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[PMID]:29231006
[Au] Autor:Sun ZW; Shi TT; Fu PX
[Ad] Endereço:Beijing Ankang Hospital, Beijing 101300, China.
[Ti] Título:[Characteristics of Schizophrenia Patients' Homicide Behaviors and Their Correlations with Criminal Capacity].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;33(1):32-35, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To explore the characteristics of schizophrenia patients' homicide behaviors and the influences of the assessments of criminal capacity. METHODS: Indicators such as demographic and clinical data, characteristics of criminal behaviors and criminal capacity from the suspects whom were diagnosed by forensic psychiatry as schizophrenia ( =110) and normal mental ( =70) with homicide behavior, were collected by self-made investigation form and compared. The influences of the assessments of criminal capacity on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia were also analyzed using logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: There were no significant statistical differences between the schizophrenic group and the normal mental group concerning age, gender, education and marital status ( >0.05). There were significant statistical differences between the two groups concerning thought disorder, emotion state and social function before crime ( <0.05) and there were significant statistical differences in some characteristics of the case such as aggressive history ( <0.05), cue, trigger, plan, criminal incentives, object of crime, circumstance cognition and self-protection ( <0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis suggested that thought disorder, emotion state, social function, criminal incentives, plan and self-protection before crime of the schizophrenic group were positively correlated with the criminal capacity ( <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The relevant influences of psychopathology and crime characteristics should be considered comprehensively for improving the accuracy of the criminal capacity evaluation on the suspects diagnosed as schizophrenia with homicide behavior.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agressão/psicologia
Crime
Homicídio/psicologia
Esquizofrenia/diagnóstico
Psicologia do Esquizofrênico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criminosos
Psiquiatria Legal
Seres Humanos
Motivação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2017.01.008


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[PMID]:29179825
[Au] Autor:Siess J; Schalast N
[Ad] Endereço:Institut für Forensische Psychiatrie, Universität Duisburg-Essen, LVR-Klinikum Essen, Postfach 103043, 45030 Essen, Germany. Electronic address: julia.siess@uni-due.de.
[Ti] Título:Psychometric Properties of the Essen Climate Evaluation Schema (EssenCES) in a Sample of General Psychiatric Wards.
[So] Source:Arch Psychiatr Nurs;31(6):582-587, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1532-8228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The questionnaire EssenCES (Essen Climate Evaluation Schema) is a widely used instrument to assess social climate in forensic psychiatric and correctional institutions. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the EssenCES in a general psychiatric setting, where it had not previously been evaluated. DESIGN: 648 staff members and 551 patients from 47 general psychiatric wards across 16 hospitals in Germany completed the EssenCES. Factor-, correlation- and scale-analyses were carried out to inspect the questionnaire's properties. RESULTS: The proposed three-dimensional factor structure of the instrument was confirmed. Results indicated that the EssenCES subscales Patients' Cohesion and Experienced Safety had high internal consistency, whereas elimination of item 16 would improve the internal consistency of Therapeutic Hold. Correlations between the EssenCES subscales and other measures supported the validity of the questionnaire. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that the EssenCES is suitable for usage in general psychiatric settings. Along with its brevity, it seems useful as an economic and valid screening instrument for a ward's social climate. Reasons are given why item 16 should be retained.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Transtornos Mentais/psicologia
Unidade Hospitalar de Psiquiatria
Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos
Meio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Psiquiatria Legal
Alemanha
Seres Humanos
Pacientes Internados/psicologia
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Autorrelato
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; N
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29190057
[Au] Autor:Parhi K; Lauerma H
[Ti] Título:Altered role of the concept of psychopathy in forensic psychiatry.
[So] Source:Duodecim;132(22):2089-97, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0012-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Finland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During the early 20th century, psychopathy referred to "borderland states" between normality and mental illness, corresponding to the current personality disorders. In psychiatric assessment, a significant proportion of psychopaths were considered to be not of sound mind, i.e. of diminished responsibility in contemporary language, which in most cases also led to shorter punishments. Psychopathy as diagnosis was abandoned in 1969, after which use has been made of the terms disorders of character and, later on, personality disorders. Nowadays, personality disorders can have a punishment-shortening effect only if they come close to a psychotic disorder. A psychopathy assessed by using current methods may even result in a longer verdict.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psiquiatria Legal
Transtornos da Personalidade/diagnóstico
Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28924060
[Au] Autor:Rousseau C; Ellis BH; Lantos JD
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
[Ti] Título:The Dilemma of Predicting Violent Radicalization.
[So] Source:Pediatrics;140(4), 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1098-4275
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Parents, educators, law enforcement officials, and health professionals are all concerned about the violent radicalization of adolescents. Health professionals may be called on to assess teenagers regarding the risk that they will become dangerous. We present a case in which a psychiatrist is asked to do a forensic evaluation of a young adolescent who said troubling things and had some concerning posts on his Facebook page. The evaluation reveals things about both the young boy and his community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigrantes e Imigrantes/psicologia
Psiquiatria Legal
Islamismo/psicologia
Discriminação Social/psicologia
Terrorismo/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bangladesh/etnologia
Canadá
Criança
Características Culturais
Medo/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Instituições Acadêmicas
Discriminação Social/etnologia
Terrorismo/etnologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170920
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28734198
[Au] Autor:Renner M; Newark C; Bartos BJ; McCleary R; Scurich N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Criminology, Law & Society, University of California - Irvine, Social Ecology II 3358, Irvine, CA, 92697-7080, USA. Electronic address: mlrenner@uci.edu.
[Ti] Título:Length of stay for 25,791 California patients found incompetent to stand trial.
[So] Source:J Forensic Leg Med;51:22-26, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1878-7487
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Referrals and admissions to state psychiatric hospitals of criminal defendants found Incompetent to Stand Trial (IST) are on the rise in the state of California and other parts of the country. Studies of treatment outcomes of this population have primarily focused on factors that determine competency and/or restorability. However, as IST patients place an increasing resource burden on state psychiatric hospital systems, other outcomes such as length of stay (LOS) are becoming increasingly important for practitioners and policy makers to understand. This study employs the largest sample of IST patients in the literature; it includes all IST patients admitted to California's state psychiatric hospitals between 2003 and 2016. This study analyzes demographics, clinical diagnoses, and hospital placement as predictors of LOS. Results suggest that demographics, with the exception of age, are poor predictors of LOS. However, diagnoses, especially of severe mental disorders (e.g., schizophrenia) were strongly related to LOS. Hospital placement was the strongest predictor of LOS. Explanations of these results and implications for forensic practitioners are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Internação Compulsória de Doente Mental/legislação & jurisprudência
Criminosos
Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos
Competência Mental/legislação & jurisprudência
Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
California
Feminino
Psiquiatria Legal
Hospitais Psiquiátricos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171011
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171011
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170723
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28619853
[Au] Autor:Bourget D
[Ad] Endereço:Dr. Bourget is a forensic psychiatrist, Integrated Forensic Psychiatric Program, Royal Mental Health Centre, and Associate Professor of Psychiatry, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. dominiquebourget@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:The Relevance of Stress and Trauma to Forensic Psychiatry.
[So] Source:J Am Acad Psychiatry Law;45(2):145-146, 2017 06.
[Is] ISSN:1943-3662
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psiquiatria Legal
Psiquiatria
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170617
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28541169
[Au] Autor:Specker J; Schermer MHN
[Ti] Título:Imagining Moral Bioenhancement Practices: Drawing Inspiration from Moral Education, Public Health Ethics, and Forensic Psychiatry.
[So] Source:Camb Q Healthc Ethics;26(3):415-426, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1469-2147
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this article, we consider contexts or domains in which (future) moral bioenhancement interventions possibly or most likely will be implemented. By looking closely at similar or related existing practices and their relevant ethical frameworks, we hope to identify ethical considerations that are relevant for evaluating potential moral bioenhancement interventions. We examine, first, debates on the proper scope of moral education; second, proposals for identifying early risk factors for antisocial behaviour; and third, the difficult balancing of individual freedom and third party concerns in (forensic) psychiatry. In imagining moral bioenhancement in practice, we observe that unlike other forms of enhancement, moral enhancement fundamentally asks how the interests and preferences of the individual and the interests of others should be weighed (in view of public safety and managing public risk). Highly diverse domains such as education, mental health, and the judicial domain might be involved, and moral bioenhancement might challenge existing institutional settings. Given these highly varied contexts and domains, it appears unlikely that there will be a distinct set of practices that will be referred to as "moral bioenhancement."
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Melhoramento Biomédico/ética
Desenvolvimento Moral
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Temas Bioéticos
Psiquiatria Legal
Liberdade
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:E; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0963180116001080


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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:28538756
[Au] Autor:Abdalla-Filho E
[Ad] Endereço:Cátedra UNESCO, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Bioética, Faculdade de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade de Brasília (UnB), Brasília, DF, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Psychiatric evaluation of civil capacity with the new Brazilian Statute of the Person with Disabilities.
[So] Source:Rev Bras Psiquiatr;39(3):271-273, 2017 Jul-Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1809-452X
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objective of this paper is to provide an update to psychiatrists regarding the new Brazilian Law for the Inclusion of People with Disabilities (BLI, Law 13,146 of 2015), and, specifically, to discuss potential implications of situations in which examination by a forensic psychiatrist points toward civil incompetence, while the above-mentioned law mandates full civil capacity for disabled persons. A study of Law 13,146/2015 was conducted, including a comparative analysis of legal and psychiatric approaches on the subject. This analysis revealed that the BLI has generated differences of opinion among legislators. However, the greatest difference seems to arise between the justice system and psychiatric expertise in relation to the difference of criteria adopted in the two approaches. The BLI is very recent; it should be revised in response to debates among psychiatrists and the criminal justice system, and especially as jurisprudence is formed over time.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Direitos Civis/legislação & jurisprudência
Pessoas com Deficiência/legislação & jurisprudência
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Direitos Civis/psicologia
Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia
Psiquiatria Legal/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Discriminação Social/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171106
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171106
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170525
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28476429
[Au] Autor:de Labrouhe D; Plancke L; Amad A; Charrel CL; Touitou D; Bodon-Bruzel M; Thomas P; Fovet T
[Ad] Endereço:Université Paris XI, UHSA Paul-Verlaine, groupe hospitalier Paul-Guiraud, 94800 Villejuif, France.
[Ti] Título:[Hospitalization in French forensic units: Results of a patient satisfaction survey].
[Ti] Título:Hospitalisation en unité hospitalière spécialement aménagée : enquête de satisfaction auprès des patients..
[So] Source:Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique;65(4):285-294, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0398-7620
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In France, special full-time inpatient hospital units (UHSA) have been created for inmates with psychiatric disorders. Since they were established in 2010, the quality of care in such units has not been studied. Particularly, no patient satisfaction survey has been conducted yet. The main objective of this study was to assess the patients' satisfaction about their hospitalization in UHSA. METHODS: A descriptive study has been performed in two hospitals (UHSA of Villejuif and UHSA of Lille-Seclin). From February to May 2015, 125 adult patients were included, at the end of their hospitalization (voluntary or involuntary psychiatric care) in UHSA. The patient's satisfaction was assessed by a psychiatrist who did not participate in patient care with a 16-item scale exploring three areas (quality of care, quality of information provided and UHSA functioning and organization). The items were evaluated with a visual numeric scale (1 to 10). RESULTS: The average score of overall satisfaction was 7.3±1.9 (average±standard deviation) for this sample. For the care area, the average score was 7.6±2; for the quality of information provided, it was 7.5±2.5 and for UHSA functioning and organization, 7.0±2. Furthermore, 84.8 % of patients reported their wish to continue psychiatric care in prison and 77.6 % after release. CONCLUSION: This study demonstrates that patients hospitalized in UHSA are satisfied. Given the relationship between patient satisfaction and compliance, these structures could therefore have an important medical interest for inmates with psychiatric disorders. However, these results need to be replicated in a study involving all the UHSA of France.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psiquiatria Legal/normas
Hospitalização
Satisfação do Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Psiquiatria Legal/estatística & dados numéricos
França/epidemiologia
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170507
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28399077
[Au] Autor:Kovalev AV; Kozlova TP
[Ad] Endereço:Federal state budgetary institution 'Russian Centre of Forensic Medical Expertise', Russian Ministry of Health, Moscow, Russia, 125284.
[Ti] Título:[The comprehensive approach to the performance of forensic medical expertises of the injuries inflicted to juvenile victims of suspected compulsive actions].
[Ti] Título:Kompleksnyi podkhod k provedeniiu sudebno-meditsinskikh ékspertiz v otnoshenii nesovershennoletnikh v sluchaiakh travm, podozritel'nykh na nasil'stvennye deistviia..
[So] Source:Sud Med Ekspert;60(2):4-6, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0039-4521
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:This article was designed to discuss the problems pertaining to the performance of forensic medical expertises of the injuries inflicted to juvenile victims of suspected compulsive actions. The importance of this problem arises from the lack of the comprehensive approach to the performance of such expertises concerning the children. The present study based on the scientific and practical analysis has revealed the drawbacks in forensic medical expertises with respect to the juvenile victims of suspected compulsive actions. The article contains recommendation for the correction of the aforementioned shortcomings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Maus-Tratos Infantis/diagnóstico
Psiquiatria Legal/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicologia do Adolescente/métodos
Psicologia da Criança/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17116/sudmed20176024-6



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