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Pesquisa : F03.625.374.500 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29236903
[Au] Autor:Barberena LDS; Simoni SN; Souza RCS; Moraes DAO; Berti LC; Keske-Soares M
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Fonoaudiologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - UFSM - Santa Maria (RS), Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Ultrasound analysis of tongue contour for the sound [j] in adults and children.
[Ti] Título:Análise quantitativa das curvas de língua na avaliação ultrassonográfica da fala para o som [j] em adultos e crianças..
[So] Source:Codas;29(6):e20160214, 2017 Dec 11.
[Is] ISSN:2317-1782
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: Analyze and compare the mean tongue contours and articulatory gestures in the production of the sound [j] in adults and children with typical and atypical speech development. The children with atypical development presented speech sound disorders. METHODS: The diagnosis was determined by speech assessments. The study sample was composed of 90 individuals divided into three groups: 30 adults with typical speech development aged 19-44 years (AT), 30 children with typical speech development (CT), and 30 children with speech sound disorders, named as atypical in this study, aged four years to eight years and eleven months (CA). Ultrasonography assessment of tongue movements was performed for all groups. Mean tongue contours were compared between three groups in different vocalic contexts following the sound [j]. The maximum elevation of the tongue tip was considered for delimitation of gestures using the Articulate Assistant Advanced (AAA) software and images in sagittal plane/Mode B. The points that intercepted the language curves were analyzed by the statistical tool R. The graphs of tongue contours were obtained adopting a 95% confidence interval. After that, the regions with significant statistical differences (p<0.05) between the CT and CA groups were obtained. RESULTS: The mean tongue contours demonstrated the gesture for the sound [j] in the comparison between typical and atypical children. For the semivowel [j], there is an articulatory gesture of tongue and dorsum towards the center of ​​the hard palate, with significant differences observed between the children. CONCLUSION: The results showed differences between the groups of children regarding the ability to refine articulatory gestures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Fonológico/diagnóstico por imagem
Língua
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Transtornos da Articulação/diagnóstico por imagem
Brasil
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Língua/anatomia & histologia
Língua/diagnóstico por imagem
Língua/fisiopatologia
Ultrassonografia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28964281
[Au] Autor:Afshar MR; Ghorbani A; Rashedi V; Jalilevand N; Kamali M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Speech Therapy, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Department of Speech Therapy, School of Rehabilitation Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address: mohamad.afshar@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Working memory span in Persian-speaking children with speech sound disorders and normal speech development.
[So] Source:Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol;101:117-122, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8464
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare working memory span in Persian-speaking preschool children with speech sound disorder (SSD) and their typically speaking peers. Additionally, the study aimed to examine Non-Word Repetition (NWR), Forward Digit Span (FDS) and Backward Digit Span (BDS) in four groups of children with varying severity levels of SSD. METHODS: The participants in this study comprised 35 children with SSD and 35 typically developing (TD) children -matched for age and sex-as a control group. The participants were between the age range of 48 and 72 months. Two components of working memory including phonological loop and central executive were compared between two groups. We used two tasks (NWR and FDS) to assess phonological loop component, and one task (BDS) to assess central executive component. Percentage of correct consonants (PCC) was used to calculate the severity of SSD. RESULTS: Significant differences were observed between the two groups in all tasks that assess working memory (p < 0.001). In addition, the comparison of the phonological loop of working memory between the various severity groups indicated significant differences between different severities of both NWR and FDS tasks among the SSD children (p < 0.001). Nevertheless, comparison of the central executive between various severity groups, which was assessed with the BDS task, did not show any significant differences (p > 0.05). The result showed that PCC scores in TD children were associated with NWR (p < 0.001), FDS (p = 0.001), and BDS (p < 0.001). Furthermore, PCC scores in SSD children were associated with NWR and FDS (p < 0.001), but not with BDS (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The working memory skills were weaker in SSD children, in comparison to TD children. In addition, children with varying levels of severity of SSD differed in terms of NWR and FSD, but not BDS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento Infantil
Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia
Fonética
Transtorno Fonológico/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Irã (Geográfico)
Linguagem
Masculino
Fala
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171002
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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Wertzner, Haydée Fiszbein
[PMID]:28538824
[Au] Autor:Barrozo TF; Pagan-Neves LO; Pinheiro da Silva J; Wertzner HF
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade de São Paulo - USP - São Paulo, SP, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Sensitivity and specificity of the Percentage of Consonants Correct-Revised in the identification of speech sound disorder.
[Ti] Título:Sensibilidade e especificidade da Porcentagem de Consoantes Corretas Revisada na identificação do transtorno fonológico..
[So] Source:Codas;29(3):e20160038, 2017 May 22.
[Is] ISSN:2317-1782
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity, and to establish cutoff points for the severity index Percentage of Consonants Correct - Revised (PCC-R) in Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children with and without speech sound disorders. Methods: 72 children between 5:00 and 7:11 years old - 36 children without speech and language complaints and 36 children with speech sound disorders. The PCC-R was applied to the figure naming and word imitation tasks that are part of the ABFW Child Language Test. Results were statistically analyzed. The ROC curve was performed and sensitivity and specificity values ​​of the index were verified. Results: The group of children without speech sound disorders presented greater PCC-R values in both tasks, regardless of the gender of the participants. The cutoff value observed for the picture naming task was 93.4%, with a sensitivity value of 0.89 and specificity of 0.94 (age independent). For the word imitation task, results were age-dependent: for age group ≤6:5 years old, the cutoff value was 91.0% (sensitivity of 0.77 and specificity of 0.94) and for age group >6:5 years-old, the cutoff value was 93.9% (sensitivity of 0.93 and specificity of 0.94). Conclusion: Given the high sensitivity and specificity of PCC-R, we can conclude that the index was effective in discriminating and identifying children with and without speech sound disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Medida da Produção da Fala
Transtorno Fonológico/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtornos da Articulação
Brasil
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Testes de Linguagem
Masculino
Curva ROC
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170525
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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Fotocópia
[PMID]:28492716
[Au] Autor:Ceron MI; Gubiani MB; Oliveira CR; Gubiani MB; Keske-Soares M
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade Federal de Santa Maria - UFSM - Santa Maria (RS), Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence of phonological disorders and phonological processes in typical and atypical phonological development.
[Ti] Título:Ocorrência do desvio fonológico e de processos fonológicos em aquisição fonológica típica e atípica..
[So] Source:Codas;29(3):e20150306, 2017 May 08.
[Is] ISSN:2317-1782
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:por; eng
[Ab] Resumo:Purpose: To determine the occurrence of phonological disorders by age, gender and school type, and analyze the phonological processes observed in typical and atypical phonological development across different age groups. Methods: The sample consisted of 866 children aged between 3:0 and 8:11 years, recruited from public and private schools in the city of Santa Maria/RS. A phonological evaluation was performed to analyze the operative phonological processes. Results: 15.26% (n = 132) of the sample presented atypical phonological acquisition (phonological disorders). Phonological impairments were more frequent in public school students across all age groups. Phonological alterations were most frequent between ages 4 -to 6, and more prevalent in males than females in all but the youngest age group. The most common phonological processes in typical phonological acquisition were: cluster reduction; nonlateral liquid deletion in coda; nonlateral liquid substitution in onset; semivocalization of lateral liquids in coda; and unstressed syllable deletion. In children with phonological disorders, the most common phonological processes were: lateral and nonlateral liquid substitution in onset position; nonlateral liquid deletion; fronting of fricatives in onset position; unstressed syllable deletion; semivocalization of nonlateral liquid in coda; and nonlateral liquid deletion in coda position. Conclusion: Phonological processes were highly prevalent in the present sample, and occurred more often in boys than in girls. Information regarding the type and frequency of phonological processes in both typical phonological acquisition and phonological disorders may contribute to early diagnosis and increase the efficiency of treatment planning.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento da Linguagem
Distúrbios da Fala/epidemiologia
Transtorno Fonológico/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Transtornos da Articulação
Brasil/epidemiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Prevalência
Setor Privado
Setor Público
Instituições Acadêmicas
Fatores Sexuais
Distúrbios da Fala/diagnóstico
Medida da Produção da Fala
Transtorno Fonológico/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28102620
[Au] Autor:Hayiou-Thomas ME; Carroll JM; Leavett R; Hulme C; Snowling MJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of York, York, UK.
[Ti] Título:When does speech sound disorder matter for literacy? The role of disordered speech errors, co-occurring language impairment and family risk of dyslexia.
[So] Source:J Child Psychol Psychiatry;58(2):197-205, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1469-7610
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: This study considers the role of early speech difficulties in literacy development, in the context of additional risk factors. METHOD: Children were identified with speech sound disorder (SSD) at the age of 3½ years, on the basis of performance on the Diagnostic Evaluation of Articulation and Phonology. Their literacy skills were assessed at the start of formal reading instruction (age 5½), using measures of phoneme awareness, word-level reading and spelling; and 3 years later (age 8), using measures of word-level reading, spelling and reading comprehension. RESULTS: The presence of early SSD conferred a small but significant risk of poor phonemic skills and spelling at the age of 5½ and of poor word reading at the age of 8. Furthermore, within the group with SSD, the persistence of speech difficulties to the point of school entry was associated with poorer emergent literacy skills, and children with 'disordered' speech errors had poorer word reading skills than children whose speech errors indicated 'delay'. In contrast, the initial severity of SSD was not a significant predictor of reading development. Beyond the domain of speech, the presence of a co-occurring language impairment was strongly predictive of literacy skills and having a family risk of dyslexia predicted additional variance in literacy at both time-points. CONCLUSIONS: Early SSD alone has only modest effects on literacy development but when additional risk factors are present, these can have serious negative consequences, consistent with the view that multiple risks accumulate to predict reading disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dislexia/epidemiologia
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento da Linguagem/epidemiologia
Alfabetização
Transtorno Fonológico/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Pré-Escolar
Comorbidade
Dislexia/genética
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jcpp.12648


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[PMID]:28024919
[Au] Autor:Sayyahi F; Soleymani Z; Akbari M; Bijankhan M; Dolatshahi B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Speech Therapy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Effect of gap detection threshold on consistency of speech in children with speech sound disorder.
[So] Source:Res Dev Disabil;61:151-157, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3379
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The present study examined the relationship between gap detection threshold and speech error consistency in children with speech sound disorder. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: The participants were children five to six years of age who were categorized into three groups of typical speech, consistent speech disorder (CSD) and inconsistent speech disorder (ISD).The phonetic gap detection threshold test was used for this study, which is a valid test comprised six syllables with inter-stimulus intervals between 20-300ms. The participants were asked to listen to the recorded stimuli three times and indicate whether they heard one or two sounds. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: There was no significant difference between the typical and CSD groups (p=0.55), but there were significant differences in performance between the ISD and CSD groups and the ISD and typical groups (p=0.00). The ISD group discriminated between speech sounds at a higher threshold. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Children with inconsistent speech errors could not distinguish speech sounds during time-limited phonetic discrimination. It is suggested that inconsistency in speech is a representation of inconsistency in auditory perception, which causes by high gap detection threshold.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Percepção da Fala/fisiologia
Transtorno Fonológico/fisiopatologia
Percepção do Tempo/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Percepção Auditiva/fisiologia
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fonética
Limiar Sensorial
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170718
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170718
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161228
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27491321
[Au] Autor:Wolf AE; Mourão L; França MC; Machado Júnior AJ; Crespo AN
[Ad] Endereço:School of Medicine Ribeirão Preto, USP Ribeirão Preto, Ribeirão Preto, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Phonoarticulation in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3.
[So] Source:Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol;274(2):1139-1145, 2017 02.
[Is] ISSN:1434-4726
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Phonoarticulation is characterized by changes in resonance, diadochokinesis, prosody, sound frequency, vocal quality, and intraoral pressure. The main aim of this study was to characterize the phonoarticulation in spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) and correlate it with clinical and genetic factors. Thirty-one patients with SCA3 who were subjected to spontaneous speech recordings and phonoarticulatory diadochokinesis (DDK) participated in the study. Speech analyses were performed starting after 10 s of spontaneous speech, by three experienced speech therapists, using a protocol for dysarthria adapted from the Mayo Clinic. The intra-evaluator reliability was analyzed. The lower the patient's age at disease onset was, the more frequent the occurrences of monofrequency and altered speech rhythm were. Articulation, DDK, resonance, and prosody showed a moderate correlation with the number of "CAG" triplet repeats. We conclude that the phonoarticulation of patients with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) is characterized by mixed dysarthrophonia with cerebellar and hypokinetic components, and that there is a tendency toward higher frequency of dysarthrophonia symptoms with lower age of disease onset, longer time since onset and higher number of "CAG" triplet repeats.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Disartria/etiologia
Doença de Machado-Joseph/complicações
Transtorno Fonológico/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idade de Início
Idoso
Disartria/diagnóstico
Disartria/genética
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Doença de Machado-Joseph/genética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Variações Dependentes do Observador
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Testes de Articulação da Fala
Transtorno Fonológico/diagnóstico
Transtorno Fonológico/genética
Repetições de Trinucleotídeos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160806
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00405-016-4240-x


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[PMID]:27712812
[Au] Autor:Kummer AW
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Speech-Language Pathology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, MLC 4011, Cincinnati, OH 45229-3039, USA. Electronic address: Ann.Kummer@cchmc.org.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of Speech and Resonance for Children with Craniofacial Anomalies.
[So] Source:Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am;24(4):445-451, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1558-1926
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Children with craniofacial anomalies often demonstrate disorders of speech and/or resonance. Anomalies that affect speech and resonance are most commonly caused by clefts of the primary palate and secondary palate. This article discusses how speech-language pathologists evaluate the effects of dental and occlusal anomalies on speech production and the effects of velopharyngeal insufficiency on speech sound production and resonance. How to estimate the size of a velopharyngeal opening based on speech characteristics is illustrated. Nasometry, nasopharyngoscopy, and low-tech tools are discussed as adjunct methods to aid in the evaluation, treatment planning, and measurement of outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anormalidades Craniofaciais/complicações
Distúrbios da Fala/diagnóstico
Medida da Produção da Fala
Transtorno Fonológico/diagnóstico
Insuficiência Velofaríngea/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fissura Palatina/complicações
Seres Humanos
Distúrbios da Fala/etiologia
Transtorno Fonológico/etiologia
Insuficiência Velofaríngea/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW; VIDEO-AUDIO MEDIA
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170508
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170508
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161008
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27160738
[Au] Autor:Skelton SL; Richard JT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Communicative Disorders and Deaf Studies, California State University, CA, USA sskelton@csufresno.edu.
[Ti] Título:Application of a Motor Learning Treatment for Speech Sound Disorders in Small Groups.
[So] Source:Percept Mot Skills;122(3):840-54, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1558-688X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Speech sound treatment in the public schools is often conducted in small groups, but there are minimal data on the efficacy of group treatment. This study evaluated the efficacy of a motor learning-based treatment (Concurrent Treatment) provided to elementary-school students in small groups. Concurrent Treatment incorporates the randomized sequencing of various practice tasks (e.g., words, sentences, or storytelling) and can result in rapid speech sound acquisition during individual treatment settings. Twenty-eight 6- to 9-year-old children participated in a randomized pretest-posttest control group design. The experimental group received Concurrent Treatment, while the control group received treatment (if needed) after the study. Participants in the experimental group acquired their target speech sounds within 40 30-minute sessions in groups of up to four participants (effect size, d = 1.31).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno Fonológico/terapia
Fonoterapia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160511
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0031512516647693


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:27097001
[Au] Autor:Peñaloza-López Y; Herrera-Rangel A; Pérez-Ruiz SJ; Poblano A
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Central Auditory Alterations Research, National Institute of Rehabilitation, Mexico City, México.
[Ti] Título:Phonological awareness and sinusoidal amplitude modulation in phonological dislexia.
[So] Source:Arq Neuropsiquiatr;74(4):293-8, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1678-4227
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Dyslexia is the difficulty of children in learning to read and write as results of neurological deficiencies. The objective was to test the Phonological awareness (PA) and Sinusoidal amplitude modulation (SAM) threshold in children with Phonological dyslexia (PD). METHODS: We performed a case-control, analytic, cross sectional study. We studied 14 children with PD and 14 control children from 7 to 11 years of age, by means of PA measurement and by SAM test. The mean age of dyslexic children was 8.39 years and in the control group was 8.15. RESULTS: Children with PD exhibited inadequate skills in PA, and SAM. We found significant correlations between PA and SAM at 4 Hertz frequency, and calculated regression equations that predicts between one-fourth and one-third of variance of measurements. CONCLUSION: Alterations in PA and SAM found can help to explain basis of deficient language processing exhibited by children with PD.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conscientização/fisiologia
Dislexia/fisiopatologia
Transtorno Fonológico/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Estimulação Acústica/métodos
Adolescente
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Testes de Linguagem
Masculino
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Fonética
Medida da Produção da Fala/métodos
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160421
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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