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[PMID]:29364885
[Au] Autor:Vater A; Moritz S; Roepke S
[Ad] Endereço:Freie Universität Berlin, Department of Education and Psychology, Berlin, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Does a narcissism epidemic exist in modern western societies? Comparing narcissism and self-esteem in East and West Germany.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0188287, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Narcissism scores are higher in individualistic cultures compared with more collectivistic cultures. However, the impact of sociocultural factors on narcissism and self-esteem has not been well described. Germany was formerly divided into two different social systems, each with distinct economic, political and national cultures, and was reunified in 1989/90. Between 1949 and 1989/90, West Germany had an individualistic culture, whereas East Germany had a more collectivistic culture. The German reunification provides an exceptional opportunity to investigate the impact of sociocultural and generational differences on narcissism and self-esteem. In this study, we used an anonymous online survey to assess grandiose narcissism with the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and the Pathological Narcissism Inventory (PNI) to assess grandiose and vulnerable aspects of narcissism, and self-esteem with the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE) in 1,025 German individuals. Data were analyzed according to age and place of birth. Our results showed that grandiose narcissism was higher and self-esteem was lower in individuals who grew up in former West Germany compared with former East Germany. Further analyses indicated no significant differences in grandiose narcissism, vulnerable narcissism or self-esteem in individuals that entered school after the German reunification (≤ 5 years of age in 1989). In the middle age cohort (6-18 years of age in 1989), significant differences in vulnerable narcissism, grandiose narcissism and self-esteem were observed. In the oldest age cohort (> 19 years of age in 1989), significant differences were only found in one of the two scales assessing grandiose narcissism (NPI). Our data provides empirical evidence that sociocultural factors are associated with differences in narcissism and self-esteem.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Narcisismo
Transtornos da Personalidade/epidemiologia
Autoimagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Alemanha/epidemiologia
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188287


  2 / 2609 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29093036
[Au] Autor:James C; Davis K; Charmaraman L; Konrath S; Slovak P; Weinstein E; Yarosh L
[Ad] Endereço:Project Zero, Harvard Graduate School of Education, Cambridge, Massachusetts; carrie_james@harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:Digital Life and Youth Well-being, Social Connectedness, Empathy, and Narcissism.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;140(Suppl 2):S71-S75, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Youth well-being, social connectedness, and personality traits, such as empathy and narcissism, are at the crux of concerns often raised about the impacts of digital life. Understanding known impacts, and research gaps, in these areas is an important first step toward supporting media use that contributes positively to youth's happiness, life satisfaction, and prosocial attitudes and behaviors. By examining existing work addressing these issues across domains, we found that a complex interplay of individual factors, type of digital media engagement, and experiences in media contexts informs outcomes related to well-being, social connectedness, empathy, and narcissism. We argue that further research is needed to uncover how, where, when, and for whom digital media practices support positive well-being and social connectedness outcomes. Specifically, research needs to move beyond correlational studies to uncover causal connections between traits like narcissism and media use. Longitudinal studies are also needed to explore patterns of media use over time and related impacts. Further research is needed to explore how specific technologies can be designed to support positive well-being, social outcomes, and prosocial personality traits. Finally, research is needed regarding parenting, educational practices, and policies that support positive digital media use and related outcomes. Although existing research suggests that digital life has mixed potentials and effects for well-being, social connectedness, empathy, and narcissism, we provide recommendations for clinicians, policy makers, and educators in partnering with caregivers and youth to support media use that promotes positive outcomes in these areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Computadores/utilização
Empatia
Relações Interpessoais
Narcisismo
Mídias Sociais/utilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Empatia/fisiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Internet/utilização
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1542/peds.2016-1758F


  3 / 2609 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29040324
[Au] Autor:Richetin J; Preti E; Costantini G; De Panfilis C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy.
[Ti] Título:The centrality of affective instability and identity in Borderline Personality Disorder: Evidence from network analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186695, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We argue that the series of traits characterizing Borderline Personality Disorder samples do not weigh equally. In this regard, we believe that network approaches employed recently in Personality and Psychopathology research to provide information about the differential relationships among symptoms would be useful to test our claim. To our knowledge, this approach has never been applied to personality disorders. We applied network analysis to the nine Borderline Personality Disorder traits to explore their relationships in two samples drawn from university students and clinical populations (N = 1317 and N = 96, respectively). We used the Fused Graphical Lasso, a technique that allows estimating networks from different populations separately while considering their similarities and differences. Moreover, we examined centrality indices to determine the relative importance of each symptom in each network. The general structure of the two networks was very similar in the two samples, although some differences were detected. Results indicate the centrality of mainly affective instability, identity, and effort to avoid abandonment aspects in Borderline Personality Disorder. Results are consistent with the new DSM Alternative Model for Personality Disorders. We discuss them in terms of implications for therapy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/diagnóstico
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/psicologia
Crise de Identidade
Redes Neurais (Computação)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia
Idoso
Aprendizagem da Esquiva
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/classificação
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline/fisiopatologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Dependência (Psicologia)
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Narcisismo
Comportamento Obsessivo/psicologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Passivo-Agressiva/psicologia
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171018
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186695


  4 / 2609 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28813114
[Au] Autor:Wendt GW; Bartoli AJ; Arteche A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Dimensions of youth psychopathy differentially predict concurrent pro- and antisocial behavior.
[So] Source:Rev Bras Psiquiatr;39(3):267-270, 2017 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1809-452X
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objective:: To investigate the unique contribution of narcissism and impulsivity, in addition to callous-unemotional (CU) traits, in explaining concurrent prosocial and antisocial behavior. Method:: Two hundred and forty-nine schoolchildren (53% female; age 9-12 years) completed the self-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Two statistical models were tested, predicting conduct problems (CP) and prosocial behavior (PB). In the first one, CU traits and gender were entered into the equation. The second model added narcissism and impulsivity. Results:: Gender, narcissism and impulsivity, but not CU, were statistically significant predictors of CP in the second model (F3,226 = 45.07, p < 0.001, R2 = 43.7%; betas: gender = -0.20, narcissism = 0.29, impulsivity = 0.36, CU = 0.06). PB was significantly predicted by all domains except gender (F3,226 = 42.57, p < 0.001, R2 = 42.4%; betas: gender = 0.08, narcissism = -0.16, impulsivity = -0.23, CU = -0.41). Conclusion:: Our results confirmed that CU traits refer to a distinct manifestation of psychopathy in youth, but we also found that narcissism and impulsivity are equally important when predicting CP. Previous reports of sex differences on APSD and SDQ domains were also corroborated.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Transtorno da Conduta/psicologia
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/epidemiologia
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Comportamento Impulsivo
Londres/epidemiologia
Masculino
Narcisismo
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170817
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2609 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28632514
[Au] Autor:Cramer P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Williams College, Williamstown, Massachusetts.
[Ti] Título:Childhood Precursors of the Narcissistic Personality.
[So] Source:J Nerv Ment Dis;205(9):679-684, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1539-736X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This research identifies the childhood personality characteristics that predict the presence of narcissism in adulthood. Using data from the longitudinal study of Block and Block (The California Child Q-set. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 1980), childhood personality characteristics were assessed at age 11 (N = 100) using the California Child Q-set. A number of these were shown to differentially predict the presence of grandiose or vulnerable narcissism at age 23. Factor analyses of the Child Q-set items showed that the presence of Grandiose Narcissism was positively related to childhood factors representing social presence and negatively related to planfulness. In contrast, vulnerable narcissism was positively related to childhood impulsivity and negatively related to stable self-esteem. Both types of narcissism were positively related to childhood factors representing need for control.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia
Comportamento Impulsivo/fisiologia
Narcisismo
Transtornos da Personalidade/fisiopatologia
Comportamento Problema
Autoimagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170621
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NMD.0000000000000703


  6 / 2609 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28346115
[Au] Autor:Muris P; Merckelbach H; Otgaar H; Meijer E
[Ad] Endereço:Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:The Malevolent Side of Human Nature.
[So] Source:Perspect Psychol Sci;12(2):183-204, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1745-6924
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The term dark triad refers to the constellation of narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Over the past few years, the concept has gained momentum, with many researchers assuming that the dark triad is a prominent antecedent of transgressive and norm-violating behavior. Our purpose in this meta-analytic review was to evaluate (a) interrelations among narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy; (b) gender differences in these traits; (c) how these traits are linked to normal personality factors; and (d) the psychosocial correlates of the dark triad. Our findings show that dark triad traits are substantially intercorrelated, somewhat more prevalent among men than women, predominantly related to the Big Five personality factor of agreeableness and the HEXACO factor of honesty-humility, and generally associated with various types of negative psychosocial outcomes. We question whether dark triad traits are sufficiently distinct and argue that the way they are currently measured is too simple to capture the malevolent sides of personality. Because most research in this domain is cross-sectional and based on self-reports, we recommend using a cross-informant approach and prospective, longitudinal research designs for studying the predictive value of dark triad features.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Maquiavelismo
Narcisismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170328
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1745691616666070


  7 / 2609 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28186693
[Au] Autor:Lemaitre B
[Ad] Endereço:Global Health Institute, School of Life Science, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Science, narcissism and the quest for visibility.
[So] Source:FEBS J;284(6):875-882, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1742-4658
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:How narcissism, a personality associated with a 'need for power', influences scientific behaviour is analysed. The caption shows the sadness of a scientist (in a submissive posture) whose work has been scooped. The community maintains this scientist at a low status, by preventing him from being galvanised by the social attention of others.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Narcisismo
Ciência/recursos humanos
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Personalidade
Ciência/ética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170704
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170704
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170211
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/febs.14032


  8 / 2609 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28142631
[Au] Autor:Siefert L
[Ad] Endereço:Institut für Sonderpädagogik Leibniz Universität Hannover Schloßwender Str. 1 30159 Hannover Deutschland https://www.uni-hannover.de/de/studium/studienfuehrer/sonderpaedagogik/.
[Ti] Título:["Pro Ana": Psychodynamic References for Anorexia Nervosa].
[Ti] Título:"Pro Ana": Hinweise für ein psychodynamisches Störungsverständnis von Anorexia nervosa..
[So] Source:Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr;66(2):88-103, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0032-7034
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:"Pro Ana": Psychodynamic References for Anorexia Nervosa The internet-based phenomenon "Pro Ana" refers to the eating disorder anorexia nervosa in a positive way. To understand what the phenomenon "Pro Ana" represents, the websites are used as a starting point of the current analysis. Based on these results, similarities and differences between "Pro Ana" and the eating disorder anorexia nervosa are discussed. Furthermore psychodynamic references for anorexia nervosa are derived and finally their importance for treatment motivation will be considered.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Internet
Teoria Psicanalítica
Rede Social
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anorexia Nervosa/diagnóstico
Anorexia Nervosa/terapia
Blogging
Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Contratransferência (Psicologia)
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/terapia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Motivação
Narcisismo
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia
Autoimagem
Valores Sociais
Terapia Assistida por Computador
Magreza/diagnóstico
Magreza/psicologia
Magreza/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170901
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170901
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.13109/prkk.2017.66.2.88


  9 / 2609 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28120149
[Au] Autor:Jonason PK; Girgis M; Milne-Home J
[Ad] Endereço:School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, 2751, Australia. p.jonason@westernsydney.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:The Exploitive Mating Strategy of the Dark Triad Traits: Tests of Rape-Enabling Attitudes.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;46(3):697-706, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Dark Triad traits have been repeatedly labeled as facilitating an exploitive mating strategy. However, various researchers have repeatedly conflated short-term mating or casual sex with an exploitive mating strategy. In this study using Mechanical Turk participants (N = 252; 142 men, 110 women), we provided a better test of just how sexually exploitive those high on the Dark Triad traits might be by examining how the traits related to rape-enabling attitudes. We examined how each trait may facilitate rape, whether these associations were robust to partialing the variance associated with the Big Five traits and similar in men and women, and showed that one reason why men may be more likely to rape than women is they are characterized by the Dark Triad traits more than women are. In so doing, we test the confluence model of rape that asserts that personality traits similar to the Dark Triad traits act as one pathway to rape.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Maquiavelismo
Narcisismo
Estupro/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10508-017-0937-1


  10 / 2609 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28105766
[Au] Autor:Moraga FR; Nima AA; Garcia D
[Ad] Endereço:Children and Youth Habilitation, Växjö, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Sex and dark times' strategy: The Dark Triad and time perspective.
[So] Source:Psych J;6(1):98-99, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2046-0260
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We investigated the effect of sex on associations between dark traits and time perspective dimensions. Responses by participants (N = 338) to the Short Dark Triad Inventory and the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory showed that while sex was involved in different time perspective associations of Machiavellianism, psychopathy, and narcissism, it did not moderate the dark times' strategy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial
Maquiavelismo
Narcisismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170626
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170626
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170121
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/pchj.153



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