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  1 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29189620
[Au] Autor:Chow S
[Ad] Endereço:Sharon Chow, DNP, MSN, RN, ANP-BC, PNP-BC, PHN, CCD, Healthy Bones Nurse Practitioner Care Manager, Fontana Kaiser Permanente Medical Center, Complete Care Services, Fontana, CA; and Doctor of Nursing Practice Program, Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, CA.
[Ti] Título:Nurse Practitioner Fracture Liaison Role: A Concept Analysis.
[So] Source:Orthop Nurs;36(6):385-391, 2017 Nov/Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1542-538X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: With the worldwide growing aging population, the high prevalence of osteoporosis-related fractures is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Healthcare costs for treating fractures and subsequent complications will increase to $25 billion by 2025. PURPOSE: This article articulates a comprehensive concept analysis of the nurse practitioner fracture liaison (NPFL) role to provide new insights into the role of nurse practitioner in osteoporosis care coordination. METHODS: Walker and Avant's concept analysis framework was used to identify the attributes, antecedents, consequences, and empirical referents of the NPFL role. Model cases illustrated real-life examples of the NPFL role. CONCLUSION: The impact of NPFL role is rather novel in promoting healthy bone living at local, national, and international communities. Linking the refined outcome of the concept analysis of the NPFL role to osteoporosis care helps close osteoporosis care gaps, improve healthcare outcomes, and alleviate financial burden by reducing secondary fracture and complications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Formação de Conceito
Fraturas Ósseas/enfermagem
Fraturas Ósseas/terapia
Profissionais de Enfermagem/normas
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Protocolos Clínicos/normas
Fraturas Ósseas/diagnóstico
Fraturas Ósseas/reabilitação
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Modelos de Enfermagem
Osteoporose/enfermagem
Osteoporose/reabilitação
Osteoporose/terapia
Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/economia
Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NOR.0000000000000399


  2 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27775404
[Au] Autor:Knutsen D; Le Bigot L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Essex.
[Ti] Título:Conceptual match as a determinant of reference reuse in dialogue.
[So] Source:J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn;43(3):350-368, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1285
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:As speakers interact, they add references to their common ground, which they can then reuse to facilitate listener comprehension. However, all references are not equally likely to be reused. The purpose of this study was to shed light on how the speakers' conceptualizations of the referents under discussion affect reuse (along with a generation effect in memory documented in previous studies on dialogic reuse). Two experiments were conducted in which participants interactively added references to their common ground. From each participant's point of view, these references either did or did not match their own conceptualization of the referents discussed, and were either self- or partner-generated. Although self-generated references were more readily accessible in memory than partner-generated ones (Experiment 1), reference reuse was mainly guided by conceptualization (Experiment 2). These results are in line with the idea that several different cues (conceptual match, memory accessibility) constrain reference reuse in dialogue. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Compreensão
Formação de Conceito/fisiologia
Memória/fisiologia
Reconhecimento Visual de Modelos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estimulação Luminosa
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161028
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/xlm0000313


  3 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28899293
[Au] Autor:Dobrzykowski TM
[Ad] Endereço:1 Assistant Professor & Interim Dean & Graduate Director, Indiana University South Bend School of Nursing, South Bend, Indiana, USA.
[Ti] Título:Feeling Comfortable: A Humanbecoming Perspective.
[So] Source:Nurs Sci Q;30(1):10-16, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1552-7409
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Feeling comfortable is a universal living experience. From the worldview of the humanbecoming paradigm, concept inventing is an appropriate method to expand understanding and knowledge of universal experiences. The purpose of this article is to provide a synthetic definition of feeling comfortable using the concept inventing process. Through concept inventing, a synthetic definition of feeling comfortable emerged as penetrating quietude amid potential upheaval arising with opportunities and restrictions with envisioning the familiar anew. Further development of the concept through qualitative research is recommended.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Formação de Conceito
Humanismo
Teoria de Enfermagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emoções
Seres Humanos
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170914
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0894318416680511


  4 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28854176
[Au] Autor:Yang J; Zeng J; Goddard ME; Wray NR; Visscher PM
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Concepts, estimation and interpretation of SNP-based heritability.
[So] Source:Nat Genet;49(9):1304-1310, 2017 Aug 30.
[Is] ISSN:1546-1718
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Narrow-sense heritability (h ) is an important genetic parameter that quantifies the proportion of phenotypic variance in a trait attributable to the additive genetic variation generated by all causal variants. Estimation of h previously relied on closely related individuals, but recent developments allow estimation of the variance explained by all SNPs used in a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in conventionally unrelated individuals, that is, the SNP-based heritability (). In this Perspective, we discuss recently developed methods to estimate for a complex trait (and genetic correlation between traits) using individual-level or summary GWAS data. We discuss issues that could influence the accuracy of , definitions, assumptions and interpretations of the models, and pitfalls of misusing the methods and misinterpreting the models and results.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Interpretação Estatística de Dados
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/estatística & dados numéricos
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Característica Quantitativa Herdável
Estatística como Assunto
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Formação de Conceito
Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/normas
Seres Humanos
Modelos Genéticos
Fenótipo
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Estatística como Assunto/métodos
Estatística como Assunto/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170831
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/ng.3941


  5 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28661386
[Au] Autor:Price P; Hooper B; Krishnagiri S; Taff SD; Bilics A
[Ad] Endereço:Pollie Price, PhD, OTR, FAOTA, is Associate Professor, University of Utah, Salt Lake City.
[Ti] Título:A Way of Seeing: How Occupation Is Portrayed to Students When Taught as a Concept Beyond Its Use in Therapy.
[So] Source:Am J Occup Ther;71(4):7104230010p1-7104230010p9, 2017 Jul/Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0272-9490
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The concept of occupation is core to learning occupational therapy, yet how occupation is taught has not been widely studied. We explored how occupation is addressed in 25 U.S. occupational therapist and occupational therapy assistant programs. METHOD: We used a basic qualitative research design, collecting data through interviews, artifacts, and video recordings of teaching. We secondarily analyzed 8 programs in which occupation was taught beyond its application in practice. RESULTS: Educators portrayed occupation as (1) a way of seeing self (students learn about themselves as occupational beings), (2) a way of seeing others (students learn about others as occupational beings), and (3) a way of seeing the profession (students learn occupation as the central focus of occupational therapy). Varied learning experiences promoted these perspectives. CONCLUSION: Three concepts-subject-centered learning, threshold concepts, and transformative learning-formed the theoretical foundation for teaching occupation as a way of seeing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Currículo
Terapia Ocupacional/educação
Ocupações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Formação de Conceito
Seres Humanos
Pesquisa Qualitativa
Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170630
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5014/ajot.2017.024182


  6 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28632779
[Au] Autor:Wismer AJ; Bohil CJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Base-rate sensitivity through implicit learning.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179256, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Two experiments assessed the contributions of implicit and explicit learning to base-rate sensitivity. Using a factorial design that included both implicit and explicit learning disruptions, we tested the hypothesis that implicit learning underlies base-rate sensitivity from experience (and that explicit learning contributes comparatively little). Participants learned to classify two categories of simple stimuli (bar graph heights) presented in a 3:1 base-rate ratio. Participants learned either from "observational" training to disrupt implicit learning or "response" training which supports implicit learning. Category label feedback on each trial was followed either immediately or after a 2.5 second delay by onset of a working memory task intended to disrupt explicit reasoning about category membership feedback. Decision criterion values were significantly larger following response training, suggesting that implicit learning underlies base-rate sensitivity. Disrupting explicit processing had no effect on base-rate learning as long as implicit learning was supported. These results suggest base-rate sensitivity develops from experience primarily through implicit learning, consistent with separate learning systems accounts of categorization.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aprendizagem por Associação/fisiologia
Formação de Conceito/fisiologia
Aprendizagem por Discriminação/fisiologia
Tempo de Reação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Retroalimentação
Seres Humanos
Prática (Psicologia)
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170621
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179256


  7 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28609409
[Au] Autor:Pinto S; Caldeira S; Martins JC; Rodgers B
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas Abel Salazar, University of Porto, and Centro Hospitalar São João, Porto, Portugal (Ms Pinto); Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Lisbon, Portugal (Dr Caldeira); Medical-Surgical Unit, Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra, Portugal (Dr Martins); Department of Human Sciences and Health, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade do Porto, Oporto, Portugal (Dr Martins); and School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia (Dr Rodgers).
[Ti] Título:Evolutionary Analysis of the Concept of Comfort.
[So] Source:Holist Nurs Pract;31(4):243-252, 2017 Jul/Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1550-5138
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although comfort is cited as an important component of nursing care, a definition that provides a firm conceptual foundation for research and nursing science is still needed, particularly in nursing classifications and taxonomies. This article provides a clear and evidence-based definition, improving research, development, and implementation of specific nursing interventions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Formação de Conceito
Conforto do Paciente/normas
Mudança Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Enfermagem Holística/métodos
Seres Humanos
Conforto do Paciente/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170614
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/HNP.0000000000000217


  8 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28419529
[Au] Autor:Valderama-Wallace CP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Nursing and Health Sciences, California State University, East Bay, Hayward, CA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Critical discourse analysis of social justice in nursing's foundational documents.
[So] Source:Public Health Nurs;34(4):363-369, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1525-1446
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Social inequities threaten the health of the global population. A superficial acknowledgement of social justice by nursing's foundational documents may limit the degree to which nurses view injustice as relevant to nursing practice and education. The purpose was to examine conceptualizations of social justice and connections to broader contexts in the most recent editions. DESIGN: Critical discourse analysis examines and uncovers dynamics related to power, language, and inequality within the American Nurses Association's Code of Ethics, Scope and Standards of Practice, and Social Policy Statement. RESULTS: This analysis found ongoing inconsistencies in conceptualizations of social justice. Although the Code of Ethics integrates concepts related to social justice far more than the other two, tension between professionalism and social change emerges. The discourse of professionalism renders interrelated cultural, social, economic, historical, and political contexts nearly invisible. CONCLUSION: Greater consistency would provide a clearer path for nurses to mobilize and engage in the courageous work necessary to address social injustice. These findings also call for an examination of how nurses can critique and use the power and privilege of professionalism to amplify the connection between social institutions and health equity in nursing education, practice, and policy development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: American Nurses´ Association
Formação de Conceito
Documentação
Justiça Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Códigos de Ética
Seres Humanos
Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/normas
Política Pública
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170419
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/phn.12327


  9 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28406869
[Au] Autor:Nordby H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health and Society, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Concept Communication and Interpretation of Illness: A Holistic Model of Understanding in Nursing Practice.
[So] Source:Holist Nurs Pract;31(3):158-166, 2017 May/Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1550-5138
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To ensure patient communication in nursing, certain conditions must be met that enable successful exchange of beliefs, thoughts, and other mental states. The conditions that have received most attention in the nursing literature are derived from general communication theories, psychology, and ethical frameworks of interpretation. This article focuses on a condition more directly related to an influential coherence model of concept possession from recent philosophy of mind and language. The basic ideas in this model are (i) that the primary source of understanding of illness experiences is communicative acts that express concepts of illness, and (ii) that the key to understanding patients' concepts of illness is to understand how they depend on patients' lifeworlds. The article argues that (i) and (ii) are especially relevant in caring practice since it has been extensively documented that patients' perspectives on disease and illness are shaped by their subjective horizons. According to coherentism, nurses need to focus holistically on patients' horizons in order to understand the meaning of patients' expressions of meaning. Furthermore, the coherence model implies that fundamental aims of understanding can be achieved only if nurses recognize the interdependence of patients' beliefs and experiences of ill health. The article uses case studies to elucidate how the holistic implications of coherentism can be used as conceptual tools in nursing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação
Compreensão
Enfermagem Holística/métodos
Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Formação de Conceito
Seres Humanos
Modelos de Enfermagem
Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170414
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/HNP.0000000000000204


  10 / 10332 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28358869
[Au] Autor:Devaine M; Daunizeau J
[Ad] Endereço:Brain and Spine Institute (ICM), Paris, France.
[Ti] Título:Learning about and from others' prudence, impatience or laziness: The computational bases of attitude alignment.
[So] Source:PLoS Comput Biol;13(3):e1005422, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1553-7358
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Peoples' subjective attitude towards costs such as, e.g., risk, delay or effort are key determinants of inter-individual differences in goal-directed behaviour. Thus, the ability to learn about others' prudent, impatient or lazy attitudes is likely to be critical for social interactions. Conversely, how adaptive such attitudes are in a given environment is highly uncertain. Thus, the brain may be tuned to garner information about how such costs ought to be arbitrated. In particular, observing others' attitude may change one's uncertain belief about how to best behave in related difficult decision contexts. In turn, learning from others' attitudes is determined by one's ability to learn about others' attitudes. We first derive, from basic optimality principles, the computational properties of such a learning mechanism. In particular, we predict two apparent cognitive biases that would arise when individuals are learning about others' attitudes: (i) people should overestimate the degree to which they resemble others (false-consensus bias), and (ii) they should align their own attitudes with others' (social influence bias). We show how these two biases non-trivially interact with each other. We then validate these predictions experimentally by profiling people's attitudes both before and after guessing a series of cost-benefit arbitrages performed by calibrated artificial agents (which are impersonating human individuals).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude
Formação de Conceito/fisiologia
Tomada de Decisões/fisiologia
Relações Interpessoais
Modelos Estatísticos
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Simulação por Computador
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Comportamento Impulsivo
Intenção
Masculino
Percepção Social
Teoria da Mente/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170619
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170619
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170331
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005422



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