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[PMID]:28429636
[Au] Autor:Den Hartigh RJR; Van Der Steen S; Hakvoort B; Frencken WGP; Lemmink KAPM
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Psychology , University of Groningen , Groningen , The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Differences in game reading between selected and non-selected youth soccer players.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(4):422-428, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Applying an established theory of cognitive development-Skill Theory-the current study compares the game-reading skills of youth players selected for a soccer school of a professional soccer club (n = 49) and their non-selected peers (n = 38). Participants described the actions taking place in videos of soccer game plays, and their verbalisations were coded using Skill Theory. Compared to the non-selected players, the selected players generally demonstrated higher levels of complexity in their game-reading, and structured the information of game elements-primarily the player, teammate and field-at higher complexity levels. These results demonstrate how Skill Theory can be used to assess, and distinguish game-reading of youth players with different expertise, a skill important for soccer, but also for other sports.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão
Cognição/fisiologia
Futebol/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170422
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1313442


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[PMID]:28421914
[Au] Autor:Wattie N; Schorer J; Baker J
[Ad] Endereço:a Faculty of Health Sciences , University of Ontario Institute of Technology , Oshawa , Canada.
[Ti] Título:Seeing the forest but not the trees: Heterogeneity in community size effects in Canadian ice hockey players.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(4):436-444, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The community size effect (or birthplace effect) suggests that high-performance athletes are less likely to emerge from regions with population sizes that are very small or very large. However, previous research on elite Canadian ice hockey players has not considered the influence of intra-national regional variation of population distributions with respect to community size effects. Therefore, the purpose of the current study was to test the heterogeneity of the community size effect between Canadian National Hockey League draftees (2000-2014: n = 1505), from 7 provincial regions within Canada (i.e., British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic Provinces). The proportion of athletes in the 9 census population categories were compared to the national and regional general population distributions in the census categories. Results suggest variability of community size effects between the 7 provincial regions within Canada, with only the province of Ontario demonstrating a community size effect congruent with effects reported in previous research. Using regional general population distributions as the comparator to athlete populations changed the direction, meaningfulness and magnitude of community size effects. In conclusion, elite ice hockey player community size effects may not be generalisable to all regions within Canada.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão
Hóquei
Densidade Demográfica
Distribuição Espacial da População
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desempenho Atlético
Canadá/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1313444


  3 / 3373 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28406356
[Au] Autor:Woods CT; McKeown I; Keogh J; Robertson S
[Ad] Endereço:a Discipline of Sport and Exercise Science , James Cook University , Townsville , Queensland , Australia.
[Ti] Título:The association between fundamental athletic movements and physical fitness in elite junior Australian footballers.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(4):445-450, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study investigated the associations between fundamental athletic movement and physical fitness in junior Australian football (AF). Forty-four under 18 players performed a fundamental athletic movement assessment consisting of an overhead squat, double lunge, single leg Romanian deadlift and a push up. Movements were scored on three assessment criterions using a three-point scale. Additionally, participants performed five physical fitness tests commonly used for talent identification in AF. A Spearman's nonparametric correlation matrix was built, with correlation coefficients being visualised using a circularly rendered correlogram. Score on the overhead squat was moderately positively associated with dynamic vertical jump height on left (r = 0.40; P ≤ 0.05) and right (r = 0.30; P ≤ 0.05) leg take-off, stationary vertical jump (r = 0.32; P ≤ 0.05) and negatively associated with 20-m sprint time (r = -0.35; P ≤ 0.05). Score on the double lunge (left/right side) was moderately positively associated with the same physical fitness tests as well as score on the multistage fitness test. Results suggest that improvements in physical fitness qualities may occur through concurrent increases in fundamental athletic movement skill, namely the overhead squat and double lunge movements. These findings may assist with the identification and development of talent.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão/fisiologia
Destreza Motora/fisiologia
Aptidão Física/fisiologia
Futebol/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Austrália
Estudos Transversais
Teste de Esforço
Seres Humanos
Movimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170414
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1313996


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[PMID]:28134001
[Au] Autor:Li C; Martindale R; Wu Y; Si G
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Health and Physical Education , The Education University of Hong Kong , Hong Kong , China.
[Ti] Título:Psychometric properties of the Talent Development Environment Questionnaire with Chinese talented athletes.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(1):79-85, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The development of talented athletes is a priority for many countries across the world, including China. A validated Chinese 5-factor Talent Development Environment Questionnaire (TDEQ-5) would go some way in helping researchers and practitioners investigate talent development systems within China from an evidence-based perspective. For this purpose, the 25-item English TDEQ-5 was translated to Chinese through a standardised process. The translated scale was then administered to 538 talented Chinese youth athletes. Confirmatory factor analysis revealed adequate model fit of the scale. The internal reliability, concurrent and discriminant validity, and test-retest reliability of the scale were adequately supported. The scale was also invariant across gender. It is recommended that the Chinese TDEQ-5 can be used with confidence in both applied and research settings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão
Esportes/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Atletas/psicologia
China
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicometria
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Fatores Sexuais
Traduções
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1282619


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[PMID]:28125339
[Au] Autor:Woods CT; Veale J; Fransen J; Robertson S; Collier NF
[Ad] Endereço:a Discipline of Sport and Exercise Science , James Cook University , Townsville , Queensland , Australia.
[Ti] Título:Classification of playing position in elite junior Australian football using technical skill indicators.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(1):97-103, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:​In team sport, classifying playing position based on a players' expressed skill sets can provide a guide to talent identification by enabling the recognition of performance attributes relative to playing position. Here, elite junior Australian football players were a priori classified into 1 of 4 common playing positions; forward, midfield, defence, and ruck. Three analysis approaches were used to assess the extent to which 12 in-game skill performance indicators could classify playing position. These were a linear discriminant analysis (LDA), random forest, and a PART decision list. The LDA produced classification accuracy of 56.8%, with class errors ranging from 19.6% (midfielders) to 75.0% (ruck). The random forest model performed at a slightly worse level (51.62%), with class errors ranging from 27.8% (midfielders) to 100% (ruck). The decision list revealed 6 rules capable of classifying playing position at accuracy of 70.1%, with class errors ranging from 14.4% (midfielders) to 100% (ruck). Although the PART decision list produced the greatest relative classification accuracy, the technical skill indicators reported were generally unable to accurately classify players according to their position using the 3 analysis approaches. This player homogeneity may complicate recruitment by constraining talent recruiter's ability to objectively recognise distinctive positional attributes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desempenho Atlético/classificação
Destreza Motora/classificação
Futebol/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Aptidão
Austrália
Seres Humanos
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2017.1282621


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[PMID]:28078945
[Au] Autor:Hancock DJ; Coutinho P; Côté J; Mesquita I
[Ad] Endereço:a Division of Allied Health Sciences , Indiana University Kokomo , Kokomo , IN , USA.
[Ti] Título:Influences of population size and density on birthplace effects.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;36(1):33-38, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Contextual influences on talent development (e.g., birthplace effects) have become a topic of interest for sport scientists. Birthplace effects occur when being born in a certain city size leads to participation or performance advantages, typically for those born in smaller or mid-sized cities. The purpose of this study was to investigate birthplace effects in Portuguese volleyball players by analysing city size, as well as population density - an important but infrequently used variable. Participants included 4062 volleyball players (M = 33), 53.2% of whom were men. Using Portuguese national census data from 1981, we compared participants (within each sex) across five population categories. In addition, we used ANOVAs to study expertise and population density. Results indicated that men and women athletes born in districts of 200,000-399,999 were 2.4 times more likely to attain elite volleyball status, while all other districts decreased the odds of expert development. For men, being born in high-density areas resulted in less chance of achieving expertise, whereas there were no differences for women. The results suggest that athletes' infrastructure and social structure play an important role in talent development, and that these structures are influenced by total population and population density, respectively.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão
Densidade Demográfica
Distribuição Espacial da População
Voleibol
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Desempenho Atlético
Cidades
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Portugal
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2016.1276614


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[PMID]:29272286
[Au] Autor:Zhang Z; Wang M; Tian L; Zhang W
[Ad] Endereço:Nonlinear Scientific Research Center, Faculty of Science, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, Jiangsu, China.
[Ti] Título:Research on the development efficiency of regional high-end talent in China: A complex network approach.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0188816, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this paper, based on the panel data of 31 provinces and cities in China from 1991 to 2016, the regional development efficiency matrix of high-end talent is obtained by DEA method, and the matrix is converted into a continuous change of complex networks through the construction of sliding window. Using a series of continuous changes in the complex network topology statistics, the characteristics of regional high-end talent development efficiency system are analyzed. And the results show that the average development efficiency of high-end talent in the western region is at a low level. After 2005, the national regional high-end talent development efficiency network has both short-range relevance and long-range relevance in the evolution process. The central region plays an important intermediary role in the national regional high-end talent development system. And the western region has high clustering characteristics. With the implementation of the high-end talent policies with regional characteristics by different provinces and cities, the relevance of high-end talent development efficiency in various provinces and cities presents a weakening trend, and the geographical characteristics of high-end talent are more and more obvious.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão
Pesquisadores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Análise por Conglomerados
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188816


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[PMID]:27779439
[Au] Autor:Tofari PJ; Cormack SJ; Ebert TR; Gardner AS; Kemp JG
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Exercise Science , Australian Catholic University , Fitzroy , Australia.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of ergometer- and track-based testing in junior track-sprint cyclists. Implications for talent identification and development.
[So] Source:J Sports Sci;35(19):1947-1953, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1466-447X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Talent identification (TID) and talent development (TDE) programmes in track sprint cycling use ergometer- and track-based tests to select junior athletes and assess their development. The purpose of this study was to assess which tests are best at monitoring TID and TDE. Ten male participants (16.2 ± 1.1 year; 178.5 ± 6.0 cm and 73.6 ± 7.6 kg) were selected into the national TID squad based on initial testing. These tests consisted of two 6-s maximal sprints on a custom-built ergometer and 4 maximal track-based tests (2 rolling and 2 standing starts) using 2 gear ratios. Magnitude-based inferences and correlation coefficients assessed changes following a 3-month TDE programme. Training elicited meaningful improvements (80-100% likely) in all ergometer parameters. The standing and rolling small gear, track-based effort times were likely and very likely (3.2 ± 2.4% and 3.3 ± 1.9%, respectively) improved by training. Stronger correlations between ergometer- and track-based measures were very likely following training. Ergometer-based testing provides a more sensitive tool than track-based testing to monitor changes in neuromuscular function during the early stages of TDE. However, track-based testing can indicate skill-based improvements in performance when interpreted with ergometer testing. In combination, these tests provide information on overall talent development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão
Desempenho Atlético
Ciclismo
Ergometria
Teste de Esforço/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/02640414.2016.1243795


  9 / 3373 MEDLINE  
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Machado, Maria Aparecida de Andrade Moreira
Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:28877273
[Au] Autor:Corrêa CG; Machado MAAM; Ranzini E; Tori R; Nunes FLS
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades, Laboratório de Aplicações de Informática em Saúde (LApIS), São Paulo, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Virtual Reality simulator for dental anesthesia training in the inferior alveolar nerve block.
[So] Source:J Appl Oral Sci;25(4):357-366, 2017 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1678-7765
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objectives: This study shows the development and validation of a dental anesthesia-training simulator, specifically for the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB). The system developed provides the tactile sensation of inserting a real needle in a human patient, using Virtual Reality (VR) techniques and a haptic device that can provide a perceived force feedback in the needle insertion task during the anesthesia procedure. Material and Methods: To simulate a realistic anesthesia procedure, a Carpule syringe was coupled to a haptic device. The Volere method was used to elicit requirements from users in the Dentistry area; Repeated Measures Two-Way ANOVA (Analysis of Variance), Tukey post-hoc test and averages for the results' analysis. A questionnaire-based subjective evaluation method was applied to collect information about the simulator, and 26 people participated in the experiments (12 beginners, 12 at intermediate level, and 2 experts). The questionnaire included profile, preferences (number of viewpoints, texture of the objects, and haptic device handler), as well as visual (appearance, scale, and position of objects) and haptic aspects (motion space, tactile sensation, and motion reproduction). Results: The visual aspect was considered appropriate and the haptic feedback must be improved, which the users can do by calibrating the virtual tissues' resistance. The evaluation of visual aspects was influenced by the participants' experience, according to ANOVA test (F=15.6, p=0.0002, with p<0.01). The user preferences were the simulator with two viewpoints, objects with texture based on images and the device with a syringe coupled to it. Conclusion: The simulation was considered thoroughly satisfactory for the anesthesia training, considering the needle insertion task, which includes the correct insertion point and depth, as well as the perception of tissues resistances during the insertion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anestesia Dentária/métodos
Anestesiologia/educação
Educação em Odontologia/métodos
Treinamento com Simulação de Alta Fidelidade/métodos
Nervo Mandibular
Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos
Interface Usuário-Computador
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Análise de Variância
Anestesia Dentária/instrumentação
Aptidão
Competência Clínica
Desenho de Equipamento
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imagem Tridimensional
Masculino
Bloqueio Nervoso/instrumentação
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Estudantes de Odontologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 3373 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28805199
[Au] Autor:Sipowicz K; Pietras T
[Ad] Endereço:Chair of Interdisciplinary Studies on Disability, Institute of Special Education in Warsaw, Poland.
[Ti] Título:[The case of an adult man with savant syndrome in the course of autism spectrum disorder].
[Ti] Título:Przypadek doroslego mezczyzny z zespolem sawanta w przebiegu spektrum autyzmu..
[So] Source:Pol Merkur Lekarski;43(253):32-34, 2017 Jul 21.
[Is] ISSN:1426-9686
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:pol
[Ab] Resumo:The paper reports on a case of 57-year man with autism spectrum disorder and epilepsy with an unusual feature of calendar calculation. Namely, this is the case of savant syndrome, which appears rarely in the course of various neuropsychiatric disorders. Commorbidity of epilepsy and autism particularly predispose to the aforementioned syndrome. In the presented case, apart from the calendar calculation, the man has high language abilities. As previous studies suggest, the extraordinary abilities among persons with savant syndrome works similarly to the language module in healthy persons. Savant syndrome may appear in any patient with neuropsychiatric disorders, particularly in those suffering from autism spectrum disorder with comorbid epilepsy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/complicações
Epilepsia/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Linguagem
Masculino
Conceitos Matemáticos
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170815
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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