
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Música
Estimulação Luminosa
Nível de Discriminação Sonora
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170406
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175103


  7 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28349733
[Au] Autor:Song TE; Jiang N
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Southern California Permanente Medical Group, Panorama City, California, USA.
[Ti] Título:Transgender Phonosurgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg;156(5):803-808, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6817
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives Different surgical techniques have been described in the literature to increase vocal pitch. The purpose of this study is to systematically review these surgeries and perform a meta-analysis to determine which technique increases pitch the most. Data Sources CINAHL, Cochrane, Embase, Medline, PubMed, and Science Direct. Review Methods A systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature was performed using the CINAHL, Cochrane, Embase, Medline, PubMed, and Science Direct databases. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they evaluated pitch-elevating phonosurgical techniques in live humans and performed pre- and postoperative acoustic analysis. Data were gathered regarding surgical technique, pre- and postoperative fundamental frequencies, perioperative care measures, and complications. Results Twenty-nine studies were identified. After applying inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 13 studies were included in the meta-analysis. Mechanisms of pitch elevation included increasing vocal cord tension (cricothyroid approximation), shortening the vocal cord length (cold knife glottoplasty, laser-shortening glottoplasty), and decreasing mass (laser reduction glottoplasty). The most common interventions were shortening techniques and cricothyroid approximation (6 studies each). The largest increase in fundamental frequency was seen with techniques that shortened the vocal cords. Preoperative speech therapy, postoperative voice rest, and reporting of patient satisfaction were inconsistent. Many of the studies were limited by low power and short length of follow-up. Conclusions Multiple techniques for elevation of vocal pitch exist, but vocal cord shortening procedures appear to result in the largest increase in fundamental frequency.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Laringoplastia/métodos
Satisfação do Paciente
Pessoas Transgênero
Prega Vocal/cirurgia
Qualidade da Voz
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fonética
Nível de Discriminação Sonora
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170329
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0194599817697050


  8 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28284735
[Au] Autor:Borucki E; Berg BG
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cognitive Sciences, 2201 Social & Behavioral Sciences Gateway Building (SBSG), University of California, Irvine, CA 92697-5100, USA. Electronic address: eborucki@uci.edu.
[Ti] Título:Isolating spectral cues in amplitude and quasi-frequency modulation discrimination by reducing stimulus duration.
[So] Source:Hear Res;348:129-133, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1878-5891
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study investigated the psychophysical effects of distortion products in a listening task traditionally used to estimate the bandwidth of phase sensitivity. For a 2000 Hz carrier, estimates of modulation depth necessary to discriminate amplitude modulated (AM) tones and quasi-frequency modulated (QFM) were measured in a two interval forced choice task as a function modulation frequency. Temporal modulation transfer functions were often non-monotonic at modulation frequencies above 300 Hz. This was likely to be due to a spectral cue arising from the interaction of auditory distortion products and the lower sideband of the stimulus complex. When the stimulus duration was decreased from 200 ms to 20 ms, thresholds for low-frequency modulators rose to near-chance levels, whereas thresholds in the region of non-monotonicities were less affected. The decrease in stimulus duration appears to hinder the listener's ability to use temporal cues in order to discriminate between AM and QFM, whereas spectral information derived from distortion product cues appears more resilient.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Audiometria de Tons Puros/métodos
Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia
Limiar Auditivo
Nível de Discriminação Sonora
Psicoacústica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica
Adulto
Sinais (Psicologia)
Seres Humanos
Espectrografia do Som
Percepção do Tempo
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170313
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28251239
[Au] Autor:Wang Y; Yang X; Zhang H; Xu L; Xu C; Liu C
[Ad] Endereço:School of Foreign Languages, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, China.
[Ti] Título:Aging Effect on Categorical Perception of Mandarin Tones 2 and 3 and Thresholds of Pitch Contour Discrimination.
[So] Source:Am J Audiol;26(1):18-26, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1558-9137
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the aging effect on the categorical perception of Mandarin Chinese Tone 2 (rising F0 pitch contour) and Tone 3 (falling-then-rising F0 pitch contour) as well as on the thresholds of pitch contour discrimination. Method: Three experiments of Mandarin tone perception were conducted for younger and older listeners with Mandarin Chinese as the native language. The first 2 experiments were in the categorical perception paradigm: tone identification and tone discrimination for a series of stimuli, the F0 contour of which systematically varied from Tone 2 to Tone 3. In the third experiment, the just-noticeable differences of pitch contour discrimination were measured for both groups. Results: In the measures of categorical perception, older listeners showed significantly shallower slopes in the tone identification function and significantly smaller peakedness in the tone discrimination function compared with younger listeners. Moreover, the thresholds of pitch contour discrimination were significantly higher for older listeners than for younger listeners. Conclusion: These results suggest that aging reduced the categoricality of Mandarin tone perception and worsened the psychoacoustic capacity to discriminate pitch contour changes, thereby possibly leading to older listeners' difficulty in identifying Tones 2 and 3.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Nível de Discriminação Sonora/fisiologia
Percepção da Fala/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Limiar Auditivo/fisiologia
China
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Nível de Percepção Sonora/fisiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1044/2016_AJA-16-0020


  10 / 3441 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28238889
[Au] Autor:Zheng Y; Brette R
[Ad] Endereço:Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, INSERM, CNRS, Institut de la Vision, 17 rue Moreau, 75012 Paris, France; Institut d'Etudes de la Cognition, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris, France; Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Future Education, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:On the relation between pitch and level.
[So] Source:Hear Res;348:63-69, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1878-5891
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pitch is the perceptual dimension along which musical notes are ordered from low to high. It is often described as the perceptual correlate of the periodicity of the sound's waveform. Previous reports have shown that pitch can depend slightly on sound level. We wanted to verify that these observations reflect genuine changes in perceived pitch, and were not due to procedural factors or confusion between dimensions of pitch and level. We first conducted a systematic pitch matching task and confirmed that the pitch of low frequency pure tones, but not complex tones, decreases by an amount equivalent to a change in frequency of more than half a semitone when level increases. We then showed that the structure of pitch shifts is anti-symmetric and transitive, as expected for changes in pitch. We also observed shifts in the same direction (although smaller) in an interval matching task. Finally, we observed that musicians are more precise in pitch matching tasks than non-musicians but show the same average shifts with level. These combined experiments confirm that the pitch of low frequency pure tones depends weakly but systematically on level. These observations pose a challenge to current theories of pitch.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estimulação Acústica/métodos
Música
Nível de Discriminação Sonora
Nível de Percepção Sonora
Som
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Masculino
Psicoacústica
Valores de Referência
Acústica da Fala
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170228
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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