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[PMID]:29370197
[Au] Autor:Lauritzen G; Nordfjærn T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Drug Policy, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Changes in opiate and stimulant use through 10 years: The role of contextual factors, mental health disorders and psychosocial factors in a prospective SUD treatment cohort study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190381, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: To examine temporal changes in opiate and stimulant use among patients in substance abuse treatment over a ten-year observation period and to explore the role of contextual factors, mental health disorders and psychosocial factors on these changes. METHODS: A cohort of 481 patients was prospectively interviewed at admission to treatment and after 1, 2, 7 and 10 years. The sample was recruited from 20 facilities in the Greater Oslo region, Norway. RESULTS: The majority of patients were poly-drug users and 80% had used both opiates and stimulants the last 30 days prior to treatment admission. Last-month use of heroin, other opiates, cocaine and amphetamines declined from 80% to 34% at the end of the observation period. The most substantial reduction was observed between baseline and one-year follow-up. Use of heroin decreased the most from 62% to 16% after 10 years (a reduction of 74%), and the reduction continued from one-year follow-up throughout the observation period. The most important multivariate risk factors for sustained use of these drugs were male gender, having one or both biological parents with severe alcohol or drug problems, having an antisocial personality disorder, and living together with a person who abuses alcohol or drugs. Employment was associated with reduced risk of drug use at 7-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: There was a substantial reduction in opiate and stimulant use from baseline to all follow-up assessments, most greatly for heroin. Findings regarding sustained use could suggest familial transmission and the challenges of preventive strategies and treatment efforts in an intergenerational context. Co-occurrence between drug abuse and mental health problems highlights the need of highly specialized competence in SUD treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem
Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/administração & dosagem
Transtornos Mentais/complicações
Psicologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Noruega
Estudos Prospectivos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Analgesics, Opioid); 0 (Central Nervous System Stimulants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190381


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[PMID]:29208253
[Au] Autor:Dupre ME; Nelson A; Lynch SM; Granger BB; Xu H; Churchill E; Willis JM; Curtis LH; Peterson ED
[Ad] Endereço:Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina; Department of Population Health Sciences, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina; Department of Sociology, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address: matthew.dupre@duke.edu.
[Ti] Título:Socioeconomic, Psychosocial and Behavioral Characteristics of Patients Hospitalized With Cardiovascular Disease.
[So] Source:Am J Med Sci;354(6):565-572, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1538-2990
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Recent studies have drawn attention to nonclinical factors to better understand disparities in the development, treatment and prognosis of patients with cardiovascular disease. However, there has been limited research describing the nonclinical characteristics of patients hospitalized for cardiovascular care. METHODS: Data for this study come from 520 patients admitted to the Duke Heart Center from January 1, 2015 through January 10, 2017. Electronic medical records and a standardized survey administered before discharge were used to ascertain detailed information on patients' demographic (age, sex, race, marital status and living arrangement), socioeconomic (education, employment and health insurance), psychosocial (health literacy, health self-efficacy, social support, stress and depressive symptoms) and behavioral (smoking, drinking and medication adherence) attributes. RESULTS: Study participants were of a median age of 65 years, predominantly male (61.4%), non-Hispanic white (67.1%), hospitalized for 5.11 days and comparable to all patients admitted during this period. Results from the survey showed significant heterogeneity among patients in their demographic, socioeconomic and behavioral characteristics. We also found that the patients' levels of psychosocial risks and resources were significantly associated with many of these nonclinical characteristics. Patients who were older, women, nonwhite and unmarried had generally lower levels of health literacy, self-efficacy and social support, and higher levels of stress and depressive symptoms than their counterparts. CONCLUSIONS: Patients hospitalized with cardiovascular disease have diverse nonclinical profiles that have important implications for targeting interventions. A better understanding of these characteristics will enhance the personalized delivery of care and improve outcomes in vulnerable patient groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Idoso
Doenças Cardiovasculares/economia
Doenças Cardiovasculares/psicologia
Depressão/epidemiologia
Feminino
Alfabetização em Saúde
Hospitalização/economia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estado Civil
Psicologia
Fatores de Risco
Autoeficácia
Fatores Sexuais
Apoio Social
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28468682
[Au] Autor:Tran US; Berger N; Arendasy ME; Greitemeyer T; Himmelbauer M; Hutzler F; Kraft HG; Oettl K; Papousek I; Vitouch O; Voracek M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Basic Psychological Research and Research Methods, School of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. ulrich.tran@univie.ac.at.
[Ti] Título:Unto the third generation: evidence for strong familial aggregation of physicians, psychologists, and psychotherapists among first-year medical and psychology students in a nationwide Austrian cohort census.
[So] Source:BMC Med Educ;17(1):81, 2017 May 03.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6920
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Medical students present higher numbers of physician relatives than expectable from the total population prevalence of physicians. Evidence for such a familial aggregation effect of physicians has emerged in investigations from the Anglo-American, Scandinavian, and German-speaking areas. In particular, past data from Austria suggest a familial aggregation of the medical, as well as of the psychological and psychotherapeutic, professions among medical and psychology undergraduates alike. Here, we extend prior related studies by examining (1) the extent to which familial aggregation effects apply to the whole nation-wide student census of all relevant (eight) public universities in Austria; (2) whether effects are comparable for medical and psychology students; (3) and whether these effects generalize to relatives of three interrelated health professions (medicine, psychology, and psychotherapy). METHODS: We investigated the familial aggregation of physicians, psychologists, and psychotherapists, based on an entire cohort census of first-year medical and psychology students (n = 881 and 920) in Austria with generalized linear mixed models. RESULTS: For both disciplines, we found strong familial aggregation of physicians, psychologists, and psychotherapists. As compared with previous results, directionally opposite time trends within disciplines emerged: familial aggregation of physicians among medical students has decreased, whilst familial aggregation of psychologists among psychology students has increased. Further, there were sex-of-relative effects (i.e., more male than female physician relatives), but no substantial sex-of-student effects (i.e., male and female students overall reported similar numbers of relatives for all three professions of interest). In addition, there were age-benefit effects, i.e., students with a relative in the medical or the psychotherapeutic profession were younger than students without, thus suggesting earlier career decisions. CONCLUSIONS: The familial aggregation of physicians, psychologists, and psychotherapists is high among medical and psychology undergraduates in Austria. Discussed are implications of these findings (e.g., gender equity, feminization of the medical field, ideas for curricular implementation and student counselling), study limitations, and avenues for future research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Censos
Educação Médica
Família
Psicologia
Psicoterapia
Estudantes de Medicina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Áustria
Estudos de Coortes
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicologia/educação
Psicoterapia/educação
Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12909-017-0921-4


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[PMID]:27772555
[Au] Autor:Crawshaw J; Auyeung V; Norton S; Weinman J
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Pharmaceutical Science, King's College London, London, UK. Electronic address: jacob.crawshaw@kcl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Identifying psychosocial predictors of medication non-adherence following acute coronary syndrome: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
[So] Source:J Psychosom Res;90:10-32, 2016 11.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1360
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: Medication non-adherence following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is associated with poor clinical outcomes. A systematic review and meta-analysis were undertaken to identify psychosocial factors associated with medication adherence in patients with ACS. METHODS: A search of electronic databases (Cochrane Library, Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web of Science, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, CINAHL, ASSIA, OpenGrey, EthOS and WorldCat) was undertaken to identify relevant articles published in English between 2000 and 2014. Articles were screened against our inclusion criteria and data on study design, sample characteristics, predictors, outcomes, analyses, key findings and study limitations were abstracted. RESULTS: Our search identified 3609 records, of which 17 articles met our inclusion criteria (15 independent studies). Eight out of ten studies found an association between depression and non-adherence. A meta-analysis revealed that depressed patients were twice as likely to be non-adherent compared to patients without depression (OR=2.00, 95% CI 1.57-3.33, p=0.015). Type D personality was found to predict non-adherence in both studies in which it was measured. Three out of three studies reported that treatment beliefs based on the Necessity-Concerns Framework predicted medication non-adherence and there was some evidence that social support was associated with better adherence. There was insufficient data to meta-analyse all other psychosocial factors identified. CONCLUSION: There was some evidence that psychosocial factors, particularly depression, were associated with medication adherence following ACS. Targeting depressive symptoms, screening for Type D personality, challenging maladaptive treatment beliefs, and providing better social support for patients may be useful strategies to improve medication adherence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/tratamento farmacológico
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/psicologia
Adesão à Medicação/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico
Bases de Dados Factuais/tendências
Depressão/diagnóstico
Depressão/tratamento farmacológico
Depressão/psicologia
Seres Humanos
Valor Preditivo dos Testes
Psicologia
Personalidade Tipo D
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171229
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171229
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:29211726
[Au] Autor:Tillmann T; Pikhart H; Peasey A; Kubinova R; Pajak A; Tamosiunas A; Malyutina S; Steptoe A; Kivimäki M; Marmot M; Bobak M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology & Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Psychosocial and socioeconomic determinants of cardiovascular mortality in Eastern Europe: A multicentre prospective cohort study.
[So] Source:PLoS Med;14(12):e1002459, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1549-1676
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Eastern European countries have some of the highest rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality, much of which cannot be adequately accounted for by conventional CVD risk factors. Psychosocial and socioeconomic factors may affect risk of CVD, but relatively few studies on this issue have been undertaken in Eastern Europe. We investigated whether various psychosocial factors are associated with CVD mortality independently from each other and whether they can help explain differences in CVD mortality between Eastern European populations. METHODS: Participants were from the Health, Alcohol and Psychological factors in Eastern Europe (HAPIEE) cohort study in Russia, Poland and the Czech Republic, including a total of 20,867 men and women aged 43-74 years and free of CVD at baseline examination during 2002-2005. Participants were followed-up for CVD mortality after linkage to national mortality registries for a median of 7.2 years. RESULTS: During the follow-up, 556 participants died from CVD. After mutual adjustment, six psychosocial and socioeconomic factors were associated with increased risk of CVD death: unemployment, low material amenities, depression, being single, infrequent contacts with friends or relatives. The hazard ratios [HRs] for these six factors ranged between 1.26 [95% confidence interval 1.14-1.40] and 1.81 [95% confidence interval 1.24-2.64], fully adjusted for each other, and conventional cardiovascular risk factors. Population-attributable fractions ranged from 8% [4%-13%] to 22% [11%-31%] for each factor, when measured on average across the three cohorts. However, the prevalence of psychosocial and socioeconomic risk factors and their HRs were similar between the three countries. Altogether, these factors could not explain why participants from Russia had higher CVD mortality when compared to participants from Poland/Czech Republic. Limitations of this study include measurement error that could lead to residual confounding; and the possibilities for reverse causation and/or unmeasured confounding from observational studies to lead to associations that are not causal in nature. CONCLUSIONS: Six psychosocial and socioeconomic factors were associated with cardiovascular mortality, independent of each other. Differences in mortality between cohorts from Russia versus Poland or Check Republic remained unexplained.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Cardiovasculares
Depressão
Solidão
Psicologia
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia
Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade
Doenças Cardiovasculares/psicologia
Comorbidade
República Tcheca/epidemiologia
Demografia
Depressão/epidemiologia
Depressão/fisiopatologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Polônia/epidemiologia
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; MULTICENTER STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002459


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[PMID]:29046001
[Au] Autor:Hohmann C; Pfister R; Michels G
[Ti] Título:[Different Symptoms and Course of Coronary Heart Disease in Men and Women].
[Ti] Título:Koronare Herzerkrankung ­ Unterschiede in Symptomatik und Verlauf bei Männern und Frauen..
[So] Source:Dtsch Med Wochenschr;142(21):1578-1584, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1439-4413
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:ger
[Ab] Resumo:According to the federal statistical office, cardiovascular disorders are still the leading cause of death in Germany. Chronic ischemic heart disease and acute myocardial infarction are the most important subgroups. In addition to evidence-based and personalized medicine, in recent years gender medicine has been established as an independent research area. Gender differences are evident in the majority of prevalent diseases, including cardiovascular disorders. The following article provides an insight into the diagnostically and therapeutically specific aspects of coronary heart disease in men and women.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Anticorpos Antifosfolipídeos/metabolismo
Anticoncepcionais Orais/administração & dosagem
Anticoncepcionais Orais/efeitos adversos
Doença das Coronárias/complicações
Doença das Coronárias/etiologia
Doença das Coronárias/terapia
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações
Dislipidemias/complicações
Terapia de Reposição de Estrogênios
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Hipertensão/complicações
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações
Masculino
Menopausa Precoce
Meia-Idade
Sobrepeso/complicações
Pré-Eclâmpsia
Gravidez
Psicologia
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Sexuais
Fumar/efeitos adversos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Antiphospholipid); 0 (Contraceptives, Oral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171019
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1055/s-0043-104467


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[PMID]:28965466
[Ti] Título:APA Council Reports.
[So] Source:Am J Psychiatry;174(10):1006-1022, 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:1535-7228
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:At the fall component meetings of the American Psychiatric Association in Arlington, Va., September 13-16, 2017, the APA councils heard reports from their components. Following are summaries of the activities of the councils and their components.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Política de Saúde
Política Organizacional
Psiquiatria
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Psiquiatria do Adolescente/educação
Distinções e Prêmios
Psiquiatria Infantil/educação
Codificação Clínica
Comunicação
Consenso
Competência Cultural
Currículo
Assistência à Saúde
Psiquiatria Geriátrica
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde
Financiamento da Assistência à Saúde
Seres Humanos
Assistência de Longa Duração
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/terapia
Cuidados Paliativos
Política
Psiquiatria/educação
Psicologia/legislação & jurisprudência
Mecanismo de Reembolso
Mídias Sociais
Sociedades Médicas
Telemedicina
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONGRESSES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171003
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.1741001


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[PMID]:28905466
[Au] Autor:Sagaon-Teyssier L; Mmadi Mrenda B; Khol V; Ferradini L; Mam S; Ngin S; Mora M; Maradan G; Vun Mean C; Ségéral O; Nerrienet E; Saphonn V; Spire B
[Ad] Endereço:Aix Marseille Univ, INSERM, IRD, SESSTIM, Sciences Economiques & Sociales de la Santé et Traitement de l'Information Médicale, Marseille, France.
[Ti] Título:Adherence to PI-based 2nd-line regimens in Cambodia is not simply a question of individual behaviour: the ANRS 12276 2PICAM study.
[So] Source:Trop Med Int Health;22(11):1428-1435, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1365-3156
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether adherence to antiretroviral treatment (ART) can be explained not only by individual factors but also by health care facilities' characteristics, among a sample of people living with HIV (PLWH) treated with PI-based regimens in Cambodia. METHODS: The ANRS 12276 2PICAM cross-sectional survey was conducted between February 2013 and April 2014 among PLWH followed up in 13 health care facilities. The 1316 patients in this analysis corresponded to 90% of the total number of adult patients treated with 2nd-line PI-based regimens in Cambodia in the study period. A variable indicating whether patients were non-adherent (=1) or completely adherent (=0) was constructed. Health care facilities and individual characteristics were included in a two-level logistic model to investigate their influence on patients' adherence to ART. RESULTS: A total of 17% of participants did not adhere to ART. Patients in health care facilities outside the capital Phnom Penh were six times more likely to be non-adherent than those treated in health care facilities in the capital (OR: 6.15, 95% CI [1.47, 25.79]). Providing psychosocial care (provided by psychologist counsellors and/or full-time coaches) was found to be a structural facilitator of adherence, as the probability of non-adherence fell by 38.5% per each additional psychological worker present in health care facilities (OR: 0.62, 95% CI [0.43, 0.89]). Financial constraints were the main individual factor preventing adherence. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that inefficiencies in health care delivery are detrimental to PLWH health and to the exceptional progress currently being made by Cambodia in response to HIV. Policy makers should focus on increasing the number of psychosocial workers, especially in areas outside the capital.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico
Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico
Instalações de Saúde
Adesão à Medicação
Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial
Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde
Distribuição Espacial da População
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Fármacos Anti-HIV/economia
Camboja
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Gastos em Saúde
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Adesão à Medicação/psicologia
Meia-Idade
Razão de Chances
Psicologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-HIV Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170915
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/tmi.12975


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[PMID]:28820905
[Au] Autor:Aczel B; Palfi B; Szaszi B
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Psychology, ELTE, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary.
[Ti] Título:Estimating the evidential value of significant results in psychological science.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182651, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Quantifying evidence is an inherent aim of empirical science, yet the customary statistical methods in psychology do not communicate the degree to which the collected data serve as evidence for the tested hypothesis. In order to estimate the distribution of the strength of evidence that individual significant results offer in psychology, we calculated Bayes factors (BF) for 287,424 findings of 35,515 articles published in 293 psychological journals between 1985 and 2016. Overall, 55% of all analyzed results were found to provide BF > 10 (often labeled as strong evidence) for the alternative hypothesis, while more than half of the remaining results do not pass the level of BF = 3 (labeled as anecdotal evidence). The results estimate that at least 82% of all published psychological articles contain one or more significant results that do not provide BF > 10 for the hypothesis. We conclude that due to the threshold of acceptance having been set too low for psychological findings, a substantial proportion of the published results have weak evidential support.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Psicologia
Editoração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Teorema de Bayes
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170819
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182651


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[PMID]:28735820
[Au] Autor:Liem A; Newcombe PA; Pohlman A
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Australia. Electronic address: andrian.liem@uq.net.au.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of complementary-alternative medicine (CAM) questionnaire development for Indonesian clinical psychologists: A pilot study.
[So] Source:Complement Ther Med;33:14-19, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6963
[Cp] País de publicação:Scotland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aimed to evaluate questionnaire development to measure the knowledge of Complementary-Alternative Medicine (CAM), attitudes towards CAM, CAM experiences, and CAM educational needs of clinical psychologists in Indonesia. A 26-item questionnaire was developed through an extensive literature search. Data was obtained from provisional psychologists from the Master of Professional Clinical Psychology programs at two established public universities in urban areas of Indonesia. To validate the questionnaire, panel reviews by executive members of the Indonesian Clinical Psychology Association (ICPA), experts in health psychology, and experts in public health and CAM provided their professional judgements. The self-reporting questionnaire consisted of four scales including: knowledge of CAM (6 items), attitudes towards CAM (10 items), CAM experiences (4 items), and CAM educational needs (6 items). All scales, except CAM Experiences, were assessed on a 7-point Likert scale. Sixty provisional psychologists were eligible to complete the questionnaire with a response rate of 73% (N=44). The results showed that the CAM questionnaire was reliable (Cronbach's coefficient alpha range=0.62-0.96; item-total correlation range=0.14-0.92) and demonstrated content validity. Following further psychometric evaluation, the CAM questionnaire may provide the evidence-based information to inform the education and practice of Indonesian clinical psychologists.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde
Competência Clínica
Terapias Complementares
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Pessoal de Saúde
Psicologia Clínica
Inquéritos e Questionários/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Indonésia
Masculino
Projetos Piloto
Psicologia
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Autorrelato
Universidades
População Urbana
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170901
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170901
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170725
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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