Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F02.970 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 202 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 21 ir para página                         

  1 / 202 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29251226
[Au] Autor:Veenstra G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology, The University of British Columbia, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Infusing fundamental cause theory with features of Pierre Bourdieu's theory of symbolic power.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;46(1):49-52, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The theory of fundamental causes is one of the more influential attempts to provide a theoretical infrastructure for the strong associations between indicators of socioeconomic status (education, income, occupation) and health. It maintains that people of higher socioeconomic status have greater access to flexible resources such as money, knowledge, prestige, power, and beneficial social connections that they can use to reduce their risks of morbidity and mortality and minimize the consequences of disease once it occurs. However, several key aspects of the theory remain underspecified, compromising its ability to provide truly compelling explanations for socioeconomic health inequalities. In particular, socioeconomic status is an assembly of indicators that do not necessarily cohere in a straightforward way, the flexible resources that disproportionately accrue to higher status people are not clearly defined, and the distinction between socioeconomic status and resources is ambiguous. I attempt to address these definitional issues by infusing fundamental cause theory with features of a well-known theory of socioeconomic stratification in the sociological literature-Pierre Bourdieu's theory of symbolic power.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Teoria Psicológica
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
Teoria Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Poder (Psicologia)
Classe Social
Simbolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494817748253


  2 / 202 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29199914
[Au] Autor:Gagné T; Ghenadenik AE
[Ad] Endereço:1 École de Santé Publique de l'Université de Montréal, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Rethinking the relationship between socioeconomic status and health: Challenging how socioeconomic status is currently used in health inequality research.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;46(1):53-56, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: The Scandinavian Journal of Public Health recently reiterated the importance of addressing social justice and health inequalities in its new editorial policy announcement. One of the related challenges highlighted in that issue was the limited use of sociological theories able to inform the complexity linking the resources and mechanisms captured by the concept of socioeconomic status. This debate article argues that part of the problem lies in the often unchallenged reliance on a generic conceptualization and operationalization of socioeconomic status. These practices hinder researchers' capacity to examine in finer detail how resources and circumstances promote the unequal distribution of health through distinct yet intertwined pathways. As a potential way forward, this commentary explores how research practices can be challenged through concrete publication policies and guidelines. To this end, we propose a set of recommendations as a tool to strengthen the study of socioeconomic status and, ultimately, the quality of health inequality research. CONCLUSIONS: Authors, reviewers, and editors can become champions of change toward the implementation of sociological theory by holding higher standards regarding the conceptualization, operationalization, analysis, and interpretation of results in health inequality research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
Projetos de Pesquisa/normas
Classe Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Políticas Editoriais
Seres Humanos
Saúde Pública
Países Escandinavos e Nórdicos
Teoria Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171205
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494817744987


  3 / 202 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28886128
[Au] Autor:Holloway IW; Traube DE; Schrager SM; Tan D; Dunlap S; Kipke MD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Social Welfare, Luskin School of Public Affairs, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Psychological distress, health protection, and sexual practices among young men who have sex with men: Using social action theory to guide HIV prevention efforts.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184482, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study addresses gaps in the literature related to theory development for young men who have sex with men (YMSM) sexual practices through the application and modification of Social Action Theory. Data come from the Healthy Young Men study (N = 526), which longitudinally tracked a diverse cohort of YMSM ages 18-24 to characterize risk and protective factors associated with drug use and sexual practices. Structural equation modeling examined the applicability of, and any necessary modifications to a YMSM-focused version of Social Action Theory. The final model displayed excellent fit (CFI = 0.955, TLI = 0.947, RMSEA = 0.037) and suggested concordance between social support and personal capacity for sexual health promotion. For YMSM, practicing health promotion and avoiding practices that may put them at risk for HIV was associated with both social isolation and psychological distress (ß = -0.372, t = -4.601, p<0.001); psychological distress is an internalized response to environmental and cognitive factors and sexual practices are an externalized response. Results point to the utility of Social Action Theory as a useful model for understanding sexual practices among YMSM, the application of which shows health protective sexual practices are a function of sociocognitive factors that are influenced by environmental contexts. Social Action Theory can help prevention scientists better address the needs of this vulnerable population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia
Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
California/epidemiologia
California/etnologia
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle
Infecções por HIV/transmissão
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
Autoeficácia
Apoio Social
Teoria Social
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170909
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184482


  4 / 202 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28796574
[Au] Autor:Hust SJT; Adams PM; Willoughby JF; Ren C; Lei M; Ran W; Marett EG
[Ad] Endereço:a The Edward R. Murrow College of Communication , Washington State University , Pullman , Washington , USA.
[Ti] Título:The Entertainment-Education Strategy in Sexual Assault Prevention: A Comparison of Theoretical Foundations and a Test of Effectiveness in a College Campus Setting.
[So] Source:J Health Commun;22(9):721-731, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1087-0415
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Among the existing sexual assault prevention efforts on college campuses, few use mass communication strategies designed to simultaneously entertain and educate. Although many entertainment-education efforts are guided by social cognitive theory, other theories may be useful in entertainment-education design. Previous research has found that social cognitive theory and social norms theory can successfully influence participants' perceived norms and efficacy related to sexual assault reduction; however, whether such results can be replicated in a naturalistic setting and the extent to which the guiding theoretical foundation may influence outcomes remain unknown. We used a pre- and posttest field experiment with college students in residence halls to assess how different theoretical foundations may influence effects. Over the course of a semester, the participants viewed eight mini-magazines developed using (1) social cognitive theory, (2) social norms theory, (3) a combination of both theoretical frameworks, or (4) a control condition with no sexual assault prevention messaging. Participants in the combined content condition had greater levels of self-efficacy related to sexual assault prevention and more accurate norm perceptions. There were also effects for the mini-magazines developed with only one theoretical framework. Overall, we found that multiple theories can effectively guide entertainment-education message development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação em Saúde/métodos
Educação em Saúde/métodos
Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Autoeficácia
Normas Sociais
Teoria Social
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Estados Unidos
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170811
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10810730.2017.1343877


  5 / 202 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28542367
[Au] Autor:Kwak D; Kim W
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Culture Technology, KAIST, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Understanding the process of social network evolution: Online-offline integrated analysis of social tie formation.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177729, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is important to consider the interweaving nature of online and offline social networks when we examine social network evolution. However, it is difficult to find any research that examines the process of social tie formation from an integrated perspective. In our study, we quantitatively measure offline interactions and examine the corresponding evolution of online social network in order to understand the significance of interrelationship between online and offline social factors in generating social ties. We analyze the radio signal strength indicator sensor data from a series of social events to understand offline interactions among the participants and measure the structural attributes of their existing online Facebook social networks. By monitoring the changes in their online social networks before and after offline interactions in a series of social events, we verify that the ability to develop an offline interaction into an online friendship is tied to the number of social connections that participants previously had, while the presence of shared mutual friends between a pair of participants disrupts potential new connections within the pre-designed offline social events. Thus, while our integrative approach enables us to confirm the theory of preferential attachment in the process of network formation, the common neighbor theory is not supported. Our dual-dimensional network analysis allows us to observe the actual process of social network evolution rather than to make predictions based on the assumption of self-organizing networks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Rede Social
Apoio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Amigos
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Modelos Logísticos
Sistemas On-Line
Privacidade
Mídias Sociais
Teoria Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177729


  6 / 202 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28212600
[Au] Autor:Mackenbach JP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Persistence of social inequalities in modern welfare states: Explanation of a paradox.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;45(2):113-120, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS: Social-epidemiological explanations of health inequalities usually take the existence of social inequality as a given and ignore the fundamental questions of why social inequality exists in the first place and why it is so persistent. I review here theories of the explanation of social inequality to identify the processes and/or structures responsible for its persistence. METHODS: This paper is a review of the relevant sociological literature. RESULTS: The sociological literature suggests that what persists over long periods of time is not a specific manifestation of social inequality but a 'meta-phenomenon': the fact that there are different social positions, that these social positions give access to different levels of resources in some graded way and that the distribution of individuals over social positions follows rules that create inequalities in the opportunities for achieving a more advantaged social position. The durability of social inequality in this generic form can then be understood from the persistence of the underlying mechanisms and processes - for example, humans are driven by self-interest, while most objects of their striving are in short supply, therefore a struggle for rewards is present in all societies; humans are unequally endowed, therefore some are more successful in this struggle for resources than others; and the inequalities resulting from these individual level actions are structurally fixated through the intergenerational transmission of (dis)advantage, various societal institutions, and cultural factors. CONCLUSIONS: The sociological literature suggests that some mechanisms producing and perpetuating social inequality are more 'benign' than others. Health inequalities may be more than a consequence of social inequality and may play a more profound part by amplifying social inequalities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Seguridade Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Países Escandinavos e Nórdicos
Teoria Social
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170609
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170609
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494816683878


  7 / 202 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28103179
[Au] Autor:Savage MW; Deiss DM; Roberto AJ; Aboujaoude E
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Communication , San Diego State University , San Diego , California , USA.
[Ti] Título:Theory-Based Formative Research on an Anti-Cyberbullying Victimization Intervention Message.
[So] Source:J Health Commun;22(2):124-134, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1087-0415
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cyberbullying is a common byproduct of the digital revolution with serious consequences to victims. Unfortunately, there is a dearth of empirically based methods to confront it. This study used social cognitive theory to design and test an intervention message aimed at persuading college students to abstain from retaliation, seek social support, save evidence, and notify authorities-important victim responses identified and recommended in previous research. Using a posttest-only control group design, this study tested the effectiveness of an intervention message in changing college students' perceived susceptibility to and perceived severity of cyberbullying as well as their self-efficacy, response efficacy, attitudes, and behavioral intentions toward each recommended response in future episodes of cyberbullying. Results indicated that the intervention message caused participants in the experimental condition to report significantly higher susceptibility, but not perceived severity, to cyberbullying than those in the control condition. The intervention message also caused expected changes in all outcomes except self-efficacy for not retaliating and in all outcomes for seeking social support, saving evidence, and notifying an authority. Implications for message design and future research supporting evidence-based anti-cyberbullying health communication campaigns are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bullying/prevenção & controle
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia
Comunicação em Saúde/métodos
Teoria Social
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Intenção
Masculino
Comunicação Persuasiva
Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
Autoeficácia
Apoio Social
Sudoeste dos Estados Unidos
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10810730.2016.1252818


  8 / 202 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28078944
[Au] Autor:Øversveen E; Rydland HT; Bambra C; Eikemo TA
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Sociology and Political Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Rethinking the relationship between socio-economic status and health: Making the case for sociological theory in health inequality research.
[So] Source:Scand J Public Health;45(2):103-112, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1651-1905
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: The aim of this study is to analyse previous explanations of social inequality in health and argue for a closer integration of sociological theory into future empirical research. METHODS: We examine cultural-behavioural, materialist, psychosocial and life-course approaches, in addition to fundamental cause theory. Giddens' structuration theory and a neo-materialist approach, inspired by Bruno Latour, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, are proposed as ways of rethinking the causal relationship between socio-economic status and health. CONCLUSIONS: Much of the empirical research on health inequalities has tended to rely on explanations with a static and unidirectional view of the association between socio-economic status and health, assuming a unidirectional causal relationship between largely static categories. We argue for the use of sociological theory to develop more dynamic models that enhance the understanding of the complex pathways and mechanisms linking social structures to health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Classe Social
Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Pesquisa Empírica
Seres Humanos
Países Escandinavos e Nórdicos
Teoria Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170609
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170609
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1403494816686711


  9 / 202 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28073100
[Au] Autor:Maxwell J; Weill C; Damico J
[Ad] Endereço:University of Louisiana at Lafayette, Department of Communicative Disorders, P.O. Box 43170, Lafayette LA, 70504-3170, USA. Electronic address: jamiemaxwell@live.com.
[Ti] Título:Investigating the use of appropriation in the writing of a child with autism: A case study.
[So] Source:J Commun Disord;65:10-21, 2017 Jan - Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7994
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This case study investigated how a 10year old child with ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorder), Kameron (pseudonym), utilized appropriation as a writing strategy in the context of group therapy. Using the same questions as Lensmire and Beals (1994) in their study of a typically developing third-grader, written products were collected over the course of one semester and analyzed, along with video, audio, and participant observation data, to consider the following questions: 1) Where did the material come from? 2) What was taken? and 3) How was it used? Analysis of the process of Kameron's writing revealed utilization of appropriation as a strategy for 2 of the 4 written products. Material was appropriated from both adult authored texts performed via read alouds and from topics and values located in the local peer culture. Kameron's appropriation of shared experiences provided substance to initiate and engage in a shared peer culture. Increased engagement in the writing process and fewer off task behaviors were noted when appropriations were evidenced compared to the writing pieces where no appropriation occurred. The results demonstrate the powerful implications of both a process oriented and strength-based approach to writing and greater social awareness than expected in children with ASD.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno do Espectro Autista
Alfabetização
Redação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Teoria Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170111
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 202 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28039869
[Au] Autor:Emile M; Chalabaev A; Colson SS; Vaulerin J; Falzon C; D'Arripe-Longueville F
[Ad] Endereço:Université Côte d'Azur, LAMHESS, France.
[Ti] Título:Effects of implicit theories of ability and stereotype-inconsistent information on handgrip strength in older adults: A regulatory fit perspective.
[So] Source:Psychophysiology;54(3):483-489, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1540-5958
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study examined whether stereotype-inconsistent information interacts with implicit theories of ability to affect handgrip strength in older adults. Eighty-two retired older adults (13 men and 69 women) from 61 to 89 years old (M = 75.8 years; SD = 6.9) performed maximum voluntary contractions (MVC) during a handgrip task in a design manipulating implicit theories of ability and stereotype-inconsistent information related to physical decline with aging. Participants were randomly assigned to one of three groups: incremental condition, entity condition, or control group. The results showed that in the incremental condition the stereotype-inconsistent information improved the peak MVC, the average MVC, the peak rate of force development (RFD), and RFD in the initial 50 ms of the MVC. This study therefore demonstrated that individuals with an incremental mindset who are exposed to stereotype-inconsistent information can boost their physical performance. These findings are discussed from the perspective of regulatory fit (i.e., when task framing is congruent with the individual's goal).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento
Força da Mão
Percepção Social
Estereotipagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Atitude
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Contração Muscular
Teoria Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170615
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170615
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170101
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/psyp.12780



página 1 de 21 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde