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  1 / 2012 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28624575
[Au] Autor:Botschuijver S; Roeselers G; Levin E; Jonkers DM; Welting O; Heinsbroek SEM; de Weerd HH; Boekhout T; Fornai M; Masclee AA; Schuren FHJ; de Jonge WJ; Seppen J; van den Wijngaard RM
[Ad] Endereço:Tytgat Institute for Liver and Intestinal Research, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:Intestinal Fungal Dysbiosis Is Associated With Visceral Hypersensitivity in Patients With Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Rats.
[So] Source:Gastroenterology;153(4):1026-1039, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1528-0012
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND & AIMS: Visceral hypersensitivity is one feature of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Bacterial dysbiosis might be involved in the activation of nociceptive sensory pathways, but there have been few studies of the role of the mycobiome (the fungal microbiome) in the development of IBS. We analyzed intestinal mycobiomes of patients with IBS and a rat model of visceral hypersensitivity. METHODS: We used internal transcribed spacer 1-based metabarcoding to compare fecal mycobiomes of 18 healthy volunteers with those of 39 patients with IBS (with visceral hypersensitivity or normal levels of sensitivity). We also compared the mycobiomes of Long-Evans rats separated from their mothers (hypersensitive) with non-handled (normally sensitive) rats. We investigated whether fungi can cause visceral hypersensitivity using rats exposed to fungicide (fluconazole and nystatin). The functional relevance of the gut mycobiome was confirmed in fecal transplantation experiments: adult maternally separated rats were subjected to water avoidance stress (to induce visceral hypersensitivity), then given fungicide and donor cecum content via oral gavage. Other rats subjected to water avoidance stress were given soluble ß-glucans, which antagonize C-type lectin domain family 7 member A (CLEC7A or DECTIN1) signaling via spleen-associated tyrosine kinase (SYK), a SYK inhibitor to reduce visceral hypersensitivity, or vehicle (control). The sensitivity of mast cells to fungi was tested with mesenteric windows (ex vivo) and the human mast cell line HMC-1. RESULTS: α diversity (Shannon index) and mycobiome signature (stability selection) of both groups of IBS patients differed from healthy volunteers, and the mycobiome signature of hypersensitive patients differed from that of normally sensitive patients. We observed mycobiome dysbiosis in rats that had been separated from their mothers compared with non-handled rats. Administration of fungicide to hypersensitive rats reduced their visceral hypersensitivity to normal levels of sensitivity. Administration of cecal mycobiomes from rats that had been separated from their mothers (but not non-handled mycobiome) restored hypersensitivity to distension. Administration of soluble ß-glucans or a SYK inhibitor reduced visceral hypersensitivity, compared with controls. Particulate ß-glucan (a DECTIN-1 agonist) induced mast cell degranulation in mesenteric windows and HMC-1 cells responded to fungal antigens by release of histamine. CONCLUSIONS: In an analysis of patients with IBS and controls, we associated fungal dysbiosis with IBS. In studies of rats, we found fungi to promote visceral hypersensitivity, which could be reduced by administration of fungicides, soluble ß-glucans, or a SYK inhibitor. The intestinal fungi might therefore be manipulated for treatment of IBS-related visceral hypersensitivity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dor Abdominal/microbiologia
Fungos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Microbioma Gastrointestinal
Hiperalgesia/microbiologia
Intestinos/microbiologia
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Dor Abdominal/fisiopatologia
Dor Abdominal/prevenção & controle
Dor Abdominal/psicologia
Adulto
Animais
Antifúngicos/farmacologia
Ansiedade de Separação/psicologia
Comportamento Animal
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Degranulação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Linhagem Celular
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Disbiose
Transplante de Microbiota Fecal
Fezes/microbiologia
Feminino
Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos
Seres Humanos
Hiperalgesia/fisiopatologia
Hiperalgesia/prevenção & controle
Hiperalgesia/psicologia
Intestinos/inervação
Intestinos/metabolismo
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/fisiopatologia
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/prevenção & controle
Síndrome do Intestino Irritável/psicologia
Masculino
Mastócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
Mastócitos/metabolismo
Privação Materna
Meia-Idade
Medição da Dor
Percepção da Dor
Limiar da Dor
Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia
Ratos Long-Evans
Quinase Syk/antagonistas & inibidores
Quinase Syk/metabolismo
beta-Glucanas/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antifungal Agents); 0 (Protein Kinase Inhibitors); 0 (beta-Glucans); EC 2.7.10.2 (Syk Kinase); EC 2.7.10.2 (Syk protein, rat)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170619
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 2012 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28050743
[Au] Autor:Gómez FR; Semenyna SW; Court L; Vasey PL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Lethbridge, 4401 University Drive, Lethbridge, AB, T1K 3M4, Canada. francisco.gomez@uleth.ca.
[Ti] Título:Recalled Separation Anxiety in Childhood in Istmo Zapotec Men, Women, and Muxes.
[So] Source:Arch Sex Behav;46(1):109-117, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Istmo Zapotec are a pre-Columbian cultural group indigenous to the Istmo region of Oaxaca, Mexico. Istmo Zapotec recognize three genders: men, women, and muxes. Like Istmo Zapotec men, muxes are biological males. However, unlike Istmo Zapotec men, most muxes are exclusively androphilic (i.e., sexually attracted to adult males), relatively feminine, and routinely adopt the receptive role during anal intercourse. Furthermore, the Istmo Zapotec recognize two types of muxes: muxe gunaa, who resemble the transgender androphilic males that are common in many non-Western cultures, and muxe nguiiu, who resemble the cisgender androphilic males ("gay" men) common in Western cultures. Retrospective research conducted in Canada and Samoa demonstrates that cisgender and transgender androphilic males recall elevated indicators of childhood separation anxiety (i.e., feelings of distress related to separation from major attachment figures) when compared to males who are gynephilic (i.e., sexually attracted to adult females). The present study compared recalled indicators of childhood separation anxiety among Istmo Zapotec men, women, muxe gunaa, and muxe nguiiu (N = 454). Men recalled significantly lower levels of childhood separation anxiety compared to all other groups (all p < .042). No additional group differences were found. Our results are consistent with previous research conducted in Canada and Samoa, suggesting that elevated childhood separation anxiety is a developmental correlate of male androphilia that is cross-culturally universal. This research is also consistent with the conclusion that cisgender and transgender male androphiles share a common biological and developmental foundation despite being different in appearance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade de Separação/psicologia
Homossexualidade Masculina/psicologia
Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Identidade de Gênero
Homossexualidade Masculina/etnologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Rememoração Mental
Estudos Retrospectivos
Samoa
Comportamento Sexual/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10508-016-0917-x


  3 / 2012 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28005475
[Au] Autor:Nicosia N; Wong E; Shier V; Massachi S; Datar A
[Ad] Endereço:1 RAND Corporation, Boston, MA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Parental Deployment, Adolescent Academic and Social-Behavioral Maladjustment, and Parental Psychological Well-being in Military Families.
[So] Source:Public Health Rep;132(1):93-105, 2017 Jan/Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1468-2877
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Increases in the frequency and length of military deployments have raised concerns about the well-being of military families. We examined the relationship between a military parent's deployment and (1) adolescent academic and social-behavioral maladjustment and (2) parental psychological well-being. METHODS: We collected data from April 2013 through January 2014 from 1021 families of enlisted US Army personnel with children aged 12 or 13 during the Military Teenagers' Environments, Exercise, and Nutrition Study. Through online parent surveys, we collected data on deployment, adolescent academic and social-behavioral maladjustment, and parental psychological well-being. We estimated adjusted logistic and linear regression models for adolescents (all, boys, girls), military parents (all, fathers, mothers), and civilian parents. RESULTS: Compared with no or short deployments, long deployments (>180 days in the past 3 years) were associated with significantly higher odds of decreases in adolescent academic performance (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 1.54), independence (AOR = 2.04), and being responsible (AOR = 1.95). These associations were also significant for boys but not for girls. Among parents, long deployments were associated with significantly higher odds of being depressed (AOR = 2.58), even when controlling for adolescent maladjustment (AOR = 2.54). These associations did not differ significantly between military and civilian parents and were significant for military fathers but not military mothers. Recent deployment (in the past 12 months) was not associated with either adolescent or parent outcomes. CONCLUSION: Long deployments are associated with adolescents' academic and social-behavioral maladjustments and diminished parental well-being, especially among boys and military fathers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Psicológica
Ansiedade de Separação/diagnóstico
Família Militar/psicologia
Pais/psicologia
Satisfação Pessoal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Lineares
Masculino
Inquéritos e Questionários
Estados Unidos
Guerra
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0033354916679995


  4 / 2012 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27852349
[Au] Autor:Rabner J; Mian ND; Langer DA; Comer JS; Pincus D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences,Boston University,Boston,MA,USA.
[Ti] Título:The Relationship Between Worry and Dimensions of Anxiety Symptoms in Children and Adolescents.
[So] Source:Behav Cogn Psychother;45(2):124-138, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1469-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Worry is a common feature across many anxiety disorders. It is important to understand how and when worry presents from childhood to adolescence to prevent long-term negative outcomes. However, most of the existing studies that examine the relationship between worry and anxiety disorders utilize adult samples. AIMS: The present study aimed to assess the level of worry in children and adolescents and how relationships between worry and symptoms of separation anxiety disorder (SAD) and social anxiety disorder (Soc) may present differently at different ages. METHOD: 127 children (age 8-12 years) and adolescents (age 13-18 years), diagnosed with any anxiety disorder, presenting at a child anxiety out-patient clinic, completed measures of worry, anxiety and depression. RESULTS: Worry scores did not differ by age group. Soc symptoms were significantly correlated with worry in both age groups; however, SAD symptoms were only significantly correlated with worry in younger participants. After the inclusion of covariates, SAD symptoms but not Soc symptoms remained significant in the regression model with younger children, and Soc symptoms remained significant in the regression model with older children. CONCLUSIONS: The finding that worry was comparable in both groups lends support for worry as a stable construct associated with anxiety disorders throughout late childhood and early adolescence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia
Ansiedade/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Ansiedade/psicologia
Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Ansiedade de Separação
Criança
Depressão/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fobia Social
Psicometria
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170427
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170427
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S1352465816000448


  5 / 2012 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27806913
[Au] Autor:Marty PR; Hodges K; Heistermann M; Agil M; Engelhardt A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Population Health and Reproduction, University of California Davis, USA; Junior Research Group Primate Sexual Selection, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany; Reproductive Biology Unit, German Primate Center, Göttingen, Germany. Electronic address: pmarty@ucdavis.edu.
[Ti] Título:Is social dispersal stressful? A study in male crested macaques (Macaca nigra).
[So] Source:Horm Behav;87:62-68, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1095-6867
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In gregarious species, dispersal events represent one of the most dramatic changes in social life and environment an animal will experience during life due to increased predation risk, aggression from unfamiliar conspecifics and the lack of social support. However, little is known about how individuals respond physiologically to dispersal and whether this process is stressful for the individuals involved. We therefore studied the physiological stress response during dispersal in the crested macaque, a primate species in which males often change groups. Over a period of 14months and 14 dispersal events in 4 groups, we determined faecal glucocorticoid metabolite (FGCM) levels during the process of immigration into a new group and examined a variety of factors (e.g. male age, rank achieved, number of males in the group) potentially affecting FGCM levels during this process. We found that FGCM levels were significantly elevated in the first few days upon immigration, after which levels returned quickly to baseline. FGCM response levels upon immigration were significantly and positively influenced by the number of males in the group. The rank a male achieved upon immigration, aggression received, as well as the proximity to other males did not significantly influence FGCM levels. Our data confirm previous findings on other species demonstrating that in crested macaques immigration into a new social group is associated with an acute endocrine stress response. However, given that stress hormone levels remained elevated only for a short period of time, we do not expect males to experience high physiological costs during immigration. Given our limited knowledge on the physiological responses to dispersal in animals, this study contributes to our understanding of dispersal more generally, and particularly inter-individual differences in the stress response and the potential physiological costs associated with these.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal/fisiologia
Migração Animal/fisiologia
Macaca
Meio Social
Estresse Fisiológico
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agressão/fisiologia
Animais
Ansiedade de Separação/metabolismo
Ansiedade de Separação/psicologia
Fezes/química
Feminino
Glucocorticoides/análise
Glucocorticoides/metabolismo
Macaca/fisiologia
Macaca/psicologia
Masculino
Estresse Psicológico/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glucocorticoids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170907
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170907
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161104
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 2012 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27802894
[Au] Autor:Astrup A; Pedersen CB; Mok PLH; Carr MJ; Webb RT
[Ad] Endereço:National Centre for Register-Based Research, Aarhus University, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Self-harm risk between adolescence and midlife in people who experienced separation from one or both parents during childhood.
[So] Source:J Affect Disord;208:582-589, 2017 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:1573-2517
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Experience of child-parent separation predicts adverse outcomes in later life. We conducted a detailed epidemiological examination of this complex relationship by modelling an array of separation scenarios and trajectories and subsequent risk of self-harm. METHODS: This cohort study examined persons born in Denmark during 1971-1997. We measured child-parent separations each year from birth to 15th birthday via complete residential address records in the Civil Registration System. Self-harm episodes between 15th birthday and early middle age were ascertained through linkage to psychiatric and general hospital registers. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) from Poisson regression models were estimated against a reference category of individuals not separated from their parents. RESULTS: All exposure models examined indicated an association with raised self-harm risk. For example, large elevations in risk were observed in relation to separation from both parents at 15th birthday (IRR 5.50, 95% CI 5.25-5.77), experiencing five or more changes in child-parent separation status (IRR 5.24, CI 4.88-5.63), and having a shorter duration of familial cohesion during upbringing. There was no significant evidence for varying strength of association according to child's gender. LIMITATIONS: Measuring child-parent separation according to differential residential addresses took no account of the reason for or circumstances of these separations. CONCLUSIONS: These novel findings suggest that self-harm prevention initiatives should be tailored toward exposed persons who remain psychologically distressed into adulthood. These high-risk subgroups include individuals with little experience of familial cohesion during their upbringing, those with the most complicated trajectories who lived through multiple child-parent separation transitions, and those separated from both parents during early adolescence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Ansiedade de Separação/psicologia
Divórcio/psicologia
Relações Pais-Filho
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Ansiedade de Separação/epidemiologia
Criança
Estudos de Coortes
Dinamarca/epidemiologia
Divórcio/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161103
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 2012 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27683967
[Au] Autor:Gesi C; Carmassi C; Shear KM; Schwartz T; Ghesquiere A; Khaler J; Dell'Osso L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Adult separation anxiety disorder in complicated grief: an exploratory study on frequency and correlates.
[So] Source:Compr Psychiatry;72:6-12, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8384
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Complicated grief (CG) has been the subject of increasing attention in the past decades but its relationship with separation anxiety disorder (SEPAD) is still controversial. The aim of the current study was to explore the prevalence and clinical significance of adult SEPAD in a sample of help-seeking individuals with CG. METHODS: 151 adults with CG, enrolled in a randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of (CG) treatment to that of interpersonal therapy, were assessed by means of the Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG), the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV, the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D), the Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS), the Adult Separation Anxiety Questionnaire (ASA-27), the Grief Related Avoidance Questionnaire (GRAQ), the Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire (PDEQ), and the Impact of Events Scale (IES). RESULTS: 104 (68.9%) individuals with CG were considered to have SEPAD (ASA-27 score ≥22). Individuals with SEPAD were more likely to have reported a CG related to the loss of another close relative or friend (than a parent, spouse/partner or a child) (p=.02), as well as greater scores on the ICG (p=<.001), PDEQ (p=.004), GRAQ (p<.001), intrusion (p<.001) and avoidance (p=<.001) IES subscales, HAM-D (p<.001) and WSAS (p=.006). ASA-27 total scores correlated with ICG (p<.0001), PDEQ (p<.001) GRAQ (p<.0001) scores and both the IES intrusion (p<.0001) and IES avoidance (p<.0001) subscale scores. People with SEPAD had higher rates of lifetime post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (p=.04) and panic disorder (PD) (p=.01). CONCLUSIONS: SEPAD is highly prevalent among patients with CG and is associated with greater symptom severity and impairment and greater comorbidity with PTSD and PD. Further studies will help to confirm and generalize our results and to determine whether adult SEPAD responds to CG treatment and/or moderates CG treatment response.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade de Separação/diagnóstico
Ansiedade de Separação/psicologia
Pesar
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Ansiedade de Separação/epidemiologia
Comorbidade
Estudos Transversais
Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Transtorno de Pânico/diagnóstico
Transtorno de Pânico/epidemiologia
Transtorno de Pânico/psicologia
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160930
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 2012 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27093905
[Au] Autor:McCabe BE; Mitchell EM; Gonzalez-Guarda RM; Peragallo N; Mitrani VB
[Ad] Endereço:1 University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL, USA.
[Ti] Título:Transnational Motherhood: Health of Hispanic Mothers in the United States Who Are Separated From Children.
[So] Source:J Transcult Nurs;28(3):243-250, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1552-7832
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Immigration often results in the separation of families, and in particular transnational parenting, which is the separation of mothers from children. Transnational mothers may have greater risks for poor mental health and behavioral conditions such as substance abuse, violence, sexual risk, and depression. This study was a secondary analysis of self-reported data from 425 Hispanic mothers (328 with no separations, 60 separated from an adult child, and 37 separated from a minor child) enrolled in a randomized trial of a sexual health group intervention in South Florida (USA). Separations were related to mother's age, years in the United States, family income, number of people living on income, acculturation to the United States, occupational/economic stress, immigration stress, and lifetime exposure to abuse. A follow-up analysis described the types of childhood or adulthood abuse experienced by mothers with separations. These findings provide new information for nurses about the experience of immigrant mothers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nível de Saúde
Hispano-Americanos/psicologia
Relações Mãe-Filho/etnologia
Mães/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aculturação
Adaptação Psicológica
Adulto
Ansiedade de Separação/complicações
Ansiedade de Separação/psicologia
Emigração e Imigração/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Florida/etnologia
Hispano-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia
Abuso Físico/etnologia
Abuso Físico/psicologia
Abuso Físico/estatística & dados numéricos
Psicometria/instrumentação
Psicometria/métodos
Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1043659616644960


  9 / 2012 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27044052
[Au] Autor:Eaton CK; Jones AM; Gutierrez-Colina AM; Ivey EK; Carlson O; Melville L; Kardon P; Blount RL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Georgia, 125 Baldwin Street, Athens, GA, 30602, USA. cydeaton@uga.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Influence of Environmental Consequences and Internalizing Symptoms on Children's Tic Severity.
[So] Source:Child Psychiatry Hum Dev;48(2):327-334, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1573-3327
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although there is evidence that environmental consequences for displaying tics and internalizing symptoms are related to tic severity in children with TS, less is known about the inter-relationships of these variables or how these factors jointly contribute to tic severity. This study included 45 children with Tourette syndrome. Caregivers reported on children's environmental consequences for displaying tics, internalizing symptoms, and tic severity. Results indicated that children with higher levels of internalizing symptoms experienced significantly more environmental consequences for displaying tics. Children with higher levels of separation anxiety symptoms demonstrated significantly greater tic severity. Environmental consequences for displaying tics accounted for significantly more variance in predicting tic severity than anxiety symptoms. This preliminary evidence suggests that environmental consequences for displaying tics, such as receiving accommodations or attention from others, have a greater influence on children's tic severity than emotional factors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade de Separação
Emoções/fisiologia
Meio Social
Tiques
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Ansiedade de Separação/diagnóstico
Ansiedade de Separação/psicologia
Criança
Mecanismos de Defesa
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Estatística como Assunto
Tiques/diagnóstico
Tiques/psicologia
Síndrome de Tourette/diagnóstico
Síndrome de Tourette/fisiopatologia
Síndrome de Tourette/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160405
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10578-016-0644-5


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[PMID]:28446834
[Au] Autor:Callard F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Geography, Durham University, Lower Mountjoy, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:The Intimate Geographies of Panic Disorder: Parsing Anxiety through Psychopharmacological Dissection.
[So] Source:Osiris;31(1):203-226, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0369-7827
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The category of panic disorder was significantly indebted to early psychopharmacological experiments (in the late 1950s and early 1960s) by the psychiatrist Donald Klein, in collaboration with Max Fink. Klein's technique of "psychopharmacological dissection" underpinned his transformation of clinical accounts of anxiety and was central in effecting the shift from agoraphobic anxiety (with its spatial imaginary of city squares and streets) to panic. This technique disaggregated the previously unitary affect of anxiety-as advanced in psychoanalytic accounts-into two physiological and phenomenological kinds. "Psychopharmacological dissection" depended on particular modes of clinical observation to assess drug action and to interpret patient behavior. The "intimate geographies" out of which panic disorder emerged comprised both the socio-spatial dynamics of observation on the psychiatric ward and Klein's use of John Bowlby's model of separation anxiety-as it played out between the dyad of infant and mother-to interpret his adult patients' affectively disordered behavior. This essay, in offering a historical geography of mid-twentieth-century anxiety and panic, emphasizes the importance of socio-spatial setting in understanding how clinical and scientific experimentation opens up new ways in which affects can be expressed, shaped, observed, and understood.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos de Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Transtorno de Pânico/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ansiedade/diagnóstico
Ansiedade de Separação/diagnóstico
Seres Humanos
Pânico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1086/688503



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