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[PMID]:28078688
[Au] Autor:Ming S; Stewart I
[Ad] Endereço:National University of Ireland, Galway.
[Ti] Título:When things are not the same: A review of research into relations of difference.
[So] Source:J Appl Behav Anal;50(2):429-455, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3703
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Responding to stimuli as same and different can be considered a critical component of a variety of language and academic repertoires. Whereas responding to "sameness" and generalized identity matching (i.e., coordination) have been studied extensively, there appears to be a significant gap in behavior analytic research and educational programs with regard to nonmatching relations or relations of difference. We review research on difference relations from a variety of domains, including comparative psychology, as well as experimental, and translational behavior analysis. We examine a range of studies, including research on the perception of difference and oddity responding, as well as investigations on establishing relational frames of distinction. We present suggestions for future research and describe potential methods for teaching skills related to relations of difference.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aprendizagem por Discriminação/fisiologia
Linguagem
Psicologia Comparada
Pesquisa
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jaba.367


  2 / 211 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27288849
[Au] Autor:Adamo SA
[Ad] Endereço:Dept. Psychology and Neuroscience, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4R2, Canada. Electronic address: sadamo@dal.ca.
[Ti] Título:Stress responses sculpt the insect immune system, optimizing defense in an ever-changing world.
[So] Source:Dev Comp Immunol;66:24-32, 2017 01.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0089
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A whole organism, network approach can help explain the adaptive purpose of stress-induced changes in immune function. In insects, mediators of the stress response (e.g. stress hormones) divert molecular resources away from immune function and towards tissues necessary for fight-or-flight behaviours. For example, molecules such as lipid transport proteins are involved in both the stress and immune responses, leading to a reduction in disease resistance when these proteins are shifted towards being part of the stress response system. Stress responses also alter immune system strategies (i.e. reconfiguration) to compensate for resource losses that occur during fight-or flight events. In addition, stress responses optimize immune function for different physiological conditions. In insects, the stress response induces a pro-inflammatory state that probably enhances early immune responses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hormônios/imunologia
Sistema Imunitário
Imunidade
Insetos/imunologia
Estresse Fisiológico/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Biológica
Seres Humanos
Psicologia Comparada
Vertebrados
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hormones)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160612
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 211 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27643957
[Au] Autor:Clatterbuck H
[Ad] Endereço:University of Rochester, Department of Philosophy, Box 270078, Rochester, NY, 14627-0078, United States. Electronic address: hayley.clatterbuck@rochester.edu.
[Ti] Título:Darwin, Hume, Morgan, and the verae causae of psychology.
[So] Source:Stud Hist Philos Biol Biomed Sci;60:1-14, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2499
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Charles Darwin and C. Lloyd Morgan forward two influential principles of cognitive ethological inference that yield conflicting results about the extent of continuity in the cognitive traits of humans and other animals. While these principles have been interpreted as reflecting commitments to different senses of parsimony, in fact, both principles result from the same vera causa inferential strategy, according to which "We ought to admit no more causes of natural things, than such as are both true and sufficient to explain their appearances". Instead, the conflict stems from Darwin's and Morgan's views about the true causes of human psychology. Darwin holds a thoroughly Humean philosophy of the human mind, from which he infers significant continuity between human and animal minds. In contrast, Morgan argues that Humean cognitive mechanisms cannot account for a class of uniquely human behaviors, and therefore, he concludes that there is a significant discontinuity between human and animal cognition. This historical debate is informative for current controversies in comparative psychology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Filosofia
Psicologia Comparada/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cognição
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Darwin C; Hume D; Morgan CL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170411
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170411
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160920
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 211 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26781049
[Au] Autor:Frohnwieser A; Murray JC; Pike TW; Wilkinson A
[Ad] Endereço:School of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, UK.
[Ti] Título:Using robots to understand animal cognition.
[So] Source:J Exp Anal Behav;105(1):14-22, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3711
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In recent years, robotic animals and humans have been used to answer a variety of questions related to behavior. In the case of animal behavior, these efforts have largely been in the field of behavioral ecology. They have proved to be a useful tool for this enterprise as they allow the presentation of naturalistic social stimuli whilst providing the experimenter with full control of the stimulus. In interactive experiments, the behavior of robots can be controlled in a manner that is impossible with real animals, making them ideal instruments for the study of social stimuli in animals. This paper provides an overview of the current state of the field and considers the impact that the use of robots could have on fundamental questions related to comparative psychology: namely, perception, spatial cognition, social cognition, and early cognitive development. We make the case that the use of robots to investigate these key areas could have an important impact on the field of animal cognition.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição
Psicologia Comparada/instrumentação
Robótica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sinais (Psicologia)
Psicologia Comparada/métodos
Robótica/métodos
Comportamento Social
Aprendizado Social
Percepção Social
Aprendizagem Espacial
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jeab.193


  5 / 211 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26708117
[Au] Autor:Kirkpatrick K; Lazareva OF
[Ad] Endereço:Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, USA. Electronic address: kirkpatr@ksu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Exploring animal minds: A tribute to the contributions of Edward Wasserman.
[So] Source:Behav Processes;123:1-3, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8308
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Psicologia Comparada
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cognição
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; EDITORIAL; FESTSCHRIFT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Wasserman E
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151229
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 211 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26615450
[Au] Autor:Wright AA; Magnotti JF; Katz JS; Leonard K; Kelly DM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Neurobiology & Anatomy, University of Texas Medical School at Houston.
[Ti] Título:Concept learning set-size functions for Clark's nutcrackers.
[So] Source:J Exp Anal Behav;105(1):76-84, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1938-3711
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Same/Different abstract-concept learning by Clark's nutcrackers (Nucifraga columbiana) was tested with novel stimuli following learning of training set expansion (8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256, 512, and 1024 picture items). The resulting set-size function was compared to those from rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta), capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella), and pigeons (Columba livia). Nutcrackers showed partial concept learning following initial eight-item set learning, unlike the other species (Magnotti, Katz, Wright, & Kelly, 2015). The mean function for the nutcrackers' novel-stimulus transfer increased linearly as a function of the logarithm of training set size, which intersected its baseline function at the 128-item set size. Thus, nutcrackers on average achieved full concept learning (i.e., transfer statistically equivalent to baseline performance) somewhere between set sizes of 64 to 128 items, similar to full concept learning by monkeys. Pigeons required a somewhat larger training set (256 items) for full concept learning, but results from other experiments (initial training and transfer with 32- and 64-item set sizes) suggested carryover effects with smaller set sizes may have artificially prolonged the pigeon's full concept learning. We find it remarkable that these diverse species with very different neural architectures can fully learn this same/different abstract concept, and (at least under some conditions) do so with roughly similar sets sizes (64-128 items) and numbers of training exemplars, despite initial concept learning advantages (nutcrackers), learning disadvantages (pigeons), or increasing baselines (monkeys).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Formação de Conceito
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cebus/psicologia
Columbidae
Condicionamento Operante
Feminino
Generalização (Psicologia)
Macaca mulatta/psicologia
Masculino
Passeriformes
Psicologia Comparada
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jeab.174


  7 / 211 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25984937
[Au] Autor:Jacobs IF; Osvath M
[Ad] Endereço:Lund University.
[Ti] Título:The string-pulling paradigm in comparative psychology.
[So] Source:J Comp Psychol;129(2):89-120, 2015 May.
[Is] ISSN:1939-2087
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:String pulling is one of the most widely used paradigms in comparative psychology. First documented 2 millennia ago, it has been a well-established scientific paradigm for a century. More than 160 bird and mammal species have been tested in over 200 studies with countless methodological variations. The paradigm can be used to address a wide variety of issues on animal cognition; for example, what animals understand about contact and connection as well as whether they rely on perceptual feedback, grasp the functionality of strings, generalize across conditions, apply their knowledge flexibly, and possess insight. Mammals are typically tested on a horizontal configuration, birds on a vertical one, making the studies difficult to compare; in particular, pulling a string vertically requires better coordination and attention. A species' performance on the paradigm is often influenced by its ecology, especially concerning whether limbs are used for foraging. Many other factors can be of importance and should be considered. The string-pulling paradigm is easy to administer, vary, and apply to investigate a wide array of cognitive abilities. Although it can be and has been used to compare species, divergent methods and unclear reporting have limited its comparative utility. With increasing research standards, the paradigm is expected to become an even more fundamental tool in comparative psychology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição
Psicologia Comparada/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Atenção
Biorretroalimentação Psicológica
Aves
Compreensão
Mamíferos/psicologia
Desempenho Psicomotor
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150519
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150519
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150519
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/a0038746


  8 / 211 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25798793
[Au] Autor:Beran MJ; Parrish AE; Futch SE; Evans TA; Perdue BM
[Ad] Endereço:Language Research Center, Georgia State University.
[Ti] Título:Looking ahead? Computerized maze task performance by chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta), capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella), and human children (Homo sapiens).
[So] Source:J Comp Psychol;129(2):160-73, 2015 May.
[Is] ISSN:1939-2087
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Human and nonhuman primates are not mentally constrained to the present. They can remember the past and-at least to an extent-anticipate the future. Anticipation of the future ranges from long-term prospection such as planning for retirement to more short-term future-oriented cognition such as planning a route through a maze. Here we tested a great ape species (chimpanzees), an Old World monkey species (rhesus macaques), a New World monkey species (capuchin monkeys), and human children on a computerized maze task. All subjects had to move a cursor through a maze to reach a goal at the bottom of the screen. For best performance on the task, subjects had to "plan ahead" to the end of the maze to move the cursor in the correct direction, avoid traps, and reverse directions if necessary. Mazes varied in difficulty. Chimpanzees were better than both monkey species, and monkeys showed a particular deficit when moving away from the goal or changing directions was required. Children showed a similar pattern to monkeys regarding the effects of reversals and moves away from the goal, but their overall performance in terms of correct maze completion was similar to the chimpanzees. The results highlight similarities as well as differences in planning across species and the role that inhibitory control may play in future-oriented cognition in primates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antecipação Psicológica
Cebus/psicologia
Macaca mulatta/psicologia
Aprendizagem em Labirinto
Pan troglodytes/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Pré-Escolar
Previsões
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Psicologia Comparada
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1037/a0038936


  9 / 211 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25728287
[Au] Autor:Rodkey EN
[Ti] Título:The visual cliff's forgotten menagerie: rats, goats, babies, and myth-making in the history of psychology.
[So] Source:J Hist Behav Sci;51(2):113-40, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6696
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Eleanor Gibson and Richard Walk's famous visual cliff experiment is one of psychology's classic studies, included in most introductory textbooks. Yet the famous version which centers on babies is actually a simplification, the result of disciplinary myth-making. In fact the visual cliff's first subjects were rats, and a wide range of animals were tested on the cliff, including chicks, turtles, lambs, kid goats, pigs, kittens, dogs, and monkeys. The visual cliff experiment was more accurately a series of experiments, employing varying methods and a changing apparatus, modified to test different species. This paper focuses on the initial, nonhuman subjects of the visual cliff, resituating the study in its original experimental logic, connecting it to the history of comparative psychology, Gibson's interest in comparative psychology, as well as gender-based discrimination. Recovering the visual cliff's forgotten menagerie helps to counter the romanticization of experimentation by focusing on the role of extrascientific factors, chance, complexity, and uncertainty in the experimental process.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Percepção de Profundidade
Psicologia Experimental/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Recém-Nascidos/psicologia
Gatos/psicologia
Galinhas
Cães/psicologia
Cabras/psicologia
Haplorrinos/psicologia
História do Século XX
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Psicologia Comparada/história
Ratos/psicologia
Ovinos/psicologia
Suínos/psicologia
Tartarugas
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Gibson E; Walk R
[Em] Mês de entrada:1601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150408
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150408
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jhbs.21712


  10 / 211 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25550152
[Au] Autor:Brown MF
[Ad] Endereço:Villanova University, Villanova, PA, USA. Electronic address: michael.brown@villanova.edu.
[Ti] Título:Cognitive behaviorism: a tribute to the contributions of Thomas Zentall.
[So] Source:Behav Processes;112:1-2, 2015 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8308
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Cognição
Psicologia Comparada/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; EDITORIAL; FESTSCHRIFT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Zentall T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150101
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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