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[PMID]:28463345
[Au] Autor:Upadhyaya MA; Nasrallah HA
[Ad] Endereço:The Everest Foundation, Los Angeles, CA USA E-mail: mupadhya@bronxleb.org
[Ti] Título:The intense desire for healthy limb amputation: A dis-proprioceptive neuropsychiatric disorder.
[So] Source:Ann Clin Psychiatry;29(2):125-132, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1547-3325
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The first mention of a condition in which apparently nonpsychotic individuals have a strong, unrelenting desire to amputate ≥1 of their healthy limbs was published nearly 4 decades ago. Once dismissed as a paraphilia, the condition in recent years has been re-investigated with neurologic testing and imaging, yielding evidence suggesting it may be attributable to a neuroanatomical anomaly. METHODS: A literature review of data was conducted of recently published studies with pinprick testing, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/functional MRI imaging, magnetoencephalography, and interviews of individuals with a desire for limb amputation. RESULTS: Published literature on this condition features studies with a limited number of participants. However, the results indicate that affected individuals predominantly desire amputation of the left lower limb, and correspondingly, usually have changes in cortical thickness in the right parietal lobe. CONCLUSIONS: Further investigation of this condition is warranted, particularly, more research into the precise nature of the anomalous neuroanatomy, biopsychosocial background of those with the condition, and longitudinal perspective of the childhood onset and evolution of symptoms. Large sample studies involving a collaborative effort across multiple sites are required.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amputação/psicologia
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais
Técnicas de Rastreamento Neuroanatômico/métodos
Distúrbios Somatossensoriais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/patologia
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Lateralidade Funcional
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Distúrbios Somatossensoriais/patologia
Distúrbios Somatossensoriais/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28470486
[Au] Autor:Lavender JM; Brown TA; Murray SB
[Ad] Endereço:Eating Disorders Center for Treatment & Research, Department of Psychiatry, University of California, San Diego, 4510 Executive Drive, Suite 315, San Diego, CA, 92121, USA. jlavender@ucsd.edu.
[Ti] Título:Men, Muscles, and Eating Disorders: an Overview of Traditional and Muscularity-Oriented Disordered Eating.
[So] Source:Curr Psychiatry Rep;19(6):32, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1535-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is growing recognition that eating disorder (ED) symptoms, particularly those of a muscularity-oriented nature, are more common in men than previously understood. The purpose of the current review is to describe contemporary directions and implications of research on traditional and muscularity-oriented ED symptoms among males. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence indicates that ED symptoms occur in a substantial minority of men. Importantly, recent research has focused on muscularity-oriented body image and disordered eating in males, demonstrating the prevalence, correlates, and consequences of maladaptive muscularity-oriented attitudes and behaviors. A growing number of assessments are available to measure these constructs in males, and preliminary treatment considerations have begun to be addressed in the literature. Research on male EDs and body image is increasingly focusing on muscularity-oriented manifestations. Continued empirical work will be critical to improve our understanding of the onset, maintenance, and treatment of muscularity-oriented disordered eating in males.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude Frente à Saúde
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/diagnóstico
Gerenciamento Clínico
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/terapia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Músculo Esquelético
Técnicas Psicológicas
Fatores Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11920-017-0787-5


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[PMID]:28727888
[Au] Autor:Strazdins E; Nie YF; Ramli R; Palesy T; Christensen JM; Marcells GN; Harvey RJ
[Ad] Endereço:St Vincent's Centre for Applied Medical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Association of Mental Health Status With Perception of Nasal Function.
[So] Source:JAMA Facial Plast Surg;19(5):369-377, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:2168-6092
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Importance: Mental health issues are thought to be overrepresented among patients undergoing rhinoplasty and may be associated with patient presentation prior to surgery. Objective: To assess the association of poor mental health with perception of nasal function. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study of patients presenting for airway assessment was performed from December 1, 2011, to October 31, 2015, at 2 tertiary rhinoplasty centers in Sydney, Australia. Mental health was independently defined preoperatively by the Mental Component Summary of the 36-item Short Form Health Survey version 2 (a score of <40 indicated poor mental well-being), the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (a score of <15 indicated low self-esteem), and the Dysmorphic Concerns Questionnaire (a score of >11 indicated above-average dysmorphic concerns). Main Outcomes and Measures: Nasal function was assessed with patient-reported outcome measures, including the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation Scale, the 22-item Sinonasal Outcome Test, a visual analog scale to rate ease of breathing on the left and right sides, and Likert scales to assess overall function and nasal obstruction. Nasal airflow was assessed by nasal peak inspiratory flow, nasal airway resistance, and minimum cross-sectional area. Results: Among 495 patients in the study (302 women and 193 men; mean [SD] age, 36.5 [13.6] years), compared with patients with good mental health, those with poor mental health had poorer scores in all patient-reported outcome measures, including the visual analog scale for the left side (mean [SD], 51 [25] vs 42 [25]; P = .001), visual analog scale for the right side (mean [SD], 54 [24] vs 45 [26]; P < .001), Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation Scale (mean [SD], 2.64 [0.95] vs 1.96 [1.04]; P < .001), 22-item Sinonasal Outcome Test (mean [SD], 2.14 [0.84] vs 1.33 [0.83]; P < .001), nasal obstruction (58 of 145 [40.2%] vs 83 of 350 [23.7%] with severe or worse obstruction; P < .001), and nasal function (72 of 145 [49.7%] vs 111 of 350 [31.8%] with poor or worse function; P < .001). Subclinical differences in nasal peak inspiratory flow could be demonstrated, but all other nasal airflow measures were similar. Low self-esteem produced a similar pattern, but dysmorphia did not. Conclusions and Relevance: Poor mental health status is associated with a poorer self-perception of nasal function compared with those who are mentally healthy with clinically similar nasal airflow. Clinicians should be aware that patients with poor mental health reporting obstructed airflow may in part be representing an extension of their negative emotions rather than true obstruction and may require further assessment prior to surgery. Level of Evidence: NA.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nível de Saúde
Saúde Mental
Obstrução Nasal/psicologia
Percepção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/complicações
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/diagnóstico
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Obstrução Nasal/cirurgia
Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente
Testes Psicológicos
Rinoplastia
Autoimagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jamafacial.2017.0459


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[PMID]:28421901
[Au] Autor:Mento C; Le Donne M; Crisafulli S; Rizzo A; Settineri S
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Neurosciences , University of Messina , Italy.
[Ti] Título:BMI at early puerperium: Body image, eating attitudes and mood states.
[So] Source:J Obstet Gynaecol;37(4):428-434, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1364-6893
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study was aimed to verify if body weight could influence self-perception, in terms of body image, mood states, dissatisfaction with physical appearance and risk of eating disorders. In particular, we evaluated the differences between women of normal weight vs. overweight and obese during the delicate phase of puerperium to verify if there were different emotional structures, linked to BMI. Thirty-two women, 16 normal-weight and 16 overweight or obese, belonging to the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the University Hospital, were individually interviewed. The Body Uneasiness Test (BUT), the Eating Disorder Inventory (EDI) and the Profile of Mood States (POMS) were used for the evaluation. Findings showed that the BMI in puerperium is significantly correlated to mood states and body perception. Furthermore, significant differences emerged in eating attitudes and behaviours, in specific aspects related to the weight gain phobia and the body shape perception, symptoms classically associated with the risk of developing an eating disorder.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Imagem Corporal/psicologia
Índice de Massa Corporal
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Obesidade/psicologia
Período Pós-Parto/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Atitude
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Gravidez
Fatores de Risco
Autoimagem
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/01443615.2016.1250727


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[PMID]:28411771
[Au] Autor:Kuhn H; Mennella C; Magid M; Stamu-O'Brien C; Kroumpouzos G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island.
[Ti] Título:Psychocutaneous disease: Clinical perspectives.
[So] Source:J Am Acad Dermatol;76(5):779-791, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1097-6787
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Psychocutaneous disease, defined in this review as primary psychiatric disease with skin manifestations, is commonly encountered in dermatology. Dermatologists can play an important role in the management of psychocutaneous disease because patients visit dermatology for treatment of their skin problems but often refuse psychiatric intervention. This review describes common psychocutaneous syndromes, including delusional, factitious, obsessive-compulsive and related, and eating disorders, as well as psychogenic pruritus, cutaneous sensory (pain) syndromes, posttraumatic stress disorder, and sleep-wake disorders. The updated classification of these disorders in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition is included. Strategies for management are reviewed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Dermatopatias/etiologia
Dermatopatias/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/diagnóstico
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/epidemiologia
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/terapia
Delírio de Parasitose/diagnóstico
Delírio de Parasitose/tratamento farmacológico
Delírio de Parasitose/epidemiologia
Transtornos Autoinduzidos/diagnóstico
Transtornos Autoinduzidos/epidemiologia
Transtornos Autoinduzidos/psicologia
Transtornos Autoinduzidos/terapia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/epidemiologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/terapia
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
Transtornos Mentais/terapia
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/diagnóstico
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/epidemiologia
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/psicologia
Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/terapia
Dermatopatias/psicologia
Tricotilomania/diagnóstico
Tricotilomania/epidemiologia
Tricotilomania/psicologia
Tricotilomania/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antipsychotic Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171103
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171103
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170417
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28322616
[Au] Autor:Toh WL; Castle DJ; Rossell SL
[Ad] Endereço:a Departments of Psychological Sciences and Psychiatry , University of Melbourne , Parkville , Australia.
[Ti] Título:How individuals with body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) process their own face: a quantitative and qualitative investigation based on an eye-tracking paradigm.
[So] Source:Cogn Neuropsychiatry;22(3):213-232, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1464-0619
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is characterised by repetitive behaviours and/or mental acts occurring in response to preoccupations with perceived flaws in physical appearance. Based on an eye-tracking paradigm, this study aimed to examine how individuals with BDD processed their own face. METHODS: Participants were 21 BDD patients, 19 obsessive-compulsive disorder patients and 21 healthy controls (HC), who were age-, sex-, and IQ-matched. Stimuli were photographs of participants' own faces as well as those from the Pictures of Facial Affect battery. Outcome measures were affect recognition accuracy as well as spatial and temporal scanpath parameters. RESULTS: The BDD group exhibited significantly decreased recognition accuracy for their own face relative to the HC group, and this was most pronounced for those who had a key concern centred on their face. Individual qualitative scanpath analysis revealed restricted and extensive scanning behaviours in BDD participants with a facial preoccupation. Persons with severe BDD also exhibited more marked scanpath deficits. CONCLUSIONS: Future research should be directed at extending the current work by incorporating neuroimaging techniques, and investigations of eye-tracking focused on affected body parts in BDD. These could yield fruitful therapeutic applications via incorporation with existing treatment approaches.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/fisiopatologia
Movimentos Oculares
Reconhecimento Facial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170322
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13546805.2017.1300090


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[PMID]:28293484
[Au] Autor:Hänggi J; Vitacco DA; Hilti LM; Luechinger R; Kraemer B; Brugger P
[Ad] Endereço:Division Neuropsychology Department of Psychology University of Zurich Zurich Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Structural and functional hyperconnectivity within the sensorimotor system in xenomelia.
[So] Source:Brain Behav;7(3):e00657, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2162-3279
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Xenomelia is a rare condition characterized by the persistent and compulsive desire for the amputation of one or more physically healthy limbs. We highlight the neurological underpinnings of xenomelia by assessing structural and functional connectivity by means of whole-brain connectome and network analyses of regions previously implicated in empirical research in this condition. METHODS: We compared structural and functional connectivity between 13 xenomelic men with matched controls using diffusion tensor imaging combined with fiber tractography and resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Altered connectivity in xenomelia within the sensorimotor system has been predicted. RESULTS: We found subnetworks showing structural and functional hyperconnectivity in xenomelia compared with controls. These subnetworks were lateralized to the right hemisphere and mainly comprised by nodes belonging to the sensorimotor system. In the connectome analyses, the paracentral lobule, supplementary motor area, postcentral gyrus, basal ganglia, and the cerebellum were hyperconnected to each other, whereas in the xenomelia-specific network analyses, hyperconnected nodes have been found in the superior parietal lobule, primary and secondary somatosensory cortex, premotor cortex, basal ganglia, thalamus, and insula. CONCLUSIONS: Our study provides empirical evidence of structural and functional hyperconnectivity within the sensorimotor system including those regions that are core for the reconstruction of a coherent body image. Aberrant connectivity is a common response to focal neurological damage. As exemplified here, it may affect different brain regions differentially. Due to the small sample size, our findings must be interpreted cautiously and future studies are needed to elucidate potential associations between hyperconnectivity and limb disownership reported in xenomelia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gânglios da Base/fisiopatologia
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/fisiopatologia
Córtex Cerebral/fisiopatologia
Conectoma/métodos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
Rede Nervosa/fisiopatologia
Tálamo/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Amputação
Gânglios da Base/diagnóstico por imagem
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/diagnóstico por imagem
Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem
Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos
Extremidades
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Rede Nervosa/diagnóstico por imagem
Córtex Somatossensorial/diagnóstico por imagem
Córtex Somatossensorial/fisiopatologia
Tálamo/diagnóstico por imagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170316
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/brb3.657


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[PMID]:28288499
[Au] Autor:Claire Mölbert S; Hautzinger M; Karnath HO; Zipfel S; Giel K
[Ad] Endereço:Abt. für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Medizinische Universitätsklinik Tübingen.
[Ti] Título:[Validation of the Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS) in a German Sample: Psychometric Properties and Association with Eating Behavior, Body Image and Self-Esteem].
[Ti] Título:Validierung der deutschsprachigen Version der Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS): Psychometrische Eigenschaften und Zusammenhang mit Essverhalten, Körperbild und Selbstwert..
[So] Source:Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol;67(2):91-97, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1439-1058
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The Physical Appearance Comparison Scale (PACS [14]) is the most commonly used validated measure of body-related social comparison habits. Here we investigate reliability and construct validity of the PACS in a German sample. Participants (n=75 men, n=75 women and n=25 women with a confirmed diagnosis of anorexia nervosa) completed the PACS along with measures of eating disorder pathology, body image and self-esteem. Results show an adequate internal consistency of the PACS for the female subgroups and medium to high correlations with eating disorder pathology, body image and self-esteem. PACS total score differed significantly between groups, with men scoring lowest and women with anorexia nervosa scoring highest. We conclude that the PACS is a sufficiently reliable and valid measure of body-related social comparison habits in women. In men, it should only be used with special care. The PACS is generally suitable to promote patient studies testing the role of social comparisons for the patho-mechanisms of eating disorders.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anorexia Nervosa/psicologia
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Comparação Transcultural
Comportamento Alimentar
Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Autoimagem
Normas Sociais
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Fatores Sexuais
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170314
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0042-123842


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[PMID]:28221088
[Au] Autor:Kiesner J
[Ad] Endereço:Universita Degli Studi di Padova.
[Ti] Título:The Menstrual Cycle-Response and Developmental Affective-Risk Model: A multilevel and integrative model of influence.
[So] Source:Psychol Rev;124(2):215-244, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1939-1471
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An integrative developmental model is presented in which menstrual cycle-related symptoms are hypothesized to result in a cascade of developmental challenges that contribute to increased affective symptoms among adolescent girls, and to long-term developmental sequelae. To provide the basis for this model a broad foundation is developed considering (a) psychological symptoms and disorders associated with reproductive events across the life span, and (b) the many and complicated effects that female reproductive steroids (estrogen & progesterone) have which trigger a variety of physical and psychological changes that are commonly associated with the menstrual cycle. The Menstrual Cycle-Response and Developmental Affective-Risk Model is driven by 3 central concepts: (a) individual differences in response to steroids are very large and thus require analysis of individual response, rather than group-level tendencies; (b) the menstrual cycle itself represents an important and complex set of biological, physical, psychological, behavioral, and social changes, and should not be studied exclusively as changing steroid levels; and (c) the effects of the menstrual cycle during adolescence and early adulthood may have long-term developmental consequences. This model integrates specific effects of the menstrual cycle with contextual and social developmental variables, and with past theoretical models. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Desenvolvimento do Adolescente
Afeto
Depressão/psicologia
Exercício/psicologia
Ciclo Menstrual/psicologia
Participação Social/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Depressão Pós-Parto/psicologia
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Menarca/psicologia
Menopausa/psicologia
Ciclo Menstrual/fisiologia
Modelos Psicológicos
Análise Multinível
Período Pós-Parto/psicologia
Transtorno Disfórico Pré-Menstrual/psicologia
Síndrome Pré-Menstrual/psicologia
Instituições Acadêmicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170718
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170718
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/rev0000058


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[PMID]:28220456
[Au] Autor:Hill AJ
[Ad] Endereço:Academic Unit of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences Institute of Health Sciences, University of Leeds School of Medicine, Level 10, Worsley Building, Clarendon Way, Leeds, LS2 9NL, UK. a.j.hill@leeds.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Obesity in Children and the 'Myth of Psychological Maladjustment': Self-Esteem in the Spotlight.
[So] Source:Curr Obes Rep;6(1):63-70, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2162-4968
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There are contrasting views regarding the psychological well-being of children with obesity. Responding to limitations of existing evidence, Jane Wardle in 2005 argued for a 'myth of psychological maladjustment'. This review looks again at self-esteem. RECENT FINDINGS: The different characterisations of self-esteem each offer value. Global self-esteem is reduced in nearly all studies of youth with obesity. Dimensional self-esteem reveals physical appearance, athletic and social competence as the most affected areas, confirmed by research that has operationalised low self-competence. Children with obesity are also more likely to be victimised by their peers, generally and for their fatness. Victims who bully others appear to preserve some aspects of self-esteem. A relatively small proportion of youth with obesity has low self-esteem, but those with severe and persistent obesity are especially compromised. Weight loss is only weakly associated with improved self-competence suggesting the value of resilience and asset approaches to improving well-being.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Obesidade Pediátrica/psicologia
Autoimagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/psicologia
Peso Corporal
Bullying
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Relações Interpessoais
Masculino
Grupo Associado
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s13679-017-0246-y



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