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[PMID]:27775161
[Au] Autor:Tucker JA; Cheong J; Chandler SD; Lambert BH; Pietrzak B; Kwok H; Davies SL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Health Education & Behavior, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
[Ti] Título:Prospective Analysis of Behavioral Economic Predictors of Stable Moderation Drinking Among Problem Drinkers Attempting Natural Recovery.
[So] Source:Alcohol Clin Exp Res;40(12):2676-2684, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1530-0277
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: As interventions have expanded beyond clinical treatment to include brief interventions for persons with less severe alcohol problems, predicting who can achieve stable moderation drinking has gained importance. Recent behavioral economic (BE) research on natural recovery has shown that active problem drinkers who allocate their monetary expenditures on alcohol and saving for the future over longer time horizons tend to have better subsequent recovery outcomes, including maintenance of stable moderation drinking. This study compared the predictive utility of this money-based "Alcohol-Savings Discretionary Expenditure" (ASDE) index with multiple BE analogue measures of behavioral impulsivity and self-control, which have seldom been investigated together, to predict outcomes of natural recovery attempts. METHODS: Community-dwelling problem drinkers, enrolled shortly after stopping abusive drinking without treatment, were followed prospectively for up to a year (N = 175 [75.4% male], M age = 50.65 years). They completed baseline assessments of preresolution drinking practices and problems, analogue behavioral choice tasks (Delay Discounting, Melioration-Maximization, and Alcohol Purchase Tasks), and a Timeline Followback interview including expenditures on alcohol compared to voluntary savings (ASDE index) during the preresolution year. RESULTS: Multinomial logistic regression models showed that, among the BE measures, only the ASDE index predicted stable moderation drinking compared to stable abstinence or unstable resolutions involving relapse. As hypothesized, stable moderation was associated with more balanced preresolution allocations to drinking and savings (odds ratio = 1.77, 95% confidence interval = 1.02 to 3.08, p < 0.05), suggesting it is associated with longer-term behavior regulation processes than abstinence. CONCLUSIONS: The ASDE's unique predictive utility may rest on its comprehensive representation of contextual elements to support this patterning of behavioral allocation. Stable low-risk drinking, but not abstinence, requires such regulatory processes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Economia Comportamental
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Prospectivos
Recidiva
Autocontrole
Temperança
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/acer.13245


  2 / 255 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27777017
[Au] Autor:Shuval K; Stoklosa M; Pachucki MC; Yaroch AL; Drope J; Harding M
[Ad] Endereço:American Cancer Society, Economic and Health Policy Research Program, Intramural Research Department, Atlanta, GA, USA. Electronic address: kerem.shuval@cancer.org.
[Ti] Título:Economic preferences and fast food consumption in US adults: Insights from behavioral economics.
[So] Source:Prev Med;93:204-210, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1096-0260
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between economic time preferences and frequency of fast food and full-service restaurant consumption among U.S. adults. METHODS: Participants included 5871U.S. adults who responded to a survey conducted in 2011 pertaining to the lifestyle behaviors of families and the social context of these behaviors. The primary independent variable was a measure of time preferences, an intertemporal choice assessing delay discounting. This was elicited via responses to preferences for an immediate dollar amount or a larger sum in 30 (30-day time horizon) or 60days (60-day time horizon). Outcomes were the frequency of fast food and full-service restaurant consumption. Ordered logistic regression was performed to examine the relationship between time preferences and food consumption while adjusting for covariates (e.g. socio-demographics). RESULTS: Multivariable analysis revealed that higher future time preferences were significantly related to less frequent fast food intake for both the 30- and 60-day time horizon variables (P for linear trend <0.05; both). Notably, participants with the highest future time preference were significantly less likely to consume fast food than those with very low future time preferences (30-day: OR=0.74, 95%CI: 0.62-0.89; and 60-day: OR=0.86, 95%CI: 0.74-1.00). In comparison, higher future time preferences were not significantly associated with full-service restaurant intake (30-day: p for linear trend=0.73; 60-day: p for linear trend=0.83). CONCLUSIONS: Higher future time preferences were related to a lower frequency of fast food consumption. Utilizing concepts from behavioral economics (e.g. pre-commitment contracts) to facilitate more healthful eating is warranted using experimental studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Economia Comportamental
Fast Foods/estatística & dados numéricos
Preferências Alimentares/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Comportamento de Escolha
Grupos Étnicos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Restaurantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Fatores Socioeconômicos
Inquéritos e Questionários
Fatores de Tempo
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161105
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 255 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28898374
[Au] Autor:Skinner J; Volpp KG
[Ad] Endereço:Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Practice, Hanover, New Hampshire.
[Ti] Título:Behavioral Economics and Health Insurance Reform-Reply.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(10):965, 2017 09 12.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Economia Comportamental
Seguro Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Economia
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/economia
Seres Humanos
Cobertura do Seguro/economia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170913
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.10556


  4 / 255 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28898371
[Au] Autor:Colloff E
[Ad] Endereço:Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, California.
[Ti] Título:Behavioral Economics and Health Insurance Reform.
[So] Source:JAMA;318(10):964-965, 2017 09 12.
[Is] ISSN:1538-3598
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Economia Comportamental
Seguro Saúde
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Economia
Reforma dos Serviços de Saúde/economia
Seres Humanos
Cobertura do Seguro/economia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170913
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1001/jama.2017.10548


  5 / 255 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28827221
[Au] Autor:Chang LL; DeVore AD; Granger BB; Eapen ZJ; Ariely D; Hernandez AF
[Ad] Endereço:From Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC (L.L.C., A.D.D., Z.J.E., A.F.H.); and School of Medicine (L.L.C., A.D.D., Z.J.E., A.F.H.), School of Nursing (B.B.G.), and Fuqua School of Business (D.A.), Duke University, Durham, NC.
[Ti] Título:Leveraging Behavioral Economics to Improve Heart Failure Care and Outcomes.
[So] Source:Circulation;136(8):765-772, 2017 Aug 22.
[Is] ISSN:1524-4539
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Behavioral challenges are often present in human illness, so behavioral economics is increasingly being applied in healthcare settings to better understand why patients choose healthy or unhealthy behaviors. The application of behavioral economics to healthcare settings parallels recent shifts in policy and reimbursement structures that hold providers accountable for outcomes that are dependent on patient behaviors. Numerous studies have examined the application of behavioral economics principles to policy making and health behaviors, but there are limited data on applying these concepts to the management of chronic conditions, such as heart failure (HF). Given its increasing prevalence and high associated cost of care, HF is a paradigm case for studying novel approaches to improve health care; therefore, if we can better understand why patients with HF make the choices they do, then we may be more poised to help them manage their medications, influence daily behaviors, and encourage healthy decision making. In this article, we will give a brief explanation of the core behavioral economics concepts that apply to patients with HF. We will also examine how to craft these concepts into tools such as financial incentives and social networks that may improve the management of patients with HF. We believe that behavioral economics can help us understand barriers to change, encourage positive behaviors, and offer additional approaches to improving the outcomes of patients with HF.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Assistência à Saúde/métodos
Economia Comportamental
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Assistência à Saúde/economia
Assistência à Saúde/tendências
Economia Comportamental/tendências
Insuficiência Cardíaca/economia
Seres Humanos
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170914
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170914
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170823
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.117.028380


  6 / 255 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28821681
[Au] Autor:Genevsky A; Yoon C; Knutson B
[Ad] Endereço:Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, 3000 DR Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:When Brain Beats Behavior: Neuroforecasting Crowdfunding Outcomes.
[So] Source:J Neurosci;37(36):8625-8634, 2017 Sep 06.
[Is] ISSN:1529-2401
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although traditional economic and psychological theories imply that individual choice best scales to aggregate choice, primary components of choice reflected in neural activity may support even more generalizable forecasts. Crowdfunding represents a significant and growing platform for funding new and unique projects, causes, and products. To test whether neural activity could forecast market-level crowdfunding outcomes weeks later, 30 human subjects (14 female) decided whether to fund proposed projects described on an Internet crowdfunding website while undergoing scanning with functional magnetic resonance imaging. Although activity in both the nucleus accumbens (NAcc) and medial prefrontal cortex predicted individual choices to fund on a trial-to-trial basis in the neuroimaging sample, only NAcc activity generalized to forecast market funding outcomes weeks later on the Internet. Behavioral measures from the neuroimaging sample, however, did not forecast market funding outcomes. This pattern of associations was replicated in a second study. These findings demonstrate that a subset of the neural predictors of individual choice can generalize to forecast market-level crowdfunding outcomes-even better than choice itself. Forecasting aggregate behavior with individual neural data has proven elusive; even when successful, neural forecasts have not historically supplanted behavioral forecasts. In the current research, we find that neural responses can forecast market-level choice and outperform behavioral measures in a novel Internet crowdfunding context. Targeted as well as model-free analyses convergently indicated that nucleus accumbens activity can support aggregate forecasts. Beyond providing initial evidence for neuropsychological processes implicated in crowdfunding choices, these findings highlight the ability of neural features to forecast aggregate choice, which could inform applications relevant to business and policy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encéfalo/fisiologia
Comportamento de Escolha/fisiologia
Crowdsourcing
Previsões
Obtenção de Fundos/métodos
Marketing
Rede Nervosa/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Crowdsourcing/economia
Crowdsourcing/tendências
Economia Comportamental
Feminino
Obtenção de Fundos/economia
Obtenção de Fundos/tendências
Seres Humanos
Aprendizagem/fisiologia
Masculino
Marketing/economia
Marketing/tendências
Motivação/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170820
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1633-16.2017


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[PMID]:28627926
[Au] Autor:Morris V; Amlung M; Kaplan BA; Reed DD; Petker T; MacKillop J
[Ad] Endereço:Peter Boris Centre for Addictions Research, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University.
[Ti] Título:Using crowdsourcing to examine behavioral economic measures of alcohol value and proportionate alcohol reinforcement.
[So] Source:Exp Clin Psychopharmacol;25(4):314-321, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1936-2293
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Online crowdsourcing websites such as Amazon's Mechanical Turk (MTurk) are increasingly being used in addictions research. However, there is a relative paucity of such research examining the validity of administering behavioral economic alcohol-related measures, via an online crowdsourcing platform. This study sought to validate an alcohol purchase task (APT) for assessing demand and a questionnaire measure of proportionate alcohol reinforcement, using an online sample of participants recruited via MTurk. Participants (N = 865, 59% female) were recruited via MTurk to complete the APT, proportionate alcohol reinforcement questionnaire, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), and demographics. Responses on the APT were highly systematic (<3% nonsystematic data) and conformed to prototypical demand curves. Correlation analyses revealed significant associations among AUDIT total scores with a majority of the alcohol demand indices (r values .08-53, p values < .05) as well as proportionate alcohol reinforcement, r = .43, p < .001. Regression analyses controlling for relevant covariates indicated that intensity, BP, Omax, elasticity, and reinforcement ratio predicted significant variance in AUDIT scores. This study further supports the use of online crowdsourcing websites for investigating behavioral economic determinants of alcohol misuse. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool/epidemiologia
Bebidas Alcoólicas/economia
Crowdsourcing/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/economia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Álcool/economia
Comércio
Economia Comportamental
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Análise de Regressão
Reforço (Psicologia)
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170904
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170904
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170620
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/pha0000130


  8 / 255 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28516921
[Au] Autor:Gächter S
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Decision Research and Experimental Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham NG7 2RD, UK.
[Ti] Título:Behavioural economics: Occasional errors can benefit coordination.
[So] Source:Nature;545(7654):297-298, 2017 05 17.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Economia Comportamental
Robótica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise Custo-Benefício
Economia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170519
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/545297a


  9 / 255 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28445470
[Au] Autor:Gall T; Ioannidis JPA; Maniadis Z
[Ad] Endereço:Economics Department, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:The credibility crisis in research: Can economics tools help?
[So] Source:PLoS Biol;15(4):e2001846, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1545-7885
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The issue of nonreplicable evidence has attracted considerable attention across biomedical and other sciences. This concern is accompanied by an increasing interest in reforming research incentives and practices. How to optimally perform these reforms is a scientific problem in itself, and economics has several scientific methods that can help evaluate research reforms. Here, we review these methods and show their potential. Prominent among them are mathematical modeling and laboratory experiments that constitute affordable ways to approximate the effects of policies with wide-ranging implications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pesquisa Biomédica/economia
Modelos Teóricos
Má Conduta Científica
Confiança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Pesquisa Biomédica/ética
Pesquisa Biomédica/recursos humanos
Economia Comportamental/tendências
Pesquisa Empírica
Seres Humanos
Pessoal de Laboratório/economia
Pessoal de Laboratório/ética
Motivação
Papel Profissional
Política Pública
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Mudança Social
Ciências Sociais/métodos
Ciências Sociais/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170427
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pbio.2001846


  10 / 255 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28437124
[Au] Autor:Peters EN; Rosenberry ZR; Schauer GL; O'Grady KE; Johnson PS
[Ad] Endereço:Battelle Public Health Center for Tobacco Research.
[Ti] Título:Marijuana and tobacco cigarettes: Estimating their behavioral economic relationship using purchasing tasks.
[So] Source:Exp Clin Psychopharmacol;25(3):208-215, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1936-2293
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although marijuana and tobacco are commonly coused, the nature of their relationship has not been fully elucidated. Behavioral economics has characterized the relationship between concurrently available commodities but has not been applied to marijuana and tobacco couse. U.S. adults ≥18 years who coused marijuana and tobacco cigarettes were recruited via Mechanical Turk, a crowdsourcing service by Amazon. Participants (N = 82) completed online purchasing tasks assessing hypothetical marijuana or tobacco cigarette puff consumption across a range of per-puff prices; 2 single-commodity tasks assessed these when only 1 commodity was available, and 2 cross-commodity tasks assessed these in the presence of a concurrently available fixed-price commodity. Purchasing tasks generated measures of demand elasticity, that is, sensitivity of consumption to prices. In single-commodity tasks, consumption of tobacco cigarette puffs (elasticity of demand: α = 0.0075; 95% confidence interval [0.0066, 0.0085], R² = 0.72) and of marijuana puffs (α = .0044; 95% confidence interval [0.0038, 0.0049], R² = 0.71) declined significantly with increases in price per puff. In cross-commodity tasks when both tobacco cigarette puffs and marijuana puffs were available, demand for 1 commodity was independent of price increases in the other commodity (ps > .05). Results revealed that, in this small sample, marijuana and tobacco cigarettes did not substitute for each other and did not complement each other; instead, they were independent of each other. These preliminary results can inform future studies assessing the economic relationship between tobacco and marijuana in the quickly changing policy climate in the United States. (PsycINFO Database Record
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comércio/economia
Fumar Maconha/economia
Fumar/economia
Produtos do Tabaco/economia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Economia Comportamental
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fumar Maconha/epidemiologia
Fumar/epidemiologia
Estados Unidos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170717
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170717
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170425
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/pha0000122



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