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[PMID]:27774613
[Au] Autor:Thomsen T; Kappes C; Schwerdt L; Sander J; Poller C
[Ad] Endereço:University of Hildesheim, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Modelling goal adjustment in social relationships: Two experimental studies with children and adults.
[So] Source:Br J Dev Psychol;35(2):267-287, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:2044-835X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In two experiments, we investigated observational learning in social relationships as one possible pathway to the development of goal adjustment processes. In the first experiment, 56 children (M = 9.29 years) observed their parent as a model; in the second, 50 adults (M = 32.27 years) observed their romantic partner. Subjects were randomly assigned to three groups: goal engagement (GE), goal disengagement (GD), or control group (CO) and were asked to solve (unsolvable) puzzles. Before trying to solve the puzzles by themselves, subjects observed the instructed model, who was told to continue with the same puzzle (GE) or to switch to the next puzzle (GD). Results show that children in the GE group switched significantly less than in the GD or CO group. There was no difference between the GD group and CO group. Adults in the GE group switched significantly less than in the GD or CO group, whereas subjects in the GD group switched significantly more often than the CO group. Statement of contribution What is already known on this subject? Previous research focused mainly on the functions of goal adjustment processes. It rarely considered processes and conditions that contribute to the development of goal engagement and goal disengagement. There are only two cross-sectional studies that directly investigate this topic. Previous research that claims observational learning as a pathway of learning emotion regulation or adjustment processes has (only) relied on correlational methods and, thus, do not allow any causal interpretations. Previous research, albeit claiming a life span focus, mostly investigated goal adjustment processes in one specific age group (mainly adults). There is no study that investigates the same processes in different age groups. What does this study add? In our two studies, we focus on the conditions of goal adjustment processes and sought to demonstrate one potential pathway of learning or changing the application of goal adjustment processes, namely observational learning. We employed an experimental design to study observational learning, instead of using a correlational design. The present studies are the first to apply an experimental design to investigate observational learning of adjustment processes. In our studies, we implemented the same design and studied the same process in different age groups. Thus, they expand knowledge beyond a particular age group and under a life span perspective.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Infantil/fisiologia
Metas
Resolução de Problemas/fisiologia
Aprendizado Social/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/bjdp.12162


  2 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29302036
[Au] Autor:Erten EY; van den Berg P; Weissing FJ
[Ad] Endereço:Theoretical Research in Evolutionary Life Sciences, Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, PO Box 11103, 9700 CC, Groningen, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Acculturation orientations affect the evolution of a multicultural society.
[So] Source:Nat Commun;9(1):58, 2018 01 04.
[Is] ISSN:2041-1723
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The migration of people between different cultures has affected cultural change throughout history. To understand this process, cross-cultural psychologists have used the 'acculturation' framework, classifying 'acculturation orientations' along two dimensions: the willingness to interact with culturally different individuals, and the inclination to retain the own cultural identity ('cultural conservatism'). Here, using a cultural evolution approach, we construct a dynamically explicit model of acculturation. We show that the evolution of a multicultural society, where immigrant and resident culture stably coexist, is more likely if individuals readily engage in cross-cultural interactions, and if resident individuals are more culturally conservative than immigrants. This result holds if some cultural traits pay off better than others, and individuals use social learning to adopt more advantageous cultural traits. Our study demonstrates that formal dynamic models can help us understand how individual orientations towards immigration eventually determine the population-level distribution of cultural traits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aculturação
Diversidade Cultural
Emigração e Imigração
Modelos Teóricos
Aprendizado Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Evolução Cultural
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/s41467-017-02513-0


  3 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29265661
[Au] Autor:O'Brien MJ; Buchanan B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Texas A&M University-San Antonio.
[Ti] Título:Cultural learning and the Clovis colonization of North America.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;26(6):270-284, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The timing of the earliest colonization of North America is debatable, but what is not at issue is the point of origin of the early colonists: Humans entered the continent from Beringia and then made their way south along or near the Pacific Coast and/or through a corridor that ran between the Cordilleran and Laurentide ice sheets in western North America. At some point, they abandoned their Arctic-based tool complex for one more adapted to an entirely different environment. That new techno-complex is termed "Clovis"; its dispersal allows us to examine, at a fine scale, how colonization processes played out across a vast continent that at the time had, at best, a very small resident population. Clovis has figured prominently in American archeology since the first Clovis points were identified in eastern New Mexico in the 1930s. However, the successful marriage of learning models grounded in evolutionary theory and modern analytical methods that began roughly a decade ago has begun to pay significant dividends in terms of what we know about the rapid spread of human groups across the last sizable landmass to witness human occupation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Cultural/história
Migração Humana
Índios Norte-Americanos/etnologia
Aprendizado Social
Tecnologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antropologia
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
América do Norte
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21550


  4 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29200437
[Au] Autor:Neadle D; Allritz M; Tennie C
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Food cleaning in gorillas: Social learning is a possibility but not a necessity.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0188866, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Food cleaning is widespread in the animal kingdom, and a recent report confirmed that (amongst other behaviours) wild western lowland gorillas also show food cleaning. The authors of this report conclude that this behaviour, based on its distribution patterns, constitutes a potential candidate for culture. While different conceptualisations of culture exist, some more and some less reliant on behavioural form copying, all of them assign a special role to social learning processes in explaining potentially cultural behaviours. Here we report the results of an experiment that tested to what extent food cleaning behaviour in a group of captive Western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) relies on social learning processes. Subjects were provided with clean and dirty apples. When they were provided with dirty apples, all subjects showed evidence of food cleaning in at least 75% of trials. Preferred cleaning techniques differed between individuals, four out of five of subjects expressed a behaviour analogous to that reported in wild conspecifics. Given this occurrence of food cleaning in a culturally unconnected population of gorillas, we conclude that social learning is unlikely to play a central role in the emergence of the food cleaning behavioural form in Western lowland gorillas; instead, placing a greater emphasis on individual learning of food cleaning's behavioural form.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia
Gorilla gorilla/psicologia
Aprendizado Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Alimentos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171229
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171229
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188866


  5 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28686166
[Au] Autor:Fekete J
[Ad] Endereço:University of Pecs, Doctoral School of Clinical Neuroscience, Pecs, Hungary, E-mail: juditfekete07@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[A Narrative Review on the Efficacy Studies of Social Skills Training for Patients with Schizophrenia with Special Focus on the Relationship between Social Cognition and Social Skills].
[So] Source:Psychiatr Hung;32(2):225-237, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0237-7896
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:hun
[Ab] Resumo:No abstcarct available.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição
Disfunção Cognitiva/reabilitação
Esquizofrenia/reabilitação
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
Percepção Social
Habilidades Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia
Condicionamento Operante
Seres Humanos
Aprendizado Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170708
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28683263
[Au] Autor:Liu Z; Chen Z; Shang C; Yan F; Shi Y; Zhang J; Qu B; Han H; Wang Y; Li D; Südhof TC; Cao P
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA 94305, USA; Department of Molecular
[Ti] Título:IGF1-Dependent Synaptic Plasticity of Mitral Cells in Olfactory Memory during Social Learning.
[So] Source:Neuron;95(1):106-122.e5, 2017 Jul 05.
[Is] ISSN:1097-4199
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During social transmission of food preference (STFP), mice form long-term memory of food odors presented by a social partner. How does the brain associate a social context with odor signals to promote memory encoding? Here we show that odor exposure during STFP, but not unconditioned odor exposure, induces glomerulus-specific long-term potentiation (LTP) of synaptic strength selectively at the GABAergic component of dendrodendritic synapses of granule and mitral cells in the olfactory bulb. Conditional deletion of synaptotagmin-10, the Ca sensor for IGF1 secretion from mitral cells, or deletion of IGF1 receptor in the olfactory bulb prevented the socially relevant GABAergic LTP and impaired memory formation after STFP. Conversely, the addition of IGF1 to acute olfactory bulb slices elicited the GABAergic LTP in mitral cells by enhancing postsynaptic GABA receptor responses. Thus, our data reveal a synaptic substrate for a socially conditioned long-term memory that operates at the level of the initial processing of sensory information.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dendritos/fisiologia
Preferências Alimentares/fisiologia
Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo
Potenciação de Longa Duração/genética
Receptor IGF Tipo 1/genética
Aprendizado Social/fisiologia
Sinaptotagminas/genética
Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dendritos/metabolismo
Preferências Alimentares/efeitos dos fármacos
Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/farmacologia
Potenciação de Longa Duração/efeitos dos fármacos
Potenciação de Longa Duração/fisiologia
Memória/efeitos dos fármacos
Memória/fisiologia
Camundongos
Plasticidade Neuronal/efeitos dos fármacos
Plasticidade Neuronal/genética
Plasticidade Neuronal/fisiologia
Odorantes
Bulbo Olfatório/citologia
Bulbo Olfatório/metabolismo
Receptor IGF Tipo 1/metabolismo
Olfato/efeitos dos fármacos
Olfato/fisiologia
Aprendizado Social/efeitos dos fármacos
Sinaptotagminas/metabolismo
Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Syt10 protein, mouse); 134193-27-4 (Synaptotagmins); 56-12-2 (gamma-Aminobutyric Acid); 67763-96-6 (Insulin-Like Growth Factor I); EC 2.7.10.1 (Receptor, IGF Type 1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170818
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170818
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170707
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28441677
[Au] Autor:Wolbrink TA; Kissoon N; Mirza N; Burns JP
[Ad] Endereço:T.A. Wolbrink is assistant professor, Department of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School, and associate, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesia, Perioperative and Pain Management, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.N. Kissoon is professor, Department of Pediatrics and Department of Emergency Medicine, University of British Columbia, and vice president of medical affairs, British Columbia Children's Hospital and Sunny Hill Medical Center, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.N. Mirza is a data analyst, OPENPediatrics Program, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.J.P. Burns is professor, Department of Anaesthesia, Harvard Medical School, and chief, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesia, Perioperative and Pain Management, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
[Ti] Título:Building a Global, Online Community of Practice: The OPENPediatrics World Shared Practices Video Series.
[So] Source:Acad Med;92(5):676-679, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1938-808X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PROBLEM: Health care professionals are familiar with engaging in local communities of practice (CoPs) within their hospital, region, and/or country, but despite the availability of online technologies that facilitate online global collaboration, the health care sector has yet to fully embrace these tools. APPROACH: In 2013, OPENPediatrics (an online social learning platform) launched the World Shared Practices video (WSP) series to engage and coalesce the global community of critical care clinicians. Each month, a 30- to 45-minute video featuring a pediatric critical care medicine expert, interspersed with questions for the audience, is released. Viewers contribute to the community discussion by leaving comments that display alongside the video. Clinicians are encouraged to asynchronously host an educational conference so they can watch the videos and participate in the discussion together. OUTCOMES: From March 2013-November 2015, 28 WSPs were launched on a variety of topics. They were viewed over 18,414 times by 1,864 viewers in 132 countries and 760 hospitals; 1,155 comments were submitted. Attending physicians/consultants were the largest audience (36% [671/1,864]), and 37% (30/81) of responding viewers that commented in WSPs watched in small groups. The WSP series was reported to add value to respondents' learning or teaching and to have had a positive impact on their knowledge or practice. NEXT STEPS: Future research will focus on further describing the context and structure of the CoP and on more deeply investigating its higher-level outcomes and impact. More work is needed to identify barriers and strategies that improve online community engagement.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cuidados Críticos
Pessoal de Saúde/educação
Internet
Pediatria/educação
Aprendizado Social
Gravação em Vídeo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Internacionalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170426
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/ACM.0000000000001467


  8 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28383988
[Au] Autor:Carnes NC; Winer JP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of Massachusetts Amherst.
[Ti] Título:Do unto others: How cognitive fusion shapes the transmission of moral behavior.
[So] Source:J Exp Psychol Gen;146(4):472-484, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1939-2222
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Moral transmission is the concept that moral behaviors can be contagious, spreading from person to person like a pathogen of social influence. We investigated how cognitive fusion-a transdiagnostic vulnerability to diverse mental health problems-influences moral transmission across 3 studies (N = 891) using real behavioral outcomes, including economic game decisions and donations to charity. The findings suggest that cognitively fused individuals are more susceptible to moral transmission because (a) they are more likely to pay forward or pay back moral behavior, and (b) they are more likely to engage in compensatory moral behavior. In fact, (c) our analyses revealed a more direct association between these 2 psychological processes, supporting our argument that moral transmission can integrate a variety of seemingly discrete social phenomena. As predicted, participants with more depression and anxiety symptoms revealed patterns of behavior similar to those high in cognitive fusion. Implications for research in both social and clinical psychology are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição
Economia
Princípios Morais
Facilitação Social
Aprendizado Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Ansiedade/psicologia
Tomada de Decisões
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Jogos Experimentais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Motivação
Jogos de Vídeo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170407
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/xge0000294


  9 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28285042
[Au] Autor:Papathomas L; Kuhn D
[Ad] Endereço:Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA.
[Ti] Título:Learning to argue via apprenticeship.
[So] Source:J Exp Child Psychol;159:129-139, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0457
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We examined apprenticeship, in the form of interaction with a more capable other, as a mechanism of development of higher-order reasoning skills, specifically argumentation. Over a 1-year period, middle school students engaged in twice-weekly electronic dialogs with a sequence of different peers on a series of social issues. In one group, unbeknownst to participants, a highly capable adult substituted for peers in half of their dialogs. Beginning immediately, increasing with time, and extending to peer-only dialogs on a new topic, the quality of argumentation shown by the experimental group exceeded that of a comparison peer-only group, highlighting the power of apprenticeship as a mechanism in the development of reasoning, a demonstration of both theoretical and applied significance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aptidão
Formação de Conceito
Dissidências e Disputas
Tutoria
Grupo Associado
Aprendizado Social
Pensamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Instrução por Computador
Currículo
Feminino
História do Século XVI
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Prática (Psicologia)
Baixo Rendimento Escolar
Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170526
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170526
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170313
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 160 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28267757
[Au] Autor:Seid-Karbasi P; Ye XC; Zhang AW; Gladish N; Cheng SY; Rothe K; Pilsworth JA; Kang MA; Doolittle N; Jiang X; Stirling PC; Wasserman WW
[Ad] Endereço:University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:CuboCube: Student creation of a cancer genetics e-textbook using open-access software for social learning.
[So] Source:PLoS Biol;15(3):e2001192, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1545-7885
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Student creation of educational materials has the capacity both to enhance learning and to decrease costs. Three successive honors-style classes of undergraduate students in a cancer genetics class worked with a new software system, CuboCube, to create an e-textbook. CuboCube is an open-source learning materials creation system designed to facilitate e-textbook development, with an ultimate goal of improving the social learning experience for students. Equipped with crowdsourcing capabilities, CuboCube provides intuitive tools for nontechnical and technical authors alike to create content together in a structured manner. The process of e-textbook development revealed both strengths and challenges of the approach, which can inform future efforts. Both the CuboCube platform and the Cancer Genetics E-textbook are freely available to the community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acesso à Informação
Neoplasias/genética
Aprendizado Social
Software
Estudantes
Livros de Texto como Assunto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170619
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170619
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pbio.2001192



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