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[PMID]:29324826
[Au] Autor:Künecke J; Mokros A; Olderbak S; Wilhelm O
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Facial responsiveness of psychopaths to the emotional expressions of others.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190714, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Psychopathic individuals show selfish, manipulative, and antisocial behavior in addition to emotional detachment and reduced empathy. Their empathic deficits are thought to be associated with a reduced responsiveness to emotional stimuli. Immediate facial muscle responses to the emotional expressions of others reflect the expressive part of emotional responsiveness and are positively related to trait empathy. Empirical evidence for reduced facial muscle responses in adult psychopathic individuals to the emotional expressions of others is rare. In the present study, 261 male criminal offenders and non-offenders categorized dynamically presented facial emotion expressions (angry, happy, sad, and neutral) during facial electromyography recording of their corrugator muscle activity. We replicated a measurement model of facial muscle activity, which controls for general facial responsiveness to face stimuli, and modeled three correlated emotion-specific factors (i.e., anger, happiness, and sadness) representing emotion specific activity. In a multi-group confirmatory factor analysis, we compared the means of the anger, happiness, and sadness latent factors between three groups: 1) non-offenders, 2) low, and 3) high psychopathic offenders. There were no significant mean differences between groups. Our results challenge current theories that focus on deficits in emotional responsiveness as leading to the development of psychopathy and encourage further theoretical development on deviant emotional processes in psychopathic individuals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial
Emoções
Expressão Facial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Eletromiografia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190714


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[PMID]:28745673
[Au] Autor:Pyatnitskyi NY
[Ad] Endereço:Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[Doctrine of psychopathy typology: E. Kretschmer's concept of 'key experience' and inherited defect].
[Ti] Título:Uchenie o tipologii psikhopatii: kontseptsiia É. Krechmera 'kliuchevogo perezhivaniia' i vrozhdennogo defekta..
[So] Source:Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova;117(6):59-65, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1997-7298
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The author analyzes the first concept of E. Kretschmer which preceded his famous concept of cycloid and schizoid temperaments: specific 'root' or 'key' experience characteristic of the personality type. This concept was built on the clinical data of patients with delusions but E. Kretschmer assumed that the difference in the degree of disease was not essential ('neurosis of reference' and 'sensitive delusion of reference' were more close than 'sensitive delusion of reference' and 'expansive delusion'). For a sensitive psychopath, the key and specific experience is 'shameful defeat', for expansive psychopath - 'the violence over will by the common will'. Explanations of the phenomenon of psychopathic personalities made by E. Kraepelin and E. Kretschmer are compared as well as the relationship of psychopathic types determined by E. Kretschmer to 'the general psychopathic constitution'.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/classificação
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/diagnóstico
Delusões/diagnóstico
Delusões/história
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170727
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17116/jnevro20171176159-65


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[PMID]:28745665
[Au] Autor:Shaklein KN; Bardenshtein LM; Demcheva NK
[Ad] Endereço:Serbsky Federal Medical Reserch Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology, Моscow, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[A role of clinical, psychological and social factors in the formation of hetero - and self-aggressive behavior of women serving time in a correctional facility].
[Ti] Título:Rol' klinicheskikh, psikhologicheskikh i sotsial'nykh faktorov v formirovanii geteroagressivnogo i autoagressivnogo povedeniia zhenshchin, otbyvaiushchikh nakazanie v ispravitel'nom uchrezhdenii..
[So] Source:Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova;117(6):14-20, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1997-7298
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: To define a role of clinical, psychological and social factors in the development of aggressive behavior in women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1054 women serving their sentence in a penal colony were stratified into three groups: group 1 - 435 women with heteroaggressive behavior, group 2 - 298 women with self-aggressive behavior, group 3 (control group) - 321 woman without aggressive behavior. Clinical, psychological, sociological, and statistical methods were used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The groups differed by the presence, severity and form of mental disorder and by psychological and social characteristics. It has been concluded that clinical and psychopathological factors play the most important role in the formation of aggression in women. The importance of psychological factors is ambiguous. They often play a secondary role but may be on parity or priority. The impact of social factors is often mediated.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/etiologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Prisões
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Feminino
Seres Humanos
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170727
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17116/jnevro20171176114-20


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[PMID]:28987062
[Au] Autor:Banasik M; Gierowski K; Nowakowski K
[Ad] Endereço:Zaklad Psychologii, Instytut Nauk Spolecznych, Akademia Wychowania Fizycznego im. Bronislawa Czecha w Krakowie.
[Ti] Título:Aggressiveness and the intensity of psychopathic symptoms - gender differences.
[Ti] Título:Agresywnosc a nasilenie cech psychopatycznych z perspektywy róznic miedzyplciowych..
[So] Source:Psychiatr Pol;51(4):751-762, 2017 Aug 29.
[Is] ISSN:2391-5854
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng; pol
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The analysis of the recent international reports in the literature on psychopathy has proved irrefutablythat there is a necessity for the in-depth studies on psychopathy among the female sentenced offenders. Although there is no disagreement among the researchers on the 'male' form of this disorder, there are still very few gender comparative studies. The aim of this project was to investigate the relationship between the intensity of particular psychopathic features and aggressive tendencies in a group of female and male inmates. METHODS: 100 incarcerated adult males and 100 incarcerated adult females were studied. To assess the intensity of the psychopathic features the Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R; Hare, 2003) was used. Aggressive tendencies were measured using the self-reported Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (AQ; Buss and Perry, 1992). RESULTS: The analysis of variance showed that 12 out of the 20 PCL-R items differentiate indicators of aggressiveness at statistically significant level in the group of male and female prisoners. CONCLUSIONS: The obtained data suggest that there are gender differencesin the manifestation of psychopathy-characteristic features. In both gender groups psychopathic deficiencies can be linked with aggressive behaviors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/diagnóstico
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Prisioneiros/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Determinação da Personalidade
Distribuição por Sexo
Temperamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171008
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 8035 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28813114
[Au] Autor:Wendt GW; Bartoli AJ; Arteche A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Goldsmiths, University of London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Dimensions of youth psychopathy differentially predict concurrent pro- and antisocial behavior.
[So] Source:Rev Bras Psiquiatr;39(3):267-270, 2017 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1809-452X
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Objective:: To investigate the unique contribution of narcissism and impulsivity, in addition to callous-unemotional (CU) traits, in explaining concurrent prosocial and antisocial behavior. Method:: Two hundred and forty-nine schoolchildren (53% female; age 9-12 years) completed the self-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Two statistical models were tested, predicting conduct problems (CP) and prosocial behavior (PB). In the first one, CU traits and gender were entered into the equation. The second model added narcissism and impulsivity. Results:: Gender, narcissism and impulsivity, but not CU, were statistically significant predictors of CP in the second model (F3,226 = 45.07, p < 0.001, R2 = 43.7%; betas: gender = -0.20, narcissism = 0.29, impulsivity = 0.36, CU = 0.06). PB was significantly predicted by all domains except gender (F3,226 = 42.57, p < 0.001, R2 = 42.4%; betas: gender = 0.08, narcissism = -0.16, impulsivity = -0.23, CU = -0.41). Conclusion:: Our results confirmed that CU traits refer to a distinct manifestation of psychopathy in youth, but we also found that narcissism and impulsivity are equally important when predicting CP. Previous reports of sex differences on APSD and SDQ domains were also corroborated.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia
Transtorno da Conduta/psicologia
Inquéritos Epidemiológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/epidemiologia
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Comportamento Impulsivo
Londres/epidemiologia
Masculino
Narcisismo
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170817
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28683266
[Au] Autor:Hosking JG; Kastman EK; Dorfman HM; Samanez-Larkin GR; Baskin-Sommers A; Kiehl KA; Newman JP; Buckholtz JW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Harvard University, 52 Oxford St., Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. Electronic address: jhosking@fas.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:Disrupted Prefrontal Regulation of Striatal Subjective Value Signals in Psychopathy.
[So] Source:Neuron;95(1):221-231.e4, 2017 Jul 05.
[Is] ISSN:1097-4199
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Psychopathy is a personality disorder with strong links to criminal behavior. While research on psychopathy has focused largely on socio-affective dysfunction, recent data suggest that aberrant decision making may also play an important role. Yet, the circuit-level mechanisms underlying maladaptive decision making in psychopathy remain unclear. Here, we used a multi-modality functional imaging approach to identify these mechanisms in a population of adult male incarcerated offenders. Psychopathy was associated with stronger subjective value-related activity within the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) during inter-temporal choice and with weaker intrinsic functional connectivity between NAcc and ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC). NAcc-vmPFC connectivity strength was negatively correlated with NAcc subjective value-related activity; however, this putative regulatory pattern was abolished as psychopathy severity increased. Finally, weaker cortico-striatal regulation predicted more frequent criminal convictions. These data suggest that cortico-striatal circuit dysregulation drives maladaptive decision making in psychopathy, supporting the notion that reward system dysfunction comprises an important neurobiological risk factor.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/fisiopatologia
Criminosos
Núcleo Accumbens/fisiopatologia
Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiopatologia
Prisioneiros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Tomada de Decisões
Neuroimagem Funcional
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Vias Neurais/diagnóstico por imagem
Vias Neurais/fisiopatologia
Núcleo Accumbens/diagnóstico por imagem
Córtex Pré-Frontal/diagnóstico por imagem
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Estriado Ventral/diagnóstico por imagem
Estriado Ventral/fisiopatologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170707
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28505162
[Au] Autor:Li P; Becker JB; Heitzeg MM; McClellan ML; Reed BG; Zucker RA
[Ad] Endereço:School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Gender differences in the transmission of risk for antisocial behavior problems across generations.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177288, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous studies have shown that children of alcohol use disorder (AUD) parents are more likely to develop alcohol problems as well as antisocial and other behavior problems. The purpose of this study was to examine gender discordance in the effect of early maternal and paternal influences on antisocial behaviors of boys and girls, as well as the environmental factors that moderate the parental effects. Specifically, we examined the effects of childhood and adulthood antisocial behavior of the parents on offspring antisocial behavior as young adults. We also examined whether mothers' and fathers' drinking problems when offspring were young children (6-8 years) affected offspring antisocial behavior as young adults (18-21 years). We evaluated 655 children from 339 families in the Michigan Longitudinal Study (MLS), a prospective study of AUD and non-AUD families. Path models were constructed in order to test for the parental contributions to offspring outcomes. We found that both mothers' and fathers' antisocial behavior contributed to the children's young adult antisocial behavior. Only mothers' drinking problems while their children were little had a significant effect on their sons' later drinking, but not on their daughters'. These different parental effects suggest that maternal and paternal influences may be mediated by different mechanisms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/epidemiologia
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/etiologia
Comportamento Materno
Comportamento Paterno
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool/epidemiologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool/etiologia
Criança
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia
Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/etiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Modelos Teóricos
Fatores de Risco
Apoio Social
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170920
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170920
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170516
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177288


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[PMID]:28399103
[Au] Autor:Pyatnitskiy NY
[Ad] Endereço:Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia.
[Ti] Título:[K. Birnbaum's concept of psychopathic personalities].
[Ti] Título:Psikhopaticheskie lichnosti v kontseptsii K. Birnbauma..
[So] Source:Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova;117(3):89-95, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1997-7298
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:K. Birnbaum's concept of psychopathic personalities is analyzed. K. Birnbaum was one of the first psychiatrists who had suggested the differentiation of psychopathic personalities according to the degree of social damage they caused. As personality abnormality classification according to one prominent trait that led to hiding signs of the general psychopathic constitution in clinical description, as the reliance on erroneous genetic theories with idealization of social behavior norms led to the antihuman medical recommendations. The analysis of K. Birnbaum's psychopathological concept confirms the widespread prevalence of 'the degeneration theory' in the views of many German psychiatrists before and after the Nazi ascension to power.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/história
Psicopatologia/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170814
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170814
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17116/jnevro20171173189-95


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[PMID]:28346115
[Au] Autor:Muris P; Merckelbach H; Otgaar H; Meijer E
[Ad] Endereço:Maastricht University, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:The Malevolent Side of Human Nature.
[So] Source:Perspect Psychol Sci;12(2):183-204, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1745-6924
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The term dark triad refers to the constellation of narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy. Over the past few years, the concept has gained momentum, with many researchers assuming that the dark triad is a prominent antecedent of transgressive and norm-violating behavior. Our purpose in this meta-analytic review was to evaluate (a) interrelations among narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy; (b) gender differences in these traits; (c) how these traits are linked to normal personality factors; and (d) the psychosocial correlates of the dark triad. Our findings show that dark triad traits are substantially intercorrelated, somewhat more prevalent among men than women, predominantly related to the Big Five personality factor of agreeableness and the HEXACO factor of honesty-humility, and generally associated with various types of negative psychosocial outcomes. We question whether dark triad traits are sufficiently distinct and argue that the way they are currently measured is too simple to capture the malevolent sides of personality. Because most research in this domain is cross-sectional and based on self-reports, we recommend using a cross-informant approach and prospective, longitudinal research designs for studying the predictive value of dark triad features.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia
Maquiavelismo
Narcisismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170328
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/1745691616666070


  10 / 8035 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28333534
[Au] Autor:Johnides BD; Borduin CM; Wagner DV; Dopp AR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychological Sciences, University of Missouri.
[Ti] Título:Effects of multisystemic therapy on caregivers of serious juvenile offenders: A 20-year follow-up to a randomized clinical trial.
[So] Source:J Consult Clin Psychol;85(4):323-334, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1939-2117
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Caregivers of serious juvenile offenders often hold favorable attitudes about criminality and frequently have histories of involvement in antisocial behaviors themselves. In the present study, the authors examined the long-term criminal and noncriminal outcomes for caregivers of serious juvenile offenders who had participated two decades earlier in a randomized clinical trial of multisystemic therapy (MST; Borduin et al., 1995). METHOD: Participants were 276 caregivers of serious juvenile offenders who were originally randomized to MST or individual therapy (IT). Criminal and civil suit data for caregivers were obtained during a 20.7-year follow-up when caregivers were on average 61.5 years old. RESULTS: Caregivers in the MST condition had 94% fewer felonies and 70% fewer misdemeanors than did caregivers in the IT condition. In addition, caregivers in the IT condition were sentenced to 92% more days of incarceration and had 50% more family-related civil suits. Moreover, the favorable long-term effects of MST on caregiver criminality and civil suits were mediated by improved family relations during treatment. CONCLUSION: The present study represents the only follow-up to date of caregivers in an MST clinical trial and demonstrates the broader clinical benefits of a family-based treatment for serious juvenile offenders. Implications of the findings for policymakers and researchers are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cuidadores/psicologia
Criminosos/psicologia
Delinquência Juvenil/psicologia
Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde)
Psicoterapia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/ccp0000199



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