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[PMID]:28033537
[Au] Autor:Racine SE; Martin SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA. Electronic address: racine@ohio.edu.
[Ti] Título:Integrating eating disorder-specific risk factors into the acquired preparedness model of dysregulated eating: A moderated mediation analysis.
[So] Source:Eat Behav;24:54-60, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-7358
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Tests of the acquired preparedness model demonstrate that the personality trait of negative urgency (i.e., the tendency to act impulsively when distressed) predicts the expectation that eating alleviates negative affect, and this eating expectancy subsequently predicts dysregulated eating. Although recent data indicate that eating disorder-specific risk factors (i.e., appearance pressures, thin-ideal internalization, body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint) strengthen negative urgency-dysregulated eating associations, it is unclear whether these risk factors impact associations directly or indirectly (i.e., through eating expectancies). The current study used latent moderated structural equation modeling to test moderated mediation hypotheses in a sample of 313 female college students. Eating expectancies mediated the association between negative urgency and dysregulated eating, and the indirect effect of negative urgency on dysregulated eating through eating expectancies was conditional on level of each eating disorder risk factor. Appearance pressures, thin-ideal internalization, body dissatisfaction, and dietary restraint significantly moderated the association between eating expectancies and dysregulated eating, while only dietary restraint moderated the direct effect of negative urgency on dysregulated eating. Findings suggest that the development of high-risk eating expectancies among individuals with negative urgency, combined with sociocultural pressures for thinness and their consequences, is associated with the greatest risk for dysregulated eating.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bulimia/psicologia
Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia
Comportamento Impulsivo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Imagem Corporal
Emoções
Etnopsicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Teóricos
Aparência Física
Fatores de Risco
Estudantes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161230
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27687120
[Au] Autor:Oyserman D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California 90089-1061; email: oyserman@usc.edu.
[Ti] Título:Culture Three Ways: Culture and Subcultures Within Countries.
[So] Source:Annu Rev Psychol;68:435-463, 2017 Jan 03.
[Is] ISSN:1545-2085
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Culture can be thought of as a set of everyday practices and a core theme-individualism, collectivism, or honor-as well as the capacity to understand each of these themes. In one's own culture, it is easy to fail to see that a cultural lens exists and instead to think that there is no lens at all, only reality. Hence, studying culture requires stepping out of it. There are two main methods to do so: The first involves using between-group comparisons to highlight differences and the second involves using experimental methods to test the consequences of disruption to implicit cultural frames. These methods highlight three ways that culture organizes experience: (a) It shields reflexive processing by making everyday life feel predictable, (b) it scaffolds which cognitive procedure (connect, separate, or order) will be the default in ambiguous situations, and (c) it facilitates situation-specific accessibility of alternate cognitive procedures. Modern societal social-demographic trends reduce predictability and increase collectivism and honor-based go-to cognitive procedures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Etnopsicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cognição
Seres Humanos
Individualidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170524
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170524
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161001
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1146/annurev-psych-122414-033617


  3 / 539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27142641
[Au] Autor:Hinton DE; Kirmayer LJ
[Ad] Endereço:Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA. devon_hinton@hms.harvard.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Flexibility Hypothesis of Healing.
[So] Source:Cult Med Psychiatry;41(1):3-34, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1573-076X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Theories of healing have attempted to identify general mechanisms that may work across different modalities. These include altering expectations, remoralization, and instilling hope. In this paper, we argue that many forms of healing and psychotherapy may work by inducing positive psychological states marked by flexibility or an enhanced ability to shift cognitive sets. Healing practices may induce these states of cognitive and emotional flexibility through specific symbolic interventions we term "flexibility primers" that can include images, metaphors, music, and other media. The flexibility hypothesis suggests that cognitive and emotional flexibility is represented, elicited, and enacted through multiple modalities in healing rituals. Identifying psychological processes and cultural forms that evoke and support cognitive and emotional flexibility provides a way to understand the cultural specificity and potential efficacy of particular healing practices and can guide the design of interventions that promote resilience and well-being.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Ritualístico
Etnopsicologia
Metáfora
Terapias Espirituais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11013-016-9493-8


  4 / 539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27083932
[Au] Autor:Li JB; Delvecchio E; Di Riso D; Lis A; Salcuni S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Developmental Psychology and Socialization, University of Padua, Via Venezia, 15, Padua, Italy. ljb_psy@163.com.
[Ti] Título:Early Evidence of the Italian Parent-Report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ-P).
[So] Source:Child Psychiatry Hum Dev;48(2):335-345, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1573-3327
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The parent-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ-P) is a widely used scale that assesses children's and adolescents' strengths and difficulties. The present study applied this scale to Italian adolescents and compared the current results with previous Chinese findings and the United Kingdom norm. Participants were 422 Italian parents and their adolescent children. Parents and adolescents answered the parent-report and the self-report SDQ, respectively. Results showed that the five-factor first-order model was better than other competing models. Cronbach's alpha of emotional problems, conduct problems, hyperactivity, peer problems, prosocial behavior, and total difficulties was .63, .52, .69, .51, .59, and .77 respectively for mother-report measure, and .67, .48, .67, .46, .55, and .79 respectively for father-report measure. Parent-adolescent agreements ranged from low to medium, whereas mother-father agreements were large. Parents did not rate boys and girls as well as early-adolescence and mid-adolescence differently. Italian parents rated their adolescent children to have lower levels of hyperactivity, peer problems, total difficulties, and higher levels of prosocial behavior than Chinese parents; and Italian mothers rated their adolescent children to have lower levels of hyperactivity than United Kingdom parents. In conclusion, the current findings suggest both strengths and inadequacies of the SDQ-P for Italian adolescents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia
Relações Pais-Filho
Comportamento Problema/psicologia
Psicometria
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Criança
Etnopsicologia/métodos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Hipercinese/psicologia
Itália/epidemiologia
Masculino
Pais/psicologia
Psicometria/métodos
Psicometria/normas
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Autorrelato
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171024
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171024
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160417
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10578-016-0646-3


  5 / 539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27859149
[Au] Autor:Stitou R
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Clinical Psychopathology: Language and Subjectivity (EA3278), University of Aix-Marseille, France.
[Ti] Título:Psyche and culture: Perspectives based on the contributions and limits of ethnopsychiatry.
[So] Source:Int J Psychoanal;97(6):1657-1675, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1745-8315
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The unconscious often appears in the form of a question or answer to the difficult relationship between the psyche and culture, a difficulty that becomes exacerbated when we are dealing with cultural difference. This difficulty, evidenced for example by Freud's thoughts on Islam, reappears, albeit in a very different way, in ethnopsychiatric theory. The author discusses the blind spots of the binary logic of the unconscious present in the work of George Devereux, a logic that eventually leads him into the same trap he had himself criticized. This discussion allows us to open up other perspectives, by moving away from the analogies, confusions and splits between the psyche and culture towards what binds them together. This link is sustained by language and its dialectics, at the crossroads of individual singularity and cultural codifications. The author's approach is supported by two clinical vignettes: one from a case of a young Turkish woman, the other concerning a male Iraqi patient, a survivor of torture. This approach distances itself from any psychocentric view that would see the psyche as closed upon itself and thus ultimately exclude any object-relations and inter-subjective relationships; likewise, it rejects the ethnocentric conflation of the subject with his culture.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cultura
Etnopsicologia
Multilinguismo
Teoria Psicanalítica
Inconsciente (Psicologia)
Comportamento Verbal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1745-8315.12573


  6 / 539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27818392
[Au] Autor:Pickering N; Nie JB
[Ti] Título:Transcultural ADHD and Bioethics: Reformulating a Doubly Dichotomized Debate.
[So] Source:Kennedy Inst Ethics J;26(3):249-275, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1054-6863
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A double dichotomization, of biology and culture, and of cultures (the difference presumption), is to be found in debates about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in cross-cultural psychiatric and bioethics literature. The double dichotomy takes biology to explain cross-cultural similarities and culture to explain inter-cultural differences. In this paper, the double dichotomy is explored in debates on the significance of the worldwide prevalence of ADHD, and on the cogency of cross-cultural diagnosis of ADHD in the central character of Chinese classic novel The Dream of the Red Chamber. Contrary to the difference presumption, cultures are not homogenous unities that contrast in toto with one another. The Dream reveals parallels to contemporary US debates-the medicalization of human life and normative disputes about childhood behaviors. To overcome the empirical and theoretical shortcomings of the difference presumption and its underlying characterization of cultural differences, a transcultural approach is proposed and its potential advantages illustrated.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade
Bioética/tendências
Comportamento Infantil
Características Culturais
Diversidade Cultural
Saúde
Medicalização
Psiquiatria na Literatura
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/diagnóstico
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/tratamento farmacológico
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/psicologia
Temas Bioéticos
Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/administração & dosagem
Criança
Comportamento Infantil/etnologia
China
Comparação Transcultural
Etnopsicologia
Seres Humanos
Medicalização/ética
Medicalização/tendências
Metilfenidato/administração & dosagem
Valores Sociais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Central Nervous System Stimulants); 207ZZ9QZ49 (Methylphenidate)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161108
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27818390
[Au] Autor:Nie JB; Fitzgerald R
[Ti] Título:Editorial Note.
[So] Source:Kennedy Inst Ethics J;26(3):ix-xiii, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1054-6863
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Temas Bioéticos
Bioética/tendências
Comparação Transcultural
Diversidade Cultural
Internacionalidade
Saúde Mental
Princípios Morais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Comportamento Cooperativo
Características Culturais
Etnopsicologia
Seres Humanos
Comunicação Interdisciplinar
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Ciências Sociais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; INTRODUCTORY JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161108
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27723931
[Au] Autor:Erim Y; Morawa E
[Ad] Endereço:Psychosomatische und Psychotherapeutische Abteilung, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU).
[Ti] Título:[Psychotherapy with Immigrants and Traumatized Refugees].
[Ti] Título:Psychotherapie mit Migranten und traumatisierten Geflüchteten..
[So] Source:Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol;66(9-10):397-409, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1439-1058
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:In view of the growing proportion of immigrants and refugees in the population of Germany the knowledge on the influence of culture and migration on identity, and mental health presents a substantial basis for effective therapy. This article addresses important topics of psychotherapy with immigrants in general and with refugees in particular. Following issues selected according to their relevance and actuality are highlighted: definition of persons with migration background, migrants and refugees, facts on immigration to Germany, main results and theories on mental health of immigrants, social psychological aspects of intercultural psychotherapy (individualism vs. collectivism, stereotypes, discrimination etc.), psychosomatic diagnostics in intercultural context, diversity management in institutions, language and use of translators, living conditions of immigrants - stress and protective factors in immigrant mental health, post traumatic stress disorders among refugees: their prevalence, risk factors, diagnostics, course, multimodal psychosocial interventions in consulting centers, trauma focused interventions, trauma pedagogics, education and prevention of the volunteers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psicoterapia/métodos
Refugiados/psicologia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Características Culturais
Etnopsicologia
Alemanha
Fatores de Proteção
Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/diagnóstico
Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/psicologia
Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/terapia
Ajustamento Social
Identificação Social
Apoio Social
Valores Sociais
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
Estresse Psicológico/complicações
Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170410
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170410
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161011
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27723925
[Au] Autor:Schreiter S; Winkler J; Bretz J; Schouler-Ocak M
[Ad] Endereço:Klinik für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie, Universitätsklinik der Charité im St. Hedwig Krankenhaus, Berlin.
[Ti] Título:[What do Interpreters Cost? - A Retrospective Analysis of the Costs for Interpreters in Treatment of Refugees in a Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic in Berlin].
[Ti] Título:Was kosten uns Dolmetscher? ­ Eine retrospektive Analyse der Dolmetscherkosten in der Behandlung von Flüchtlingen in einer Psychiatrischen Institutsambulanz in Berlin..
[So] Source:Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol;66(9-10):356-360, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1439-1058
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:Clinical diagnostics of mental disorders especially among refugees and asylum seekers come with unique difficulties: language barriers, different forms of expression and concepts of the understanding of mental illness as well as a different cultural background. Therefore professional interpreters are needed but associated with a higher effort related to costs and time. We conducted a retrospective analysis of costs, which incurred by the use of professional interpreters in our outpatient clinic in Berlin, Germany, in the first quarter 2016 for the treatment of refugees and asylum seekers. The sample consisted of 110 refugees and asylum seekers; the highest costs in the use of interpreters incurred among Neurotic, stress-related and somatoform disorders (53.04%), especially Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (39.04%), as well as affective disorders (38.47%), especially major depressive episodes (25.23%). Our data point out the crucial need of a regulation of costs with regard to the service of professional interpreters in Germany.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente/economia
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Transtornos Mentais/economia
Transtornos Mentais/terapia
Ambulatório Hospitalar/economia
Refugiados/psicologia
Tradução
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Berlim
Barreiras de Comunicação
Custos e Análise de Custo
Etnopsicologia/economia
Hospitais Psiquiátricos/economia
Transtornos do Humor/economia
Transtornos do Humor/terapia
Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia
Transtornos Neuróticos/economia
Transtornos Neuróticos/terapia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Transtornos Somatoformes/economia
Transtornos Somatoformes/terapia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/economia
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170410
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170410
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161011
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 539 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27681087
[Au] Autor:Stompe T; Ritter K; Holzer D; Topitz A; Wenzel T
[Ad] Endereço:Klinische Abteilung für Sozialpsychiatrie, Medizinische Universität Wien, Allgemeines Krankenhaus Wien, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Wien, Österreich. thomas.stompe@meduniwien.ac.at.
[Ti] Título:[Alcohol- and substance abuse among mentally ill patients with migration background in Austria].
[Ti] Título:Alkohol- und Drogenmissbrauch bei psychisch kranken PatientInnen mit Migrationshintergrund in Österreich..
[So] Source:Neuropsychiatr;30(3):138-144, 2016 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:0948-6259
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:The refugee movements of the recent years are confronting the health care with new challenges. However, it has turned out that in Austria data on the mental health of migrants are nearly not available. Especially data on the frequency and patterns of comorbid substance abuse of migrants with mental disorders do not exist even from international studies. We analyzed data from 1819 patients (1726 first generation, 93 second generation) treated in the outpatient clinic for transcultural psychiatry and migration related disorders at the Vienna General Hospital: In first-generation migrants the cultural and religious background of the region of origin has the greatest impact on the frequency and the patterns of misused substances. In second-generation migrants the consumer habits approximate to those of the majority of the society. The primary diagnosis plays a minor role. Only patients with personality disorders exhibit higher rates of illicit substance compared with other diagnoses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alcoolismo/epidemiologia
Alcoolismo/psicologia
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Pessoas Mentalmente Doentes/estatística & dados numéricos
Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Alcoolismo/etnologia
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos
Áustria
Comorbidade
Comparação Transcultural
Estudos Transversais
Etnopsicologia/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/etnologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160930
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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