Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : F04.096 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28747354
[Au] Autor:Lewis V; Martina CA; McDermott MP; Chaudron L; Trief PM; LaGuardia JG; Sharp D; Goodman SR; Morse GD; Ryan RM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, NY 14642 vivian.lewis@rochester.edu.
[Ti] Título:Mentoring Interventions for Underrepresented Scholars in Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences: Effects on Quality of Mentoring Interactions and Discussions.
[So] Source:CBE Life Sci Educ;16(3), 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1931-7913
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Mentors rarely receive education about the unique needs of underrepresented scholars in the biomedical and behavioral sciences. We hypothesized that mentor-training and peer-mentoring interventions for these scholars would enrich the perceived quality and breadth of discussions between mentor-protégé dyads (i.e., mentor-protégé pairs). Our multicenter, randomized study of 150 underrepresented scholar-mentor dyads compared: 1) mentor training, 2) protégé peer mentoring, 3) combined mentor training and peer mentoring, and 4) a control condition (i.e., usual practice of mentoring). In this secondary analysis, the outcome variables were quality of dyad time and breadth of their discussions. Protégé participants were graduate students, fellows, and junior faculty in behavioral and biomedical research and healthcare. Dyads with mentor training were more likely than those without mentor training to have discussed teaching and work-life balance. Dyads with peer mentoring were more likely than those without peer mentoring to have discussed clinical care and career plans. The combined intervention dyads were more likely than controls to perceive that the quality of their time together was good/excellent. Our study supports the value of these mentoring interventions to enhance the breadth of dyad discussions and quality of time together, both important components of a good mentoring relationship.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências do Comportamento
Pesquisa Biomédica
Tutoria/métodos
Tutoria/normas
Mentores
Grupo Associado
Estudantes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Grupos Minoritários
Satisfação Pessoal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28765457
[Au] Autor:Centore L
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. Centore is Health Sciences Clinical Professor and Chair, Division of Behavioral Sciences and Community Dental Education, University of California, San Francisco School of Dentistry. Linda.Centore@ucsf.edu.
[Ti] Título:Trends in Behavioral Sciences Education in Dental Schools, 1926 to 2016.
[So] Source:J Dent Educ;81(8):eS66-eS73, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1930-7837
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article outlines the journey of behavioral sciences education from a multidisciplinary array of topics to a discipline with a name, core identity, and mission in dental schools' curricula. While not exhaustive, it covers pivotal events from the time of the Gies report in 1926 to the present. Strengths and weaknesses of current behavioral sciences instruction in dental schools are discussed, along with identification of future opportunities and potential threats. Suggestions for future directions for behavioral sciences and new roles for behavioral sciences faculty in dental schools are proposed. This article was written as part of the project "Advancing Dental Education in the 21 Century."
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências do Comportamento
Educação em Odontologia/tendências
Faculdades de Odontologia/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comunicação
Currículo/tendências
Relações Dentista-Paciente
Educação em Odontologia/história
Docentes de Odontologia/tendências
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Relações Interprofissionais
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:D; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170803
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21815/JDE.017.009


  3 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28079087
[Ti] Título:Announcement: Nature launches five new journals for 2017.
[So] Source:Nature;541(7636):134, 2017 01 11.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internet
Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Astronomia
Ciências do Comportamento
Biodiversidade
Evolução Biológica
Engenharia Biomédica
Química
Ecologia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170413
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170413
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/541134a


  4 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27349375
[Au] Autor:Örmon K; Hörberg U
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Care Science, Faculty of Health and Society, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Abused women's vulnerability in daily life and in contact with psychiatric care: In the light of a caring science perspective.
[So] Source:J Clin Nurs;26(15-16):2384-2391, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2702
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to deepen the understanding of abused women's vulnerability in relation to how the abuse and encounters with health care professionals affect life. A further aim is to highlight abused women's vulnerability with a caring science perspective. BACKGROUND: Experience of abuse has consequences for the mental health of women and girls. Abused women may experience health care as unsupportive, and as a result, often chose not to disclose their experiences of abuse. DESIGN AND METHODS: The results of two qualitative empirical studies were analysed along with a phenomenological meaning analysis in accordance with the methodological principles of Reflective Lifeworld Research. FINDINGS: Living one's life with experiences of abuse implies vulnerability, which can prevent abused women from achieving good health. This vulnerability results from insecurity regarding identity, along with the sense that one could have been a different individual if it were not for the abuse and thereby have a more fair chance in life. Being cared for within general psychiatric care could further increase this vulnerability. The healthcare professional's ability to care for the women who have experienced abuse leads to either an encounter of trust or else further suffering for the women. CONCLUSION: A lifeworld-oriented caring science perspective as a foundation for care can contribute to care for abused women which reaches the existential dimensions of their vulnerability and vulnerable life situation. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: It is evident that healthcare professionals should deepen their understanding of how abused women live, within a general psychiatric context. This study enables a deeper understanding of abused women's vulnerability in relation to how the abuse and encounters with healthcare professionals affect life.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adultos Sobreviventes de Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia
Mulheres Agredidas/psicologia
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde
Populações Vulneráveis/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ciências do Comportamento
Estudos Clínicos como Assunto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Transtornos Mentais/enfermagem
Suécia
Saúde da Mulher
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160629
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jocn.13306


  5 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26728171
[Au] Autor:McCall C
[Ad] Endereço:Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Stephanstraße 1A, 04103, Leipzig, Germany. mccall.cade@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Mapping Social Interactions: The Science of Proxemics.
[So] Source:Curr Top Behav Neurosci;30:295-308, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1866-3370
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Interpersonal distance and gaze provide a wealth of information during face-to-face social interactions. These "proxemic" behaviors offer a window into everyday social cognition by revealing interactants' affective states (e.g., interpersonal attitudes) and cognitive responses (e.g., social attention). Here we provide a brief overview of the social psychological literature in this domain. We focus on new techniques for experimentally manipulating and measuring proxemics, including the use of immersive virtual environments and digital motion capture. We also discuss ways in which these approaches can be integrated with psychophysiological and neuroimaging techniques. Throughout, we argue that contemporary proxemics research provides psychology and neuroscience with a means to study social cognition and behavior as they naturally emerge and unfold in vivo.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências do Comportamento/métodos
Encéfalo/fisiologia
Relações Interpessoais
Comportamento Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ciências do Comportamento/tendências
Seres Humanos
Neuroimagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170622
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170622
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/7854_2015_431


  6 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28378962
[Au] Autor:Geisinger AC; Stein MA
[Ad] Endereço:Thomas R. Kline School of Law, Drexel University.
[Ti] Título:Expressive Law and the Americans with Disabilities Act.
[So] Source:Mich Law Rev;114(6):1061-79, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0026-2234
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento
Pessoas com Deficiência/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ciências do Comportamento/legislação & jurisprudência
Emprego/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Jurisprudência
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170419
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170419
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:T
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170406
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27842625
[Au] Autor:Ganz G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities, University of Cape Town, South Africa. garyganz@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Addressing tobacco smoking in South Africa: Insights from behavioural science.
[So] Source:S Afr Med J;106(11):1082-1083, 2016 Nov 02.
[Is] ISSN:0256-9574
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Behavioural risk factors such as tobacco smoking contribute significantly to the global and local disease burden. This article surveys three behavioural science interventions that could reduce rates of tobacco smoking in South Africa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento de Escolha
Embalagem de Produtos
Abandono do Hábito de Fumar
Fumar
Normas Sociais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Terapia Comportamental
Ciências do Comportamento
Seres Humanos
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170601
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170601
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161116
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.7196/SAMJ.2016.v106i11.12003


  8 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27678481
[Au] Autor:Sander TH; Zhou B
[Ad] Endereço:Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Berlin, Germany. tilmann.sander-thoemmes@ptb.de.
[Ti] Título:Linking neuroimaging signals to behavioral responses in single cases: Challenges and opportunities.
[So] Source:Psych J;5(3):161-9, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:2046-0260
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Despite rapid progress both in psychology and neuroimaging, there is still a convergence gap between the results of these two scientific disciplines. This is particularly unsatisfactory, as the variability between single subjects needs to be understood both for basic science and for patient diagnostics in, for example, the field of age-related cognitive changes. Active and passive behaviors are the observables in psychology and can be studied alone or in combination with the neuroimaging approach. Various physical signatures of brain activity are the observables in neuroimaging and can be measured concurrent with behaviors. Despite the intrinsic relationship between behaviors and the corresponding neuroimaging patterns and the obvious advantages in integrating behavioral and neuroimaging measurements, the results of combined studies can be difficult to interpret. Experiments are often optimized to yield either a novel behavioral or a novel physiological result, but rarely designed for a better match between the two. Since integrating the results is probably a key to future progress in clinical psychology and basic research, an attempt is made here to identify some difficulties and to provide some ideas for future research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências do Comportamento/métodos
Neuroimagem/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Encéfalo/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Individualidade
Projetos de Pesquisa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170320
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170320
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160929
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/pchj.143


  9 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27654886
[Au] Autor:James DV; Farnham FR
[Ad] Endereço:UK.
[Ti] Título:Outcome and Efficacy of Interventions by a Public Figure Threat Assessment and Management Unit: A Mirrored Study of Concerning Behaviors and Police Contacts Before and After Intervention.
[So] Source:Behav Sci Law;34(5):660-680, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1099-0798
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Specialized units for the assessment and management of concerning behaviors towards public figures have been set up in various jurisdictions. Their efficacy has been demonstrated descriptively and in terms of reduction in concern rates. This study of 100 consecutive cases from the Fixated Threat Assessment Centre (FTAC) in the UK uses a novel measure of outcome in the form of reduction in behaviors of concern and in police call-outs/stops, using data culled from police and health service records. It adopts a mirrored design, comparing individuals over 12-month and 2-year periods before and after FTAC intervention. It demonstrates significant reductions in both numbers of individuals involved in, and number of actual incidents of, concerning communication and problematic approach, as well as police call-outs/stops. Most results are consistent across subgroups with regard to gender, previous convictions, concern level, compulsory hospitalization and grievance-driven behavior. Such threat assessment units reduce risky behavior and save police time and, possibly, costs. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências do Comportamento/métodos
Polícia
Medição de Risco/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Comportamento
Feminino
Hospitalização
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Segurança
Resultado do Tratamento
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170210
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170210
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160923
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/bsl.2255


  10 / 1310 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27558872
[Au] Autor:Fontaine P
[Ti] Título:WALKING THE TIGHTROPE: THE COMMITTEE ON THE BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES AND ACADEMIC CULTURES AT THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, 1949-1955.
[So] Source:J Hist Behav Sci;52(4):349-370, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6696
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Chicago Committee on the Behavioral Sciences occupies a special place in the eponymous movement. Involving prominent figures such as psychologist James G. Miller and neurophysiologist Ralph W. Gerard, this committee embodied the common belief among behavioral scientists that a cross-disciplinary approach using natural science methods was key to understanding major issues facing mid-century American society. This interdivisional committee fell under the jurisdiction of both the natural and social sciences. As such, its flagship project, an institute of mental sciences, had to face the reluctance both of natural scientists who thought it inadequately scientific and of social scientists who regard its efforts as too narrow in scope and too biological in orientation. Though it failed in its main objective to create an institute, the committee was a formidable instrument of intellectual stimulation and socialization for its members. It provided them with an opportunity to familiarize themselves with each other's scientific backgrounds, practices and jargons, realize the significance of academic cultural differences and learn ways to accommodate them.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências do Comportamento/história
Cultura
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Chicago
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160826
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jhbs.21812



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