Base de dados : MEDLINE
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[PMID]:28460570
[Au] Autor:Houpy JC; Lee WW; Woodruff JN; Pincavage AT
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Medicine , University of Chicago , Chicago , IL , USA.
[Ti] Título:Medical student resilience and stressful clinical events during clinical training.
[So] Source:Med Educ Online;22(1):1320187, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1087-2981
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Medical students face numerous stressors during their clinical years, including difficult clinical events. Fostering resilience is a promising way to mitigate negative effects of stressors, prevent burnout, and help students thrive after difficult experiences. However, little is known about medical student resilience. OBJECTIVE: To characterize medical student resilience and responses to difficult clinical events during clinical training. DESIGN: Sixty-two third-year (MS3) and 55 fourth-year (MS4) University of Chicago medical students completed surveys in 2016 assessing resilience (Connor Davidson Resilience Scale, CD-RISC 10), symptoms of burnout, need for resilience training, and responses to difficult clinical events. RESULTS: Medical student mean resilience was lower than in a general population sample. Resilience was higher in males, MS4s, those without burnout symptoms, and students who felt able to cope with difficult clinical events. When students experienced difficult events in the clinical setting, the majority identified poor team dynamics among the most stressful, and agreed their wellbeing was affected by difficult clinical events. A majority also would prefer to discuss these events with their team later that day. Students discussed events with peers more than with attendings or residents. Students comfortable discussing stress and burnout with peers had higher resilience. Most students believed resilience training would be helpful and most beneficial during MS3 year. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical medical student resilience was lower than in the general population but higher in MS4s and students reporting no burnout. Students had some insight into their resilience and most thought resilience training would be helpful. Students discussed difficult clinical events most often with peers. More curricula promoting medical student resilience are needed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia
Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos
Resiliência Psicológica
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle
Currículo
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10872981.2017.1320187


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[PMID]:29397595
[Au] Autor:Liu W; Wang J; Wang H; Chen XY; Li JS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Gastroenterology, the First Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou 450052, China.
[Ti] Título:[The impact of stress and personality on resilience of patients with ulcerative colitis].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi;57(2):107-111, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:0578-1426
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To study relevant factors that influence psychological resilience in patients with ulcerative colitis(UC), especially the role of perceived stress and personality. Patients with UC were recruited from January 2015 to December 2016 in the First Hospital of Zhengzhou University. Education levels, income, duration of disease, Mayo score and disease phenotype according to Montreal classification were collected. Resilience was measured using Connor-Davidson resilience scale (CD-RISC). Perceived stress was measured by perceived stress scale (PSS). Personality was evaluated using Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ). Univariate analyses were conducted to determine the correlation of variables with resilience and thereafter those statistically significant were reanalyzed via a multivariate regression model. A total of 188 patients with UC were finally recruited. Univariate analyses demonstrated resilience was inversely associated with perceived stress, Mayo score and neuroticism. Extraversion, income, college education were positively related to resilience. However, multivariate analyses revealed that perceived stress( 0.901, 95% 0.833-0.975), extraversion ( 1.257, 95% 1.087-1.454), neuroticism ( 0.818, 95% 0.679-0.985), Mayo score ( 0.856, 95% 0.742-0.988) and income ( 6.411, 95% 2.136-9.244) were significantly related to resilience. Resilience of UC patients is not only associated with disease activity, but also with personality, perceived stress and income.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Colite Ulcerativa/psicologia
Personalidade
Resiliência Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Análise Multivariada
Neuroticismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0578-1426.2018.02.005


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[PMID]:28452696
[Au] Autor:Lehrer HM; Janus KC; Gloria CT; Steinhardt MA
[Ad] Endereço:The University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA.
[Ti] Título:Personal and Environmental Resources Mediate the Positivity-Emotional Dysfunction Relationship.
[So] Source:Am J Health Behav;41(2):186-193, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1945-7359
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: We investigated the relationships among positivity, perceived personal and environmental resources, and emotional dysfunction in adolescent girls. We hypothesized that perceived resources would mediate the relationship between positivity and emotional dysfunction. METHODS: Participants (N = 510) attending an all-girls public school completed a survey assessing emotional dysfunction (depressive symptoms and perceived stress), positivity (positive/negative emotions), and personal/ environmental resources (resilience, hope, percent adaptive coping, community connectedness, social support, and school connectedness). Perceived resources were combined into one latent variable, and structural equation modeling tested the mediating effect of perceived resources on the relationship between positivity and emotional dysfunction. RESULTS: The model accounted for 63% of the variance in emotional dysfunction. Positivity exerted a significant direct effect on emotional dysfunction (ß = -.14, p < .01), but its influence was primarily mediated through perceived resources (indirect effect: ß = -.43, p < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The impact of positivity on emotional dysfunction is primarily but not entirely mediated by perceived personal and environmental resources. Schools should consider strategies to enhance experiences of positive emotions and/or decrease experiences of negative emotions, in conjunction with encouraging student awareness and development of personal and environmental resources.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Depressão/psicologia
Emoções
Esperança
Relações Interpessoais
Resiliência Psicológica
Apoio Social
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5993/AJHB.41.2.10


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[PMID]:29179821
[Au] Autor:Rateau MR
[Ad] Endereço:Robert Morris University, School of Nursing and Health Sciences, Moon Township, PA, United States. Electronic address: rateau@rmu.edu.
[Ti] Título:An Analysis of Stories From Those Who Have Encountered Catastrophic Loss From Flood.
[So] Source:Arch Psychiatr Nurs;31(6):561-565, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Analyzing stories from those who have suffered catastrophic loss from flood may offer a means to better understand recovery of the survivors from their perspective. The purpose of this research was to examine the lived experience of those who faced catastrophic loss from flood. Stories were gathered from eight participants, who experienced catastrophic loss of home and possessions resultant of massive flooding. Following analysis, three "turning points" were identified within the story plot which included: Facing the devastation, Embracing the rebuilding, and Developing inner strength. Themes within the turning points were identified demonstrating transformational perspectives of self and world.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inundações
Acontecimentos que Mudam a Vida
Narração
Sobreviventes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Desastres
Emoções
Feminino
Habitação
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Enfermagem Psiquiátrica
Resiliência Psicológica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29419582
[Au] Autor:Russo C; Calo O; Harrison G; Mahoney K; Zavotsky KE
[Ad] Endereço:Author Affiliations: Clinical Nurse Specialist (Ms Russo), Medical Surgical Units, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Hamilton, NJ; and Clinical Nurse Educator (Dr Calo), Cardiac Pavilion, and Clinical Nurse Educator (Dr Harrison), Critical Care, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital, Somerville, NJ; Woman's/Children's Clinical Nurse Specialist (Dr Mahoney) Kean University, Union; and Assistant Vice President (Dr Zavotsky), The Center for Professional Development, Innovation and Research, RWJBarnabas Southern Region, New Brunswick, NJ.
[Ti] Título:Resilience and Coping After Hospital Mergers.
[So] Source:Clin Nurse Spec;32(2):97-102, 2018 Mar/Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1538-9782
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between resilience and coping in frontline nurses working in a healthcare system that has recently undergone a merger. BACKGROUND: Hospital mergers are common in the current healthcare environment. Mergers can provide hospital nurses the opportunity to use and develop positive coping strategies to help remain resilient during times of change. METHODS: An anonymous-survey, quantitative, exploratory, descriptive study design was used. Data were obtained from an electronic survey that was made available to all nurses working in a 3-hospital system located in the northeast. RESULTS: Overall, the results showed that, when nurses reported using positive coping strategies, they report higher levels of resilience. The levels of resilience also varied from campus to campus. The campus that has been through 2 recent mergers reported the highest levels of resilience. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that, during times of change in the workplace, if nurses are encouraged to use positive coping strategies, they may have higher levels of resilience. This changing environment provides the clinical nurse specialists/clinical nurse educators the opportunity to foster and support frontline nurses in the use of healthy coping strategies and to help improve and maintain a high level of resilience, which is critical in today's healthcare environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Instituições Associadas de Saúde
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia
Resiliência Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/NUR.0000000000000358


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[PMID]:29301428
[Au] Autor:Barkil-Oteo A; Abdallah W; Mourra S; Jefee-Bahloul H
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Psychiatry, Yale University, New Haven, Conn.; the Department of Psychiatry, Howard University Hospital, Washington, DC; the Department of Psychiatry, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles; and the Department of Psychiatry, UMass Medical School, Worcester, Mass.
[Ti] Título:Trauma and Resiliency: A Tale of a Syrian Refugee.
[So] Source:Am J Psychiatry;175(1):8-12, 2018 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1535-7228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade
Depressão
Exposição à Violência/psicologia
Psicoterapia/métodos
Refugiados/psicologia
Inibidores da Captação de Serotonina/administração & dosagem
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos
Síncope
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Ansiedade/terapia
Depressão/diagnóstico
Depressão/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Sintomas Inexplicáveis
Dor/etiologia
Dor/psicologia
Processos Psicoterapêuticos
Campos de Refugiados
Resiliência Psicológica
Autogestão/métodos
Apoio Social
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Síncope/etiologia
Síncope/psicologia
Síria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180207
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180207
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.17030358


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[PMID]:28455192
[Au] Autor:Levasseur M; Roy M; Michallet B; St-Hilaire F; Maltais D; Généreux M
[Ad] Endereço:School of Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, Québec, Canada; Research Centre on Aging, Health and Social Services Centre-Eastern Townships Integrated University Centre for Health & Social Services-Sherbrooke Hospital University Centre (
[Ti] Título:Associations Between Resilience, Community Belonging, and Social Participation Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Results From the Eastern Townships Population Health Survey.
[So] Source:Arch Phys Med Rehabil;98(12):2422-2432, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1532-821X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between resilience, community belonging, and social participation, and the moderating effect of resilience on the association between community belonging and social participation among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional; secondary analyses of the Eastern Townships Population Health Survey. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: A sample (N=4541) of women (n=2485) and men (n=2056) aged ≥60 years was randomly selected according to area. Most participants had <14 years of schooling, owned their dwelling, were retired, had 1 or 2 chronic conditions, and did not have depressive symptoms. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported data on age, education, depressive symptoms, social participation, community belonging, and resilience were collected by phone interviewer-administered questionnaire. A social participation scale measured frequency of participation in 8 community activities. A 4-point Likert scale ranging from "very strong" to "very weak" estimated sense of belonging to the local community. Social participation and sense of belonging questions came from Statistics Canada surveys. Resilience was assessed with the 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, capturing the ability to cope with adversity. RESULTS: Controlling for age, education, and psychological distress, greater resilience and community belonging were associated with greater social participation among women (R =.13; P<.001) and men (R =.09; P<.001). The association between community belonging and social participation varied as a function of resilience, especially in men. Greater community belonging further enhanced social participation, especially among women (P=.03) and men (P<.01) with greater resilience (moderator effect). CONCLUSIONS: Resilience moderates the association between community belonging and social participation among community-dwelling older women and, especially, men. Interventions targeting social participation should consider the potential impact of resilience on improving community belonging. Future studies should investigate why resilience moderates associations between community belonging and social participation, and how to enhance resilience among older adults.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Espacial da População
Resiliência Psicológica
Participação Social/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atividades Cotidianas
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Envelhecimento
Canadá
Doença Crônica
Estudos Transversais
Meio Ambiente
Feminino
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores Sexuais
Meio Social
Identificação Social
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27776921
[Au] Autor:Edwards KA; Alschuler KA; Ehde DM; Battalio SL; Jensen MP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
[Ti] Título:Changes in Resilience Predict Function in Adults With Physical Disabilities: A Longitudinal Study.
[So] Source:Arch Phys Med Rehabil;98(2):329-336, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:1532-821X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: (1) To determine if resilience exhibits similar stability across time as depression, fatigue, and sleep quality; and (2) to determine if changes in resilience over a period of 1 year are associated with changes in depression, fatigue, sleep quality, and physical function over the same time period. DESIGN: Observational longitudinal survey study with measures administered 2 times, 1 year apart. SETTING: Community-based population sample. PARTICIPANTS: Adults with physical disabilities (N=893). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes were measures of resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale), depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), fatigue (Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System [PROMIS] Fatigue Short Form), sleep quality (PROMIS Sleep Disturbance), and physical function (8-item PROMIS Physical Functioning). RESULTS: Resilience (r=.71, P<.001) exhibited similar stability over 1 year to depression (r=.71, P<.001), fatigue (r=.79, P<.001), and sleep quality (r=.68, P<.001). A decrease in resilience was associated with an increase in depression (F =70.23; P<.001; R =.54) and fatigue (F =25.66; P<.001; R =.64), and an increase in resilience was associated with improved sleep quality (F =30.76; P<.001; R =.48) and physical function (F =16.90; P<.001; R =.86) over a period of 1 year, while controlling for age, sex, and diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Resilience exhibits similar test-retest stability as other important domains that are often treatment targets. Changes in resilience were associated with changes in depression, fatigue, sleep quality, and physical functioning over the course of 1 year. Further longitudinal and experimental research is warranted to investigate the potential causal effect of changes in resilience on quality of life in individuals with physical disabilities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia
Nível de Saúde
Saúde Mental
Modalidades de Fisioterapia
Resiliência Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atividades Cotidianas
Idoso
Depressão/epidemiologia
Fadiga/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Qualidade de Vida
Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29241235
[Au] Autor:van Wijk CH
[Ad] Endereço:PO Box 494, Simon's Town 7995, South Africa, chvanwijk@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Personality and behavioural outcomes in diving: current status and recommendations for future research.
[So] Source:Diving Hyperb Med;47(4):248-252, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1833-3516
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper provides a brief overview of the shift from studies describing the personality profiles of divers to studies exploring associations between personality variables and diving performance in terms of behavioural outcomes. The personality associations that were investigated include performance during training, panic proneness, diving injuries, susceptibility to inert gas narcosis, and the behaviour of tourist divers. The paper concludes with a number of suggested directions for further research on personality and diving that may provide tangible benefits in terms of both enhanced safety and improved performance underwater.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mergulho/psicologia
Determinação da Personalidade
Personalidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Comportamental
Seres Humanos
Narcose por Gás Inerte/etiologia
Narcose por Gás Inerte/psicologia
Militares/psicologia
Pânico/fisiologia
Testes de Personalidade
Resiliência Psicológica
Assunção de Riscos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.28920/dhm47.4.248-252


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[PMID]:29237246
[Au] Autor:Steen M
[Ti] Título:THE PERFECT MUM DOESN'T EXIST BUT A GOOD ENOUGH MUM DOES: BUILDING RESILIENCE FOR BETTER MATERNAL MENTAL HEALTH.
[So] Source:Aust Nurs Midwifery J;24(1):39, 2016 07.
[Is] ISSN:2202-7114
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The issue of women experiencing mental health problems during pregnancy which can progress and exacerbate into the transition of motherhood is one that midwives need to be alerted to.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bem-Estar Materno
Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem
Complicações na Gravidez/enfermagem
Resiliência Psicológica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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